Prayers and Intentions to Break the Fast – Soon, Muslims around the world will observe the fast of Ramadan. Are you ready for Sinaumed’s to welcome the holy month?
In Islam, whatever we are going to do must be preceded by a prayer of intention first. This is so that we are given fluency and convenience when carrying out its activities by Allah SWT. Therefore, in carrying out fasting, both when starting the fast and when breaking the fast, of course there is a prayer of its own intention.
The reading of the intention prayer must be recited, either verbally or in the heart. So, how about prayer for the intention to carry out fasting and when breaking the fast?
Come on, see the following reviews!
The following is the reading of the prayer for the intention of fasting during Ramadan:
نَوَيْتُ صَوْمَ غَدٍ عَنْ أَدَاءِ فَرْضِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانِ هذِهِ السَّنَةِ لِلهِ تَعَالَى
Nawaitu sauma ghadin an’adai fardi syahri Ramadhani hadzihissanati lillahita’ala
“ I intend to fast tomorrow to fulfill fardhu in Ramadan this year because of Allah Ta’ala ”
Sinaumed’s needs to know that the intention to carry out worship is obligatory, even if it is recited in the heart. From the intention, it will show the clarity of the worship we want to carry out.
Well , the intention of fasting is usually recited at dawn. Prophet Muhammad SAW has advised his people that sahur is a virtue when fasting. This is supported by the hadith narrated by Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri RA, which reads:
“ Sahur is completely blessed. Therefore, don’t leave it even if you only drink a sip of water because Allah and the angels bless those who are having breakfast .” (Reported by Ahmad.)
Prayer of Intention to Break the Fast
After carrying out fasting all day, of course there will come a time for us to break our fast, which is when the sun sets and the call to prayer for Maghrib is heard. The time of breaking the fast varies, of course, around the world. However, still, when the sun has set and the sound of the Maghrib call to prayer has resounded, it is obligatory for those of us who are fasting to break our fast immediately.
Well, here is a prayer of intention to break the fast:
اَ للّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ أَفْطَرْتُ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَْ الرَّحِمَ
Allahuma laka shumtu wa bika amantu wa’ala rizqika afthartu. Birrahmatika ya arhamar roohimin
“ O Allah, for You I fast, and in You I believe, and with Your sustenance I break my fast. By Your mercy O Most Gracious and Merciful ”.
Ramadan fasting is a mandatory fast that is carried out for one full month once a year. Ramadan fasting is the third pillar of faith. The month of Ramadan is a month filled with the blessings and forgiveness of Allah SWT.
Apart from that, in the month of Ramadan there is also a night that has the glory of more than a thousand months, namely Lailatul Qadar. On the night of Lailatul Qadar, we as Muslims are encouraged to worship and ask Him for forgiveness in order to receive His grace.
Allah SWT made it obligatory to fast Ramadan for the first time in the second year of Hijriyah. At that time, Rasulullah SAW had just received an order from Him to move the Qibla direction from Baitul Maqdis (Palestine) towards the Grand Mosque in Mecca. Then Allah SWT said:
يَٰٓأَ يُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ master امَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيۡكُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ
” O you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you in order to be pious “. (QS. Al-Baqarah: 183)
Then, Rasulullah SAW said about the obligation of fasting in Ramadan.
“From Abu Abdurrahman bin Umar bin Khattab Radiyallahu’anhuna said: I heard Rasulullah SAW say: ” Islam is upheld on five grounds, namely: (1) testify that there is no God (worthy of worship) except Allah, and that the Prophet Muhammad SAW he is the messenger of Allah, (2) establishes five daily prayers, (3) pays zakat, (4) performs pilgrimage to Baitullah, and (5) fasts during Ramadan.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi and Muslim)
Unique Facts About Ramadan Fasting
Fasting Becomes One of Alternative Medicine in France
In a country synonymous with the existence of the Eiffel Tower, there is a study center that studies diseases related to nutrition. This study center makes fasting ( shaum ) as an alternative treatment for its patients. The alternative is called “Ramadan Therapy” and is believed to have obtained various benefits for its patients.
One of the benefits received from this alternative treatment is that the patient’s heartbeat becomes more regular. In addition, the blood becomes cleaner from the excess of bad substances, such as fats and acids.
Iftar with Dates
It is recommended to break the fast by eating dates first. This is based on the statement of Anas bin Malik who said that ” Rasulullah SAW used to break his fast by eating a few ruthab grains (wet dates) before praying. If not available then with a few grains of tamar (dried dates). And if it’s not there, then by drinking some water inhalation. ” (Narrated by Abu Daud, al-Hakim, and ad-Daruquthni)
Well, according to the description of the Prophet’s friend, he advised Muslims to break their fast, starting with eating dates. It’s best if you eat the ruthar or tamar in odd quantities, for example one, three, or five items.
However, if Sinaumed’s doesn’t have dates, there’s no need to force it. In accordance with his advice, namely if there is none, then it is permissible to break the fast starting with drinking water.
All Muslims in the world who are fasting during Ramadan certainly want to get blessings from the night of Lailatul Qadar. There are signs that are not clearly known for the basis of the arrival of the blessed night, for example,
- no dogs barking,
- no donkey neighing,
- sea water becomes fresh,
- trees bow their branches as proof of submission to Allah SWT,
- it shows light in dark places.
Meanwhile, it turns out that there are signs that the true Lailatul Qadar night will come, namely:
- More precisely, it occurs in the ten days of Ramadan
- the night becomes brighter (not hot and not cold)
- the angels who descended to earth are more than the number of pebbles
- the rise of the sun in the morning is like a basin that does not reflect light
So, when this blessed night comes, we as Muslims are encouraged to worship and ask Allah for forgiveness. You can read the Koran, offer night prayers, give more alms, make dhikr, and pray to Allah.
Ar-Rayyan Heaven’s Door
Does Sinaumed’s know that there is one of the gates to heaven called Ar-Rayyan?
The gate of heaven is specifically intended only for people who are diligent in carrying out fasting during their lifetime.
The Prophet Muhammad SAW once said (narrated by Sahal bin Sa’ad ra.) that “ In heaven there are eight doors, of which there is a door called Ar-Rayyan which is not passed except by those who fast. ”
Animals Also Fast
Did Sinaumed’s know that the animals in this world also carry out fasting just like humans?
A group of veterinary scholars in London have discovered the fact that a number of animals apparently undergo periodic fasting practices. Some of these animals are snakes, monitor lizards, hens, to camels.
Snake beasts will fast for a month every year, especially after they have spare food in their stomachs. Fasting done by snakes is to increase body temperature to a few degrees above normal before molting.
For monitor lizards, they will practice fasting for four months.
Then, there are also hens who fast every time they want to incubate their eggs. If the hen is ‘lazy’ to fast, it will result in the decay of the eggs it incubates.
In addition, there are camels that participate in fasting regularly because their stomach contains a reserve water bag that is sufficient to supply its energy needs for three weeks and the protruding back is fat.
In an emergency, the fat reserves in the camel’s body will automatically become liquid to meet its food needs. Therefore, camels are known as animals that can walk hundreds of kilometers for days without having to eat or drink.
Benefits of Fasting for Health
Based on the results of research from health institutions around the world reveal the benefits of fasting on physical health. What are these benefits?
- Give the opportunity to ‘rest’ to the digestive system
- Freeing the body from toxins, dirt, and dregs
- Makes the skin more radiant
- Increase the number of white blood cells
- Increase endurance
Fasting Can Control Stress
There is a research that says fasting can control stress, you know…
The results of the research revealed that those who diligently fast experienced stress worth 1.5 less than those who did not fast.
This stress can be caused by work pressure and illness due to accidents. Well, the good news is that stress can be overcome after entering the second week of fasting.
Fasting Can Get Rid of Germs in the Body
A doctor from Germany, Dr. Robert Bertolio, mentioned that fasting for a full month can be used as a medium to get rid of germs that are in the body.
These “zuhri” germs contain elements that can damage cells in the body. Now, by undergoing regular fasting, it is believed to be able to regrow the structure of the cells that have been damaged.
In fact, he also revealed that fasting for a full month can be the foundation of human health.
Well, that’s the prayer of intention and breaking the fast, as well as unique facts about fasting. Soon we will undergo Ramadan fasting, don’t forget to read the intention before breaking the fast …
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Hidayah Magazine Team. (2009). Did You Know?: Unique and Interesting Information About the Islamic World . Jakarta: PT Variapop Group.