Intention of Friday prayer – Friday prayer is a special Muslim prayer which is held specifically on Friday and as a substitute for the midday prayer. The Friday prayer itself is carried out in congregation and carrying out the Friday prayer is an obligation for male Muslim men who have reached puberty.
Because the Friday prayer is carried out in congregation, there is an intention for the Friday prayer for the imam and the congregation with different pronunciations. Then, what is the intention of the Friday prayer? See a more complete explanation in this article, Sinaumed’s.
Meaning of Friday Prayer
The definition of Friday prayer or in the people of the country who are more familiar with the title ” Friday “, is one of the obligatory worships to be performed. The Friday prayer is obligatory for Muslim men and is a sunnah for women. This is because, especially for women, when it comes time to perform the Friday prayers, it is enough for them to carry out the Zuhur prayers as usual. So, it’s not surprising, in general the understanding of the Friday prayer is obligatory worship for men.
In fact, for Muslims, the understanding of the Friday prayer is an important worship. In addition, on Friday there are special things that cannot be obtained on other days and Friday is also a day when many important events occur. This is further strengthened by the hadith which reads,
“The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On that day Adam was then created, entered and left heaven and the Day of Judgment will only occur on Friday. (HR. Muslim).
However, apart from understanding the meaning of the Friday prayer itself, it is no less important to understand the legal aspects of this worship.
Legal Requirements and Requirements for Obligatory Friday Prayers
After understanding a little about the meaning of the Friday prayer, it is also important for male Muslim maters to be able to understand what are the legal requirements for carrying out the Friday prayer. The conditions for the validity of the Friday prayer are as follows:
- Friday prayers are carried out in a place (be it in a village or town) that is included in the scope of the village.
- Friday prayers are performed when it has started midday
- Friday prayers must be performed in congregation with a minimum number of 40 people present.
- The Friday prayer begins with a sermon (including reading the pillars of the sermon) before finally carrying out the Friday prayer.
- Friday prayers can only begin when the khatib has read the pillars of the two khutbahs.
In addition, there are mandatory requirements for Friday prayers which are equally important to understand, including:
- Islamic religion
- Has matured or baligh.
- Not crazy or experiencing various other mental disorders.
- Men (women are not required to perform Friday prayers).
- Healthy physically and mentally healthy (sick people are not required to perform Friday prayers).
- Have a permanent residence or live or reside (people who are then on a long journey are not required to perform Friday prayers).
- People who are on a long journey are not required to perform Friday prayers. This also refers to the hadith of Rasulullah SAW. Meaning: “It is not obligatory for travelers to perform Friday prayers. ” (HR. Daruquthni).
Judgment of Friday Prayers
In fact, the various conditions for carrying out Friday prayers are then derived from laws or provisions that have been stated in the Al-Quran and Hadith. The law of doing Friday prayers is obligatory for every Muslim male, where this has been stated in Surat Al Jumuah verse 9,
يٰٓاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْٓا اِذَا نُوْدِيَ لِلصَّلٰوةِ مِنْ يَّوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا اِلٰى ذِكْرِ اللّٰهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَۗ ذٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُوْنَ
“O you who believe, when (the call) to carry out the prayers on Friday has been sounded, immediately remember Allah and leave buying and selling. That is better for you if you know.” (QS. Al Jumuah: 9).
Apart from the Al-Quran, the obligatory Friday prayer law is also contained in the hadith. This is based on the hadith of Rasulullah SAW which was narrated by Abu Dawud, Daruquthni, Baihaqi and Hakim with the meaning that reads, “Friday prayer is obligatory for every Muslim in congregation except for four people: slaves, women, children or people sick.” (Narrated by Abu Dawud, Daruquthni, Baihaqi and Hakim).
Sunnah Friday Prayer
The following are sunnah Friday prayers that should be performed, including a clean bath. However, there are several other sunnah Friday prayers, viz
- Wear clean and neat clothes (preferably white clothes)
- Using fragrances
- When entering the mosque, put your right foot first while reading the prayer to enter the mosque.
- Carry out the sunnah tahiyatul prayer at the mosque
- Beri’tikaf (sitting) while reading the Koran, dhikr, and praying.
- Stopping dhikr or other reading when the preacher rises to the pulpit to deliver the Friday sermon.
The following below are two prayer readings for entering the mosque that should be memorized and practiced, including:
- Allahummaf tahlii abwaaba rohmatik
Meaning: “O Allah, open for me the doors of Your grace”
- Bismillahi wassalamu ‘ala Rasulullah. Allaahummaghfir lii dzunuubii waftahlii abwaaba rahmatik
Meaning: “In the name of Allah and greetings to the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, forgive my sins and open to me the door of Your mercy.”
Requirements for the Legitimacy of the Friday Prayer Khutbah
In the sermon there are several things that need attention, including the following:
- Read hamdalah, or Alhamdu lillaah in the two sermons.
- Read blessings on the Prophet Muhammad SAW in two sermons.
- Willing with taqwa to Allah also in two sermons.
- Read the verses of the Al-Quran also in one of the sermons.
- Asking for maghfiroh (pardon) for all believers in the second khutbah.
Meanwhile, the conditions for the Friday prayer sermon to be valid, it is necessary to fulfill the following:
- The contents of the sermon pillars that can be heard by the congregation.
- Successive between the first sermon and the second sermon.
- Obligation to cover genitals
- The condition of the body, clothing, and sacred places from hadats and uncleanness.
The Priority of Friday Prayers
In addition to trying to understand the meaning of the Friday prayer and its rulings, you also need to know what the priority is in this Friday prayer. Here below are the virtues of Friday prayers, including:
“Salat 5 times, from Friday to Friday, and from Ramadan to the next Ramadan is an eraser of sins committed between the two if major sins are avoided,” ( HR Muslim).
Get Great Rewards
“Whoever takes a bath on Friday like a janabah bath, then goes to the mosque, it is as if he is sacrificing a camel. Whoever comes at the second opportunity (time), it is as if he is sacrificing a cow. Whoever comes at the third opportunity (time), it is as if he is sacrificing a goat with horns.
Whoever comes on the fourth occasion (time), it is as if he is sacrificing a chicken. And whoever then comes at the fifth (time) opportunity, then he is like an egg sacrifice. And if the priest has come out (to give the sermon), then the angels are present to listen to the dhikr (the sermon).” (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).
In fact, every step taken by someone who is going to perform Friday prayers, is then equivalent to being rewarded with fasting and praying for a year
“Whoever then takes a bath on Friday by washing his head and other limbs, then he goes at the start of the time or he goes and gets the first sermon, then he also approaches the imam, hears the sermon and is silent, then every step he takes is then counted as fasting and praying a year.” (HR. Tirmidhi).
Threats Not to Perform Friday Prayers
Bearing in mind the notion of the Friday prayer then having the nature of being obligatory, that is why there is a threat for those who then leave the Friday prayer. Regarding this threat itself, it has been mentioned in the hadith from Ibn Umar and Abu Hurairah who said that the Prophet Muhammad SAW said, “It should be for people who like to leave the Friday prayer and then stop their bad habits, or Allah will then lock the eyes of his heart, then he will also become the Ghafilins or the Heedless.” (HR. Muslim, No. 865).
There are also other hadiths that also provide warnings in the form of threats for those who leave Friday prayers. It was narrated from Jabir bin Abdillah that Rasulullah SAW said, “whoever misses Friday prayers 3 times, not because of an emergency or an obstacle, Allah will lock his heart” (HR. Ibnu Majah).
Friday prayer intentions
Before carrying out the Friday prayer, it is highly recommended to complete it with the sunnah Friday prayer, such as bathing, using fragrances, wearing all-white clothes, arriving early to the mosque. When starting the Friday prayer, we should also not miss the time reading the intention for the Friday prayer. As for the intention for the Friday prayer for the congregation and the priest, it is different.
The intention of the Imam’s Friday Prayer
Usholli fardhol jum’ati rak’ataini mustaqbilal qiblati adaa’s imaaman lillahi ta’ala.
“I intend to perform two cycles of Friday prayers facing the Qiblah, at this time, as a priest because of Allah Ta’ala.”
The intention of the Friday Prayer Makmum
The intention is to pray Friday in congregation as a congregation
Ushollii fardlol jum’ati rak’ataini mustaqbilal qiblati adaa-an ma-muuman lillahi ta’aala.
“I intend to perform two cycles of Friday prayers facing the Qibla, at this time, as a congregation because of Allah Ta’ala.” (OL-16)
As previously explained, Friday prayers are obligatory for Muslim men. Therefore, no matter how busy, Muslim men must still make time for Friday prayers.
By understanding the meaning of the Friday prayer and its various supporting aspects, it can provide enlightenment and increase the practice of worship as a Muslim while still living in this temporary world. So, as best as possible don’t leave Friday prayers.
Thus the discussion about the Friday prayer, starting from the understanding, law, to the intention of the Friday prayer. Hopefully all the discussion about Friday prayers can be useful for Sinaumed’s.
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Source: from various sources
The Miracle of Dhuha, Tahajjud, and Other Sunnah Prayers
“Indeed, the first practice that will be brought to account by humans on the Day of Judgment is prayer. Allah ‘azza wa jalla said to His angels and He who knows better, ‘Look at my servant’s prayer. Is the prayer perfect or not?
If the prayer is perfect, it will be recorded for him a perfect reward. However, if there is a slight deficiency in his prayer, then Allah says: see, whether my servant has sunnah practices. If My servant has a sunnah practice, Allah says: make up for the deficiencies that exist in the obligatory practice with his sunnah practice.’ Then other practices will be treated like this.” (Narrated by Abu Daud no. 864, Ibn Majah no. 1426 and Ahmad 2:425. Shaykh Al Albani says that this hadith is valid.) The Miracle of Tahajud and Other Sunnah Prayers.
Through this book, you can find out how many sunnah prayers you can perform in addition to the good practices that can be used as provisions on the day of reckoning. Happy reading, may we be part of the people who always get priority from Him. Amen.
The Power of Tahajud
It is fitting for those who believe to always establish prayer. However, the real prayer is heavy, except for those who are humble in their prayers. Then, how can someone be humble when praying? Namely by knowing the virtues of the prayer.
So one can easily get solemnity in worship. This book tries to diskuss the primacy of the various kinds of worship that we have often done. It is hoped that by knowing the various kinds of virtues, all of us as believers will become more enthusiastic and better at worshiping Allah SWT, especially in prayer.
In addition to prayer, the book also diskusses blessings in the morning. Very lucky are those who are used to getting up in the morning and very much at a loss for those who spend their mornings just sleeping. We can see all of this and we imitate it from our role model, Rasulullah, Muhammad SAW. This book is also equipped with scientific research from the various worships that we live which turn out to be very good for our bodies. But even so, the most important thing and we must guard is that worship by faith, not by research.
Practical & Complete Prayer Guide
Prayer worship has such an important position. Because, prayer is the very first practice that will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection. In a hadith it is stated, “Prayer is the pillar of religion; whoever upholds the prayer, then he upholds his religion.” Prayer worship is a determinant of human charity. If the prayer is good, then the charity is also good.
If the prayer is bad, then the charity is also bad. Prayer is a mahdhah worship, namely worship whose methods and provisions have been specifically regulated in Islamic law. Therefore, understanding how to pray according to what was taught by Rasulullah SAW is an obligation. “Pray as you see me praying.” (Narrated by Bukhari)
This prayer guide book is perfect for those of you who want to learn how to pray according to the guidance of the Prophet SAW. Not only are the obligatory prayers, the book also reviews material on the guidance of sunnah prayers.