Why Plurality Matters: An Overview of Definition and Examples

Plurality is an understanding of diversity to be able to live tolerantly in the midst of society. The community here is a pluralistic society both culturally, religiously, linguistically , politically, and so on. Plurality is also known as pluralism.

Understanding Pluralism

Webster’s Revised Unabridge Dictionary

According to Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionar , plurality is

  • results or circumstances being plural.
  • the state of being a pluralist; have more than one about belief.

Pluralism according to experts

The following are some experts who contribute their views regarding the notion of pluralism or plurality.

  • Mohammad Shofan
    Pluralism is an effort to build a theological normative awareness and social awareness.
  • Syamsul Maa’arif
    According to Syamsul Maa’rif, pluralism is an attitude of mutual understanding and respect for differences in order to achieve inter-religious harmony.
  • Webster
    Pluralism is a social condition that exists in various ethnicities, religions, races and ethnicities that maintain the tradition of participating in society. This situation creates a pattern of people living side by side in the existing diversity.
  • Anton M. Moeliono
    Pluralism is a thing that gives plural meaning in terms of different cultures in a society. Respect for other cultural values ​​and mutual respect are the basic foundations for the creation of pluralism.
  • Santrock
    Santrock states that Santrock is the acceptance of each individual who believes that cultural differences must be maintained and respected.
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plurality attitude

Attitudes that reflect plurality include the following:

  • Living in Difference (Attitude of Tolerance/Tasamuh)
    The attitude of accepting other people who are different in view of our personal way of life.
  • Mutual Respect Place
    all human beings in a relation of equality, no one is higher or lower.
  • Mutual trust
    Mutual trust is one of the most important elements in living relationships between human beings in a culture or society.
  • Interdependence (the attitude of mutual need / interdependence)
    Humans are social creatures (homo socius) , between one another are mutual need and complement each other.

An example of a plurality attitude

Examples of the application of the attitude of plurality in being carried out are as follows.

  • A company that accommodates people who have different ethnicities, races, and religions
  • The four houses of worship that were built side by side in Kalipuru Hamlet, Kendal, Central Java are a small example of the high plurality of Indonesian society.
  • Balinese people who are predominantly Hindu can live side by side with immigrant communities living in Bali who in fact have religions outside of Hinduism.
  • Help others when they have an accident or become a victim of a natural disaster.
  • Togetherness in mutual cooperation activities to clean up the surrounding environment.
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The impact of the attitude of plurality

The direct and indirect consequences of the existence of a plurality attitude will provide benefits, among others, as follows:

  • The emergence of mutual respect.
  • Tolerance everywhere.
  • Creating a pluralistic society
  • etc