Basketball is an idol for young people. It is a sport that is loved by young people. This is because this sport is considered cool. Moreover, with the addition of his portrayal in films or soap operas where the characters are constructed in a cool and up-to-date style for young people.
Just like sports in general, basketball requires techniques and skills to win matches. These techniques and skills do not immediately materialize. It needs long and painstaking practice.
To do the exercises, You must first know the techniques in playing basketball. If You wants to know more about techniques in playing basketball. You can listen to the following explanation which has been summarized from various sources on the internet.
Basketball Sport Concept
Launching from the id.wikipedia.org page, basketball is defined as a ball sport in groups consisting of two teams, each consisting of five people. Both of them competed to score points by putting the ball into the opponent’s basket.
This game can be done in an open or closed field. Meanwhile, the standard international rules for basketball games are four rounds with each round being 10 minutes (4 x 10 minutes). Each break in the game is given 10 minutes.
Launching from the bola.com page, here are the rules in the game of basketball.
- This player can throw the ball from any direction, which uses one or both hands.
- Players do not run the ball while holding the ball. The ball must be thrown at the point of the player who received the ball.
- The ball must be held, either in or between the palms.
- Players are not allowed to tackle an opponent in any way. The act of tackling an opponent can be subject to severe violation sanctions.
- If a player makes three mistakes in a row, points will be counted for the opponent’s mistakes.
- This point will be obtained if the ball is thrown into the basket.
- If the ball is thrown out of the playing area, the first player to touch it is entitled to play it first.
- Game time is four quarters, each of which is 10 minutes long.
- The team that manages to put the ball into the hoop with the most points is declared the winner.
Meanwhile, the size of the basketball court as follows.
- Length: 28 meters
- Width: 15 meters
- Center circle diameter: 3.6 meters
- Distance from the three-point line to the hoop: 6.75 meters
- Distance of the basketball hoop line: 1.25 meters
Meanwhile, the sizes of the hoop and poles of the basketball game are as follows.
- Ring height: 3.05 meters
- Hoop diameter: 45cm
- Ring pole distance to endline : 1 meter
- Reflective board length: 1.8×1.05 meters
- Reflective board mid-square size: 59x45cm
- The distance of the rebound board to the endline : 1.2 meters
History of Basketball
In 1891, the game of basketball was invented by James Naismith, a Canadian sports teacher. He teaches at a college in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. At that time, he had to make a sports game in a closed room to fill the students’ time during the winter break.
The inspiration for this game is a game he played as a child in Canada. At the beginning of its appearance, many people were against it because they thought that this game was too hard. Not suitable for indoor use. Therefore, James Naismith decided to make basic rules for playing basketball and started to be played by his students.
The first game of basketball was held on January 20, 1892. In that match, the name basketball was born from a student of James Naismith. Since then, the sport of basketball began to spread to the United States.
Many people start playing the game of basketball. Then, there was a basketball game. Now, You can find the game of basketball in the United States and around the world.
On June 6, 1946, a basketball competition was held, namely the National Basketball Association (NBA). In its development, this competition has become the most awaited and famous basketball competition in the world. From this match, NBA basketball stars were born, including Arya Bird, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Michael Jordan Kobe Bryant, Stephen Curry and LeBron James.
Basic Techniques of Basketball Game
The game of basketball has several basic techniques that must be known and honed. Here are six basic techniques for playing basketball that You must master.
1. Technique of Dribbling ( Dribbling )
The technique of dribbling or dribbling is a way to carry the ball in all directions. This technique is an attempt to bring the ball towards the front or the opponent’s field. You needs to know how to dribble properly.
The trick, namely with one hand. The aim of the dribbling technique is to look for attack opportunities, break through the opponent’s defense, and slow down the tempo of the game. Launching from the firstmedia.com page, there are several types of dribbling techniques as follows.
- Hesitation Move is done by holding the ball briefly to break the opponent’s concentration or while thinking about the state of the opponent in front.
- Change of pace is the most common basic technique that is done by changing the dribbling tempo to attack and make a strategy to attack the opponent.
- Crossover, done by changing the position of one hand to the other two hands. This technique aims to avoid grabs from opponents.
3. Technique of passing the ball ( passing )
The inside pass in a basketball game can be done in a soft manner. This is still influenced by the situation as a whole. The things that must be considered are the position of the friend’s situation, the tactics used, and the timing.
In order to pass well in various situations, You must first master the basic techniques of throwing and catching the ball well.
There are three types of passing in basketball , namely the chest pass by pushing the ball to chest height, then the bounce pass, which is the ball that bounces off the floor, and the over head pass , which is to feed the ball by bouncing over the head.
3. Ball Control Techniques ( Control )
Ball control techniques aim to control the ball when carrying out attacks. This movement is to catch the ball coming. The direction of the ball must be considered when trying to catch the ball.
4. Pivot Movement Technique (Pivot)
Pivot is a rotating movement of the body with one foot as the fulcrum or axis when the ball is still in control. With the position of one foot as the axis, players can rotate 360 0 by holding the ball. One of the pedestals as this axis must not shift or be released when rotating. When this happens, an error will occur .
5. Shooting Techniques ( Shooting )
The movement of throwing the ball into the ring with one hand is known as the shooting technique . This technique has basic forms including one-handed overhead shot, lay-up shot, catch followed by shooting, jump shot , and hook shot.
Launching from the firstmedia.com page, here are some basic shooting techniques.
- The jump shot begins with a body position with open legs and shoulders parallel to the feet and jumps while directing the ball above the head.
- Lay Up, is shooting the ball from the right or left which is done with two steps count.
- Free throws are the same as jump shots, but free throws don’t jump, but bend your knees and throw the ball towards the ring.
6. Techniques for Catching Reflections ( Rebound )
Rebound is a technique for picking up a ball that fails to enter the basketball hoop. This movement is done by jumping towards the ball. Then, grabbing it as quickly as possible, can be done with one or two hands. Its function, to secure the ball bouncing off the basketball hoop.
Techniques and Types of Lay Up
The lay up technique is a shooting technique while jumping which was previously done by taking two steps towards the basketball hoop. Lay up is the safest shot method to avoid the opponent’s block
When a player performs a lay-up technique , he must increase his speed during the last step of the dribble. Its function is to bring the ball closer to the basketball hoop. Lay ups can be done in an open situation, namely at the moment of transition from defense to offense or movement without the ball being able to escape guard.
It should be noted that, the lay up technique has two types as follows.
1. Overhand Lay Up Shoot
Overhand lay up shoot is a shot made with a series of movements. Starting from catching the ball, jumping-step-jump. Then, release the ball directly towards the hoop or bounce it off the backboard with your arms bent 90o beside your ears, and your palms facing up.
Simply put, the overhand lay-up shoot is a lay-up technique with the position of the hand above or behind the ball. Palms facing down. The release of the ball occurs due to downward movement. The movement occurs due to downward flexion of the wrist and causes back spin as soon as the ball leaves the hand.
This lay up is more suitable and profitable when running not too high. This is because the ball will be prone to falling if done at high speed. if starting from the right side the steps are generally the same as the underhand lay up shoot. The difference is when the ball is released.
2. Underhand Lay Up Shoot
Underhand lay up shoot is a technique where the hands are positioned under the ball, palms facing up and fingers facing forward. The release of the ball occurs due to a movement from the hand followed by a flexion of the wrist.
If starting from the right side then step on the left foot. Then, use the inside leg. Try, keep your head upright and your eyes focused on the box above the basket. The position of the back and waist must be straight.
To push off, use the other knee. The ball shot is directed straight. Then, the movement is continued by straightening the elbows, wrists and fingers. When releasing the ball, do not make the ball spin or spin. The hand that is not used is then used to protect the ball.
The release of the ball is not done with a shot as hard as possible. However, like putting it to the basket. When players move or run at high speed, it is more suitable to use lay-ups with underhand techniques because control over the ball is easier.