Understand the 9 Elements of Fine Arts and Their Principles and Functions

Elements of Fine Arts – Art is a form of media that can be used to express what artists feel or convey a message. Interestingly, in this world there are several types of art, you know, which are still developing until now.

One of them is fine art, whose works can still be enjoyed visually and can also be felt in their physical form. In fine arts there are several elements that can support the formation of a work.

Every element in fine art is very important and always has its uses. So, for a better understanding, you can read the explanations in this article, starting from the definition, elements of fine art, principles of fine arts and several other important things related to fine arts.

Fine art is a branch of art that is expressed or created using visual visual media that can be seen by the eye and felt when touched. Simply put, the form of fine art is an introduction to the branch of fine art itself, unlike music or body movement in dance.

Examples of fine art that you can easily find are clothing designs, sculptures, paintings, handicrafts and so on. However, in its development, art does not only stop at visual products.

However, in its development, art has begun to be able to incorporate elements of other media. An example is the sound of movement in performance art. Then began to appear various forms of visual products whose material could not be touched, such as digital paintings displayed on cellphone screens.

Elements of Fine Arts

Judging from its form, art can be said to depend on the elements that are visible or visible in his work. The elements in fine art can be seen clearly in the examples of the works of art themselves, such as drawings, paintings and sculptures.

An example is how circular line elements can form a sun object in a painting. Then the color elements can fill the circular lines or sun objects with orange. Elements such as lines and colors are the smallest elements that can form art and are also referred to as elements of fine art.

In art itself, there are not only elements of color and line. But there are several other supporting elements to create a work of art. Some of the elements in fine art are as follows.

1. Point Fine Art Elements

Point is the smallest element in a work of art. Points can be used to create other elements by arranging or lining up to become a line.

However, dots can also be used as is without a line. An example is the use of point elements without line elements in pointillism works of art. Where in this work the density of points is adjusted to form an image object.

2. Elements of Line Art

The line is a relationship between points that can produce a versatile stroke. The strokes from that point will be able to form other elements such as fields and shapes.

As with only points, lines can also be used as is without becoming a plane or shape. An example is a sketch that only requires line elements to form a work. Lines can also be used as light and dark fillers using the shading method.

3. Elements of Fine Art Form or Volume

Form is the next element. You could say that form is one of the elements that can be seen in two-dimensional works of art. Examples are pictures, paintings, graphic designs and so on.

4. Elements of Field Arts

Field is the third element. Field is also an outgrowth of form. In simple terms, a field is a line whose ends will meet each other to form a closed area.

If in a two-dimensional work there is a form, then in a three-dimensional work of art there is an element of plane in it. Then in the field itself to several important elements such as length, width, height to depth.

Examples are circles, triangles, squares and so on.

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5. Elements of Spatial Art

Space is a two-dimensional work that has pseudo properties. Space is also divided into two, namely positive space and negative space. Negative space is a space that is outside of various planes or volumes.

Meanwhile, positive space is the opposite or a space that is in the upper plane of the volume. Space can be used to give certain impressions to a work that is made.

An example is the use of a larger space above a piece of scenery can give the sky a sense of serenity as well as grandeur.

It should also be noted that the element of space is also quite subjective. This is because the element of space is always related to artists. The existence of an element of space can also create an impression of depth in a work.

6. Light Dark Art Elements

To be able to make a portrait image that looks so realistic, it’s not the colors that will be made completely accurate. However, it is the dark and light parts that will be made accurate in the portrait image.

When shadows and light can be captured so accurately. So our eyes can be deceived because what we see is actually the presence or absence of light.

The existence of dark and light is very important to pay attention to because it can make a work more balanced or not too bright and not too dark.

7. Elements of Color Fine Art

Color is also the most striking element in a work of art. In fine arts, aesthetically, color is quite subjective depending on the creativity of the creator of the work of art.

However, in a technical context, the color element is divided into several parts. The first part is color, which means what color will be produced in the work of art.

Then there are also color elements that have value. Where the value here relates to the dark or lightness of a color used. Then there are also colors that have intensity.

This means that the intensity of the color can be related to how strong and weak the color is in a work.

8. Elements of Fine Art Texture

Texture is one of the elements related to human interaction. Artworks can not only be felt visually. But a work of art can also be felt through its form.

This means that texture is also a surface that can be felt when touched. However, in 2D works, determine is a virtual thing. Textures in 2D works must also be able to give vibrations of tactile perception to the viewer, so that they can really understand if texture really exists in 2D works. An example of an element of texture in fine art that can be felt is sculpture.

9. Elements of Fine Art Values

The last element is value. The value element is related to color. The meaning of value is how big the power of color is in a work of art, and how influential the color value is.

Value is the last element in fine art. The element of value in fine art is also related to color. The value here means how strong the color is and how influential the color value is in a work of art.

Those are some of the important elements in fine art. By understanding every element that exists. Then you can create a work of art that is so aesthetic.



Principles of Fine Arts

Fine art does not only have important elements in it. But in fine art also has its own principles. Where the principle of fine art is a way of compiling and arranging its elements so that they can create a work of art.

Besides that, the principles of fine art can also be referred to as the principles of fine art which emphasize several design principles. Some of these design principles are unity, balance, rhythm, emphasis, contrast and clarity.

Some of the principles of fine art will be explained in more depth as the reviews below.

1. The Principle of Unity

Unity is the first principle in art. In order to create unity in art, it is necessary to combine the relationships between all the elements in the art itself.

The principle of unity can be achieved by several approaches. There are several approaches that can be taken to create a unity in art, such as the similarity of elements, the similarity of elements, the harmony of elements, attachments to the interrelationships of all elements.

2. The Principle of Balance

The next principle in fine art is balance. An unbalanced work can make people who see it feel uncomfortable. Therefore, balance in art is a principle that must be considered.

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Balance in fine art can be created by maintaining the symmetry of various existing images. Besides that, balance in art can also be created by creating a balance that does not look symmetrical but is able to provide psychological balance.

An example is like a little red that can provide a balance against the use of so much green.


3. Principle of Rhythm

Rhythm in a work of art can be created from the repetition of elements that are carried out regularly. The principle of rhythm can occur in a work of art where adjustments are made to elements of line, shape, color, texture and darkness and lightness repeatedly.

Alternate repetition of elements can also be called alternative rhythms. Then the rhythm with the movement of changes in size from big to small is called progressive rhythm.

Furthermore, there is also a rhythm with flowing or flowing movements continuously from small to large or vice versa. Meanwhile, repetitive rhythm is a rhythm whose movements are repetition of the same or monotonous shape, size and color.

4. The Principle of Emphasis

In fine art there is also the principle of emphasis. The principle of emphasis can also be regarded as a point of interest in a work of art.

Using an object that has a more dominant shape than the others can attract the attention of the general public to be able to see the work in just a moment.

5. The Propositional Principle

Contrast is a difference that is so striking from two or more different elements. An example is a white dot with a black object, then it could also be a cloth texture with a metal texture.

Besides that, the principle of contrast can also be used as a method to make an emphasis or ironic communication style.

6. The Principle of Clarity

The principle of clarity is a principle or level of ease in which a work can be understood. The principle of clarity is more commonly found in website design, product design or interior design.

Judging from some of the principles described above. It can be said that every principle in fine art can create a work of art that is so beautiful and full of harmony and at the same time captivates those who see it.

Fine Arts Function

The next explanation is the function of fine arts. The function of fine art can be said to depend on its variety. For example, applied art has a function according to the product it creates.

Then there is pure art which has functions for research, academics and is able to provide extrinsic functions such as social values. However, beyond all that, art is also capable of providing benefits to social life.

Not infrequently pure works of art are able to be embedded or voice social messages in them.

In art, when viewed in general, it has two main functions. These functions are individual functions and social functions. For more details, you can read the entire review below.

1. Individual Functions

The individual function is a function that can benefit the individual creator of the art itself. At first glance, individual functions can only be obtained by art artists because they are able to channel their own expressions and ideas.

But actually those who make designs or applied art are also able to provide this individual function. An example is a product design plan that can provide benefits to the designer.

This is because the design of the product design can be used as a rule to facilitate the process of designing subsequent designs.

Easily individual functions are able to provide special advantages for the individual makers.


2. Social Functions

Although the social function is more synonymous with pure artists who often voice social messages and social values ​​in their works of art. However, applied art can also get this social function.

In fact, applied art artists are people who are able to solve everyday problems experienced by society. It is because of this that the products made by applied art artists are able to obtain a social function.

In addition, various social entrepreneurship activities that are often held by applied arts activists are also able to provide many benefits.

This is none other than because running social entrepreneurship, we can also deliberately look for things that can work well financially as well as provide benefits to humans as well as to nature. One of them is involving people with disabilities or other things.

That’s a brief summary of fine arts. Starting from the definition, elements, principles to the function of fine art, you can get it in this article. By understanding the explanation above, of course, it will be easier for you to know what is important in art.