Offside is: Understanding, History & Basic Football Techniques

Offside is – Offside is a situation when the position of a football player who is being fed then exceeds the position of his opponent, while there are no other opposing players besides the goalkeeper.

Offside itself adopts a military term, namely “off the strength of your side” which means, is a player who is released from duty or is released from the game. Offside in soccer also refers to the sport of rugby. The concept is almost the same, which prohibits a player from just standing still waiting for the bait in front of the enemy’s goal.

Offside also sometimes becomes sensitive in football. Because, sometimes players who are active will then attack and score goals, but are trapped and offside. Because of that, a special rule was made regarding offside in the FIFA Law of the Game. Here’s a more complete explanation.

Definition of Offsides

Offside is one of the rules of football, which is codified in an 11th Law of the Laws of the Game. If translated into Indonesian it means out of position. FIFA law also states that a player is out of the area of ​​play or offside, if he is touched by the ball or received a pass by a team-mate, if this player is ahead of the last player of the opposing team and when this player is closer to the opponent’s goal line. after goalkeeper.

Basically, soccer players are not allowed to be passive in an opponent’s field area while attacking, although they are allowed to play passively in other field areas to defend. The blue player who is in the far left position is then in an offside position because he precedes the opposing team’s defenders, although offside also does not apply if he does not receive a pass or is hit by the ball.

Being in an offside position is not a violation. If an offside occurs, the referee stops the match and gives an indirect free kick to the opposing team who is offside.

However, violations can occur in certain cases, for example, if a goal is scored after an offside event is then annulled if the referee first declares it offside. This then sparked a debate about the objectivity of the assistant referee when a player’s position is equal to or almost beyond the defender’s opponent but becomes an offside position in the view of the referee.

The use of technology with an offside assessment is also still being debated among football observers. even so, the offside strategy is still implemented as a way to trap opposing players in the defensive area.

Rules Regarding Offsides

The most widely agreed offside regulation in football was then established by the English Football Association (FA) in 1863. Since that year, the FA has banned attacking players from being in front of the ball when the round skin is kicked forward.

The offside rule itself was formed, in part because football is considered to resemble a game of rugby, with a similar tactic where players are allowed to use their hands to then control the ball in some circumstances.

These attacking players are also considered to have an undue advantage if they are in an offside position. Along with the development of the sport of football, the offside regulations are then continuously updated.

The following are the offside rules in football which have been stipulated in the Laws of the Game by the International Football Association Board (IFAB). A soccer player is also declared to be in an offside position as follows.

  • Any part of the body, head or feet of the player is in a position ahead of the defender from the opponent.
  • S Any part of a player’s body, head or feet is in the opponent’s area (where the boundaries are the lines in the center of the court).
  • The hands and arms of all players, including the goalkeeper, are not taken into account. The limit of the part of the body that is included in the offside calculation is above the arm parallel to the bottom of the armpit.

An Offside offense then does not apply if:

  • This player is in his own area.
  • Players are level with the second last player of the opposing team.
  • Players are level with the last two players of the opposing team.
  • A player, who is in an offside position, then does not move at all (does not respond to the arrival of the ball). This means that the game continues when a teammate responds to the arrival of the ball, who is not in an offside position.
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The Offside Rule of ‘Three Defenders’

There were many different opinions about the offside rule until finally the University of Cambridge tried to unify these various theories into one standard rule formulation. This standard rule was also often accepted and became the guideline of its time.

The rules themselves are quite unique and are also known as the “three players back” rule. In this rule an attacker is then declared offside even though in his front position there are still three opposing defenders, including the goalkeeper.

You can imagine how often there was an offside when this rule was applied. Just one step already offside. A slight forward hand is called offside.

The Offside Rule of ‘Two Defenders’

When FIFA was founded in 1904 to be precise, all football regulations including offside began to be considered more seriously. The Scottish Football Association then proposed replacing the “three at the back” rule with only two players.

The concept itself is the same, the difference being hit by an offside is when two defenders are standing between someone and the enemy’s goal. Usually, one defender and one goalkeeper. This rule change was implemented in 1925, and resulted in a more attractive game. Because the chances of offside occurring are getting smaller, the goals that are created are also becoming more and more entertaining for the spectators.

As a result of the offside change, the pattern and style of play also changed. Each coach then had to rack his brains to beat offside. That is why in the past the 2-3-5 tactic was often used by placing only two defenders, one of whom was a sweeper or libero.

The Offside Rule of ‘One Defender’

In 1990, the offside rule was revised again and applied to the 1990 World Cup in Italy. An attacker will be said to be in an offside position, if at the time he receives the bait only one opponent’s defender is left in front of him.

In normal situations, this defender is the goalkeeper, as well as players dealing with players who are defenders. In 2003, FIFA then made an additional article regarding offside which is more flexible when someone is in an offside position so he is not necessarily declared as offside if he is not actively involved in the game. The easy thing is that his body doesn’t try to chase the ball that is directed at him.

History of the Offside Rule

Football is a team game, consisting of 2 teams facing each other. Each of these squads then consists of 11 players. Football itself is generally played in two halves with a duration of 2 x 45 minutes, as well as a 15-minute break between the two halves. Football itself has gone through many developments, both in terms of rules and how to play it.

The same source said that football was first discovered in China, during the Han Dynasty. At that time around the 2nd or 3rd century AD, the ball used was made of animal skin and rolled up to a round shape. Even though this game was invented centuries ago, the official governing body for football was only formed for the first time on October 26, 1863.

England at that time took the initiative to form an official football body, under the name English Football Association (FA). This organization itself finally gave birth to modern football rules a few months later, on December 8, 1863 to be precise. One of them is the offside rule.

Then, ideas also developed that formed the container for world football. At the initiative of Guerin (a French football figure), the International Football Federation or FIFA was formed on May 21, 1904. After several decades, in 1930 to be precise, FIFA finally participated in organizing soccer competitions at the world level. This championship is agreed to be called the World Cup or World Cup, and is held regularly every 4 years. This first World Cup then took place in Montevideo, Uruguay.

Basic Football Techniques

Not only in terms of regulations, the technique of playing soccer also continues to experience changes from time to time. Starting from the basic technique to developing into a technique with a higher level and highlighting the abilities of each individual.

Meanwhile, referring to the Module book published by the Ministry of Education and Culture, there are at least three basic techniques in soccer that need to be mastered by players of this sport. Here are some of them.

Ball Kicking Technique

Kicking the ball is a basic technique that must be mastered in a soccer game. This technique itself is done by swinging the leg and applied to the ball, with the power of the impetus that has been targeted beforehand. The technique of kicking the ball can also be used for various purposes.

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For example, scoring a shot at the opponent’s goal, then feeding the ball to a teammate, and dribbling or dribbling. Foot contact with the ball when kicking yourself is not only in one place. There are several parts of the leg that can be used to score kicks. For example, only on the inside of the leg, the outside of the leg, and on the instep area.

Ball Control Techniques

Controlling is a technique or ability to stop the ball coming from a teammate’s pass. Controlling the ball can also be done by using the inside of the foot, the sole of the foot or the sole of the shoe and the outside of the foot.

As for controlling the ball using the chest or head is an additional technique that emerged along with the development of modern football. Controlling the ball using the chest or head is usually done when the ball that comes later is above the stomach.

Technique of Dribbling the Ball (Dribbling)

The third basic technique in soccer that is important to learn is dribbling or dribbling. This technique is also done by kicking the ball slowly in a high frequency while running.

The aim of dribbling is generally done to avoid the opponent’s obstacles and to open up empty space in certain areas of the field. Like the basic technique of kicking, dribbling can also be done with 3 feet. Dribbling the ball can also be done with the inside of the foot, the instep and the outside of the foot.

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This is an overview of offside that Sinaumed’s needs to understand in soccer.