Understanding Al-Qur’an Verses About Heaven And Hell

Verses of the Qur’an about heaven and hell – In Islam, there are heavens and hells where heaven is a place for believers. Whereas hell is for people who often make mistakes in the world. Therefore, there are verses in the Koran about heaven and hell. To find out more clearly about heaven and hell, you can see this article, Sinaumed’s.

Definition of Heaven and Hell

Heaven is for His servants who are pious and hell is for those who are not pious.

The verses that explain heaven and hell are:

مَثَلُ الْجَنَّةِ الَّتِيْ وُعِدَ الْمُتَّقُوْنَ ۗفِيْهَآ اَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ مَّاۤءٍ غَيْرِ اٰسِنٍۚ وَاَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ لَّبَنٍ لَّمْ يَتَغَيَّرْ طَعْمُهٗ ۚوَاَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ خَمْرٍ لَّذَّةٍ لِّلشّٰرِبِيْنَ ەۚ وَاَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ عَسَلٍ مُّصَفًّى ۗوَلَهُمْ فِيْهَا مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرٰتِ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنْ رَّبِّهِمْ ۗ كَمَنْ هُوَ خَالِدٌ فِى النَّارِ وَسُقُوْا مَاۤءً حَمِيْمًا فَقَطَّعَ اَمْعَاۤءَهُمْ

“The parable of the gardens of paradise promised to those who are pious, there are rivers whose water is not brackish, and rivers of milk whose taste does not change, and rivers of khamar (non-intoxicating wine) which is delicious to the drinkers and rivers of pure honey. In it they find all kinds of fruits and forgiveness from their Lord. Are they the same as those who are eternally in hell, and are given a drink of boiling water until their intestines are cut into pieces?” ( QS Muhammad: 15 ).

This verse in the explanation of the Interpretation of the Ministry of Religion explains that the rewards that will be received by believers in the hereafter are not the same as those that will be obtained by non-believers. This verse describes the state of heaven and hell in a very interesting symbolic form.

Beginning with the word parable (matsalul jannati). The first is heaven, and the second parable is samakah (kaman) which is summarized in a questioning tone. Said az-Zamakhsyari (in al-Kasysyaf), this expression is in the form of affirmation, but in essence it is denial, a negation.

Properties of Heaven and Hell

We also need to know the properties of heaven and hell, along with the explanation:

The properties of heaven described in the verse (QS Muhammad: 15) include, first , in it many rivers flow and each river has water of various types and tastes, and is delicious for the inhabitants of heaven to drink.

Among these types of water, there is water that is clear and clean, not polluted by anything. Therefore, the taste, color and smell will not change. There is a river that flows good milk to drink. The milk is still good and delicious, the taste will not change because it is spoiled or rotten.

There is a river that flows khamar which is pleasant to drink, healthy, and refreshes the body and feelings of the drinker. Not like khamar in the world. Even though it is delicious to drink by the addict, it can damage the body, mind and mind.

Therefore, khamr in heaven is lawful to drink, while khamr in this world is unlawful. There is a river that flows honey that is clean, like honey that has been filtered, delicious and healthy for the drinker’s body.

Narrated by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, and others from Mu’awiyah bin Haidah, he said, “I heard Rasulullah SAW say: In heaven there are oceans of milk, seas of water, seas of honey, and seas of khamr, then rivers flow from those oceans.” (History of Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, and others from Muawiyah bin Haidah)

Secondly , in paradise there will be fruits of various kinds, different colors, shapes and tastes. All of them are delicious food for every inhabitant of heaven.

Third , the inhabitants of heaven are clean people from all stains and sins, because they have been forgiven by Allah the Most Merciful Lord, their Protector.

Then Allah explains the condition of those who live in hell. They drink water so hot that it destroys their intestines and the fires of hell burn their faces.

Proof of the Existence of Heaven and Hell

Evidence of the existence of Heaven and Hell is also illustrated in another letter, namely in the letter Al-Baqarah verse 221 which means: ….. ” They invite to hell while Allah invites to heaven and forgiveness with His permission and Allah explains the verses (commands Him) to humans so that they take lessons.

In the same letter of the Qur’an verse 214, Allah says which means “Do you think that you will enter heaven, even though it has not come to you (trials) as did those before you? They were overwritten by calamities and tribulations, and shaken (with various trials) so that the apostle and those who believed with him said, “When will Allah’s help come?” Remember, Allah’s help is very close.

Al-Quran verses about Heaven and Hell

One of the discussions in the Koran is about heaven and hell. These two things have been explained in the following verses:

Surah Ali ‘Imran verses 131 and 133

وَاتَّقُوا النَّارَ الَّتِيْٓ اُعِدَّتْ لِلْكٰفِرِيْنَ ۚ

“And guard yourselves from the fires of Hell, which have been prepared for the disbelievers.” ( Surah Ali ‘Imran: 131 )

وَسَارِعُوْٓا اِلٰى مَغْفِرَةٍ مِّنْ رَّبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّchange

“And hasten to seek forgiveness from your Lord and get a Heaven that is as wide as the heavens and the earth is reserved for those who are pious.” ( Surah Ali ‘Imran: 133 )

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These two verses are proof of the existence of heaven and hell promised by Allah SWT at the end of the day. So that we as Muslims must be able to be more pious and seek as many practices as possible.

Surah Muhammad Verse 15

مَثَلُ الْجَنَّةِ الَّتِيْ وُعِدَ الْمُتَّقُوْنَ ۗفِيْهَآ اَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ مَّاۤءٍ غَيْرِ اٰسِنٍۚ وَاَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ لَّبَنٍ لَّمْ يَتَغَيَّرْ طَعْمُهٗ ۚوَاَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ خَمْرٍ لَّذَّةٍ لِّلشّٰرِبِيْنَ ەۚ وَاَنْهٰرٌ مِّنْ عَسَلٍ مُّصَفًّى ۗوَلَهُمْ فِيْهَا مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرٰتِ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنْ رَّبِّهِمْ ۗ كَمَنْ هُوَ خَالِدٌ فِى النَّارِ وَسُقُوْا مَاۤءً حَمِيْمًا فَقَطَّعَ اَمْعَاۤءَهُمْ

“The parable of the gardens of paradise promised to those who are pious, there are rivers whose water is not brackish, and rivers of milk whose taste does not change, and rivers of khamar (non-intoxicating wine) which is delicious to the drinkers and rivers of pure honey. In it they find all kinds of fruits and forgiveness from their Lord. Are they the same as those who are eternally in hell, and are given a drink of boiling water so that their intestines are cut?” ( QS Muhammad: 15 )

In this sura, the characteristics of heaven are explained, such as the flowing of many rivers and each river has different water in terms of type and taste, and is delicious for the inhabitants of heaven to drink. Narrated by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, and others from Mu’awiyah bin Haidah, he said, ” I heard Rasulullah SAW say: In heaven there are oceans of milk, seas of water, seas of honey, and seas of khamr, then rivers flow from the oceans. ” (History of Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, and others from Mu’awiyah bin Haidah)

In heaven there will also be fruits of various kinds. Everything is delicious food for every resident of heaven who is clean from all stains and sins, because they have been forgiven by Allah SWT.

Heaven and hell have been clearly explained by Allah SWT in His word which confirms it in the Qur’an. Heaven and hell are rewards for His servants from Allah SWT, where the pious servant is in heaven and the ungrateful servant is hell.

Surah Az-Zumar verse 73

The verse about heaven is Az Zumar’s letter verse 73, namely:

وَسِيقَ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا رَبَّهُمْ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ زُمَرًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءُوهَا وَفُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُهَا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَا سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ

Wa sīqallażīnattaqau rabbahum ilal-jannati zumarā, ḥattā iżā jā`ụhā wa futiḥat abwābuhā wa qāla lahum khazanatuhā salāmun ‘alaikum ṭibtum fadkhulụhā khālidīn

Meaning: “And those who fear their Lord will be ushered into heaven in groups. So that when they reach it (heaven) and its doors have been opened, the guards say to them, “Prosperity (spoiled) upon you, be happy you! Then enter, you will abide therein.”

Surah An-Nisa verse 145

Verses about hell in the Al-Quran letter An-Nisa verse 145, namely:

إِنَّ ٱلْمُنَٰفِقِينَ فِى ٱلدَّرْكِ ٱلْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ ٱلنَّارِ وَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا

Innal-munāfiqīna fid-darkil-asfali minan-nār, wa lan tajida lahum naṣīrā

Meaning: “Surely the hypocrites are (placed) at the lowest level of hell. And you will never find a helper for them. Allah SWT has named hell and heaven with different names. Allah SWT is the one who has the right to determine the place of return based on every record of His servant’s deeds.

Hell Names

The following are the names of hell and their explanations:

1. Hell Hell

The hell of jahannam is a place of return for those who committed grave sins. This highest level of hell is said to have a very deep bottom, with a dark and black state.

Apart from the perpetrators of major sins, the inhabitants of hell are those who are disobedient to Allah SWT. Groups of hypocrites who like to follow Satan’s steps, to the point where they are stingy, risk going to hell.

2. Hell Lazha

Lazha is described as hell with a fierce and blazing fire. This second level of hell is prepared for those who do not follow the teachings of the Prophet and are reluctant to give alms.

The existence of hell lazha is explained in QS Al-Ma’arij verse 15,

كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّهَا لَظَىٰ

Kallā, innahā laẓā

“Absolutely not, verily hell is a turbulent fire.”

3. Huthamah Hell

As the name implies, the inhabitants of huthamah hell will experience destruction. This type of inhabitants of hell are people who like to swear and criticize, are reluctant to give alms, and calculations tend to be stingy.

Allah SWT has explained huthamah hell in Surah Al Humazah verses 5-6,

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْحُطَمَةُ

نَارُ اللَّهِ الْمُوقَدَةُ

Wama adraka mal-huthamah

Narul laahil-muuqada

Meaning: “5. And do you know what Huthamah is? 6. (That is) the fire (provided) by Allah which is kindled.”

4. Hell Sa’ir

The word Sa’ir comes from the words sin, ‘ayn, and ra’ which mean something that is burning and blazing. This hell is a warning from Allah SWT for people who do not pay zakat, or pay less than they should.

Another group of residents of the sa’ir hell are those who eat the property of orphans, deny the Day of Judgment, oppose the da’wah of the prophets and apostles, eat property that is not rightfully theirs. May we be spared from this behavior.

5. Hell of Saqar

In His word Allah explains, saqar is a burning hot hell. These prospective residents of hell are arrogant and deny the Koran, never pray, and are reluctant to feed the poor.

The existence of the saqar hell is explained in QS Al-Mudatsir verses 42-43,

مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِى سَقَرَ

قَالُوا لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ الْمُصَلِّينَ

Maa salakakum fi saqar

Qolu lam naku minal mushollin

Meaning: “What put you into Saqar (hell)? They said: We were not among those who prayed.”

6. Jahim’s Hell

The meaning of the word jahim is a very hot place. This hell is described as a place with a great fire in a ravine or pit, so no wonder it is very hot.

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This hell is reserved for liars of His verses, disobeying Him, and forgetting about the afterlife because they are busy with worldly affairs. The existence of jahim is explained in Al Hajj verse 51,

God bless you

Wallażīna sa’au fī āyātinā mu’ājizīna ulā`ika aṣ-ḥābul-jaḥīm

Meaning: “But those who try to contradict Our verses with the intention of weakening (the will to believe), they are the inhabitants of the Hellfire of Jahim.”

7. Hell’s Wail

The inhabitants of wail hell are those who are negligent in prayer, are carried away by worldly affairs, and ignore His call. Another group that can inhabit it are riya’ and cheaters.

Wail hell is told in His word in the letter Al Muthaffifin verses 1-3,

وَيْلٌ لِلْمُطَفِّفِينَ

Allah

وَإِذَا كَالُوهُمْ أَوْ وَزَنُوهُمْ يُخْسِرُونَ

Wailul lil muthaffifin

Alladzina idza ta’luu ‘alannasi yastaufun

Waidza kaaluu hum aw wazan legal yuk siruun.

Meaning: “Woe (wail) to those who cheat (in measuring and weighing)! (That is) people who, when they receive a measure from another person, they ask for it to be fulfilled, and when they measure it or weigh it (for other people), they reduce it, “

8. Hell Hawiyah

The meaning of hawiyah is falling from the highest place to the lowest place. With this meaning, it is not known how deep the Hawiyah hell is, so that it is called the lowest.

Another name for this hell in the Qur’an is nar hamiyah which means hot and blazing fire. Hell is reserved for those whose scales of good deeds are light.

Heaven Names

1. Paradise Paradise

Paradise paradise is a paradise created from gold. This heaven is also known as the heaven with the highest level.

These prospective residents of heaven are believers who are devoted to prayer, pay zakat, take care of themselves and avoid adultery, and always obey the commands of Allah SWT. Paradise paradise is described in Al Kahf verse 107

Amen

Innallażīna āmanụ wa ‘amiluṣ-ṣāliḥāti kānat lahum jannātul-firdausi nuzulā

Meaning: “Indeed, those who believe and do good deeds, paradise is prepared for them as a place to live.”

2. Heaven Adn

Paradise and created by Allah SWT from white diamonds for people with perfect faith and Islam. Those who are patient in their lives also have a chance to inhabit this heaven.

Allah’s Word regarding heaven can be listened to in Surah As Shaff verse 12

يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَيُدْخِلْكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ وَمَسَاكِنَ طَيِّبَةً فِي جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

Yagfir lakum żunụbakum wa yudkhilkum jannātin tajrī min taḥtihal-an-hāru wa masākina ṭayyibatan fī jannāti ‘adn, żālikal-fauzul-‘aẓīm

Meaning: “God will forgive your sins and admit you to paradise beneath which rivers flow, and to good dwellings in paradise ‘Adn. That is a great victory.”

3. Heaven Na’im

Furthermore, there is heaven na’im filled with pleasure which is said to be created from white silver. The candidate for the occupants of heaven is explained in the word of Allah SWT, letter Luqman verse 8, namely:

Amen

Innallażīna āmanu wa ‘amiluṣ-ṣāliḥāti lahum jannātun na’īm

Meaning: “Indeed, those who believe and do good deeds, for them are gardens full of pleasure.”

4. Heaven Ma’wa

The root of the word ma’wa is awa-ya wi which means to unite with a place and live there. Jannatul Ma’wa is a place for servants who are pious, do good deeds, restrain their passions, and believe in the greatness of Allah SWT.

The existence of heaven ma’wa is mentioned in the letter An Najm verse 15

عِنْدَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَىٰ

‘Beautiful jannatul mawaa

Meaning: “Nearby is a paradise to live in.”

5. Heaven Darussalam

This paradise was created by Allah SWT from red yaqut. Its inhabitants are people who believe and fear Allah, contemplate the signs of His greatness, and acknowledge the greatness of Allah.

This is according to His Word in the letter Al An’am verse 127,

لَهُمْ دَارُ Peace be upon you

Lahum daarus salaami ‘inda Rabbihim wa huwa waliyyuhum bimaa kaanuu ya’maluun

Meaning: “For them (provided) a place of peace (heaven) with their Lord. And He is their protector because of the good deeds they do.”

6. Darul Muqamah

The next heaven’s name is Darul Muqamah which was created from white gems. The characteristics of its inhabitants are people who always hold fast to faith and Islam, multiply good deeds, are experts in gratitude.

Evidence of this heaven is explained in QS Fathir verse 35,

ٱلَّذِىٓ أَحَلَّنَا دَارَ ٱلْمُقَامَةِ مِن فَضْلِهِۦ لَا يَمَسُّنَا فِيهَا نَصَبٌ وَلَا يَمَسُّا َُا فِلَا بِلَا

Allażī aḥallanā dāral-muqāmati min faḍlih, lā yamassunā fīhā naṣabuw wa lā yamassunā fīhā lugụb

Meaning: “Who places us in an eternal place (heaven) from His grace; in it we do not feel weary nor do we feel weary.”

7. Maqamul Amen

Heaven Maqamul Amin is intended by Allah SWT for His servants who are truly pious. Allah said in the letter Adh-Dhukhan verse 51,

إِنَّ ٱلْمُتَّقِينَ فِى مَقَامٍ أَمِينٍ

Innal-muttaqīna fī maqāmin amīn

Meaning: “Indeed, those who fear Allah are in a safe place.”

8. Khuldi Paradise

Allah SWT created heaven khuldi from red and yellow marjan. Characteristics of its inhabitants are people who obey God’s commands as stated in the letter Al Furqan verse-15:

قُلْ أَذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ أَمْ جَنَّةُ الْخُلْدِ الَّتِي وُعِدَ الْمُتَّقُونَ ۚ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ جَزَاءْ

Qul a żālika khairun am jannatul-khuldillatī wu’idal-muttaqụn, kānat lahum jazā`aw wa maṣīrā

Meaning: “Say (Muhammad), “Is that (punishment) good, or eternal paradise promised to those who are pious in return, and a place to return to them?”

Thus the discussion about the verses of the Koran about heaven and hell, I hope this article is useful for Sinaumed’s.

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Author: Yufi Cantika Sukma Divine

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