Prayer movement – The obligation of Muslims is to carry out the commands of Allah SWT and stay away from His prohibitions. Carrying out His commands one of them is to pray. Prayer is very important in Islam so that it is included in the 2nd pillar of Islam. Even prayer is the pillar of religion. The obligatory prayers are the five daily prayers, including Fajr, Dzuhur, Asr, Maghrib and Isha.
Prayer is a worship that must be done by Muslims. In carrying out the prayer, one should not be careless, there are pillars and conditions for the validity of the prayer that must be fulfilled so that the prayer is valid before Allah SWT. Then what is the meaning of prayer itself?
Meaning of Prayer
In Arabic, prayer is a prayer or a way of praying to ask Allah SWT.
The meaning of prayer in this language is written in the meaning of QS At-Taubah verse 103, with the following sound:
Meaning: “And pray for them. Verily, your prayer becomes peace for their souls, and Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.”
Meanwhile, prayer in KBBI is described as worship to Allah SWT and must be done by every Muslim according to certain conditions, pillars, and readings.
Prayers have legal requirements including being clean from hadas and uncleanness, purity of body, place and clothes, praying according to the time, covering the genitals and facing the Qibla.
There are two kinds of prayer, namely fardhu prayer which is obligatory and sunnah prayer which is permissible but not obligatory.
Procedures for Prayer Movement
After discussing the meaning of prayer, this discussion will discuss the procedures for prayer movements. The following are procedures for prayer movements that you need to know.
The procedure for standing is:
- The legs are stretched for about one inch (kilan) of approximately 20 cm.
- The body, especially the chest must face the Qibla.
- The gaze is directed to the place of prostration.
Intentions and Takbiratul Ihram
The procedure for carrying out the intention is:
- The intention in the heart is carried out together with takbiratul ihram (pronounce ألله أكبر ). Things that must be intended (which must be presented in the heart), namely:
If fardhu prayer:
- Desire / intentional prayer.
- The stupidity of prayer.
- Determine the intended prayer, such as midday, ashar, etc. as well as if pronounced ( أصلي فرض الظهر / العصر. )
If the sunnah prayers are timed or have a reason, then they must:
- Desire or intentional prayer.
- Determine the prayers such as qobliyah prayers, ‘Eid al-Fitr, kusufus syamsi etc., if pronounced as follows:
( أصلى سنة قبلية الظهر ) ( أصلي سنة عيد الفطر )
- If the sunnah prayer is absolute, then it is enough to wish or intentionally perform the prayer if it is pronounced ( أصلى سنة )
Things that are sunnah intended:
- Relying on prayer to Allah ( لله تعالى)
- Explaining the nature of prayer ( أداء / قضاء )
- Explain facing the Qibla and the number of cycles. So an example of the lafadz is:
( أصلي فرض الظهر أربع ركعات مستقبل القبلة أداء / قضاء الله تعالى )
The procedure for takbiratul ihram is as follows:
- Raised both hands
- Both palms are directed to the Qibla in a slightly inclined position.
- The condition of the fingers is allowed to stretch as usual.
- Hands are raised so that the fingertips are in line with the upper ears, thumbs are in line with the lower ears and palms are in line with the shoulders.
- After that place both hands on the left between the navel and chest in the following position:
- The right hand supports the left hand. The thumb, ring finger and little finger of the right hand hold the left wrist.
- The index finger and middle finger of the right hand are laid out on the left hand
- After that, read the iftitah prayer, which is as follows:
اللهُ اَكْبَرُ كَبِرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلهِ كَشِيْرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وَاَصِيْلًا . اِنِّى وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَالسَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْnk ??? لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَبِذَ لِكَ اُمِرْتُ وَاَنَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ
“Allaahu Akbaru Walhamdulillaahi Katsiiraa, Wasubhaanallaahi Bukratan Wa Ashiila, Innii Wajjahtu Wajhiya Lilladzii Fatharas Samaawaati Wal Ardha Hanifan Musliman Wama Anaa Minal Musyrikiina. Inna Shalaatii Wa Nusukii Wa Mahyaaya Wa Mamaatii Lillaahi Rabbil ‘Aalamiina. Laa Syariikalahu Wa Bidzaalika Umirtu Wa Ana Minal Muslimiin.”
Then pause for a while as long as it is enough to read ( سبحان الله ) . Then, read the ta’awwudz prayer, and be silent for a while if it’s enough to read ( سبحان الله )
Read Surah Al-Fatihah
The procedure for reading Surah Al Fatihah is as follows:
- Starting from the bismillah verse, it is obligatory to keep tasydid, letters, makhraj and the collapse of the verse and continuously
- After reading Al Fatihah then read (رب اغفرلى) then read (آمين) , but for the public after the imam reads Alfatihah they are not allowed to read (رب اغفر لى) but only read (آمين)
- After that, be silent for a while, if it’s enough to read ( سبحان الله ) if you pray alone. And it’s enough to read Al Fatihah if you become a priest.
- After that, read the letters, if you pray the Fajr prayer, the letters are long, if you pray the Maghrib, the letters are short, while the order is according to the order of the Mushaf.
- After reading the letter, be silent for a while, enough to read سبحان الله, then bowing.
Ruku’ and Tuma’ninah
The procedure for bowing is as follows:
- After being silent for a while, he finished reading the letter, then read the takbir while raising both hands as when takbiratul ihram
- Then both palms hold the knees, the position of the back and head flat like a board
- The fingers are usually beber and directed to the Qibla.
- Both elbows are stretched from the stomach and the stomach is lifted.
- Recite tasbih three times (3 X)
سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ
Subhaana Rabbiyal ‘Adziimi Wa Bihamdih.
I’tidal and Tuma’ninah
I’tidal procedures, namely:
- Reciting (سمع الله لمن حمده ) while raising your hands like takbiratul ihram and then placing them on the chest or releasing them, but more importantly releasing them on condition they don’t move them.
- Read the prayer ربنا لك الحمد … )
سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ
Sami’Allahu Liman Hamidah
- Pause for a moment then say the takbir to prostrate without raising your hand.
The procedure for prostration is:
- From i’tidal (standing straight) down and the first to reach the place of prostration are the two knees then the palms of the hands then the forehead together with the nose
- Both elbows are stretched away from the stomach
- Palms parallel to shoulders
- The legs are stretched and enforced until the toes face the Qiblah
- Abdomen lifted from both thighs.
- Read the prostration prayer three times.
سبحان ربي الأعلى وبحمده
Subhaana rabbiyal a’la wabihamdih.
- When prostrating, seven limbs must be attached to the place of prostration, namely the forehead, both knees, both palms, some of the inner toes, and there must be no obstructions between the forehead and the place of prostration.
- Read takbir then sit down.
Sitting Between Two Prostrations and Tuma’ninah
The procedure for sitting is:
- Get up from prostration while reciting the takbir then both palms are placed on the thighs so that the fingertips are level with the knees.
- The fingers are exposed normally.
- The sole of the right foot is upheld, the tip is facing the Qibla while the left foot is occupied.
- Reading du’a (رب اغفرلى وارحمنى … )
رب اغفر لي وارحمني واجبرني وارفعني وارزقني واهدني وعافني واعف عني
Robbighfirlii warhamnii wajburnii warfa’nii warzuqnii wahdinii wa’aafinii wa’fu ‘annii.
The second way of prostration is:
The prostration here is the same as the first prostration. After prostrating and getting up to continue the second rak’ah while reciting the takbir without raising your hands and being circumcised, sit down and rest for a while, then place your palms on the place of prostration and then stand up.
Order of the second cycle:
1. The method for the second cycle is the same as the first cycle except for takbiratul ihram, and in this second cycle it is circumcised to sit for the initial tahiyat if the prayer is more than two cycles and for the final tahiyat if there are two prayer cycles.
2. Sit for the initial tahiyat
The method is the same as sitting between two prostrations, except that here the fingers of the right hand are held except for the index finger and the more important position is that the thumb is held, the tip is placed on the edge of the palm under the index finger which is let go, while the other three fingers are also held. that implies the number fifty three ( 53 ).
3. Then read the initial tahiyat prayer and read a special sholawat for the Prophet Muhammad, namely:
التَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِىُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِاَ . للَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلىَ مُحَمَّدٍ
Attahiyyaatul mubaarakaatush sholawaatuth thayyibatu lillaah. Assalamu ‘alaika ayyuhan nabiyyu wa rohmatullahi wa barokatuh. Assalaaamu’alainaa wa ‘alaa’ibaadillaahish shoolihiin. Asyhadu allaa ilaaha illallaah wa asyhadu anna Muhammadar Rasulullah. Allahumma sholli ‘alaa Muhammad.
4. When the reading reaches the lafadz (الا الله) the right index finger is raised slightly tilted to the right/qibla direction and the circumcision eye is directed at the tip of the index finger so that it will stand up.
- After reading the tahiyat and sholawat prayers and getting up while reading the takbir both palms are placed at the place of prostration, then after almost standing straight (up to the limit there is enough for bowing’) both hands are raised as when takbiratul ihram.
- Sit for the final tahiyat. Slightly different from sitting for the first tahiyat, that is, the left buttock is attached to the place of prayer, the sole of the right foot is upheld, while the sole of the left foot is extended towards the right foot (through underneath).
Read the Final Tahiyat
The reading is the same as the initial tahiyat It is mandatory to keep tasydid, letters, makhroj and must be continuous, namely as follows:
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلىَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلىَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَماَ صَلَّيْتَ عَلىَ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَعَلىَ آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ إِنـَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ اَللَّهُمَّ باَرِكْ عَلىَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلىَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَماَ باَرَكْتَ عَلىَ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَعَلىَ آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ إِنـَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ
Allahumma sholli ‘alaa Muhammad wa ‘alaa aali Muhammad kamaa shollaita ‘alaa Ibrahim wa ‘alaa aali Ibrohim innaka hamidum majiid. Alloohumma baarik ‘alaa Muhammad wa ‘alaa aali Muhammad kamaa barakta ‘alaa Ibraahiim wa ‘alaa aali Ibrohim innaka hamidum majiid.
Read Sholawat Prophet
- At least read ( اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد … )
- After reading sholawat on the Prophet, he is circumcised to also read shalawat for the Prophet’s Family, namely lafadz ( وعلى آل سيدنا محمد … انك حميد مجيد and after that he is circumcised in prayer.
- When going to the first salutation, it is sunnah for the intention of completing the prayer.
- Then turn to the right until the right cheek is visible from behind the person greeting.
- After that say the second greeting while turning to the left.
Sort Pillars of Prayer
- It is obligatory to sort/order prayers, namely the sentences above which are written in capital letters (which are numbered).
- After the prayer is finished, both palms are rubbed on the forehead and face up to the chin.
Things that need to be considered
In carrying out the prayer, there are things that need to be considered, namely as follows:
- Before praying, the siwakan is circumcised and reads the letter An Naas
- The sunnah recites the intention, so that it makes it easier to present the intention in the heart
- For women when bowing, both elbows are pressed against the stomach (should not be stretched). At the time of prostration, both knees and the soles of his feet pressed against his thighs.
- In the dawn of the second rak’ah after i’tidal it is sunnah to pray qunut
- If you become a makmum, you must intend to become a makmum, that is, if you recite
- The five pillars of qouly (recitation) must be heard by one’s own ears, namely:
- Takbiratul ihram
- Final tahiyat
- Surah Al Fatihah
- Sholawat on the final Tahiyat.
- First regards.
Benefits of Prayer Movement for Health
Running the prayer certainly has very good benefits for the body. Then, what are the benefits of prayer movement for health? The following are the benefits of prayer movements for health.
- Improve blood circulation
- Promotes Digestion
- Relieves back pain and joint pain
- Maintain heart health
- Healthy mentally
- Makes the soul more peaceful
- Affects posture
Wisdom from Prayer
After discussing the understanding, prayer movements to the benefits of prayer, below we will discuss a little about the wisdom of prayer. Here’s the wisdom of praying:
- When prostrating in a series of prayers when our position as servants is to surrender everything to Allah SWT because Allah SWT is the place of a servant who absolutely belongs to Allah SWT.
- Only Allah SWT is able to provide help to his servant by praying.
- Five times the obligatory prayer times. This is a form of Allah SWT’s love for his people to repent. Because we as His people every day must commit sins either intentionally or unintentionally.
- By praying we can add faith and taqwa to Allah SWT because as humans there are many worldly temptations.
Prayer is a mandatory worship for all Muslims. Therefore, no matter how busy a Muslim is, he still has to leave time for prayer. Thus the discussion about prayer movements. Hopefully all the discussion above is useful for you.