Soccer Sports Rules – Football is one of the most popular sports in Indonesia and the world. Football has many fans, from children to adults, even many parents who like this sport.
Association football, in English is referred to as association football or soccer or simply football is a sport that uses a ball. The ball used is usually made of leather called ” soccer “. This football is played with two teams consisting of 11 core players and several other reserve players.
At the start of the 21st century, the sport was played by more than 250 million people in 200 countries. The goal of soccer is to score as many goals as possible by kicking the ball into the opponent’s goal. Football is played on a rectangular open field of grass or artificial turf.
In order to be able to present an interesting and sporty match in every sport, there must be a regulation in that sport. This rule will certainly make the match interesting to watch, for players they will also feel fair because of the rules in football.
On this occasion, sinaumedia will provide an article that discusses the rules in soccer. Maybe most of you already understand what the rules apply to this sport. However, of course there are also many who are just learning the world of football so more knowledge is needed about the rules that exist in soccer. Therefore, to find out what regulations apply, let’s look at the following review.
Football Match Rules
Football rules are set by the International Football Association Board (IFAB). These regulations are set by FIFA, the official organization of world soccer, and are also complied with by federations at the national level. The official body for football in Indonesia is the Indonesian Football Association (PSSI). The following are the rules for soccer matches.
Football Player Rules
The number of soccer players is 11 core players. This amount applies to both national and international competitions. In a soccer match there is one goalkeeper, 2-5 defenders, 2-5 midfielders and 1-3 attackers. These players have different positions and functions, such as goalkeeper (goalkeeper), 3 or 4 defenders (defender), 3, 4 or 5 midfielders (midfielder), up to 1, 2 or 3 attackers (forwards). If a team has less than 7 players, it will not be able to continue the game.
Soccer Player Equipment Regulations
All players in a soccer match (except the goalkeeper) wear a uniform or clothing, ranging from a jersey (sportswear), shorts, socks and a pair of shoes. In addition to clothing, players will also need additional items such as shin guards. In fact, the team leader must also wear the captain’s armband as a marker.
The goalkeeper’s attributes are different from other players. The goalkeeper or goalkeeper must wear a jersey with a different design from the jersey and protective gloves of other players. Goalkeepers are also allowed to wear long-sleeved jerseys and trousers.
Football Referee Rules
The referee is the arbiter with a neutral duty to regulate and decide the course of the match. During the game, the referee’s job is with the assistant referee to control the game, ensure that the ball is in accordance with the rules, ensure that the players are wearing the proper attributes, set the start time of the game. determine when the match needs to be postponed, stopped and ended, and adjudicate if a violation has occurred.
Football Assistant Referee Rules
In a soccer match, the referee is also supported by two flag-bearing assistants. The assistant referee, or what is commonly called the lineman , helps the referee supervise the game. The flag of the assistant referee serves as a marker for the ball going out of the field, offside or a corner kick.
Rules for the Duration of Football Matches
A soccer match consists of two halves of 45 minutes each. During the game, time will continue even with fouls, substitutions, lost balls and the like. However, at the end of the match, the referee has the right to award the lost extra time. There is a 10-15 minute break between two rounds before moving on to another round.
Kick Off Rules
The start and resumption of play is usually marked by a kick-off from the midfield. Kick-offs are used to start the game, to continue play after a goal has been scored, and to start play after a break or after accidental extra time.
The team that kicks off will be determined based on the results of the two captains’ coin toss according to the direction of the referee. When players start the game, both teams must be on each side of the court.
Rules for Entering and Exiting the Football Field
Goal ball is a ball in a state that can be played. While the ball cannot be played is when the ball goes out of the field. The ball is considered active when it is on the ground, even if it bounces off a post, crossbar, or other location.
As long as the ball returns to the court after bouncing, the ball is still active. When an event occurs such as a violation, the ball leaves the field after the goal line or enters the line, and other events, the ball can be said to be inactive.
Rules for Scoring Goals
Goals scored by players can be both legal and illegal. A goal is considered legal or valid when the ball crosses the opposing team’s goal line. Meanwhile, a goal is considered illegal or invalid if a player from the team that scored the goal has committed a foul or if an opposing player commits a foul before the ball has crossed the goal line.
If the ball leaves the side line, a throw-in or throw-in occurs. The team taking the throw-in is the last team to touch the ball before it crosses the line. There are two rules regarding throw-ins or throw-ins in soccer.
First, the player takes the position of throwing the ball. Then he throws it over the line at ball position. Second, players hold the ball using both hands, with the original position from the back of the head. Then, players throw the ball using both hands, with the direction from above the head.
Free Kick Rules
Free kicks or free kicks can be divided into two types, namely direct free kicks and indirect free kicks.
A direct free kick is a free kick that is aimed directly at the goal without touching a team-mate before it. Meanwhile, an indirect free kick is a free kick that requires a player to make the ball hit by a teammate and score with another teammate.
Penalty Kick Rules
Free kicks are taken when an opposing player commits a foul in the penalty area. The kicker will kick the ball placed at the penalty spot towards the goal which is only protected by the goalkeeper or the opposing goalkeeper.
During a free kick, other players must remain outside the penalty area. When the free kick has been taken and a goal is scored, play returns to normal. However, if the penalty kick fails to hit the target and remains in the playing area, then both teams are allowed to control the ball and continue the game.
Corner Kick Rules
A corner kick is awarded when the ball last touches the defending team and crosses the goal line. This goal line runs parallel to the goal line, but does not run under the goal. The attacking team is then entitled to a corner kick. This kick is taken in the corner of the field closest to where the ball left the field.
Goal Kick Rules
If the ball crosses the goal line, but the attacking player last touched the ball, the defending team is awarded a goal kick. This kick is called a goal kick. For a goal kick, the ball must be kicked from the edge of the goal box, which is the small box inside the penalty area.
An offside will occur if a player is closer to the goal line than the ball and the last two players on the opposing team. However, offside is not a violation unless the player receives the ball from a cross. A player is considered not offside if he is level with the second last player of the opposing team.
Football Sports Violation Regulations
There are several violations that may not be committed in soccer. Some of these rules are also set by FIFA such as the rules in the match. The following are the rules for violations of soccer sports.
Direct Free Kick Penalty Offense Rules
Below are the reasons why a player gets a free kick penalty from an opponent.
- Deliberately kicking an opponent or trying to kick an opponent;
- Injures the opponent’s eye;
- Jump dangerously at your opponent;
- Stealthily attempts to take down opponents;
- Make your opponent fall by tripping him;
- Attacking opposing players;
- Knocks down opponents by crashing into them;
- Pulling opposing players to the ground;
- Hold the opposing player by pulling the opponent’s shirt;
- The player’s hand is hit by the ball;
- Tackle the opponent without hitting the ball;
- Make a tackle by hitting the ball, but this action is considered dangerous by the referee.
Indirect Free Kick Penalty Rules
- The player performs an action deemed dangerous by the referee. Dangerous in question is dangerous for yourself and other players. For example, someone tries to head the ball when the opposing player wants to kick the ball.
- Performing an action aimed at preventing the goalkeeper from catching the ball;
- Obstructing the opponent’s movement;
- Perform actions that cause the referee to issue a yellow card to a red card;
- Goalkeeper holds the ball for more than six seconds;
- The goalkeeper intentionally touches a released ball before it hits another player;
- The goalkeeper touches the ball from a team player’s kick;
Yellow Card Offense Rules
When a player commits a violation in the game, the referee will give a yellow card to the player who violates it as a warning. Here are the things that cause players to get a yellow card.
- Player repeatedly commits fouls;
- Player commits cheating or unsportsmanlike conduct;
- Players block the opponent’s feet roughly;
- Players knock opponents down violently;
- The player deliberately does things that delay the match;
- Deliberately wasting time in a match;
- The player leaves the field without the permission of the referee;
- Players enter the field area without the permission of the referee;
- Players intentionally take actions that aim to incite discord between players;
- Criticize the referee harshly;
- Exaggerated goal celebrations.
Red Card Offense Rules
A player who commits a serious foul in soccer will be given a red card. If a player receives a red card, that player must automatically leave the field. In football matches, players who receive red cards are usually banned from playing in the next one or two matches.
- Players commit acts of violence in matches;
- Players commit serious violations until the opponent is injured;
- Players other than the goalkeeper deliberately touch the ball with their hands to prevent a goal from the opponent;
- Provoking the opposing team so that there is commotion;
- Players insult, say harshly, and humiliate opposing players;
- The player takes an action that causes the match to be stopped.
Sinaumed’s, that’s the article regarding the rules of soccer that have been discussed by sinaumedia. For those of you who don’t really understand soccer, you will understand a little with this article.
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