Types of Music Genres In The World
Types of Music Genres In The World

11 Types of Music Genres In The World

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At this time, music has become a symbol of the human mood, if again confused those who listen to sad music, while if again happy listening to music that suits the content of his heart.

In everyday life, music is a very difficult part to separate from the human being. When you wake up, sometimes in the bathroom, when working, when your boyfriend decides, even your cell phone ringtones use music. Music really is a part of us .

Well, in music there are many genres of music that we must know, can be seen from the characteristics of each genre.

Definition of Music

Before understanding about music genres and the various genres of music that exist today. Let’s first discuss the meaning of music. Music is something that contains rhythm, song and harmony obtained through the arrangement of tones or sounds in such a way.

The use of the word  “music”  originally came from the Greek word called  “musike”.  Musike itself comes from the word muse-muse, which has the meaning of the nine Greek gods who were under the god Apollo, who was the protector of art and science.

The art of music is considered as something that produces a work of art, which in this case is a sound that is a song-shaped composition, an outpouring of thoughts and feelings of the creator by combining the main elements of music, there is rhythm, harmony, melody, and form or arrangement of songs. , expression and feeling as a whole.

Music is a very interesting thing to learn and even to hear in everyday life. Listening to music makes life more colorful. Well, know it or not, you guys, in music there is a classification based on the characteristics inherent in the music, usually called the genre of music. This article we will discuss the understanding of music genres in more depth and understand what music genres exist today.

Understanding Music Genres

After understanding about music, then we will understand about the genre of music and any genre of music that exists. You must be very curious about what the genres of music are.

Before that we must first understand the meaning of the genre of music. Music genre is defined as a classification of music based on their similarity to each other. This classification can also be adjusted to other criteria, such as geographical similarity.

Musical techniques, contexts, styles, and musical themes can serve as a definitive reference in a musical genre. Basically, the genre of music cannot be clearly defined, because when the genre is defined by a person, then that person defines it without looking at aspects from the other side. In fact, sometimes in a song there are 2 genres in it, but it is only defined as one genre only.

Types of Music Genres

After understanding the meaning of the genre of music that we will further understand about the various genres of music and the history of the genre was born, namely:

1. Classical Music Genres

Classical Music Genres

This genre of music is defined as a type of music that is intellectual and beautiful, can be enjoyed from almost any age. It originally originated in Europe during the years 1750 to 1825. Usually in this classical music there is a division based on a certain period.

More precisely, there is a division into three eras, namely there is Medieval and Renaissance, there is Classical and Romantic Baroque, and there is Modern and Contemporary. From this division there are several musicians from the genre of classical music that are famous to date, among them, namely:

  • Mozart
  • Johann Pachelbel
  • Chopin
  • Beethoven
  • and others.

Of the four musicians mentioned by the author above, the most famous and popular is Johann Pachelbell. Maybe his name is quite foreign to our ears, but his work entitled  “Canon in D”  may be some who are familiar with his song.

This classical music is an inspiration for the music and musicians that are emerging today. Classical music is a soothing music, the serenity brought in this genre brings many benefits to human beings.

Even according to research, classical music has many benefits, one of which is to minimize hypertension and calm emotions.

Some examples of classical music genres are Symphony 40, Piano Sonata No. 16 which is a work of Mozart and Moonlight Sonata by Beethoven. Mozart as one of the classical music musicians who has a big name and is recognized around the world has a life story behind his success.

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The next musician, Beethoven, who was the next famous classical musician, in his life had difficulties and problems with his hearing, but that did not prevent his work from being successful. Beethoven’s book by Edmund Morris tells the life journey of this world’s classical musician.

2. Jazz Music Genre

jazz musician Louis Armstrong (Foto: WIkimedia)
Louis Armstrong (Foto: WIkimedia)

Jazz music genre is considered a type of music that emerged due to the incorporation of other music genres, namely blues, ragtime, and European music, including band music.

Given the understanding of music genres earlier, if there are basically several genres of music in a song that is eventually made into a genre. There are several sub -genres in the jazz music genre, those subgenres include dixieland, bebop, cool jazz, swing, hard bop, free jazz, fusion jazz, cafjazz, and smooth jazz.

Musical instruments commonly used in this genre of music are trombone, trumpet, piano, saxophone and guitar. Sometimes not everyone can enjoy this genre of jazz music. In the use of tones, the tones of this genre are very unique and have a distinctive feature in the musical game.

3. Blues Music Genre

Blues Music Genre

The genre of blues music is a genre that originated in the United States, both vocal and instrumental music. Emerged from praise and spiritual music, which originally emerged from the community of former African slaves in the United States.

This is evidenced by the use of song lyrics and the use of blue notes and the application in the pattern of call and response (in this case there are two sentences sung by two people in succession and in the second sentence, considered as “answer” to “question” in first sentence).

4. Country Music Genre

Country Music Genre

Country music genre, is a genre of mixed elements of American music, which is a combination of the Appalachian Mountains and the southern United States. The music has a cheerful tone and a relaxed and light disposition.

This country music originally came from North American folk songs, gospel music, kelt music, and it has evolved since the 1920s. Around the 1940s the term country music began to be used, replacing the term hillbilly music which in a sense seemed degrading.

Then in the 1970s, the term became popular. There are other terms for this genre of music, namely country and western, but they are rarely used, except in Ireland and the United Kingdom. Popular artists who use this country genre is Taylor Swift, for example with the title song Red.

5. Techno Music Genre or EDM

Techno Music Genre or EDM

This one music genre is a genre of music whose music streams usually use futuristic themes. In nightclubs usually use these genres of music and usually the music is played by a DJ (disc jockey).

Using digital musical instruments such as DJ Maker that is always used to meremix existing music into music that has a futuristic theme. Due to the use of digital musical instruments, this genre of music cannot be played by traditional musical instruments, such as guitars, sasando or drums. The music group that uses this genre of music is Daft Punk.

6. Reggae Music Genre

Reggae Music Genre

Reggae music became a genre of music that was first developed in Jamaica, around the end of the 60s. Usually this naming is used more widely to name all types of music that exist in Jamaica.

This reggae music is based on an accent on syncopation or off-beat to characterize a rhythmic style of music, this is called skank. See this reggae music is usually slower. Here are the Reggae musicians: Jimmy Cliff and Bob Marley.

7. R&B Music Genre

R&B Music Genre

In the genre of R&B music, it became popular because it merged with several other music genres, such as jazz, blues and gospel. It was originally introduced by musicians of African-American descent.

Well, R&B music is an abbreviation of Rhythm and Blues. The artist who uses the R&B music genre is Justin Timberlake. Well, if the song with R&B music that writers often hear today, is At My Worst by Pink Sweats.

8. Rap ​​Music Genre

Rap ​​Music Genre

Rap music has become one of the elements of hip-hop music. If you usually listen to this genre, usually the vocal technique used is to speak fast. Singers of this genre are known as rappers.

Rap is usually accompanied by music by a band or DJ. The rapper is also included in the regular singers who sing solo, the rappers are Xzibit and Jay-z. In addition there are rappers who are members of a band, for example Linkin Park.

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9. Death Metal Music Genre

Death Metal Music Genre

Death metal music, this genre is a subgenre of heavy metal music that originally evolved from trash metal in the early 1980s. The typical style of this genre of music is in the lyrics, which are generally themed on death or violence. The band that uses this genre of death metal music is The Berzerker.

The following is a list of bands and musicians in the metal genre:

  • Metalica
  • Avenged Sevenfold
  • Rash
  • Slayer
  • Diamond Head

10. Dangdut Music Genre

Dangdut Music Genre
Didi Kempot, God Father of Broken Heart, Dangdut musician

When you hear the term “dangdut” you must be very familiar with this genre of music. Dangdut is one of the most popular music genres in Indonesia. The hallmark of this music is the playing of drums or tabla instruments.

If you listen to this one genre of music, you must be familiar with Bollywood music, because basically dangdut music is influenced by Classical Indian music and Bollywood.

In addition, if viewed from the original elements of the musical style, it can be concluded that dangdut is a combination of Malay, Hindustani, and Arabic elements. Considering that dangdut music is a blend of elements of Arabic music as well, because this is seen from the crookedness and harmonization of the tone.

The beginning of the presence of dangdut music began in the 1960s, this accompanied the popularity of Bollywood films in the 1950s. In fact, it is also rooted in the existence of Malay music in the 1940s.

Well, in 1968, Rhoma Irama was one of the pioneers of dangdut music in Indonesia. Beginning in the 1970s, dangdut music became widely popular in Indonesia. Even in the 1970s to 1980s, this genre of music became a genre of prima donna music that is loved by people in Indonesia.

The term dangdut is actually an onomatopoeia, which comes from a drum or tabla that is usually filled with the sounds of dang and ndut. And in further development it is called dangdut. The artist who uses this genre of music is Rhoma Irama, who has the nickname of the King of Dangdut and Elvy Sukaesih who is nicknamed the Queen of Dangdut in Indonesia.

11. Pop Music Genre

Pop Music Genre

Well, for the next genre of music is the genre of pop music. Usually this pop music tones and lyrics are made tend to be simple, related to everyday life. Therefore, the music of this genre is easier to digest and very easy to sing, even easy to memorize the lyrics. This genre has become a universal genre of music because it can be accepted by people well.

This genre of music is also called a popular music genre and originated in more modern forms that existed in the United Kingdom and the United States, since the mid-1950s. The limitation of this genre is to refer to music that has a tremendous appeal, given that the term music genre is a popular music genre.

12. Ballad Music Genre

Ballad Music Genre

There is a genre of ballad music, which is a type of music that harmonizes the song slowly and usually the themes used are themes about love.

Use poetic lyrics and use slow music. Specifically in the grouping of genres, ballads have special characteristics, namely the presence of poetry and melancholy songs. This genre comes as a slow form of popular love songs.

Ballad music itself, the term is taken from the English language, namely “ballad” which has the meaning as music in the form of narrative. Began popular in the Middle Ages to the 19th century, then spread throughout Europe and then America, Australia and North Africa. A song that is perfect for those who are in love or heartbroken!

Well that’s  some kind of music genre that exists in the world along with examples of singers and songs. Each of these genres has its own patterns and characteristics, even the history of the formation of different music genres.

However, these music genres have one purpose, which is to entertain the listener. So, after understanding each of the existing music genres, which is your favorite music genre?


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Engineering Student of Airlangga University in Indonesia. Love to share knowledge