Discrimination: Understanding Its Definition, Causes, and Various Types.

Definition of Discrimination: Causes and Types

Discrimination is an action, attitude, or behavior carried out by a person or group to corner another group. Usually discrimination is carried out by one group with a larger population to another group with a much smaller population or what we usually call the minority. The behavior, attitudes, and actions of this corner itself are … Read more

The Beauty of Multiculturalism: Definition and Significance

Understanding Multiculturalism

Indonesia is country that has a variety of cultures or a multicultural country. What does multiculturalism actually mean? This article will discuss more about multiculturalism. So watch and pay close attention. Understanding Multiculturalism in General Multiculturalism comes from English, namely from the words multi and cultural. Multi means many or more than one while cultural means … Read more

Why Plurality Matters: An Overview of Definition and Examples


Plurality is an understanding of diversity to be able to live tolerantly in the midst of society. The community here is a pluralistic society both culturally, religiously, linguistically , politically, and so on. Plurality is also known as pluralism. Understanding Pluralism Webster’s Revised Unabridge Dictionary According to Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionar , plurality is results or circumstances being plural. the state of being … Read more

Definition of Radicalism, History, Characteristics, Causes of Radicalism


What does radicalism actually mean? In simple terms, the notion of radicalism is an understanding that requires extreme changes or changes to a system of society to its roots. Radicalism is one of the social problems that haunts people’s lives in  the world. The existence of globalization is one of the triggers for the emergence of … Read more

Karl Marx and the Birth of Marxism: An Overview of His Life and Theories

Marxism Theory karl marx Conflict Theory

Karl Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883), a Prussian political economist, journalist, and activist, and author of the important works, “The Communist Manifesto” and “Das Kapital,” influenced generations of political leaders and socioeconomic thinkers. Also known as the Father of Communism, Marx’s ideas spawned violent bloody revolutions, ushered in the overthrow of centuries-old governments, … Read more

Biography of KH Hasyim Al Asy’ari Founder of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU)

Biography of KH Hasyim Al Asy'ari

KH Hasyim Al Asy’ari is a cleric who founded Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), the largest social organization in Indonesia. He is also the founder of the Tebuireng Islamic Boarding School , East Java and is known as an educational reformer of the pesantren. Apart from teaching religion in Islamic boarding schools, he also teaches students to read general knowledge books, … Read more

Totalitarian Political System, Definition, Type and Characteristics

Totalitarian Political System

The political system consists of several kinds, one of which is the totalitarian political system. Over the years, many countries have experienced transitions in political systems. Initially using a totalitarian political system then changed to a democratic political system. So what exactly is the meaning of this totalitarian political system, what are the types and … Read more

Liberal Democracy Political System, Definition, Type and Characteristics

Liberal Democracy Political System

Liberal Democracy Political System is one of the popular political systems after the cold war. Geopolitical changes that accelerate the flow of globalization have resulted in many countries adopting a liberal democratic political system. This is because this political system prioritizes individual freedom and people’s sovereignty. So what exactly is this liberal democratic political system, what are … Read more

Types of Bullying and Examples

Types of Bullying and Examples

Bullying is an act or behavior that is done to hurt either in the form of verbal, psychological or emotional and can also be in physical form. This bullying can be done by a group of people or individuals who feel physically and mentally stronger than the victim. The impact of bullying is very large, … Read more

The 6 Safest Steps to Telling Bad News

The 6 Safest Steps to Telling Bad News

Your score is bad. Or you lose your cellphone, and are afraid to tell your parents. You want to break up with a girlfriend. If you’re honest, you’ll be scolded. If it’s a lie, it’s not good. How are you? It’s a way of telling bad news without over-emotionalizing the other person. 1. Calm down first You have chosen to be … Read more

Differences in Social Differentiation with Social Stratification

Differences in Social Differentiation with Social Stratification

The following is an explanation of the similarities and differences between social differentiation and social stratification, along with their respective meanings. tirto.id – Interactions between community members involve different individual behaviors and habits. This difference is influenced by the social structure as a pattern that regulates people’s daily lives. In the study of sociology, the classification … Read more

Definition of Sociology According to Experts: Karl Marx to Giddens

Definition of Sociology

Definition of sociology according to experts such as Emile Durkeim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber is different. But the essence of sociology is the study of society. As social beings, our daily activities can be studied through a social science or better known as sociology. Furthermore, according to Max Weber, sociology tries to understand social action … Read more

Differences in Conflict Theory of Karl Marx and Ralf Dahrendorf

Differences in Conflict Theory of Karl Marx and Ralf Dahrendorf

Social conflict is a form of conflict in society that occurs due to various factors. The complexity of social conflict makes studying this phenomenon give rise to multiple theories. Among the sociological thinkers who formulated specific theories to analyze social conflict were Karl Marx and Ralf Dahrendorf. Conflict theory was born to oppose the theory of … Read more

Conflict Theory according to Dahrendorf

Conflict Theory according to Dahrendorf

Another quite popular conflict theory is Dahrendorf. Ralf Dahrendorf is a German intellectual who became famous through his work ” Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society ” in 1959. For Dahrendorf, the functionalist explanations of integration, value and consensus, and stability needed to be revised. He rejected these functionalist assumptions and sought to base his theory on a … Read more

Conflict Theory according to Karl Marx

Marxism Theory karl marx Conflict Theory

Karl Marx (1818-1883) is considered a major pioneer of conflict theory. In fact, many figures in sociology calls him the master of conflict perspective. The basis of Marx’s thought is about the massive exploitation which is considered as the prime mover of historical forces. Marx views the existence of class differences, one of which is … Read more

Structural Functional Theory according to Robert K. Merton

Structural Functional Theory according to Robert K. Merton

As a proponent of the structural-functional theory, Robert K Marton only makes more limited demands for this perspective. Merton assumes that this functional, structural approach significantly influences the advancement of sociological knowledge. However, he considered structural functionalism still impossible to solve all social problems. Merton himself proposed Merton’s functional analysis model, which he got due … Read more

10 Points of Washington Consensus Policy According to John Williamson

Washington Consensus Policy According to John Williamson

When discussing the Washington Consensus, it is also important that we discuss Neoliberalism. Basically, neoliberalism is not a big theory. This theory was born from a combination of several contemporary anti-investment theories which were developed in certain historical, political and institutional contexts. Neoliberalism Many people who are unfamiliar with economic theory think that neolibism is … Read more

Marxism Theory : History, Figures, and Main Ideas in Political Economy

Marxism Theory karl marx Conflict Theory

When we talk about socialism or marxism, we will often come into contact with the concept of liberalism. Not because these two ideologies have much in common, but on the contrary, these two ideologies are completely opposite. In fact, the emergence of Marxism is none other than his rejection of the ideas of classical liberalism … Read more

Conflict Theory According to C. Wright Mills

Conflict Theory According to C. Wright Mills

What are the views and understandings of C. Wright Mills conflict Theory? Let’s look at the explanation of conflict theory according to this one sociological figure.  Want to know more fully, how we view the conflict version of this critical figure, it is important to study. Let’s read. Understanding the Thought of C. Wright Mills There … Read more

13 Major Figures in Sociology and Their Theories

13 Major Figures in Sociology and Their Theories

Sociology is a social science that studies social behavior between groups and other groups or from individuals to other individuals. Humans are social creatures whose daily activities will always be related to social relationships. As a field of study, of course, the scope of sociology is very broad. Not only studying how people influence other … Read more

Factors Causing Social Change: Internal and External Factors

Factors Causing Social Change

Social change occurs because of a mismatch between social elements in society, which are different. Because of social changes, people will create a new pattern of life that is different from the previous one. Social change is unavoidable in social life and will continue to occur throughout time. This is because humans are intelligent, social … Read more

Social Conflict Theory According to Max Weber

Social Conflict Theory According to Max Weber

Max Weber views social stratification in society as influencing the emergence of social conflict. Social interactions involving relationships between individuals in society will bring about two side effects of the coin, associative and dissociative. Associative impact will make their relationship closer. On the other hand, the dissociative impact of the relationship becomes more tenuous. The sparse relationship … Read more

Definition of Social Conflict and Its Theory According to the Experts

Social Conflict

From several conflict theories known in sociology, there are two groups, namely first, functional conflict theory and second, class conflict theory. There are various social groups in society. This diversity can lead to social conflicts that can have an impact on the disruption of the regularity of people’s lives. Social conflict can be triggered by … Read more

What is Positivism, A Sociological Theory of Auguste Comte

What is Positivism, A Sociological Theory of Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte (1798-1857) was a French philosopher who is often referred to as the founder of sociology. He also introduced the term “Sociology”. The term was first introduced in 1838 in his book Cours De Philosophie Positive . In his work, Comte explained that the word “sociology” comes from the Latin “socius” which means “friend or friend”, and “logos” … Read more

Understanding Pierre Bourdieu’s Theory: Habitus and Examples of Social Phenomena

Understanding Pierre Bourdieu's Theory: Habitus and Examples of Social Phenomena

Pierre Felix Bourdieu’s theory of thought can be easily remembered by the composition of social practice, namely (Habitus X Modal) + Realm = Practice. Pierre Felix Bourdieu’s thoughts give us a reflection to understand social phenomena which we ourselves unconsciously make habits or Bourdieu calls Habitus.  Now, for the theoretical formula of Pierre Felix Bourdieu’s … Read more

Erving Goffman’s Theory of Dramaturgy, This is the Latest Explanation and Examples

Erving Goffman

Erving Goffman’s Dramaturgical Theory. The following are explanations and examples of social phenomena in everyday life that we may often encounter. The existing social life is part of the play. This explanation of Erving Goffman’s Dramaturgy Theory will explain how we understand the play. The following are explanations and examples of social phenomena in everyday life that … Read more



Pramodawardhani (also known as rī Kahulunnan or rī Sanjiwana ) was the crown princess of the Sailendra dynasty who became the consort of Rakai Pikatan , the sixth king of the Medang Kingdom of Central Java period around the 840s . Inauguration of Borobudur  The name Pramodawardhani is found in the Kayumwungan inscription dated March … Read more



Sri Maharaja Balaputradewa was a member of the Sailendra dynasty who became king of the Srivijaya Kingdom . Origins  According to Nalanda’s inscription, Balaputradewa was the grandson of a Javanese king who was nicknamed Wirawairimathana ( killer enemy officers). His grandfather’s nickname is similar to Wairiwarawimardana alias Dharanindra in the Kelurak inscription . In other … Read more

Trunajaya Rebellion

Trunajaya Rebellion

The Trunajaya Rebellion (or Trunajaya War , also spelled Trunojoyo Rebellion ) was a rebellion carried out by the Madurese nobleman , Raden Trunajaya , and his ally, troops from Makassar , against the Mataram Sultanate assisted by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Java in the 1670s. , and ended with the victory of Mataram and the VOC. This war began with the victory of the rebels: Trunajaya’s troops defeated the … Read more

3 Main Theories of Sociology

Theories of Sociology

Actually, the scope of sociology itself is very broad because it covers almost all fields in people’s lives. Such as economics, education, politics, religion, or culture. And of course all these fields are seen from a sociological perspective. The majority of science has its own theory. Like medical science, for example, it must have a theory on … Read more

Who is Rakai Pikatan ?

Rakai Pikatan

Sri Maharaja Rakai Pikatan Mpu Manuku was the sixth king of the Medang Kingdom of the Central Java period (or commonly called the Ancient Mataram Kingdom ) who ruled around the 840s – 856 . Rakai Pikatan Real name and title  Rakai Pikatan is included in the list of kings in the Mantyasih inscription version … Read more

The History of Prambanan Temple and Its Origin & Story


History of Prambanan Temple – Prambanan Temple is a Hindu-style temple complex in Sleman, Yogyakarta. This temple is also known as Roro Jonggrang Temple. Prambanan Temple is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia. The history of this temple was first built in the 9th century AD during the Mataram or Medang Kingdom. According to the Siwagrha inscription, the original … Read more

Bangkok Declaration | Results, Content, History, Figure

Bangkok Declaration

The Bangkok Declaration was the initial foundation of cooperation from Southeast Asian countries. The Bangkok Declaration was signed on August 8, 1967 in the city of Bangkok, Thailand. The existence of this declaration is considered as the beginning of the establishment of ASEAN. There are 5 ASEAN countries that have signed the Bangkok Declaration. The declaration stated the establishment of … Read more