Example of Report Text: Definition & Structure of Report Text

Example of Report Text – Apart from narrative and recount, report text is one type of English text that you need to learn. Materials regarding English texts usually include the meaning of report text, characteristics, structure of report text and its language features. In the previous article, the author has discussed narrative text and recount text. Well, in this one article the author will discuss report text with sample text and sample questions so you can understand this one material. As usual, let’s start with the definition of report text.

Definition of Report Text 

Report text is usually equated with descriptive text, because both types of text inform or describe something. However, these two texts are different, to be able to distinguish between the two report texts and descriptive texts, you need to know the meaning of report text first.

Report text is a type of text in English which explains the details of an object. The explanations contained in the report text are the results of observations, research, observations and studies on various matters.

Report text has the goal of describing objects as they are in accordance with the results of the author’s observations.

ReportText Structure 

1. General classification

The first structure is the first part which contains various general information based on the observations made by the author, the results of these observations can be in the form of animals, natural phenomena, plants and other topics in detail.


The second structure of the report text is in paragraph two and has the same function as descriptive text, which is to describe more deeply the details of the author’s research results in detail.

Linguistic Elements / Language Feature Report Text

In addition to the generic structure, reports have language features that you need to know about. Here are some language features that you need to know about.

  1. General nouns, use words that refer to something in general. For example dog, lion, or the mention of other animals in general is not specific like my dog ​​and so on.
  2. Relating verbs or linking verbs, for example is, am, are, look, seem, taste and so on.
  3. Timeless present tense, using the simple present tense time marker. For example usually, often, always and so on.
  4. Technical terms, using terms related to the topic or discussion of the report text. For example, if you make a report text about animals, then in the report text there must be terms or mentions about animals.
  5. Introducing group or general aspect, using language that introduces the subject or object of research in general.

Report text uses present tenses to describe the future. If Sinaumed’s wants to learn more about the various tenses in English, the book Learning Tenses Easily Through Stories, Tenses Thru Stories+cd by Inet Gunawan can help you.

Features of Report Text 

Report text has nine characteristics that you need to know, in order to distinguish report text from descriptive text. The following are the characteristics of the report text that the author has summarized.

  1. Report text contains scientific facts.
  2. The title of the report text looks general (it can be recognized by readers who do not have competence in the science of the report text topic).
  3. Usually accompanied by pictures and statistical data to prove the results of the author’s observations.
  4. Report text sentences use the simple present tense sentence pattern.
  5. Report text uses common nouns as in language feature general nouns.
  6. Using verbs that are interconnected, in accordance with the language features, namely linking verbs or relative verbs.
  7. Report text consists of an object and added with other objects.
  8. Report text describes various kinds of groups and not individuals in particular.
  9. Report text uses conditional logical conjunctions, for example so, when and so on.

Report text example 


Skin is the outer layer of the body. In human beings, it is the most important and largest organ of the system that covers our body. Our skin has a function to protect the human body from infection, it also maintains fluid balance, extreme temperatures, and synthesizes vitamin D for personal needs, it also has a function to protect the physical structure.

Skin has three main layers, which are Epidermis or Stratum, Dermis, and Hypodermis or skin layers that have their individual tasks and need each other. The stratum layer is the outer layer of the skin. This layer doesn’t contain blood vessels, and is made from Merkel cells, keratinocytes, with melanocytes and Langerhans cells. Beneath the stratum layer, there is the Dermis or corium layer. This layer contains hair follicles, sweat glands, fat glands, apocrine glands, body fluid vessels and blood vessels. This layer is connected to the cuticle layer with the basement membrane. Structurally, this layer is split into 2 regions, that the region next to the cuticle referred to as the process region, and also the thick inner region that’s called the crisscrossed region. What is more, there’s a layer layer that lies below the derma layer. This layer is thought to be hypodermic tissue. The layer serves to connect the skin to the underlying bones and muscles and provide them with blood vessels and nerves. the mixture of those 3 main layers has a mean thickness of 1 mm.


Komodo Dragons

Komodo dragon is the largest lizard on earth. It lives within the scrub and land of some Indonesian islands. The Komodo dragon is the world’s heaviest lizard, advising one hundred and fifty pounds or a lot of. The most important Komodo ever measured was quite ten feet (3 meters) long and weighed 366 pounds (166 kg) however, the common size of Komodo dragons in the wild is about eight feet (2.5 meters) long and two hundred pounds or 91 kg.

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Komodo has gray scale skin, a pointed snout, powerful limbs, and a muscular tail. They use their keen sense of smell to find decaying animal remains from many miles away. They additionally hunt different lizards yet as massive mammals and are generally barbarians. The Komodo dragon’s teeth are nearly completely coated by its gums. Once it feeds, the gums bleed, making a perfect culture for virulent microorganisms. The microorganism that boards the Komodo dragon’s spit causes blood disease, or septicemia, in its victims. A dragon can bite its prey, then follow it until the animal is simply too weak to hold on. This lizard species is vulnerable by looking, loss of prey species, and surrounding losses.



Those are two examples of short report text about skin or skin and dragons. From the two examples of report text, can you find the features and language features? The two texts describe general matters, namely skin and animals.

In both of these texts you can read that both of them have linking verbs that are related or related to the topic of the report text. The second uses the simple present tense sentence pattern, and uses terms related to the topic of discussion in the report text.

Both are scientific writings and facts based on the author’s observations. From the description, the two texts are examples of good report text. if you still don’t understand, here the author summarizes examples of questions and answers so that you can hone your knowledge of this report text material.

Related Books Report Text

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TOEFL (TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE) is a test that tests your standard English skills in communicating in English, especially in the academic realm. The SMART TRICK GRAMMAR book provides a complete and comprehensive coverage of English grammar theory with a concise and easy-to-understand presentation, as well as various simulation models of mini tests and practice tests which are designed as closely as possible to the TOEFL format.

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Packages of practice questions and in-depth discussions in this book give you the opportunity to learn by working on these questions, not by rote. Once you have mastered the material in this book, you can be sure that there is not a single structure problem in the TOEFL Test that you will miss without doing it with confidence, accuracy and correctness.

Easy Grammar For Beginners

In learning English, grammar is something that cannot be ignored. Although not a few people think that grammar is not more important than speaking ability, mastering grammar is still important. Because, communication is not always done verbally. This book is intended for those of you who are just learning English grammar or beginners.

The simple diskussion in this book allows you to learn grammar easily. How to compose sentences, choose the right words, change the form of verbs according to tense, nouns according to the number, and so on, all of which can be learned through this book. In it, grammar is explained in detail in an easy-to-understand language. The presentation is accompanied by examples, tables, and exercises, so you don’t seem complicated and difficult. Read this book and conquer grammar easily!

Concise Grammar English

Concise Grammar English will be able to help you as this book offers a clear explanation for today’s high level English. The rules are explained with various examples in English, complete with Indonesian transliteration and translation. In this book you will find:

  1. Various examples of words, phrases, sentences in English
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  3. Complete English grammar rules that are packaged in a straightforward and clear manner
  4. Rubric “Easy Way” to help you understand the rules of English grammar easily
  5. Various study tips to understand and remember the rules of English grammar
  6. information on the diversity of English in the United Kingdom and America
  7. Equipped with special markers to remind you of the English grammar rules that cannot be missed
  8. The design of a colorful and attractive book is equipped with special coloring to mark important parts. Enjoy learning and enjoy easy and comfortable learning.

Example Questions and Answers Report Text 

In the book Super ITP TOEFL Tricks Score 600+, Sinaumed’s can study various existing test formats, an explanation of each existing question to help you prepare yourself to take the TOEFL exam.

Text 1

Platypus is a semi aquatic mammal from East to North Australia including Tazmania. Platypus is one of the species of mono dream and the five extreme species. Platypus is also the one and only mammal that lays eggs instead of giving birth. They lay eggs instead of giving birth because it can make them live young. Platypus have a flat body and tail and are all covered with dense brown fur to keep them warm. They have webbed feet and large robbery nets. They use their tail for story joy. Platypus are species that are close to ducks and they are mammals. Their weights are varieties around 0.7 to 2.4 kg and males are larger than females. Male total length averages to 50 cm while the female major is approximately 45 cm. Platypus has an average temperature of 32 degrees Celsius and is typical of the placental mammals.

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1. What is the topic of text 1?

A. Platypus
B. Octopus
C. Hippopotamus


2. How much does platypus weight?

A. 0.7 to 3.0 kg
B. 0.7 to 2.6 kg
C. 0.7 to 2.4 kg 


3. What makes the platypus stay warm?

A. Their fur
B. They have flat body
C. They weigh up to 2.4kg


4. How long is the male platypus?

A. 45 cm
B. 50 cm
C. 55 cm


5. How long is the female platypus?

A. 45 cm
B. 55 cm
C. 50 cm


6. What kind of text above?

A. Narrative text
B. Descriptive text
C. Report text 


7. What species is the platypus?

A. Mammal
B. Placental mammal
C. Platypus


9. Where does the platypus come from?

A. America
B. Australia
C. Indonesia


10. What color is the platypus fur?

A. Dense brown
B. Dense mocca
C. Greyish


11. What do the platypus feet look like?

A. Like a duck
B. A little bit round
C. Webbed feet 

Text 2

Snakes are reptiles or cold-blooded creatures. They belong to the same group as lizards (the scaled group, Squamata) but from a subgroup of their own (Serpentes).

Actually snakes have two legs but a long time ago they had claws to help them slither along. Snakes are not slimy. Snakes are covered in scales which are just bumps on the skin.

Their skin is tough however it’s shiny and it’s used to make them reduce friction as the snake slithers on the ground. Snakes usually sun bathe on rocks in the hot weather. This is because snakes are cold-blooded; they have to sunbathe because they need the sun’s heat to heat their bodies up.

Most snakes live in the country. Some varieties of snakes sleep in trees, some sleep in water, but most survive at the bottom in deserted rabbit holes, in thick, long grass and recently logs.

A snake’s food sometimes consists of frogs, lizards, and mice and different snakes. The Eunectes murinus will eat little crocodiles and even bears. several snakes defend themselves with their fangs. Some snakes are protected by scaring their enemies away just like the elapid snake. The flying snakes glide far away from danger. Their ribs unfold apart and also the skin stretches out. Its technique is simply just like the sugar gliders.

1. Snakes are cold blooded, that’s why they need

A. Avoid sun to protect their shiny skin.
B. Live in a rabbit hole to avoid sunbathing.
C. They like to sun bathe to make them stay warm. 

2. What do you know from text 2 about snake facts?

A. They use their claws to slitter along the ground.
B. They legs and feet.
C. They don’t like sunlight.


3. How snakes defend themselves?

A. They defend themselves by hissing.
B. They defend themselves by using their fangs.
C. They protect themselves by eating food or other varieties of snake.


4. What do snakes eat?

A. Frog, cow, mice.
B. Lizzard, other kinds of snakes, frogs.
C. Other kinds of snakes, frogs, birds


5. What is Eunectes murinus food?

A. Cow, buffalo.
B. Bird, frog.
C. Little crocodile and bears.


6. Where usually snakes live or sleep?

A. Rabbit hole, tree, water
B. Field, trees, cave
C. Rabbit hole, cave, water


7. Based on the text above, what kind of animal snakes are?

A. Poultry
B. Reptiles
C. Mammals


8. Based on text 2 what do you know about snake skin?

A. It’s slim and shiny
B. It’s tough and slim
C. It’s shiny and tough


9. How do flying snakes defend themselves?

A. They glide far away from danger.
B. They defend themselves by hissing.
C. They protect themselves by eating frogs or other varieties of snakes.


10. How do snakes fly without wings?

A. They borrow bird wings.
B. They run fast and make them fly.
C. Their ribs unfold apart and also the skin stretches out. Like sugar gliders. 

Practice on report text questions the same as narrative or recount. Types of questions regarding English texts are usually in the form of sample texts and questions and answers based on the text. To be able to do exercises such as recount, narrative and report text you need to add to your English vocabulary or verbs, so you can understand the contents of the text.

If you don’t understand the contents of the text, it will be difficult for you to determine the answer even though the answer to the question is in the text listed. Usually besides covering the questions above, some questions regarding report text will discuss the generic structure in the example text.

You need to understand the generic structure, characteristics, linguistic elements of report text to answer similar questions. Therefore, you need to read a lot of English texts so you can add to your English vocabulary and do practice questions. Through articles regarding the meaning, characteristics, structure or generic structure and linguistic elements of this report text, you can add insight and deepen your knowledge about report text.

Happy learning, happy reading!

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