A few days before the fasting of Ramadan, usually Muslims will perform worship on the night of Nisfu Sya’ban. On this occasion, we will discuss more about Nisfu Sha’ban, starting from the understanding to the prayers of Nisfu Sha’ban. So, keep reading this article to the end, Sinaumed’s.
Sha’ban is the eighth month in the Hijri calendar or the month before Muslims perform the fast of Ramadan. In the middle of the month of Sha’ban, Muslims in Indonesia usually carry out the Nisfu Syaban night.
The month of Sha’ban is also interpreted as a month full of blessings and kindness. On the night of Nisfu Sha’ban, Allah SWT opens the widest door of mercy and forgiveness for Muslims.
In a hadith HR Al-Bukhari, said that the Prophet Muhammad SAW often perform sunnah fasting in the month of Sha’ban compared to other months.
Nisfu Sha’ban Fasting Intentions
The reading of the Sunnah fasting intention in the month of Sha’ban is:
نَوَيْتُ صَوْمَ غَدٍ عَنْ أَدَاءِ سُنَّةِ شَعْبَانَ لِلهِ تَعَالَى
Nawaitu shauma ghadin ‘an adai sunnati Sya’bana lillâhi ta’ala
Meaning: “I intend to fast the Sunnah of Sya’ban tomorrow because of Allah SWT.”
The intention of fasting to make up the fast of Ramadan coincides with the Nisfu Sha’ban fast
As for the intention to make up Ramadan fasts or perform the Nisfu Shaban fast together with the debt of fasting for Ramadan last year:
نَوَيْتُ صَوْمَ غَدٍ عَنْ قَضَاءِ فَرْضِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لِلهِ تَعَالَى
Nawaitu shauma ghadin ‘an qadhā’I fardhi syahri Ramadhāna lillâhi ta’âlâ.
Meaning: “I intend to make up the fasting month of Ramadan tomorrow because of Allah SWT.”
This in terms of fiqh is referred to as at-tasyri fin niyyah (combining intentions).
In the matter of merging intentions between fardhu and sunnah in one worship, Imam Suyuthi in his book al-Asybah wan Nadhair divides into four criteria, namely:
- Legitimate both of which are fardhu and sunnah
- Valid for fardhu worship only, not for sunnah worship
- Valid for sunnah worship only, not for fardhu worship
- Invalid both
Therefore, it is in the month of Sha’ban that Muslims are encouraged to increase sunnah worship and practice. Muslims look forward to the night of Nisfu Shaban, because according to some explanations, that night all prayers will be answered or granted.
The Nisfu Sha’ban night itself is celebrated once a year, more precisely in the middle of the month of Sha’ban or the 15th of the Islamic or Hijri calendar.
Nisfu Sha’ban prayer
Apart from that, the night of Nisfu Sha’ban is also one of the days that Muslims in Indonesia are looking forward to, usually on the night of Nisfu Sya’ban, Muslims will pray a special prayer to ask for forgiveness on that night.
The main purpose of this prayer is to get closer to Allah SWT. Because on the night of nisfu sya’ban the life notes will be replaced with new life notes.
Praying on the night of Nisfu Sha’ban is one of the practices that is highly recommended for Muslims, because the night of Nisfu Sha’ban is the time when prayers are answered.
Nisfu Sha’ban is the month in which the old charity book is closed and a new charity book is opened. So multiply begging for forgiveness by hoping that the charity notebook can be filled with goodness.
Here are some Nisfu Syaban prayers that are often read, namely:
اَللَّهُمَّ يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ لا يَمُنُّ عَلَيْكَ يَا ذَا اْلجَلاَلِ وَ اْلاِكْرَامِ ياَ ذَا الطَّوْلِ وَ اْلاِنْعَامِ لاَ اِلهَ اِلاَّ اَنْتَ ظَهْرَ اللاَّجِيْنَ وَجَارَ الْمُسْتَجِيْرِيْنَ وَ اَمَانَ اْلخَائِفِيْنَ . اَللَّهُمَّ اِنْ كُنْتَ كَتَبْتَنِى عِنْدَكَ فِيْ اُمِّ اْلكِتَابِ شَقِيًّا اَوْ مَحْرُوْمًا اَوْ مَطْرُوْدًا اَوْ مُقْتَرًّا عَلَىَّ فِى الرِّزْقِ فَامْحُ اللَّهُمَّ بِفَضْلِكَ فِيْ اُمِّ اْلكِتَابِ شَقَاوَتِي وَ حِرْمَانِي وَ طَرْدِي وَ اِقْتَارَ رِزْقِي وَ اَثْبِتْنِىْ عِنْدَكَ فِي اُمِّ اْلكِتَابِ سَعِيْدًا مَرْزُوْقًا مُوَفَّقًا لِلْخَيْرَاتِ فَإِنَّكَ قُلْتَ وَ قَوْلُكَ اْلحَقُّ فِى كِتَابِكَ الْمُنْزَلِ عَلَى نَبِيِّكَ الْمُرْسَلِ يَمْحُو اللهُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَ يُثْبِتُ وَ عِنْدَهُ اُمُّ اْلكِتَابِ. اِلهِيْ بِالتَّجَلِّى اْلاَعْظَمِ فِي لَيْلَةِ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَهْرِ شَعْبَانَ الْمُكَرَّمِ الَّتِيْ يُفْرَقُ فِيْهَا كُلُّ اَمْرٍ حَكِيْمٍ وَ يُبْرَمُ اِصْرِفْ عَنِّيْ مِنَ اْلبَلاَءِ مَا اَعْلَمُ وَ مَا لا اَعْلَمُ وَاَنْتَ عَلاَّمُ اْلغُيُوْبِ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِيْنَ وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَ صَحْبِهِ وَ سَلَّمَ . اَمِيْنَ
Allahumma ya dzal manni wala yumannu ‘alaika, ya dzal jalali wal ikram, ya dzat thouli wal in’am, la ilaha illa anta zhahral lajin wa jaral mustajirin wa ma amanal khoifin. Allahumma in kunta katabtani ‘indaka fi ummil kitabi shaqiyyan aw mahruman aw muqtarran ‘alayya fir rizqi, fam allahumma fi ummil kitabi syaqowati wa hirmani waqtitara rizqi, timingbni ‘indaka sa’idan marzuqi muwaffaqan lil khairat. Fa innaka qulta wa qawlukal haqqu fi kitabil munzali ‘ala Rompii nabiyyikal mursal, “yamhullahu ma yasau wa yusbit, wa ‘Indahu ummul Kitab” wa shallallahu ‘ala sayyidina muhammad wa alaalihi wa shahbihi wa sallam, walhamdu lillahi rabbil ‘alamin.
It means: “O my God who is the giver, you are not given. O God of greatness and glory. O God, giver of all wealth and all favors. There is no god but You, the strength of those who ask for help, the protection of those who seek refuge and the safe haven of those who are afraid. My Lord, if You record with Your side on the Tablet of Mahfuzh as a wretched person, unlucky, or a person who has limited sustenance, then erase in the Lauh Mahfuzh my accidents, bad luck, and narrowness of sustenance. Record me by Your side as a person who is lucky, generous in sustenance and taufiq to do good because You have said–while Your words are true–in Your book which was revealed through the words of Your messenger Messenger, ‘Allah removes and determines what He wills. At His side Lauhul Mahfuzh. ‘ May Allah send blessings on Sayyidina Muhammad SAW and his family and companions. Praise be to Allah SWT.”
In addition to reciting the prayer, Muslims are also advised to read Yasin’s letter three times during the Nisfu Syaban prayer.
The Practices of the Sunnah Night of Nisfu Sya’ban
1. Do lots of sunnah prayers
Sunnah prayer is a practice of worship that is usually performed on the night of Nisfu Shaban. Nisfu Shaban night is believed to be a glorious night where the forgiveness of human sins is forgiven by Allah SWT.
Running sunnah prayers on the night of Nisfu Sya’ban is highly recommended for Muslims, including the Hajat prayer, Tasbih Prayer and Tahajud Prayer. Nisfu Sya’ban itself is the midday of the month of Sha’ban which falls on the 15th of the month of Sha’ban on the Hijri calendar. The law of doing the Nisfu Sha’ban prayer is Sunnah, which means if you do it you get a reward and if you don’t do it you won’t get a sin or reward. The Sunnah Nisfu Sya’ban prayer can be performed by every Muslim, both men and women, in the middle of the month of Sha’ban or on the night of the 15th of the month of Sha’ban.
You can read the intention for the nisfu Shaban night prayer and the procedure for this in the discussion below. The following is the reading of the sunnah nisfu shaban prayer and the procedure for doing it, namely:
- Read intention
As for the intention of the nisfu sya’ban prayer, namely:
“Usholli sunnatan nisfu sya’ban rak’ataini lillahi ta’ala”
Meaning: “I pray the sunnat Nisfu Sya’ban two cycles because of Allah Ta’ala”
- Read the iftitah prayer followed by Al Fatiha and a short letter.
- Sit between two prostrations
- Stand up and do the second cycle.
- Repeat as usual.
- Sit tahiyat end
- Read greetings.
2. Read Yasin’s letter three times and Istighfar
The next practice recommended for Muslims is reading Surah Yasin verses 1-83 three times.
By reading Yasin’s letter three times on the night of Nisfu Sya’ban, Allah SWT will forgive all his sins. As in the hadith of Rasulullah SAW, namely:
God bless you
Meaning: “Whoever reads Yasin on Friday days and nights hoping to please Allah, his sins will be forgiven” (HR Asbahani).
The details of reading Yasin’s letter 3x are as follows:
- The first reading of Yasin’s Letter is intended to be given a long life along with Taufik to obey Allah.
- The reading of the second Yasin Letter is intended to guard against reinforcements and disasters and to extend sustenance.
- Reading Yasin’s last letter is intended to be given a rich heart and die in a state of husnul khotimah.
Istighfar and dhikr to Allah. Can be done by reading:
اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الْعَظِيْم
Meaning: “I beg forgiveness from Allah the Most Great.”
Istighfar is one way to ask forgiveness from Allah SWT. Because, as human beings, of course we are not free from mistakes and sins.
Allah SWT always opens the door of forgiveness to anyone. Therefore, asking for forgiveness (istighfar) is highly recommended especially on the night of Nisfu Sha’ban.
3. Read the Creed and Sholawat as much as possible
“Asyhadu an laa ilaaha illallaahu, wa asyhadu anna muhammadar Rasulullah”
Meaning: “I testify that there is no god but Allah. And I bear witness that the Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.”
These two sentences are very good to read anytime and anywhere, especially on the night of Nisfu Sya’ban. The two sentences of the shahada are noble sentences and are very well read anytime and anywhere, especially on the night of Nisfu Sha’ban.
Here are some collections of the prophet’s prayers that Muslims can chant, namely:
a. Sholawat Khawwash
صلى الله علی محمد
Shallallaahu ‘alaa Muhammadin
Meaning: “May Allah bestow His mercy on the Prophet Muhammad.”
b. Sholawat Ta’zhimul Qiyam
Allaahumma shalli ‘alaa Muhammadin wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sallim
Meaning: “O Allah, bestow peace and safety on the Prophet Muhammad and his family.”
c. Sholawat Bani Hasyim
Allaahumma shalli ‘alaan-nabiyul Haasyimiyyi Muhammadin wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sallim tasliman.
Meaning: “O Allah, give mercy and greetings to a prophet of the Hasyim nobles, namely Muhammad and his family, may you remain safe and prosperous.”
d. Sholawat Adrikiyyah / Mukhotob
اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّave
Ash-shalaatu wassalaamu ‘alaika yaa Sayyidii yaa Rasulullah qad dhaaqats hiilatii adriknii
Meaning: “Grace and safety may remain upon you, O our prince, O Messenger of Allah, my efforts are exhausted, I hope you are willing to help me.”
e. Sholawat Al-Fatih
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ الفَاتِحِ لِمَا أُغْلِقَ وَالخَاتِمِ لِمَا سَبَقَ وَالنَّاصِرِ الحَقَّ بِالحَقِّ وَالهَادِي اِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيْمٍ. Peace be upon you
Allaahumma shalli wa sallim wa baarik ‘alaa sayyidinaa Muhammadinil faatihi limaa ughliqa, wal khotimi lima sabaqo wan naashirul haqqa bilhaqqi, wal haadii ilaa shiraathikal mustaqiim, shallallahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa aalihi wa ash haabihi haqqa qadrihi wa miqdaarihil ‘adziimi
Meaning: “O Allah, pour out reverential mercy, peace and blessings on our master, the Prophet Muhammad, as the opener of something that was locked (closed) and the closing of something (the messengers) before. He is the helper of truth with truth and a guide to Your straight path. May Allah bestow (give) blessings on the Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions with the power and rules of Allah, the Most Great.”
f. Sholawat Munjiyat
اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ صَلاَةٌ تُنْجِيْنَا بِهَا مِنْ جَمِيْعِ الْاَهْوَالِ وَالْاٰفَاتِ وَتَقْضِيْ لَنَابِهَاجَمِيعَ الْحَاجَاتِ وَتُطَهِّرُنَابِهَا مِنْ جَمِيْعِ السَيِّئَاتِ وَتَرْفَعُنَابِهَا عِنْدَكَ اَعْلَى الدَّرَجَاتِ وَتُبَلِّغُنَابِهَا اَقْصَى الْغَايَاتِ مِنْ جَمِيْعِ الْخَيْرَاتِ فِى الْحَيَاةِ وَبَعْدَ الْمَمَاتِ
Allahumma sholli ‘alaa sayyidinaa Muhammadin sholaatan tunjiinaa bihaa min jami’il-ahwaali wal-aafaati wa taqdhii lanaa bihaa jamiil-hajati wa tuthahirunaa bihaa min jami’il-sayyi’aati wa tarfa’unaa bihaa ‘indaka a’lad-darajaati wa tuballighuna bihaa aqshal-gaayaati min jami’il-khoiroti fil-hayati wa ba’dal-mamati
Meaning: “O Allah, bestow mercy on our master the Prophet Muhammad SAW through which You will save us from all frightening and dangerous situations, with that grace You will bring all our needs and cleanse all our badness, elevate us to the highest degree, convey we are at the peak of the goal, of all the good in life and after death.”
g. Sholawat Nariyah
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ صَلاَةً كَامِلَةً وَسَلِّمْ سَلاَمًا تَامًّا عَلىَ سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ الَّذِيْ تُنْحَلُ بِهَ الْعُقَدُ وَتَنْفَرِجُ بِهِ الْكُرَبُ وَتُقْضَى بِهِ الْحَوَائِجُ
وَتُنَالُ بِهِ الرَّغَائِبُ وَحُسْنُ الْخَوَاتِيْمِ وَيُسْتَسْقَى الْغَمَامُ بِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيْمِ وَعَلىَ آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ عَدَدَ كُلِّ مَعْلُوْمٍ لَكَ
Alloohumma sholi sholaatan kaamilatan wasallim salaaman taamman ‘alaa sayyidina muhammadinil ladzii tanhallu bihil ‘uqodu wa tanfariju bihil kurobu wa tuqdhoo bihil hawa-iju
Wa tunalu bihir-roghoib wa husnul khowatimi wayustasqol ghomaamu bi wajhihil kariimi wa ‘alaa aalihii wa shohbihi fii kulli lamhatin wa breathaly bi ‘adadi kulli let me know
Meaning: “O Allah, bestow mercy and perfect greetings on our lord the Prophet Muhammad SAW. May all kinds of thorns be released from all difficulties, fulfill all kinds of needs, and achieve all kinds of wishes and husnul khotimah. Poured rain (grace) with his personal noble blessing. May the blessings and perfect greetings also continue to pour out on his family and friends, every blink of an eye and every breath you take, as many as you know.”
h. Sholawat Tibil Qulub
صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ طِبِّ الْقُلُوْبِ وَدَوَائِهَا وَعَافِيَةِ الأَبْدَانِ وَشِفَائِهَا وَنُوْرِ الأَبْصَارِ وَضِيَائِهَا وَعَلٰى آَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ
Allâhumma shalli ‘alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin thibbil qulûbi wa dawâ-ihâ wa ‘âfiyatil abdâni wa syifâ-ihâ wa nûril abshâri wa dliyâ-ihaa wa ‘alâ âlihî wa shahbihî wa sallim
Meaning: ” O Allah, give mercy to our king, the Prophet Muhammad, the healer of the heart and medicine, give health to the body and treat it, be the light of the eyes of the heart and its light, also to his family and friends, and may You provide safety.”
Thus the discussion about Nisfu Sha’ban and also the prayer of Nisfu Sha’ban. Hopefully all the discussion above is useful for you. If you want to find a book about fasting or prayer, you can get it at sinaumedia.com .
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Author: Yufi Cantika Sukma Divine