Sakinah mawadah warahmah is a prayer expected by Muslims who have just married and started a family. All married Muslims certainly want a family that is sakinah, mawaddah, and warahmah. That is the purpose of marriage, which is a blessing from Allah SWT. Give to those who can build a family.
This book contains the best advice from Allah swt. and Rasulullah saw to every married couple as household controllers. Following this advice will achieve baiti jannati (my house, my heaven).
Then, what is the meaning of sakinah mawadah warahmah? Does this include the prayer for newlyweds taught by Rasulullah SAW? To find out more details, let’s look at the following review!
Definition of Sakinah Mawadah Warahmah
The sentence sakinah mawadah warahmah has been written in the Al-Quran. This sentence is part of the function and purpose of marriage in Islam. This sentence is also often said when in wedding sermons or even on wedding invitations. The following is an explanation from QS Ar-Rum verse 21.
وَمِنۡ اٰيٰتِهٖۤ اَنۡ خَلَقَ لَكُمۡ مِّنۡ اَنۡفُسِكُمۡ اَزۡوَاجًا لِّتَسۡكُنُوۡۤا اِلَيۡهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيۡنَكُمۡ مَّوَدَّةً وَّرَحۡمَةً ؕ اِنَّ فِىۡ ذٰ لِكَ لَاٰيٰتٍ لِّقَوۡمٍ يَّتَفَكَّرُوۡنَ
Wa min Aayaatihiii an khalaqa akum min anfusikum azwaajal litaskunuuu ilaihaa wa ja’ala bainakum mawad datanw wa rahmah; inna fii zaalika la Aayaatil liqawminy yatafakkaruun.
Meaning: “And among His signs (greatness) is that He created partners for you of your own kind, so that you are inclined and feel at ease towards him, and He made love and affection between you. Indeed, in that there are true signs (of Allah’s greatness) for people who think.” (QS Ar-Rum: 21).
In this verse there is the word “litaskunu” or also sakinah, then mawadah, and rahmah. These three words are often combined into one sentence: sakinah mawadah warahmah. If translated into Indonesian, sakinah means calm or serene, mawadah means love, and warahmah means grace.
The sentence sakinah mawadah warahmah follows what is in verse 21 of the Ar-Rum Letter. In this verse, Allah SWT. He gave his word that humans were created to pair up with each other, that is, between wives and husbands, to get calm, peace, and also love.
Meaning of Sakinah
Sakinah comes from Arabic, which can be translated into Indonesian with calm, serenity, security, and also peace. Meanwhile, the opposite of peace and tranquility are unrest, destruction, and shock. What is expected from marriage, as in the meaning of sakinah, is peace, calm, security, and peace among family members. Whereas a family that does not have sakinah means a family that is full of unrest, destruction, and turmoil, that is what must be avoided.
An example of a family that is not sakinah is a family that is full of debates, fights, and suspicions. With so many conflicts that occur in the family, it can certainly trigger a divorce. Distrust in a partner is one of the triggers for family breakdown. Suppose the spouses are suspicious of each other and have no trust in each other, and other people deliberately shake up the household or the wife’s resistance to her husband. In that case, it is classified as a family that is not sakinah.
By having calm, peace, security, and peace, conflicts in the family will not occur. With calm, family members can think about how to solve problems calmly because they have a clear mind. Family conflicts will easily occur if there is no sakinah in the family.
Meaning of Mawaddah
Mawadah also comes from Arabic, which means affection and burning love. The word mawadah has a special meaning for someone who has passionate feelings for their partner. This passionate feeling arises because of other aspects that are owned by the partner, including beauty, good looks, morals, position, mindset and other things in the partner.
In Islam, mawadah is also a nature possessed by humans. Having mawadah in the family will make the family full of love and affection. It’s impossible in a family not to have love; it will taste bland. The feeling of love gives a sense of belonging and caring between family members.
A family with mawadah must have positive things in that family. If you don’t have mawadah, your family won’t support each other because you don’t have love. In fact, infidelity can occur because there is no feeling of affection between partners.
A family that has mawadah is not formed instantly but is developed through a process of nurturing it through the love of husband, wife, and children. Every family wants a mawadah family because it is a nature in every creature.
Meaning of Warahma
Rahmah means sustenance, forgiveness, grace, and mercy. The greatest grace, of course, comes from Allah SWT. The family that gets the greatest grace is, of course, the one with love, affection, and trust. Families who have warahmah are also not an instant process but rather a long process because it requires understanding, covering each other’s shortcomings, and providing understanding.
With patience and sacrifice from husband and wife, it will certainly make the family have warahmah or grace in it. From this process of patience, warahmah will be given by Allah SWT. as the highest form of love in a family.
It should be noted that warahmah will not appear if in the family there is mutual disobedience between husband and wife. Families must be calm, peaceful, and have loved so that warahmah can be realized.
Characteristics of Sakinah Mawadah Warahmah
Families who have sakinah mawadah warahmah certainly have visible characteristics or characteristics. Here are some characteristics of a family that has sakinah mawadah warahmah.
- Have calm, serenity, and peace in a family;
- Have love, affection, and a sense of belonging that is always maintained among family members;
- Have a love that leads to Allah SWT. and also values in religion, not just love for creatures or just lust;
- Far from suspicion, distrust, and also feelings of misgivings with your partner;
- Can maintain association in Islam, no rules are violated in marriage, including infidelity;
- Have their respective roles as family members with sincerity and integrity. The role that belongs to both the husband as the head of the family, the wife as the mother who carries out the husband’s mandate, and the children as the mandate from Allah SWT. to be adequately educated;
- Being able to maintain aspects of faith and worship between each family member, not destroying or plunging one another;
- Supporting work or profession between partners to be able to create a family that is built as a mandate from Allah SWT.
- They can meet family needs, including sustenance, sexual needs, and also a sense of belonging to one another.
This book contains provisions so that you and your family can go to a sakinah mawadah warahmah household.
Benefits of Sakinah Mawadah Warahmah
Family is not just a relationship between husband, wife and children. The family has relationships and duties in society. Allah SWT. will only create something with the benefits to be obtained. All rules are, of course, in Allah SWT’s hands, as the universe’s creator.
Sakinah mawadah warahmah family is an order from Allah SWT. given to the family to realize the benefits. With the existence of sakinah mawadah warahmah, it will certainly help the goals of an Islamic family to be realized.
Carry out the Mission of the Human Caliphate
Humans were created by Allah SWT. solely to worship Him. With a family that has sakinah mawadah warahmah, of course, it can guide, condition, and support the family to always worship Allah SWT.
In a family like this, every member, husband, wife, and children, must guide each other in terms of religion and goodness. The sakinah mawadah warahmah family does not only love what is in the world but love Allah SWT. This has been written in QS Az-Zariyat verse 56.
Wa maa khalaqtul jinna wal insa illaa liya’buduun.
Meaning: “I did not create jinn and humans except that they worship Me.” (QS Az-Zariyat: 56).
Allah SWT. also created humans as caliphs fil ard. This means that humans were created to build and carry out several things that can provide benefits for prosperity on earth. Benefits can be given with the position you have now with the profession you have too.
The mission of the caliphate can be carried out with enthusiasm if you have a sakinah mawadah warahmah family. The existence of careers owned by husband and wife will not distance each other from each other, let alone distance themselves from Allah SWT. However, having a career that is being built will certainly be very useful for yourself and others who are affected by us.
- Lots of Worship and Good Charity
Allah commands humans to protect themselves and their families from the fires of hell. That is, humans are ordered to stay away from the fire of hell and increase worship and good deeds. This is indeed not going to be easy if you do it yourself. Therefore, the existence of a good family and, of course, in accordance with the expectations of Allah SWT. can be a field of worship and good deeds because many things can be done with family. This has been written in QS At-Tahrim verse 6.
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ قُوٓا۟ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا ٱلنَّاسُ وَٱلْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَٰٓئِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُونَ ٱللَّهَ مَآ أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ
Yā ayyuhallażīna āmanụ qū anfusakum wa ahlīkum nāraw wa qụduhan-nāsu wal-ḥijāratu ‘alaihā malā`ikatun gilāẓun syidādul lā ya’ṣụnallāha māmaraham wa yaf’alụna mā yu`marụn.
Meaning: “O you who believe, protect yourselves and your families from the fires of hell whose fuel is humans and stones; guardians of angels who are rough, harsh, and do not disobey Allah in what He commands them and always do what they are commanded. (QS At-Tahrim: 6).
A father who works for a living to support his family and children will certainly be rewarded and a good deed for his own family. Likewise, a mother who takes care of her family and helps her husband support his family is a field of worship and good deeds for herself. The wife’s obligation to her husband in Islam can be a field of worship and good deeds. Likewise, the husband’s obligation to his wife is a separate reward for the husband’s family.
Raising children in Islam is also part of the fields of worship and good deeds. Good deeds are only beneficial for families who are cared for with love, affection, and sincerity in them. To do this, we need a family that has sakinah mawadah warahmah to be able to worship and do good deeds as much as possible.
- Place in Reaping Love and Compassion
Allah gives good sustenance, one of which is to please his family and descendants. This is, of course, something that is expensive in family ties because not everyone can enjoy it. In fact, family, a sense of security, and affection are the natural needs of all human beings. a pious woman and a pious man is one form of family happiness. As in QS An-Nahl verse 72.
وَٱللَّهُ جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَٰجًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَزْوَٰجِكُم بَنِينَ وَحَفَدَةً وَرَزَقَكُم مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَٰتِ ۚ أَفَبِٱلْبَٰطِلِ يُؤْمِنُونَ وَبِنِعْمَتِ ٱللَّهِ هُمْ يَكْفُرُونَ
Wallāhu ja’ala Lakum min anfusikum azwājaw wa ja’ala Lakum min azwājikum banīna wa ḥafadataw wa razaqakum minaṭ-ṭayyibāt, a fa bil-bāṭili yu`minụna wa bini’matillāhi hum yakfurụn.
Meaning: “God made for you wives from your own kind and made for you from your wives, children and grandchildren, and gave you sustenance from the good. So why do they believe in falsehood and deny Allah’s favor?”
Sakinah Mawaddah Warahman can meet the needs of members. These needs start from peace of mind, peace, sustenance in the form of wealth, love, sexual relations with partners, honor, and of course other forms of worship that can be practiced in family charity.
The wife is the mission of the husband and vice versa. Because marriage in Islam is based on the name of Allah SWT. then building a house in Islam is not only the obligation of men and women but also the obligation of Allah. Households and families certainly have shocks and tests, but based on religious values, all of this can be overcome until the shocks are gone.
The sakinah mawadah warahmah family is more than just a goal, but a process to achieve more happiness in this world, the happiness in the hereafter.
Sinaumed’s this is an explanation of the meaning of sakinah mawadah warahmah along with the meaning, characteristics, and benefits in it. In building a family, I hope we all have a family that is sakinah, mawaddah, and warahmah.
- Procedure for Ablution
- Names of Angels and Their Duties
- Definition of Al-Quran and Hadith
- Definition of Morals
- Noble Qualities
- Honest Behavior in Islam
- Definition of Zakat
- Pillars of Hajj
- Understanding Faith In Angels
- Understanding Aurat
- List of 99 Asmaul Husna
- Zakat Fitrah and Zakat Mal
- Meaning of Tablighi
- Definition of Zakat Mal
- The Meaning of the Title Al-Amin Rasulullah SAW
- Definition of Faith in Language and Terms
If you want to learn about marriage in Islam to get a sakinah mawadah warahmah family, you can buy and read books available at sinaumedia. sinaumedia as #UnlimitedFriends has provided the books you might need. Come on, Sinaumed’s, buy the book now!
This book contains insights into the guidance of household life, to be guided by young people who are about to enter married life and married couples who are already living a household life. In this book, it is explained starting from the guide to choosing a life partner and entering into marriage.