difference between resume and cover letter

Difference between Resume and Cover Letter

In the process of job applications, job seekers are required to provide a resume and a cover letter. Although they serve the same purpose of presenting your qualifications and experience to potential employers, they have different objectives and roles in applying for a job.


A resume is a document that summarizes your employment history, education, and skills. It is a tool used to persuade employers to invite you for an interview by highlighting your qualifications and strengths.

A good resume provides a clear and concise overview of your career progress and achievements. It should include your contact information, a professional summary, work experience, education, skills, and achievements. The format of your resume should be easy to read, visually appealing, and tailored to the job you’re applying for.

Cover Letter

A cover letter is a document that accompanies your resume when you apply for a job. It is a tool used to grab the employer’s attention and convince them to read your resume.

A good cover letter provides an introduction to your qualifications and is tailored to the job you’re applying for. It should explain why you’re interested in the job, how your particular skills and experience qualify you for the job, and express your enthusiasm for the position. It should demonstrate your knowledge of the company and show that you’ve done your research.

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The Difference

The main difference between a resume and a cover letter is that a resume is a formal document that provides a summary of your qualifications, while a cover letter is more conversational and highlights your interest in the job and your fit for the position.

Your resume is a comprehensive overview of your employment history and qualifications, while your cover letter explains why you’re interested in the job and how your skills and experience qualify you for the position.

In conclusion, your resume and your cover letter are both essential tools in the job application process. While they may share some similarities, their objectives and roles are different. It’s important to make sure both documents are tailored to the job you’re applying for and showcase your skills and experience in the best possible light.

Table difference between resume and cover letter

Resume Cover Letter
Definition A summary of a person’s education, skills, work experience, and achievements. A letter written to accompany a resume, explaining why the applicant is interested in the job and what skills they possess that make them a good fit for the position.
Purpose To provide a potential employer with a concise overview of the applicant’s qualifications and work experience. To introduce the applicant and their relevant experience and skills to a potential employer and explain why they are the right candidate for the job.
Content Personal information, Education, Work experience, Skills, Achievements, Awards, Certifications or licenses, Relevant activities and interests. Salutation, Introduction, Reasons for applying, Relevant experience and skills, Knowledge of the company, Conclusion, Closing.
Length 1-2 pages 1 page
Tone Professional, factual, and informative. Professional, conversational, and persuasive.
Format Ordered presentation of information using bullet points and section headers. Formatted as a business letter, including the address of the company and the date, and using a formal tone.