Isra Mi’raj Events – The facts contained in the brief history of Isra Mi’raj in the Hadith in Islam are important history for Muslims to know. There are so many lessons to be learned in the events and history of Isra Mi’raj.
The incident that took place on 27 Rajab in the eighth year of prophethood is an event of the holy journey of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. It was carried out from the Grand Mosque to the Aqsa Mosque in Palestine, until it rose to Sidratul Muntaka in the seventh heaven in one night.
If you think about using logic it doesn’t make sense, but Muslims must believe in it because there is information from authentic hadiths and also the Qur’an. The understanding of the Isra Mi’raj event notes, based on the studies of most commentators, that the Isra Mi’raj event is a very special and supreme event.
Because at the beginning of the verse Allah SWT says it begins with the word ‘subhana’ which means ‘most holy’, not found in 113 other letters in the Qur’an. This can represent proof of His love and affection for His beloved servant, the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
This is also a very powerful event because humans have never experienced it before. Rasulullah SAW traveled as fast as lightning and then ascended to the sky until Sidratul Muntaka.
الإِسْـcturetonded&NDAH: هُوَ تَوَجُّهُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيْ wait wait.
Isra or sara ‘سرى’ means traveling at night. In terms, Isra is the journey of Rasulullah SAW one night from the Grand Mosque in Mecca to the Aqsa Mosque in Palestine. This event is mentioned by Allah SWT in the Qur’an:
سُبۡحَٰنَ ٱلَّذِيٓ أَسۡرَىٰ بِعَبۡدِهِۦ لَيۡلٗا مِّنَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِ إِلَى ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡأَقۡصَا ٱلَّذِي بَٰرَكۡنَا حَوۡلَهُۥ لِنُرِيَهُۥ مِنۡ ءَايَٰتِنَآۚ إِنَّهُۥ هُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡبَصِيرُ
Meaning: “Glory be to Allah, who has defended His servant one night from Al Masjid Al Haram to Masjid Al Aqsa which We have blessed around him so that We show him some of Our signs (greatness). Verily, He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing . ” ( QS Al Isra: 1 )
الctureمِعْicipcturetontonرَاجُ: هُوَ صُعُوْدُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ إِلَى الْعَالَـمِ الْعُلْوِيِّ وَ فِيْect
Mi’raj literally means going up. In terms of the rise of Rasulullah SAW to Sidratul Muntaka. In the Qur’an, Miraj is alluded to in Surah An-Najm.
وَلَقَدۡ رَءَاهُ نَزۡلَةً أُخۡرَىٰ ١٣ عِندَ سِدۡرَةِ ٱلۡمُنتَهَىٰ ١٤ عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ ٱلۡمَأۡوَىٰٓ ١٥ إِذۡ يَغۡشَى ٱلسِّدۡرَةَ مَا يَغۡشَىٰ ١٦ مَا زَاغَ ٱلۡبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَىٰ ١٧ لَقَدۡ رَأَىٰ مِنۡ ءَايَٰتِ رَبِّهِ ٱلۡكُبۡرَىٰٓ ١٨
Meaning: “And indeed Muhammad saw Jibril (in his original form) at another time, (namely) at Sidratul Muntaka. Nearby is a paradise where he lives,(Muhammad saw Jibril) when Sidratul Muntaka was covered by something that covered him. His (Muhammad’s) vision did not turn away from what he saw and did not (also) go beyond it. Indeed, he has seen some of the greatest signs (power) of his Lord “ . ( QS An-Najm: 13-18 )
A Brief History of the Events of Isra Mi’raj in Hadith
According to Syekh Muhammad Khudori in Nur Al Yaqin fi Sirati Sayyidil Mursalin, explained that the things that triggered the Isra and Mi’raj events were as a form of tasliyah (entertainment) that Allah SWT gave to his girlfriend (Prophet Muhammad SAW) because he was left by two people he loved namely Khadijah the wife and Abu Talib the uncle. This event occurred precisely in the 11th year of prophethood (the Prophet Muhammad SAW was 51 years old at that time) or commonly referred to as ‘amul huzn (year of sorrow).
One night after the evening prayer, Rasulullah SAW rested for a while while lying in the Grand Mosque. Then he was visited by the angel Gabriel and his chest was split open.
“Then my heart was taken out and washed with ZAM ZAM water, then returned to its place by filling it with faith and wisdom . ” ( Narrated by Bukhari )
After that, the buraq was brought which became his vehicle during the Isra. Buraq is one root word with barq which means lightning.
“Buraq-namely a white mount was brought to me, tall, taller than a donkey and shorter than a bighal, he put his steps as far as he could see . ” ( HR Muslim )
Upon arrival at the Aqsa Mosque, he prayed two rak’ahs leading the spirits of the Prophets. After praying and leaving the Aqsa Mosque, the Angel Gabriel came carrying two containers of drinks. One contains milk and the other contains khamar. Rasulullah SAW also chose milk.
“Indeed you have chosen chastity,” said Gabriel in the continuation of the hadith. Mi’raj began. The Prophet ascended the buraq with Jibril until he arrived at the first sky. In the follow-up to the authentic Bukhari hadith from Malik bin Sha’sha’ah, the continuation is explained.
‘Then I carried it on the back of Buraq and Jibril went with me until I reached the sky of the world and then he asked to open the door of heaven.”
Until he passed through the gates of the sky inhabited by the spirits of the Prophets. In the seventh heaven, Rasulullah met Prophet Ibrahim who was leaning his back on Baitul Makmur. Where that place is entered every day by 70,000 angels and they don’t come back after that. Then the Buraq went with me to Sidratul Muntaka whose leaves were as wide as the ears of an elephant and as large as their fruits were like large jugs.
When the order of Allah SWT fulfilled Sidratul Muntaka. Sidratul Muntaka changed and no one from Allah’s creatures could explain the characteristics of Sidratul Muntaka because of his beauty. So Allah gave Revelation and made it obligatory for me to pray fifty times a day and night. After being assigned to pray fifty times a day, the Prophet came down and met Prophet Musa.
“What has your Lord made obligatory upon your people?” asked Prophet Musa. I replied, “At 50 times”.
Musa said, “Go back to your Lord, ask for relief because your people will not be able to do that. Truly I have tested the Children of Israel and I have known how their reality “. “I will return to my Lord.” Then I begged, “O Lord, give relief from five prayers. Then I returned to Musa ‘alaihis salam. I said to him, “Allah has given relief five times”. Musa said, “Surely your people will not be able to do that, so return to your Lord and ask for relief.” I kept going back and forth between my Lord with ease until my Lord said:
“O Muhammad, in fact it is obligatory to pray five times a day and night. Each prayer is rewarded 10 times, so 5 prayers equals 50 prayers. Whoever intends to do a good deed that he does not carry out, then it is recorded for one good deed. And if he does it then it is recorded for yes ten goodness. Whoever intends to do a bad thing but he does not do it, the bad thing is not recorded at all.
And if he does, it is recorded as an ugliness.” Then I went down to meet Prophet Musa and I told him. So he said, “Go back to your Lord and ask for relief again.” I replied, “I have repeatedly returned to my Lord until I feel ashamed of Him.”
On the way to Sidratul Muntaka the Prophet Muhammad SAW and the Angel Gabriel stopped at the seven layers of heaven, namely:
- The first sky, Rasulullah SAW met Prophet Adam as
- The second sky, Rasulullah SAW met Prophet Yahya as and Prophet Ishaq as
- The third sky, the Prophet Muhammad met with the Prophet Yusuf as
- The fourth heaven, Rasulullah SAW meets Prophet Idris as
- The fifth heaven of the Prophet SAW met the Prophet Harun as
- The sixth sky, the Prophet Muhammad met with the Prophet Musa as
- The seventh heaven of Rasulullah SAW met Prophet Ibrahim AS
When he had finished receiving the prayer order, the Prophet Muhammad SAW returned to riding his buraq to return to Mecca accompanied by the Angel Gabriel. “According to a story, Buraq was so fast when the Prophet Muhammad SAW came home, it was said that the Prophet’s bed was still warm . ” (Abi Rachman/Nashih).
The Facts Behind the History of the Isra Mi’raj Event in Islam
Summarized from several sources, there are several things that need to be known in the Isra’ Mi’raj event. Among them:
- Prophet Muhammad SAW ascended into the sky with his Spirit and Body Prophet Muhammad SAW was traveled by Allah SWT to the sky with his Body and Spirit. And his body is still in its original form, not turning into light.
- Understanding the Obligation of Prayer. The meaning of the Isra Mi’raj celebration is to glorify and enliven the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad SAW because the Isra Mi’raj celebration will always raise the theme of the story of the Prophet’s Isra Mi’raj, with extensive discussion and an emphasis on understanding the obligation to pray.
- The Prophet Muhammad SAW saw Allah SWT with the eyes of his heart when the Prophet Muhammad SAW was Mi’rajkan by Allah SWT, it was stated that he spoke directly to Allah SWT. However, according to the majority of scholars, the Prophet Muhammad at that time did not see it with his own eyes, but saw Allah SWT with the eyes of his heart.
- Allah SWT does not need a place. The Prophet Muhammad SAW spoke with Allah SWT above the Mustawa. But don’t dream that Allah SWT is above the sky. So what needs to be known is that over Mustawa is not the place of Allah SWT, but the place of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
- The Prophet Muhammad saw the Prophets and Apostles. The Prophet Muhammad SAW when he was alive met with the Prophets and Apostles who had passed away and talked. It is a miracle and what the scholars understand is that people who are alive today could have met the Prophet Muhammad SAW as a karomah given by Allah SWT. Even though the Isra Mi’raj event may not occur to ordinary human reason, it is obligatory for Muslims to believe in it.
The Tajdid Journal of Ushuludin Science, UIN Jambi, noted that based on the study of most commentators, the Isra Mi’raj event was a very special and very great event. Because at the beginning of the verse Allah SWT says it begins with the word ‘ Subhaan ‘ which means ‘Glorious’, it is not found in 113 other letters in the Al-Qur’an.
This can represent proof of His love and compassion for His beloved servant, the Prophet Muhammad SAW. This is also a very powerful event because humans have never experienced it before. Rasulullah SAW traveled as fast as lightning and then ascended to the sky until Sidratul Muntaka.
Wisdom Events Isra Mi’raj
From the events of Isra Mi’raj, we certainly need to understand the wisdom of this journey. There are so many lessons and lessons that we can get from the journey of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. Isra and Mi’raj are things that are very clear and explicitly mentioned in the Qur’an, an event that must happen, must be true and there is no doubt at all even though the human mind cannot reach it.
Before the Isra Mi’raj journey began, Rasulullah SAW first opened his heart by the angels Gabriel and Mikail and then washed it with Zam-zam water three times and filled that noble heart with wisdom and faith. This surgery was carried out before entering the heart of the journey of the Prophet Muhammad SAW from the Grand Mosque to the Aqsa Mosque, to be continued until Sidratul Muntaka. From this surgery on the heart of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, you get the lesson that the heart is the most important thing in human beings.
The liver is the center of metabolism of faith and piety. Whereas now many people only rely on their brains with logic and ratios and overflow the role of this very important heart. In fact, various considerations of justice and truth originate from the heart, not the brain. The heart leads us to universal goodness, while the brain will only lead you to partial goodness, goodness that has been mixed with various interests.
The Isra and Mi’raj events of the Prophet Muhammad SAW in a short time have been widely reported in the people of Mecca. Regarding this event, the Quraysh infidels increasingly hated and ridiculed and ridiculed the Prophet Muhammad. Abu Jahl challenged the Prophet Muhammad SAW to tell the event to the people of Mecca, after the people of Mecca gathered, the Prophet Muhammad SAW told the event in detail and nothing was missed. Hear stories
Prophet Muhammad SAW for Muslims who are still weak in their faith, many become apostates but for those whose faith is strong they remain unshakable and unaffected by the ridicule, because they are convinced of the truth of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. Another story from this event regarding what Abu Bakar Ash Shiddiq did, he had a different attitude from the others, after he came to people who were still unsure about the Isra Mi’raj incident.
Abu Bakr came to Rasulullah SAW and asked for a direct explanation. After hearing it from Rasulullah SAW himself, Abu Bakr Ash Shiddiq immediately accepted it, therefore the Prophet Muhammad SAW called him “Ash-Shiddiq”. From this explanation, it can be learned that the Isra Miraj event should increase and strengthen faith and devotion to Allah SWT by carrying out His commands, namely carrying out the five daily prayers.
The Isra Miraj event can be learned by Sinaumed’s by reading the books available at sinaumedia.com . sinaumedia always tries to give its best so that you have #MoreWithReading information.
Author: Yufi Cantika Sukma Divine