difference between resume and curriculum vitae

Difference Between Resume And Curriculum Vitae

When it comes to job hunting, two of the most commonly used terms are “resume” and “curriculum vitae” (CV). Although both these terms refer to a document containing a person’s work history and qualifications, there are significant differences between them that job seekers need to be aware of.

Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: What’s the Difference?

A resume is a concise, one to two-page document summarizing a job seeker’s work experience, education, skills, and achievements. It is used mainly for job applications in industries such as marketing, sales, human resources, and finance. The primary goal of a resume is to impress the employer in the first 10-15 seconds and get invited for an interview.

On the other hand, a curriculum vitae (CV) is a comprehensive document that covers a person’s entire career and academic experience. A CV is usually longer than a resume (2-4 pages or even more) and provides an in-depth overview of a person’s background, including publications, awards, teaching experience, research projects, and more. A CV is typically used in the academic and scientific industries.

Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: Format

Resumes are typically structured using a chronological or functional format, depending on the needs of the job seeker. A chronological resume lists work experience in reverse-chronological order, with the most recent experience listed first. A functional resume, on the other hand, highlights skills and experience relevant to the job, regardless of the time frame.

See also  Quantum Physics: Understanding and 5 Interesting Facts

In contrast, the format of a CV tends to be more standardized, with the sections organized in a specific order. The usual sections of a CV include personal information, education, work experience, publications, awards, and references.

Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: Length

As mentioned earlier, resumes are usually one or two pages in length. This short length allows job seekers to highlight only the most relevant information to the position they’re applying for. It also saves hiring managers time and effort by quickly showing if the applicant meets the required qualifications.

CVs, on the other hand, can be several pages long, depending on the experience and accomplishments of the job seeker. Since a CV is more comprehensive, it provides a detailed summary of a person’s professional background and education.

Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: Purpose

The primary purpose of a resume is to land an interview. Job seekers use it to introduce themselves to potential employers and present their qualifications in a concise and impactful manner. A well-crafted resume can get job seekers past the initial screening process and into the interview stage.

The purpose of a CV is to showcase a person’s academic and professional achievements. It is used mainly in the academic, research, and scientific industries to apply for grants, fellowships, tenure track positions, or other academic appointments.

See also  difference between velocity and speed


In summary, while both resumes and CVs share some similarities in the information they relay, they differ significantly in their purpose, format, length, and industry usage. It’s crucial for job seekers to understand these differences and choose the appropriate document to showcase their professional and academic achievements to potential employers or academic institutions.

Table difference between resume and curriculum vitae

Here’s an HTML table comparing a resume and curriculum vitae (CV):

Resume Curriculum Vitae (CV)
One to two pages long Can be several pages long
Focuses on skills and experience relevant to a specific job Comprehensive and includes all work and academic experience
Typically tailored to a specific job or industry Does not need to be tailored, as it covers all experience
Can include a career objective or summary Usually includes personal statement, education, research experience, and publications
May include brief descriptions of work history Includes in-depth descriptions of work history and academic achievements
Emphasis on accomplishments and results-oriented language Emphasis on academic and research accomplishments
Can be used for multiple job applications Usually only used for academic or research positions
Effective for showcasing skills and experiences directly related to the job opening Effective for demonstrating a full scope of academic and research experience