Plurality is an understanding of diversity to be able to live tolerantly in the midst of society. The community here is a pluralistic society both culturally, religiously, linguistically , politically, and so on. Plurality is also known as pluralism.
Webster’s Revised Unabridge Dictionary
According to Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionar , plurality is
- results or circumstances being plural.
- the state of being a pluralist; have more than one about belief.
Pluralism according to experts
The following are some experts who contribute their views regarding the notion of pluralism or plurality.
- Mohammad Shofan
Pluralism is an effort to build a theological normative awareness and social awareness.
- Syamsul Maa’arif
According to Syamsul Maa’rif, pluralism is an attitude of mutual understanding and respect for differences in order to achieve inter-religious harmony.
Pluralism is a social condition that exists in various ethnicities, religions, races and ethnicities that maintain the tradition of participating in society. This situation creates a pattern of people living side by side in the existing diversity.
- Anton M. Moeliono
Pluralism is a thing that gives plural meaning in terms of different cultures in a society. Respect for other cultural values and mutual respect are the basic foundations for the creation of pluralism.
Santrock states that Santrock is the acceptance of each individual who believes that cultural differences must be maintained and respected.
Attitudes that reflect plurality include the following:
- Living in Difference (Attitude of Tolerance/Tasamuh)
The attitude of accepting other people who are different in view of our personal way of life.
- Mutual Respect Place
all human beings in a relation of equality, no one is higher or lower.
- Mutual trust
Mutual trust is one of the most important elements in living relationships between human beings in a culture or society.
- Interdependence (the attitude of mutual need / interdependence)
Humans are social creatures (homo socius) , between one another are mutual need and complement each other.
An example of a plurality attitude
Examples of the application of the attitude of plurality in being carried out are as follows.
- A company that accommodates people who have different ethnicities, races, and religions
- The four houses of worship that were built side by side in Kalipuru Hamlet, Kendal, Central Java are a small example of the high plurality of Indonesian society.
- Balinese people who are predominantly Hindu can live side by side with immigrant communities living in Bali who in fact have religions outside of Hinduism.
- Help others when they have an accident or become a victim of a natural disaster.
- Togetherness in mutual cooperation activities to clean up the surrounding environment.
The impact of the attitude of plurality
The direct and indirect consequences of the existence of a plurality attitude will provide benefits, among others, as follows:
- The emergence of mutual respect.
- Tolerance everywhere.
- Creating a pluralistic society