Understanding the Final Tahiyat Prayer and its meaning

Salat is an important worship for Muslims. It is the foundation of religion, including the 5 pillars of Islam. Prayer provides peace of mind for those who practice it as well as physical health. However, the 5 daily prayers are often not performed completely. There is some missing time.

In surah Al Baqarah verse 43 it is explained regarding the obligation to pray as follows.

وَاَقِيْمُوا الصَّلٰوةَ وَاٰتُوا الزَّكٰوةَ وَارْكَعُوْا مَعَ الرَّاكِعِيْنَ

Meaning: “And carry out the prayers, pay zakat, and bow with those who bow.”

Meanwhile, the obligation to pray 5 times is explained in surah An Nisa verse 103 as follows.

In the following, we will discuss the reading of prayers from takbir to greetings. Each change of prayer movement is marked by reciting takbir ( Allaahu Akbar ) and at certain shifts it is accompanied by raising both hands like takbiratul ihram. The readings below have been summarized from various sources on the internet.

Takbiratul Ihram reading

The following is the reading of takbiratul ihram.

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

Allahu Akbar

Meaning: Allah is Great

Iftitah reading

After carrying out the takbiratul ihram, it is sunnah for Sinaumed’s to read the iftitah prayer. As conveyed in the hadith, Rasulullah SAW said,  “A person’s prayer is not perfect until he recites the takbir, praises Allah and praises Him, then reads the Quran which is easy for him.”  (Narrated by Abu Dawud and Hakim).

Iftitah prayer is not sacred only one. Here are some iftitah prayers taught by the Prophet.

Iftitah reading 1

اَللَّهُمَّ بَاعِدْ بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَ خَطَايَاىَ كَمَا بَاعَدْتَ بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ ، اللَّهُمَّ نَقِّنِى مِنَ الْخَطَايَا كَمَا يُنَقَّى الثَّوْبُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْ خَطَايَاىَ بِالْمَاءِ وَالثَّلْجِ وَالْبَرَدِ

Alloohumma baa’id bainii wa baina khothooyaaya kamaa baa’adta bainal masyriqi wal maghribi. Alloohumma naqqinii minal khothooyaa kamaa yunaqqots tsaubul abyadlu minad danas. Alloohummaghsil khothooyaaya bil maa’i wats tsalji wal barod.

Meaning:
O Allah, keep me away from my sins as you keep me away from east and west. O Allah, cleanse me from my sins as white clothes are clean from dirt. O Allah, wash me from my sins with water, snow and dew. (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)

Iftitah reading 2

O Lord

Alloohu akbar kabiirow wal hamdu lillaahi katsiiroo wasubhaanalloohi bukrotaw wa-ashiilaa.

Meaning:
Allah is the greatest with the greatest, all praise be to Allah with much praise. Glory be to Allah in the morning and evening. (HR. Muslim)

Iftitah reading 3

إِنِّى وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِىَ لِلَّذِى فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلاَتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِى لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

Innii wajjahtu wajhiya lilladzii fathoros samaawaati wal ardlo haniifaa wamaa ana minal musyrikiin. Inna sholaatii wa nusukii wamahyaa wa mamaatii lillaahi robbil ‘aalamiin. Laa syariikalahu wa bidzaalika umirtu wa ana awwalul muslimiin.

Meaning:
Verily, I turn my face to Allah, Who has created the heavens and the earth in a state of submission, and I am not from among the polytheists. Verily, my prayer, my worship, my life and my death are only for Allah, the Lord of the worlds. There is no partner for Him. And thus I was ordered. And I was the first to surrender. (Narrated by Ibn Majah)

Iftitah reading 4

Allah

Alhamduli lillaahi hamdan katsiiraan thoyyiban mubaarokan fiih.

Meaning:
Praise be to Allah with lots of praise, good and full of blessings (HR. Muslim)

Reading Surah Al-Fatihah

Surah Al-Fatihah is read in every cycle of prayer. The following is the reading of Al-Fatihah.

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ – ١

bismillahir rahmanir Rahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَۙ  ٢

All praise is due to Allâh, the Lord of the Worlds

Praise be to Allah, Lord of all the worlds,

الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِۙ

ar-raḥmānir-raḥīm            

Most Gracious, Most Merciful,


مٰلِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّيْنِۗ – ٤

Sovereign of the Day of the Judgment

Owner of the Day of Judgment.


اِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَاِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِيْنُۗ – ٥

iyyāka na’budu wa iyyāka nasta’īn

Only to You we worship and only to You do we ask for help.


اِهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيْمَ ۙ – ٦

ihdinaṣ-ṣirāṭal-mustaqīm

Show us the straight path,


صِرَاطَ الَّذِيْنَ اَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ ەۙ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوْبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّاۤلِّيْنَ ْ

ṣirāṭallażīna an’amta ‘alaihim gairil-magḍụbi ‘alaihim wa laḍ-ḍāllīn

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(namely) the way of those whom You have bestowed favors on; not (the way) of those who are angry, and not (the way) of those who go astray.

Reading Verses of the Koran

In this section, Sinaumed’s is free to recite verses in the Koran. The verses of the Koran are read only in the first and second cycles. In the next cycle, it is enough to recite Alfatihah.

Ruku’s reading

Here are some bowing readings taught by the Prophet Muhammad SAW, Sinaumed’s can choose them.

Ruku’ reading 1

Reading bowing to the history of Imam Muslim, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Ahmad, and Thabrani. The following is the pronunciation and its meaning:

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّىَ الْعَظِيمِ

Subhaana robbiyal ‘adhiimi 3x

Meaning: Glory be to my Lord, the Most High

Ruku’ reading 2

This bowing reading is based on the narrations of Abu Dawud, Ahmad, Baihaqi, Thabrani, Daruquthi.. The following is the pronunciation and its meaning:

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّىَ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

Subhaana robbiyal ‘adhiimi wabihamdih 3x

Meaning: Glory be to my Lord, the Most Great and all praise be to Him

Ruku’ reading 3

The bowing prayer is recorded in the authentic hadith of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim. The following is the pronunciation and its meaning.

Amen

Subhaanaka alloohumma robbanaa wa bihamdika alloohummaghfirlii

Meaning: Glory be to You, O Allah, our Lord and all praise be to You. O Allah forgive me.

Ruku’ reading 4

The reading of the fourth bow is narrated in detail by Imam Muslim. The following is the pronunciation and its meaning:

سُبُّوحٌ قُدُّوسٌ رَبُّ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ وَالرُّوحِ

Subbuuhun qudduusun robbul malaa-ikati war ruuh

Meaning: Glory be to You and Glory to God the angels and spirits

Ruku’ reading 5

The reading of this fifth bow was narrated by Abu Dawud, An Nasa’i, Tirmidhi, Ahmad. The following is the pronunciation and its meaning:

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ رَكَعْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَلَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ خَشَعَ لَكَ سَمْعِى وَبَصَرِى وَمُخصِّى وَعَظِ

Alloohumma laka roka’tu wabika aamantu wa laka aslamtu khosya’a laka sam’ii wa bashorii wa mukhkhii wa ‘adhmii wa ‘ashobii

Meaning: O Allah, only to You I bow, only to You I believe and only to You I surrender. Only to You do my hearing, my sight, my brain, my bones, and my nerves submit.

Ruku’ reading 6

The reading of this sixth bow is in the history of An Nasa’i, Tirmidhi and Ahmad. The following is the pronunciation and its meaning:

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ رَكَعْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَلَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ أَنْتَ رَبِّي خَشَعَ سَمْعِي وَبَصَرِي وَدَمِي وَلَحْمِي وَعَظْمِي وَعَصَبِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالِمِينَ

(Alloohumma laka roka’tu wabika aamantu wa laka aslamtu khosya’a laka sam’ii wa bashorii wa mukhkhii wa ‘adhmii wa ‘ashobii lillaahi robbil ‘aalamiin)

Meaning: O Allah, only to You I bow, only to You I believe and only to You I surrender. My hearing, my sight, my brain, my bones, and my nerves are subject to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

Ruku’ 7 reading

The reading of the seventh bow was narrated by Abu Dawud and An Nasa’i. The following is the pronunciation and meaning:

Amen

Subhaana dzil jabaruuti wal malakuuti wal kibriyaa-i wal ‘adhiimah

Meaning: Glory be to the One who has power, kingdom, greatness and majesty

I’tidal reading

Here are some choices of i’tidal readings, Sinaumed’s can choose them.

I’tidal reading 1

After bowing, the Prophet did not recite the takbir but read the following readings.

سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ

Sami’alloohu liman hamidah

Meaning: Allah is All-Hearing those who praise Him. (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)

After standing straight, then he continued by reading:

رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ

Robbana walakal hamdu

Meaning: O our Lord, to You is all praise. (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)

I’tidal 2 reading:

رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ

Robbanaa lakal hamdu mil’as samaawaati wal ardli wa mil-a maa syi’ta min syai’in ba’du

Meaning: O our Lord, all praise be to You, the fullness of the heavens and the fullness of the earth and all that You will after that

I’tidal 3 reading:

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَمِلْءَ الأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ أَهْلَ الثَّنَاءِ وَالْمَجْدِ لاَ مَانِعَ لِمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَلاَ مُعْطِىَ لِمَا مَنَعْتَ وَلاَ يَنْفَعُ ذَا الْجَدِّ مِنْكَ الْجَدُّ

Allohumma robbanaa lakal hamdu mil’as samaawaati wal ardli wa mil-a maa syi’ta min syai’in ba’du, ahlats tsanaa’i wal majdi laa maani’a limaa a’thoita wa laa mu’thiya limaa mana’ta wa laa yanfa’u dzal jaddi minkal jadd

Meaning: O Allah, our Lord, praise be to You, as full as the heavens and as full as the earth and as full as you wish after that. You are worthy of praise and glory. You are the one who has the right to what Your servant says. Thursday all are Your servants. Nothing can hinder what You give and nothing can give what You withhold. A person’s glory does not hinder Your actions.

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I’tidal 4 reading:

لِرَبِّيَ الْحَمْدُ لِرَبِّيَ الْحَمْدُ

Lirobbiyal hamdu, lirobbiyal hamdu

Meaning: All praise is for my Lord, All praise is only for my Lord

I’tidal 5 reading:

رَ بَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ ، حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ

Robbanaa walakal hamdu hamdan katsiiron thoyyib mubaarokan fiih

Meaning: O our Lord, all praise is only for you, I praise you with many praises, which are good and full of blessings

Sujud reading

Here are some readings of prostration, Sinaumed’s can choose one of them.

prostration reading 1

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّىَ الْأَعْلَى

Subhaana robbiyal ‘a’la 3x

Meaning: Glory be to my Lord, the Most High

prostration reading 2

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّىَ الْأَعْلَى وَبِحَمْدِهِ

Subhaana robbiyal ‘a’la wabihamdih 3x

Meaning: Glory be to my Lord, the Most High and all praise be to Him

prostration prayer 3

Amen

Subhaanaka alloohumma robbanaa wa bihamdika alloohummaghfirlii

Meaning: Glory be to You, O Allah, our Lord and all praise be to You. O Allah forgive me.

prostration reading 4

سُبُّوحٌ قُدُّوسٌ رَبُّ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ وَالرُّوحِ

Subbuuhun qudduusun robbul malaa-ikati war ruuh

Meaning: Glory be to You and Glory to God the angels and spirits

prostration reading 5

O Allah, Allah, bless us

Alloohumma laka sajadtu wabika aamantu wa laka aslamtu khosya’a laka sam’ii wa bashorii wa mukhkhii wa ‘adhmii wa ‘ashobii

Meaning: O Allah, only to You I prostrate, only to You I believe and only to You I submit. Only to You do my hearing, my sight, my brain, my bones, and my nerves submit.

Reading Sitting Between Two Prostrations

Here are some readings sitting between two prostrations, Sinaumed’s can choose one of them.
O Lord

Allohummaghfirlii warhamnii a’aafinii wahdinii warzuqnii

Meaning: O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, protect me, guide me and give me sustenance (Abu Dawud)

O Lord

Allohummaghfirlii warhamnii wajburnii wahdinii warzuqnii

Meaning: O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, fulfill my needs, give me guidance and give me sustenance (Abu Dawud)

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِى وَارْحَمْنِى وَاجْبُرْنِى وَارْزُقْنِى وَارْفَعْنِى

Robbighfirlii warhamnii wajburnii warzuqnii warfa’nii

Meaning: O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, fulfill my needs, guide me and increase me (Abu Dawud)

Early Tahiyat Reading

لتَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا ​​النَّبِىُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

Attahiyyaatul mubaarokaatush sholawaatuth thoyyibaatu lillaah. Assalaamu ‘alaika ayyuhan nabiyyu wa rohmatulloohi wa barokaatuh. Assalaaamu’alainaa wa ‘alaa’ibaadillaahish shoolihiin. Asyhadu allaa ilaaha illallooh wa asyhadu anna Muhammadar rosuulullooh

Meaning: All honors, blessings, blessings and kindness are only for Allah. May peace be upon you, O Prophet, as well as God’s mercy and blessings and may peace be upon us and God’s righteous servants. I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah (HR. Muslim)

Final Tahiyat Reading

التَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ِللهِ ، السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكاَتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ . أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ الله. اَلَّلهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَي سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمّدْ وعلى آلِ عَلَي سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّد كَمَا صَلَّبْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلعَلَي سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى عَلَي سَيِّدِنَا آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ فِيْ الْعَالَمِيْنَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْد. اَلْلَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَعُوْذُبِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ جَهَنَّمَ وَمِنْ عَذَابِ القَبْرِ وَمِنْ فِتْنَةِ المَحْيَا وَالمَمَاتِ وَمِنْ شَرِّ فِتْنَةِ المَسِيْحِ الدَجَّالِ.

“Attahiyyaatul mubaarakaatush shalawaatuth thayyibatul lillaah, Assalaamu’alaika ayyuhan nabiyyu warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh, Assalaamu’alainaa wa’alaa ‘ibaadillaahish shaalihiin. Asyhadu allaa ilaaha illallaah, Waasyhadu anna Muhammadar rasuulullaah. Allahhumma shalli ‘alaa Muhammad wa ‘alaa aali Muhammad, kamaa shallaita ‘alaa Ibraahim, wa ‘alaa aali Ibraahim. Wabaarik ‘alaa Muhammad, wa ‘alaa aali Muhammad, kamaa baarakta ‘alaa Ibraahim, wa ‘alaa aali Ibraahim. Fil ‘aalamiina innaka hamiidum majiid. Allaahumma innii a’uudzubika min ‘adzaabi jahannama wamin ‘adzaabil qabri wamin fitnatil mahyaa wamamaati wamin fitnatil masiihid dajjaal.”

Meaning: “All honor, blessings, happiness and goodness to Allah, greetings, mercy, and blessings I pray to you, O Prophet (Muhammad). Greetings of safety, may it remain for all of us, pious servants. I testify that there is no god but Allah. and I testify that the Prophet Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

Dear Allah! Give mercy to the Prophet Muhammad. As You once gave mercy to Prophet Abraham and his family. And bestow blessings on the Prophet Muhammad and his family. As You gave blessings to Prophet Abraham and his family.

In the entire universe, You are the praiseworthy, and the Glorious. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the torment of hell and the torment of the grave and from the slander of life and death and from the evil slander of the Dajjal.”