Know the Written Law and Examples

Definition of Written Law – In social life, there are regulations in the form of norms and sanctions that are made by mutual agreement. Laws are made with the aim of regulating and maintaining order, justice so that chaos can be controlled or prevented. Every country has different legal regulations, including Indonesia. In accordance with article 1, paragraph … Read more

Dimensions of Pancasila as an Open Ideology

Dimensions of Pancasila in Pancasila as an Open Ideology – Pancasila is the form of the ideology of the Indonesian nation and state. Pancasila is realized not only from the contemplation of a person or group of people, but Pancasila is manifested from cultural values, customs and also religious values ​​that are present in the … Read more

Definition of Public Administration: Nature, Scope, Function, Purpose, and Theory

Public Administration

Definition of Public Administration – What does Sinaumed know about public administration? Public administration is a social science that examines a country’s constitutional system and everything related to the public, including public organizations, public policy, public management, and public services. Public administration is the same as other administrations running for shared interests. Thus, in public administration, some … Read more

Discrimination: Understanding Its Definition, Causes, and Various Types.

Definition of Discrimination: Causes and Types

Discrimination is an action, attitude, or behavior carried out by a person or group to corner another group. Usually discrimination is carried out by one group with a larger population to another group with a much smaller population or what we usually call the minority. The behavior, attitudes, and actions of this corner itself are … Read more

Understanding Intervention: Definition, Types, and Applications

Definition of Intervention

The definition of intervention in general is an action taken by a body to include its “understanding” like someone who wants to help. It can be said that the interventionist is a third party. There are also those who argue that intervention is an act of interfering in the political, economic, and cultural affairs of … Read more

The Beauty of Multiculturalism: Definition and Significance

Understanding Multiculturalism

Indonesia is country that has a variety of cultures or a multicultural country. What does multiculturalism actually mean? This article will discuss more about multiculturalism. So watch and pay close attention. Understanding Multiculturalism in General Multiculturalism comes from English, namely from the words multi and cultural. Multi means many or more than one while cultural means … Read more

Why Plurality Matters: An Overview of Definition and Examples


Plurality is an understanding of diversity to be able to live tolerantly in the midst of society. The community here is a pluralistic society both culturally, religiously, linguistically , politically, and so on. Plurality is also known as pluralism. Understanding Pluralism Webster’s Revised Unabridge Dictionary According to Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionar , plurality is results or circumstances being plural. the state of being … Read more

Definition of Radicalism, History, Characteristics, Causes of Radicalism


What does radicalism actually mean? In simple terms, the notion of radicalism is an understanding that requires extreme changes or changes to a system of society to its roots. Radicalism is one of the social problems that haunts people’s lives in  the world. The existence of globalization is one of the triggers for the emergence of … Read more

Totalitarian Political System, Definition, Type and Characteristics

Totalitarian Political System

The political system consists of several kinds, one of which is the totalitarian political system. Over the years, many countries have experienced transitions in political systems. Initially using a totalitarian political system then changed to a democratic political system. So what exactly is the meaning of this totalitarian political system, what are the types and … Read more

Liberal Democracy Political System, Definition, Type and Characteristics

Liberal Democracy Political System

Liberal Democracy Political System is one of the popular political systems after the cold war. Geopolitical changes that accelerate the flow of globalization have resulted in many countries adopting a liberal democratic political system. This is because this political system prioritizes individual freedom and people’s sovereignty. So what exactly is this liberal democratic political system, what are … Read more

Difference Between Psychology and Sociology

Difference Between Psychology and Sociology

In this article we will review the Difference between Psychology and Sociology . Psychology and Sociology are two broad sciences related to the study of human beings, wherein ‘psychology’ refers to the study of the human mind, i.e. it deals with what happens inside a person’s brain, in order to understand his reasons/behavior under different circumstances. In contrast, … Read more

Differences in Social Differentiation with Social Stratification

Differences in Social Differentiation with Social Stratification

The following is an explanation of the similarities and differences between social differentiation and social stratification, along with their respective meanings. – Interactions between community members involve different individual behaviors and habits. This difference is influenced by the social structure as a pattern that regulates people’s daily lives. In the study of sociology, the classification … Read more

Definition of Sociology According to Experts: Karl Marx to Giddens

Definition of Sociology

Definition of sociology according to experts such as Emile Durkeim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber is different. But the essence of sociology is the study of society. As social beings, our daily activities can be studied through a social science or better known as sociology. Furthermore, according to Max Weber, sociology tries to understand social action … Read more

Differences in Conflict Theory of Karl Marx and Ralf Dahrendorf

Differences in Conflict Theory of Karl Marx and Ralf Dahrendorf

Social conflict is a form of conflict in society that occurs due to various factors. The complexity of social conflict makes studying this phenomenon give rise to multiple theories. Among the sociological thinkers who formulated specific theories to analyze social conflict were Karl Marx and Ralf Dahrendorf. Conflict theory was born to oppose the theory of … Read more

Conflict Theory according to Dahrendorf

Conflict Theory according to Dahrendorf

Another quite popular conflict theory is Dahrendorf. Ralf Dahrendorf is a German intellectual who became famous through his work ” Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society ” in 1959. For Dahrendorf, the functionalist explanations of integration, value and consensus, and stability needed to be revised. He rejected these functionalist assumptions and sought to base his theory on a … Read more

Conflict Theory according to Karl Marx

Marxism Theory karl marx Conflict Theory

Karl Marx (1818-1883) is considered a major pioneer of conflict theory. In fact, many figures in sociology calls him the master of conflict perspective. The basis of Marx’s thought is about the massive exploitation which is considered as the prime mover of historical forces. Marx views the existence of class differences, one of which is … Read more

Structural Functional Theory according to Robert K. Merton

Structural Functional Theory according to Robert K. Merton

As a proponent of the structural-functional theory, Robert K Marton only makes more limited demands for this perspective. Merton assumes that this functional, structural approach significantly influences the advancement of sociological knowledge. However, he considered structural functionalism still impossible to solve all social problems. Merton himself proposed Merton’s functional analysis model, which he got due … Read more

Marxism Theory : History, Figures, and Main Ideas in Political Economy

Marxism Theory karl marx Conflict Theory

When we talk about socialism or marxism, we will often come into contact with the concept of liberalism. Not because these two ideologies have much in common, but on the contrary, these two ideologies are completely opposite. In fact, the emergence of Marxism is none other than his rejection of the ideas of classical liberalism … Read more

Conflict Theory According to C. Wright Mills

Conflict Theory According to C. Wright Mills

What are the views and understandings of C. Wright Mills conflict Theory? Let’s look at the explanation of conflict theory according to this one sociological figure.  Want to know more fully, how we view the conflict version of this critical figure, it is important to study. Let’s read. Understanding the Thought of C. Wright Mills There … Read more

13 Major Figures in Sociology and Their Theories

13 Major Figures in Sociology and Their Theories

Sociology is a social science that studies social behavior between groups and other groups or from individuals to other individuals. Humans are social creatures whose daily activities will always be related to social relationships. As a field of study, of course, the scope of sociology is very broad. Not only studying how people influence other … Read more

Factors Causing Social Change: Internal and External Factors

Factors Causing Social Change

Social change occurs because of a mismatch between social elements in society, which are different. Because of social changes, people will create a new pattern of life that is different from the previous one. Social change is unavoidable in social life and will continue to occur throughout time. This is because humans are intelligent, social … Read more

Social Conflict Theory According to Max Weber

Social Conflict Theory According to Max Weber

Max Weber views social stratification in society as influencing the emergence of social conflict. Social interactions involving relationships between individuals in society will bring about two side effects of the coin, associative and dissociative. Associative impact will make their relationship closer. On the other hand, the dissociative impact of the relationship becomes more tenuous. The sparse relationship … Read more

Definition of Social Conflict and Its Theory According to the Experts

Social Conflict

From several conflict theories known in sociology, there are two groups, namely first, functional conflict theory and second, class conflict theory. There are various social groups in society. This diversity can lead to social conflicts that can have an impact on the disruption of the regularity of people’s lives. Social conflict can be triggered by … Read more

What is Positivism, A Sociological Theory of Auguste Comte

What is Positivism, A Sociological Theory of Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte (1798-1857) was a French philosopher who is often referred to as the founder of sociology. He also introduced the term “Sociology”. The term was first introduced in 1838 in his book Cours De Philosophie Positive . In his work, Comte explained that the word “sociology” comes from the Latin “socius” which means “friend or friend”, and “logos” … Read more

Understanding Pierre Bourdieu’s Theory: Habitus and Examples of Social Phenomena

Understanding Pierre Bourdieu's Theory: Habitus and Examples of Social Phenomena

Pierre Felix Bourdieu’s theory of thought can be easily remembered by the composition of social practice, namely (Habitus X Modal) + Realm = Practice. Pierre Felix Bourdieu’s thoughts give us a reflection to understand social phenomena which we ourselves unconsciously make habits or Bourdieu calls Habitus.  Now, for the theoretical formula of Pierre Felix Bourdieu’s … Read more

Erving Goffman’s Theory of Dramaturgy, This is the Latest Explanation and Examples

Erving Goffman

Erving Goffman’s Dramaturgical Theory. The following are explanations and examples of social phenomena in everyday life that we may often encounter. The existing social life is part of the play. This explanation of Erving Goffman’s Dramaturgy Theory will explain how we understand the play. The following are explanations and examples of social phenomena in everyday life that … Read more

Definition of Embargo, Types, and Case Examples

Definition of Embargo, Types, and Case Examples

In short, the definition of an embargo is a prohibition issued by the government in a country to import or export certain goods or products to other countries. This term is common and familiar used in the world of economics, especially in trade and politics. For more on the meaning of embargo and its types, … Read more

3 Main Theories of Sociology

Theories of Sociology

Actually, the scope of sociology itself is very broad because it covers almost all fields in people’s lives. Such as economics, education, politics, religion, or culture. And of course all these fields are seen from a sociological perspective. The majority of science has its own theory. Like medical science, for example, it must have a theory on … Read more

Conflict Theory According to Lewis A Coser’s Perspective

Conflict can also be positive for the fabric of a society or social group. Well, here is the conflict according to Luwis Coser, which states that conflict has a positive function. According to Coser’s perspective, conflict theory is a functional social system. According to Coser, conflicts that occur in society do not merely show a negative function. … Read more

3 Characteristics of Social Facts According to Emile Durkheim

3 Characteristics of Social Facts According to Emile Durkheim

According to Durkheim, social facts are all ways of acting, thinking, and feeling outside the individual, coercive and general. Come see the reviews. As one of the figures who contributed to the development of Sociology, Emile Durkheim separated Sociology and Social Philosophy and strengthened Sociology as an independent branch of science. ” Sociology is a science that studies the Social … Read more

The Principle of Analysis and Conflict Model According to Randall Collins

The Principle of Analysis and Conflict Model According to Randall Collins

Conflict is a central process in people’s lives. According to Randall Collins, there are 5 Principles of Analysis and 3 Models of Social Stratification Conflict. Examples of Visible Social Phenomena. According to Randall Collins, organization is an arena of conflict. Conflict between an organization and another or conflict within the organization itself, namely individuals between individuals. … Read more

Definition of Cultural Change


Along with advances in science and technology have a significant impact on human life. One of them, with the internet which has a very big influence on changes in the world of education. With the many advantages of the internet, both in terms of time efficiency, complete information, and flexibility, books are no longer the only source … Read more

The Role of Social Responsibility in Promoting Sustainable and Equitable Communities

Social responsibility

Social responsibility refers to the ethical and moral obligations and duties that organizations and individuals have towards their communities and the environment. It entails taking actions and making decisions that promote the well-being and sustainable development of society. Sustainable and equitable communities, on the other hand, refer to those communities that have managed to strike … Read more

The Impact of Social Policy on Lives of Different Social Classes

Organizational behavior

Introduction Social policy is one of the most crucial aspects of a country’s governance. It refers to the decisions that a government makes to promote the well-being of its citizens. Social policies are implemented to address social issues such as poverty, inequality, and unemployment. They aim to provide individuals with equal opportunities and improve their … Read more

Revolutionizing the Norms: Examining the Impact of Social Change on Society

Social change

Introduction Human beings have always been social animals with the innate tendency to conform to societal norms. However, with time, change is an inevitable reality that we cannot avoid. Social change movements have had a tremendous impact on the way society functions, and it is essential to examine this impact to revolutionize the norms. This … Read more

Black Lives Matter: The Ongoing Fight for Racial Justice

Social movements

Introduction Since its inception in 2013, the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement has gained worldwide attention and garnered support and opposition alike. The movement has sparked protests, debates, and conversations about the ongoing struggle for racial justice and equality in America. In recent years, the BLM movement has grown in response to the continuous killings … Read more

Societal Hierarchies: Understanding the Role of Social Stratification

Social stratification

Introduction Social stratification is a system of categorizing individuals based on their social statuses within a society. Societal hierarchies have existed throughout human history, and continue to exist in modern society. These hierarchies play a significant role in shaping the way individuals and groups interact with one another, and the opportunities and resources available to … Read more