Encyclopedia: Definition, History, Purpose, Benefits, and Recommendations!

The encyclopedia is – The life we ​​live cannot be separated from science. However, sometimes there are some people who do not know what science contains about any information, so it is difficult to understand this information and insight into various things is also reduced. The knowledge that exists around this consists of various fields, such as nature, technology, animals, plants, and many more.

Information in this science can not only add insight to someone, but can also increase one’s intelligence in a field. To explore a science can be done in various ways, such as through books through online media or even watching an event related to science.

In addition, this knowledge can be obtained from formal education or non-formal education. From wherever getting knowledge will not be a problem because it will increase one’s insight. In fact, it is even better if the knowledge that has been obtained can be conveyed to other people, so that more and more people have an open mind about science.

We can see things like that in a teacher who sincerely and sincerely teaches and educates his students so that one day they can become children who are useful for the homeland and the nation. Then, are you interested in becoming a teacher?

Therefore, it can be said that studying and understanding science will not bring any harm and even provide a lot of benefits, either for oneself or for others. So, from now on, never hesitate to explore a science and also give it to others.

For someone it may be difficult to know the science of a field. If just knowing it is difficult let alone to understand the science of a field. Therefore, in the world of science there is a term known as an encyclopedia.

With an encyclopedia, one can more easily understand the science of a field. Currently, there are already various kinds of encyclopedias, such as encyclopedias of animals, plants, and so on.

Then, what exactly is meant by an encyclopedia? You can find the answer in this article. Apart from that, this article will also discuss the purpose of encyclopedias and the benefits of encyclopedias. So, read this article to the end, Sinaumed’s.

Definition of Encyclopedia

The word “encyclopedia” is taken from the Greek, namely egkyklios paideia ( ἐγύοςπαία ) which means a complete circle or teaching. An encyclopedia (/enciklopédia/) is a number of writings that contain explanations that store information in a comprehensive and quickly understood and understood manner regarding an entire branch of science or specifically in a particular branch of science.

Encyclopedias are arranged in sections of articles with one topic of discussion in each article arranged alphabetically, category or volume of publication. In general, it is printed in the form of a series of books depending on the amount of material included.

This is in line with the meaning in the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), an encyclopedia is a reference work that contains information or descriptions of various matters in the field of science, usually arranged alphabetically.

Often encyclopedias are mixed in with dictionaries. This is because in the beginning, encyclopedias developed from dictionaries. The main difference between a dictionary and an encyclopedia is that a dictionary only gives definitions of each entry or entry from a linguistic point of view or only gives synonymous words.

Meanwhile, one encyclopedia provides more in-depth explanations than we are looking for. An encyclopedia attempts to explain each article as a phenomenon.

So, a dictionary is a list of words explained by other words. Meanwhile, an encyclopedia is a list of things that are sometimes equipped with pictures to explain something.

History Encyclopedia in Indonesia

1. The Classical Era

The oldest encyclopedia in Indonesia comes from the island of Java, that is, from the Javanese-Hindu culture and written in Old Javanese. This encyclopedia is called Cantaka Parwa and contains all kinds of science and mythological and epic stories. Most likely the Cantaka Parwa book was written in the 9th century AD.

In addition to Cantaka Parwa, the book Candra Kirana which is more or less from the same time, so it likes to be referred to as an encyclopedia as well. However, Canda Kirana actually shows more of the characteristics of a dictionary than an encyclopedia.

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Then, in the post-Hindu or Javanese Islamic period, between the 16th and 18th centuries, literary works appeared which were not meant to be encyclopedias, but were encyclopedic in nature. The books in question are the Fiber Centhini and the Fiber Cabolang.

The books contain stories of students who wander and study everywhere. In every place where he stopped, there he learned something new. These books could be volumes thick, so that at first it was thought that they were indeed a collection of works on all kinds of knowledge strung together into one.

Then, in the middle of the 19th century, the Surakarta poet; Ranggawarsita wrote a literary work called Pustaka Raja Purwa (“Book of Ancient Kings”). His book was very popular with the public at that time, and contained all kinds of stories about the history of ancient kings and other things.

The stories are written chronologically by Rangga Warsita. In fact, after Rangga Warsita did not continue this book, then this book was continued by his fans.

In 1898, an encyclopedic work was written in Surakarta by ki Padmasusastra (Wira Pustaka). This work is modern in nature, because all the materials discussed and included in the book are arranged alphabetically. Currently, the manuscript is stored in the Surakarta Radyapustaka Museum.

2. Contemporary Era

Indonesians who had received a Dutch colonial education began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to be attracted to the ideas and styles of thought of the West. Then, came the works that are encyclopedic in Indonesian. However, a complete encyclopedia in Indonesian only appeared in 1953, after Indonesia’s independence, namely the Indonesian Encyclopedia.

In the post-Independence era of Indonesia, especially today, what is famous, among others, is the Indonesian Encyclopedia which has been mentioned above. In addition, there is also the Indonesian National Encyclopedia which consists of 18 volumes.

Then, in the last decade of the 20th century, an encyclopedia based on Islam appeared and was called the Encyclopedia of Indonesian Islam. One of the authors of this latest encyclopedia is Nurcholish Madjid.

Encyclopedia on the Future

With the emergence of the digital information revolution, it also appears in the form of software where every entry or entry can be searched easily. An example of a digital form is Encarta, which is an encyclopedia released by Microsoft.

In 2001, a popular encyclopedia appeared on the internet, namely Wikipedia. Wikipedia seeks to write a complete encyclopedia in all languages ​​in the world and present it freely in cyberspace or online . This online encyclopedia  is presented in many languages, one of which is Indonesian.

Main Purpose of the Encyclopedia

Making the encyclopedia itself is not without reason, there must be a purpose. Here are the main purposes of the encyclopedia that you need to know.

1. Source of answer to fact question

Source of answer to fact question is a goal that aims to be a source of answers to questions that require facts and facts as well as data.

2. Source of background information

Source of background information is intended as a source of information that contains topics or basic knowledge that is related to a subject and is useful for further investigation.

3. Direction service

Direction service is a service of directing further materials for readers on the topics discussed. This direction service is generally highlighted in the form of a reading list/bibliography/references that are recommended to be read or studied and is found at the end of the article. That way, it will be easier for readers to find the terms they want to search for.

Benefits of the Encyclopedia

Encyclopedias have several benefits which of course will add to our knowledge of various things in a positive way. Here are some of the benefits you can get when reading an encyclopedia.

1. As a Means to Find Basic Information Regarding Various Issues

By reading the encyclopedia, you will know scientific information that has never been known. That way, it will be easier for you to find basic information without having to look for multiple sources. In fact, that basic information can make someone aware of a problem that is being searched for.

2. As a Preliminary Step to Conduct a Study on a Subject

When you read an encyclopedia, it becomes easier for you to start or make a study of a subject. With this encyclopedia, the meaning of a term or subject you are looking for will be easier to find and understand.

3. As a means to find out the truth of an information

The benefit that you can feel when reading an encyclopedia is that you will know the truth of some information. What’s more, the information obtained from the encyclopedia, can be used for research or also just to add insight.

Encyclopedia Book Recommendations at sinaumedia

Encyclopedia of Science

Science is one of the sciences that has existed for a long time, even this science will continue to experience development from time to time. With this science, we become aware of things that we did not know before. Therefore, Science has been taught since we took Elementary School (SD) education.

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Science itself is very diverse, so to find out more about science, an encyclopedia is needed, one of the right books is the Encyclopedia of Science. This book introduces all fields of science, from physics, chemistry, biology, information technology, earth sciences, astronomy, to new sciences, such as genetic engineering, nanotechnology, and telecommunications.

Junior Encyclopedia: The Environment

The life we ​​live cannot be separated from nature. What’s more, without this nature, it will be difficult for humans to grow or even have to end in death. In this case, the nature in question can be trees, weather, animals or animals, and much more. With nature, all living things can grow well.

Did you know that snails lay their eggs through a hole behind their grunts? It turns out that there are trees that are up to 4,000 years old, you know ! You can also predict the weather just by observing nature. Want to know how?

Through the book Junior Encyclopedia of the Environment. you can learn about animals. trees and flowers. weather. water cycle. and mountains. Come on. discover everything about nature through this book.

Encyclopedia of the Human Body

For some people, it might be confused about how each organ of the human body works and why the organs of the human body can just walk. Moreover, if there are organs in the human body that cannot work optimally, it can inhibit other organs in the body, so that it can reduce human health itself.

Therefore, we need to understand a little about the organs in the human body so that we can take good care of them. To study the organs of the human body can be done through books that are currently widely circulated.

One of the right books to study the organs of the human body is the Encyclopedia of the Human Body. This book is also equipped with hundreds of 3D illustrations that are second to none, enabling readers to study the human body parts in
detail.

Vividly illustrated analyzes are also used to describe abnormalities that commonly occur in parts of the human body. With the bonus of an Interactive DVD containing stunning animations that allow the reader to interact with every system in the human body.

Encyclopedia of Beautiful and Amazing Places: Wonderful World 2

Many people want to travel the world, see the most beautiful places, at home and abroad. The goal can be to add insight and experience, witness the various beauties and riches of nature that exist in various places, to want to capture unforgettable moments through memorable photographs.

However, sometimes all of these things cannot be achieved, so only dreams and hopes can only be achieved. You don’t need to worry because now we can find out about a place in another country through books about beautiful places in various countries.

One of the books that can be used as a reference for knowing places in the world is the Encyclopedia of Beautiful and Amazing Places: Wonderful World 2. This book contains places with very beautiful views, from the famous to the very hidden and rarely known. .

By reading this book, you will know the beautiful places in the world that are frequently visited. The beautiful places in this book include beautiful and stunning beaches, beautiful waterfalls, charming caves, enchanting lakes, to the world’s most beautiful natural wells.

Great Kids Encyclopedia: Animals (2019)

This world consists of various kinds of animals that we can meet in zoos or even in the wild. When children are invited to go to the zoo, they must be very happy because they can meet and see various kinds of animals, ranging from very large to small ones.

In addition, at the zoo, children can also find out which animals are dangerous and which animals are not. Therefore, the zoo can be regarded as a place to increase children’s knowledge of animals. That way, children will also learn to start loving animals.

It turns out that learning about animal knowledge does not have to come to the zoo first. This is because parents can teach their children about animals in this world through the book Great Children’s Encyclopedia: Animals (2019). In this book, you will get to know all kinds of animals, from those that live on land, sea, and air.

If Sinaumed’s has an interest in knowing more about encyclopedias , you can learn about them by reading references on the internet or books that you can only get at sinaumedia.com. To support Sinaumed’s in adding insight, sinaumedia always provides quality and original books so that Sinaumed’s has #MoreWithReading information.

Author: Pentarina