Understanding Montage, Functions, How to Make, and Differences with Collage

Montage – Almost everyone loves artistic creations. It’s just that one individual does not always like the same artistic creation. Introducing artistic creations to children is very good because it can increase the creativity and imagination of a child.

One of the right art creations to introduce to children is montage. When hearing the montage name alone, it may seem strange to some people. If you are one of the people who don’t know what montage is, don’t worry because this article will discuss more about montage. So, read this review to the end, Reader.

Meaning of Montage

Montage is an application art creation made from the pasting of photo cutouts or foot cutouts on the base of the image. Definition of montage according to the Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI) montage is a composition of images produced from the mixing of elements from several sources. Another definition in KBBI also explains that montage is a sequential image produced in a film to depict related ideas.

According to the book ” Coloring Picture Reference, Collage, Montage, Mosaic and Application “. Montase’s work itself is made by pasting various ready-made pictures which are already in magazines, newspapers, calendars, online media and so on.

Then, the picture is cut and can be rearranged to become a new picture in a book or something like that. In its development, montage was limited to two-dimensional works, but now it has added to three-dimensional works. Montage itself comes from the English language (montage) which means sticking.

Montage Techniques

Quoted from the book “Montase and Learning” by Nurul Aini S.Pd. and friends, montage techniques are divided into two, namely montage of photo techniques and montage of manual paste techniques. Here are the techniques from montage, namely:

1. Photo Montage Technique

A photo montage is a photo made from pasting or a compilation of several other photos. Usually, the montage is relatively simple, for example it starts by pasting a photo of a human on a photo of a scene.

2. Manual Paste Technique Montage

In this manual paste technique, which is a technique by pasting pieces of images from various sources on a field to display a specific message or theme.

In this technique, not only emphasizing the theme to be conveyed, but the type of image pasted must also be observed in order to produce harmony and compatibility.

Montage function

Montage can not only be a romantic work of art that can be given to a couple. As for the function of montage is to channel your love for the beauty of photos or creative art. In addition, another montage function is to be a vehicle to express or express ideas, ideas, imagination and aesthetic experience in the form of a very personal symbolic expression.

You can certainly express love through montage art. Not only that, another benefit of montage is as a conduit for various psychological problems experienced by a person. In fact, montage can be a means to obtain emotional balance, so as to achieve peace, comfort and personal satisfaction.

Here are the various functions of montage, namely:

1. Practical Functions

In addition to being individual as a medium of expression, montage also has a practical function to channel people’s love for beauty in creating various beautiful things such as handicraft products, aesthetic furniture, comfortable dwellings as well as communication and entertainment media.

2. Educative Function

Montage indirectly helps a child’s self-development which includes physical, thinking, absorption, emotions, taste for beauty and creativity. A person will learn about something more easily through a pleasant activity such as playing.

3. Expression Functions

The elements of art in montage works such as lines, colors, shapes and textures are a visual language used to express or express ideas, ideas, imagination and aesthetic experiences which are then expressed in the form of very personal symbolic expressions.

4. Psychological Functions

In addition to being a medium of expression, montage is also beneficial as a therapeutic function. This function is a means of sublimation, relaxation, that is, channeling various psychological problems experienced by a person.

After undergoing self-therapy through this art, a person will gain emotional balance, thus achieving peace, comfort and inner satisfaction. Therapy through art such as this montage is not concerned with the value of the level of beauty of the work produced, but is more concerned with the implementation of the traumatic healing process in a person.

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How to Make a Montage

A romantic scrapbook that contains a series of photos and decorations reminding of someone’s love journey, that’s what montage art is like. For Reader who is still confused, montage is a group of pictures that are selected, arranged and linked from various elements to produce a form with new ideas. Then to make it visible, also add pieces of map pictures, embossed writing, paper with stories, stamps with dates, and even scrabble that becomes a decoration inside.

The group of pictures and decorations includes a montage that can become a creative memory book full of meaning. In fact, not only through scrapbooking, you can also create a montage in a container to create your own story. In fact, montage art has become a modern business in both 2D and 3D forms. Here are some tips on making your own montage that Reader can try, among others.

1. Prepare the Theme

Of course you should prepare the theme first. You can also give a scrapbook using the montage technique to remember your love journey in a unique and certainly romantic way or you may want to give photo stickers and pictures combined into a frame as a wall decoration.

Choose what montage concept you want by sticking a lot of colors, making it classic or just black and white? Of course, this is also very important in preparing the theme first so that the desired montage result is not messy.

2. Prepare Materials and Equipment

After knowing that the montage theme is suitable for your lover’s liking, immediately prepare the materials and equipment! Of course you need to print the photos you want to create into one. Then, look for photo decorations that will support the montage theme of your choice.

The tools and materials needed are as follows:

  • Scissors Scissors
    all fit the size and needs of the montage creation itself.
  • Adhesive glue Glue
    is useful as a basic tool for making montages.
  • Photo book or HVS paper to paste pictures
  • Crayons, markers or colored pencils
  • All images are from various sources that will be combined

3. Cut Pictures from Existing Reference Sources

The next step after you have determined the theme (picture design), use scissors to select and cut interesting and suitable pictures from the various sources you have. Pay attention and concentrate when cutting the picture because it affects the quality of the picture, cut and collect all the picture objects you want to insert.

4. Paste in order

When all the materials and equipment are ready, then you can start by pasting the pictures according to the sequence. It is good, if you give a number behind the photo or picture that will be pasted when creating the montage work so that it is easier to complete.

5. Add Color or Shades

Of course it is necessary to create the value of beauty by adding color or pattern using crayons. The colors used are recommended to complement each other, so make sure the colors are not too dominant compared to the pictures that are the object of your montage work.

6. Look at the results of the work

Finally, your montage artwork will form a new picture and produce a new story according to the theme you created. Basically, the technique of making this montage artwork is not difficult and all we have to do is select, cut and paste pictures to create a new work. Even so, it still requires creativity and innovation for the determination and selection of images so that the results are good and interesting.

Meaning of Illustration

Knowing the term illustration is a word that comes from the Dutch language ” illustrazione ” which has the meaning of decoration with pictures. Terminologically, the term illustration is a picture that functions as a means to explain certain events.

Two experts in this field, Putra and Lakoro (2012:2) explain that illustration has three important points. According to him, illustrations are used to explain stories, writings, poems and other information.

The Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI) explains the types of illustrations in the form of pictures (photos, drawings) to help clarify the content of books, essays and so on. In addition, also as a picture, design or diagram for decorating (cover page and so on).

Types of Illustrations

1. Pictures of Naturalist Illustrations

Naturalist is a type of illustration that has the same color and shape as reality in nature without any additions or subtractions.

2. Decorative Illustration Pictures

Decorative is a type of illustration that has the function of decorating something with a simplified or exaggerated form with certain styles.

3. Cartoon Pictures

Cartoons are types of illustrations that have a funny shape or have certain special characteristics. In general, the types of cartoon illustrations often decorate comics, illustrated stories and children’s magazines.

4. Caricature picture

Caricature is a type of illustrative image in the form of satire or criticism in which there is a deviation of body proportions. These types of caricature illustrations are usually found in newspapers or magazines.

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5. Illustrated Stories

Picture stories are types of illustrated pictures of a type of picture or comic that are given text. The type of illustration of a picture story using a picture technique made with the basis of a story with an interesting point of view.

6. Textbook Illustrations

A textbook is a type of illustrated picture with the function of explaining a text or event, either scientific or in the form of part pictures. Types of illustrations in textbooks have the form of natural pictures, charts, photos.

7. Imaginary Illustration

Illusion is a type of illustrative picture from the result of creative processing in an imaginative or imaginary way. Types of imaginary illustration pictures are generally found in story illustrations, comics, novels, and novels.

8. Table

Tables are types of illustrations that are used to present an activity, data and analyze the data into column and business form.

9. Pie Chart

A pie chart is a type of illustration that has a circle shape or pieces with a total of 3600 components.

10. Organization Chart

An organization chart is a type of illustration with a data presentation method in the form of an organizational structure based on levels and hierarchies.

11. Bar Chart

A bar chart is a type of illustration that can be used to see data trends based on observations over time.

12. Graph Chart

A graph chart is a type of illustration that is used to present quantitative data by using a coordinate system.

13. Combination Chart

Combination charts are types of illustrations from the combination of bar charts and graph charts .

14. Flowcharts Flowcharts
are types of illustrative pictures that show the order and relationship between processes and their instructions.

15. Maps

A map is a type of illustration in the form of a picture or drawing of the whole or part of the earth’s surface, both land and sea. Knowing the term illustration is a word that comes from the Dutch language ” illustrazione ” which has the meaning of decoration with pictures. Terminologically, the term illustration is a picture that functions as a means to explain certain events.

Various Illustration Functions

Here are some types of illustrative functions, among others:

Descriptive Functions

The descriptive function of illustration is used to explain the meaning of a long text through a picture.

Analysis Functions

The function of an illustration analyst is to express in detail the parts of an object.

Analytics Functions

The analytical function of illustration is to express in detail the parts of an object.

Qualitative Functions

The qualitative function of illustration is generally used in making tables, graphics, photos, symbols, pictures, etc.

The Role of Illustration

Illustration certainly has a role in montage, the following are the roles of illustration, namely:

  1. The role of illustration is to make it easier to understand a piece of writing. The presence of illustrations helps us find the meaning of a text that we read thoroughly.
  2. The role of illustration is a means of expressing ideas or thoughts through a picture. Many of them like to draw to express ideas or thoughts through a picture. Many of them like to draw to express what they feel, channel their hobbies, express their feelings and so on.
  3. The role of illustration is to briefly explain a text or story.
  4. The role of illustration is to increase the aesthetic value of a picture or writing. The presence of illustrations makes it easier for a person to understand a message to be conveyed.
  5. Illustrations can be used to give a complete picture of the content of a work. One of the examples is on magazines or books. An illustration is very good at making readers curious and making them addicted to read more.
  6. The role of illustration is a means to communicate. In general, a picture can describe a piece of writing.
  7. The role of illustration is to explain a concept through pictures.

The difference between Collage, Montage, and Mosaic

The difference between collage, montage and mosaic comes from the attached material. For more details will be explained in the discussion below.


Collage uses different types of materials on one pattern. For example, ingredients from nature are combined with processed ingredients. Montage uses material from several pictures that have been combined into a new work, while mosaic is an arrangement of pieces with the same type of material to form something according to your wishes.

Final Result

Montage consists of one material, but comes from many pictures and the end result is a theme. Mosaic comes from small pieces of material arranged to form a specific theme. Unlike montage and collage, mosaic is a picture made up of small parts. Traditionally, mosaics are small tiles made of terracotta, broken glass, ceramic or marble and are usually attached to floors and walls.

From the differences above it can be said that this mosaic has a difference from collage and montage. So, mosaic is an artistic technique that uses small parts to create a whole picture or object. According to the Tate Gallery, mosaics have been used as a decorative medium for over five thousand years.

From a distance, mosaic art sparkles with an impressive array of colors and patterns. Up close, the intricacies that make up this work can be revealed, and you can see how much time and energy must be spent to create a work of art.