The function of hadith – Sinaumed’s who are Muslim will often find lessons about Islam at various levels of education. Starting from elementary, junior high, high school, even until you are in college, you will definitely find subjects related to Islam.
This lesson about Islam is not necessarily finished when you have graduated. If Sinaumed’s is a good and devout Muslim or Muslimah, you can find and get Islamic Religion lessons outside of school.
Maybe some of the Sinaumed’s have studied at the Al-Qur’an Education Center (TPA) when they were young until they were teenagers. Adult Sinaumed’s can also get additional knowledge about Islam in recitations or tadarus at mosques around the house.
In this study, Sinaumed’s can find topics that you have previously studied but have forgotten, and could be something new and you have never learned before. These topics can be in the form of fiqh, verses of the Qur’an, or the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
What is Hadith?
Sinaumed’s can find topics regarding hadith either when you are at school or at recitation and tadarus. And if you learn about hadiths that are true and not misleading, it means that the function of the existing hadiths has been well received by Sinaumed’s.
Basically, hadith are words, sayings, or actions that the Prophet Muhammad once said or did regarding Islamic law and sharia. The existence of hadith helps Muslims in determining what is right and what is wrong.
As Sinaumed’s knows, hadith comes from Arabic, which literally means ” talk “, ” saying “, or ” conversation “. If we discuss specifically regarding who spoke, said, and spoke, of course it will return to the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
This hadith records the behavior of the Prophet Muhammad while he was still alive, starting from his behavior, daily life, and habits. In addition, it is necessary to note that the recording of behavior that will become this hadith was carried out by many people in the life of the Prophet Muhammad.
These people include the companions of the Prophet Muhammad SAW such as Abu Bakr Ash-Shiddiq, Umar bin Khattab, Usman bin Affan, and Ali bin Abi Talib. One of the youngest wives of the Prophet Muhammad, namely Aisyah, also contributed to the writing of this hadith.
After recording the behavior and all kinds of things related to the Prophet Muhammad, this hadith will be passed down from generation to generation. Sinaumed’s may have heard of names such as Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Ibn Majah and Tarmizi. They are one of the oldest hadith collectors, and even made books of these hadiths.
Therefore, the hadith can be regarded as the second source of law after the holy book Al-Qur’an. So, it is unlawful to falsify hadiths because they can mislead many Muslims, especially those who still need to study Islam.
Supposedly, this will not happen to good preachers, scholars, or ustadz. They will always ensure that the hadiths they find are true and valid before they are disseminated when they preach.
Sinaumed’s probably already knows that there are many hadiths that originate from the behavior of the Prophet Muhammad during his lifetime. Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim is one of the figures who collected the most of these hadiths. The book “Hadith Sahih Bukhari Muslim” can be a reading for Sinaumed’s to study the hadiths narrated by the two men.
The Function of Hadith Against the Qur’an
The existence of hadith as a second source of law in Islam is certainly not without reason. No Muslim should have the courage to question the nature and behavior of the Prophet Muhammad during his lifetime.
Whatever he does is a reflection of Muslims around the world. Of course, it will be difficult for Sinaumed’s to achieve the sayings and behavior of the Prophet Muhammad, considering he is a perfect Muslim figure. However, at least you can try to behave like good Muslims.
The explanation above is one of the reasons for the distribution of hadiths to Muslims, and also explains the function of hadiths in general. Even so, there are still at least 5 functions of hadith, especially towards the holy book of the Qur’an.
Below, there will be an explanation of the 5 functions of the hadith on the Al-Qur’an. Please, Sinaumed’s, read carefully, and hopefully after you read and understand this explanation, you can understand more and more the reasons why we study these hadiths.
Strengthening and Strengthening the Law in the Qur’an
As Sinaumed’s knows, the holy Qur’an contains guidelines and laws that Muslims must obey. Every letter and verse in the Qur’an contains an explanation of what Muslims are allowed to obey and what Muslims are prohibited from doing.
The function of this first hadith aims to strengthen and emphasize what Allah SWT says in the Qur’an. With this, the words and behavior of the Prophet Muhammad become things that can strengthen and reinforce the letters and verses in the Qur’an.
Establishing Unwritten Laws in the Qur’an
Sometimes, there are explanations in the Qur’an that are somewhat ambiguous. That is, Muslims at that time did not understand and know exactly what was meant by this word of Allah SWT. At that time, explanations from the Prophet Muhammad, from sayings to direct practice, helped Muslims understand the meaning of the contents of the Qur’an.
This is what is meant by the function of the two hadiths on the Qur’an. Again, the existence of the Prophet Muhammad SAW helped Muslims in the past to the present to interpret a number of ambiguous things that could be found in the Qur’an.
Giving an Explanation Regarding the Meaning of the Verses of the Qur’an
Sometimes, there are times when the word of Allah SWT from the holy book Al-Quran requires a deeper explanation to his people. In this case, what is meant by this is an explanation such as the reason behind the revelation of a letter or verse from the Qur’an, or the meaning of a specific word from a verse of the Qur’an.
The explanation and practice in real life by the Prophet Muhammad SAW regarding the word of Allah SWT is the function of the third hadith. Like the function of the previous hadith, Muslims will increasingly understand the meaning of a letter or verse from the Qur’an because of the existence of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
Detailing Matters That Have Been Previously Discussed in the Qur’an
The function of this hadith is actually not much different from the function of the second hadith and the function of the third hadith. In accordance with the explanation, these hadiths function to provide details and deeper details regarding the words of Allah SWT which He conveys in the Al-Qur’an.
Again, the details and also the details that will be given will be in the form of explanations or actions that the Prophet Muhammad did in front of his people. Muslims will certainly understand the meaning of this letter or verse in the Qur’an after receiving an explanation from him.
Limiting and Expanding Topics on the Al-Qur’an
Finally, the function of the fifth hadith is to limit a specific topic to a letter or verse of the Qur’an, or expand and add to the discussion of the word given by Allah SWT. This is of course done based on the words, speech, and behavior of the Prophet Muhammad.
There were times when the words conveyed by Allah SWT in the holy book of the Qur’an were not necessarily understood by Muslims at that time because they were too broad or too narrow. Prophet Muhammad SAW could narrow down or expand what is in this verse or letter so that it can be more easily understood by Muslims at that time and until now.
The explanation above is one of the reasons why Sinaumed’s, who is a Muslim, must study and understand hadith. This is because, maybe there are topics in Islam that you have heard before, but could not understand, you can find an explanation in a hadith.
Apart from being able to find lessons about hadith in Islamic study or subjects, you can also find them in various books. One of the books that Sinaumed’s can use as a reference and source of information is the book “Encyclopedia of Worship Hadith”.
Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad SAW for Life Guidelines
Sinaumed’s probably already knows that the number of hadiths can be in the thousands. Naturally, considering that the Prophet Muhammad SAW was a figure who had very perfect behavior and speech, so there are lots of examples to record as hadiths for us to emulate.
These hadiths can even discuss and allude to very specific topics, showing that nothing escaped the attention of the Prophet Muhammad. Of course, studying the existence of thousands of hadiths will take a long time.
For this reason, below we will discuss several hadiths that Sinaumed’s can learn and apply in everyday life. The hadiths below are hadiths that can be said to be important and should not be quickly forgotten, so that your life can be smoother and full of peace.
Hadith Keeping Patience
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال: “لَيْسَ الشَّدِيدُ بِالصُّرُعة، وَلَكِنَّ الشَّدِيدَ الَّذِي يَمْلِكُ نَفْسَهُ عِنْدَ الْغَضَبِ
Meaning: “From Abu Hurairah RA, from the Prophet SAW. who has said: A strong person is not because he is good at wrestling, but a strong person is someone who can restrain himself when he is angry.” ( HR Bukhari and Muslim ).
There are times, we face calamities or problems that don’t know where they come from. If there is a situation like this, it would be nice if Sinaumed’s kept a cool head and was patient. Anger and negative emotions will only cloud your thinking, making it difficult for you to make the best decision for you.
Hadith Demanding Knowledge
طَلَبُ الْعِلْمِ فَرِيضَةٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ وَوَاضِعُ الْعِلْمِ عِنْدَ غَيْرِ أَهْلِهِ كَمُقَلِّدِ الْخَنَازِيرِ الْجَوْهَرَ وَاللُّؤْلُؤَ وَالذَّهَبَ
Meaning: “Seeking knowledge is the duty of every Muslim, and whoever imparts knowledge to someone who is not worthy (then he) is like putting a necklace of jewels, pearls and gold around the neck of an animal.” ( Reported by Ibn Majah ).
Seeking knowledge is something that Sinaumed’s must continue to do even though you have passed the levels of education. This is because studying can be done anywhere and anytime. As long as someone has the intention and will, they can certainly get the blessing and reward of knowledge accordingly.
Hadith Not Arrogant
لَا يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍ مِنْ كِبْرٍ قَالَ رَجُلٌ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَكُونَ ثَوْبُهُ حَسَنًا وَنَعْلُهُ حَسَنَةً قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ جَمِيلٌ يُحِبُّ الْجَمَالَ الْكِبْرُ بَطَرُ الْحَقِّ وَغَمْطُ النَّاسِ
It means: “A person will not enter paradise in whose heart there is a mustard seed’s weight of arrogance. A man asked, ‘Indeed, men like nice clothes and sandals (is this considered arrogance)?’ He replied: ‘Verily Allah is beautiful and loves beauty. That pride is rejecting the truth and belittling people.’ ( HR. Muslim: 131 ).
Arrogance is something that Allah SWT does not like. In this hadith, it is explained that a good Muslim must remove even the slightest pride from their heart. If not, then there is a possibility that the person will be brought closer to the heat of hell fire.
Hadith Devoted To Parents
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال سمعتُ رسولَ الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول رَغِمَ أنْفُهُ ، رَغِمَ أنْ قال مَنْ أدْرَكَ وَالِدَيْهِ عِنْدَ الْكِبَرِ أَحَدُهُما أَوْ كِلَاهما ثمَّ لَمْ يَدْخُلِ الجَنَّةَ
Meaning: “From the friend of Abu Hurairah RA, he heard Rasulullah SAW say, ‘Woe to someone, woe to you, and woe to you.’ Companions asked, ‘Who is O Apostle?’ Rasulullah SAW replied, ‘A person who finds his parents aging either one or both, then he does not go to heaven.’” ( HR Muslim ).
Parents should be the two people we love, obey, and care for when they enter their old age. Do not let Sinaumed’s get too busy with their own affairs, to the point that you are the ones who have taken care of and raised you since childhood.
Of course there are many other hadiths that Sinaumed’s can find out and learn more about as a guide for your life. It is very likely that you will find the topic you are looking for in a hadith. Because that’s how detailed the life of the Prophet Muhammad SAW was in following the teachings of Islam.
Luckily, now Sinaumed’s can find these hadiths on the internet or books of hadith collections. To be sure, you must first confirm the validity of the hadith before you apply it in your daily life. One of the hadith collection books that Sinaumed’s can read is the book “1100 Selected Hadiths: The Light of Muhammad’s Teachings”.
With this, our discussion of hadith in this article ends. Earlier, we have studied various things about hadith, starting from the definition of hadith, the function of hadith, and some hadiths that Sinaumed’s can use and apply as a way of life.
Hopefully, with this article, Sinaumed’s can be motivated to live by reflecting Muslim people who are faithful, pious, and obedient to Allah SWT like the Prophet Muhammad SAW. Nothing is impossible if you have the will and try your best.
Apart from that, the hope is that Sinaumed’s can avoid all kinds of negative things that you might find in this life. These things have the potential to bring you closer to the fires of hell, and of course no one wants that to happen.
Sinaumed’s who are interested in finding books and articles regarding Islam can immediately visit our website sinaumedia.com . We, sinaumedia, #Friends Without Limits , always try to provide and present quality books and articles so that Sinaumed’s can get information and knowledge #MoreWithReading .