difference between a cv and cover letter

The Difference Between a CV and a Cover Letter: A Complete Guide

Job applications are not complete without a curriculum vitae (CV) and a cover letter. However, do you know the difference between these two documents? Both are crucial tools in landing a job, but they serve different purposes. In this article, we highlight the essential differences between the two.

CV vs. Cover letter Definition

A CV is a comprehensive document that contains an overview of your academic and professional background, including your education, work experience, and skills. On the other hand, a cover letter is a one-page document that highlights your suitability for a particular job position. It explains why you are the best candidate for the job, based on your qualifications, experience, and the employer’s requirements.

See also  Understanding Endometrial Function and Abnormalities That Can Arise

Length and Format

A CV is typically longer than a cover letter, ranging from two to four pages, while a cover letter is usually a single page. While a CV is detailed and offers a comprehensive overview of your professional history, a cover letter should be concise and direct. Both documents should be formatted appropriately, using a clean font and proper spacing.


The primary purpose of a CV is to showcase your qualifications, experience, and achievements, while a cover letter explains why you’re the best candidate for the job. The CV typically includes your education and work experience in a chronological order. Certifications, awards, and other accomplishments should also be included in your CV.

A cover letter, on the other hand, highlights your experience and qualifications for the specific job you’re applying for. It should be customized for every job application to address the employer’s requirement and explain how you fit in with the job requirements.

See also  Suharto Biography: 2nd President of Indonesia (New Order Era)


The content of a CV differs from a cover letter. A CV includes your academic, work, and volunteer experience, skills, certifications, awards, etc. It should highlight your career achievements, such as successful projects or promotions. On the other hand, a cover letter should include your relevant skills and experiences that are necessary for the job position you’re applying for.


In summary, a CV is a comprehensive document that outlines your professional history, while a cover letter is a one-page document that highlights your suitability for a job position. Both documents are crucial in landing a job, and they serve different purposes. As a job seeker, it is essential to understand the differences between a CV and a cover letter, to ensure you present yourself appropriately and increase your chances of securing your desired job.

Table difference between a cv and cover letter

CV vs Cover Letter

CV vs Cover Letter

CV Cover Letter
A summary of educational and professional history. A brief introduction to highlight your qualifications and interest in a specific job.
Includes a comprehensive list of skills and experiences. Emphasizes specific skills and experiences relevant to the job applied for.
Generally longer, around one to two pages. Shorter, around half to one page.
Provides an overview of your achievements and accomplishments. Conveys your personality, enthusiasm, and motivation for the job.
Commonly asked for in academic or research positions. Usually required for any job application.