Adverbial Clause: Example Sentences, Formulas & Practice Problems

Sinaumed’s, adverbial clauses or often also known as adverb clauses are included in dependent clauses (clauses, clauses that cannot stand alone).

The presence of this clause then makes a sentence into a complex sentence. While its function is as an adverb in independent clauses (clauses that can stand alone or as main sentences). Check out a more complete explanation of the adverbial clause below:


Definition of adverbial clauses

Adverbial clauses are clauses that function as adverbs and are used to explain adjectives, verbs and adverbs in a complex sentence or even all independent clauses. Adverbial clauses also act as dependent clauses, while what is explained later will function as independent clauses.

Adverb also functions as one of the Parts of Speech whose role is to explain adjectives, verbs or other adverbs in one sentence. The adverb then provides additional information about how an activity or event occurs.

In general, adverbs play a role in answering various questions “Why”, “How”, “When”, “Where”. Adverb also consists of a word, it can be present in the form of a clause. Examples on:

  • She Run Slowly means He Runs Slow
  • She Run Like and Old Man means He Runs Like an Old Woman

The adverb above then provides a more detailed description and explains how someone runs. The first sentence functions as an adverb while in the second sentence the clause acts as an adverb. In using adverbs well, Sinaumed’s also has to practice English vocabulary well using the Smart Picture Dictionary of English.

Clause as a group of words that contain a subject and a verb, this is what then distinguishes it from a phrase or phrase that does not have a subject and a verb. Below is an example:

  • He Run As If He Were Heading To The Heaven means He Runs Slow
  • He Run Like And Old Man. He Runs Like an Old Man

In the first example, “If He Were Heading To The Heaven” contains a subject and a verb, therefore it is also known as an adverbial clause. While in the second sentence, “Like And Old Man” does not contain a subject and a verb, therefore the example above is an Adverb Phrase. Clause itself can be in the form of Sub Clause and Main Clause in some literature it is also called Independent Clause and Dependent Clause.


Examples of Adverbial Clause Sentences

Adverb clauses can be in the form of a sentence or word consisting of a verb and a subject which then functions as a complement in a sentence. Often an adverb plays an important role in a sentence, its role is to explain various important things that support an event, such as where it happened, why it happened, how big the influence of the event was and how it happened then. Sentences and words used in adverb clauses also vary and have various influences on sentences. Here are some examples of sentences that use adverb clauses:

  • My son can swim in the pool as long as I give him the sun-block lotion.
  • No matter how many times I try to stop this addiction, I just can’t get over the cigarettes. Meaning: No matter how much I try to kick this addiction, I just can’t quit smoking.
  • I think this is the last time you will see him. He’s going to Spain tomorrow, as far as I know. (I think now is the last time you can see him. Because he is going to Spain tomorrow, as far as I know.)
  • He ran the race as though his life depended on it. (He ran the race as if his life depended on it.)
  • Since she will not come for at least 20 minutes from now, I will go and look for food before. (Since he won’t be coming in at least 20 minutes from now, I’ll go out and get some food before he gets back.)
  • In order for you to have that ticket, you should go to the theater much faster than the others. (In order to get those tickets, you have to get to the theater faster than everyone else.)
  • I think she’s going crazy because she loves him so much. (I think he’d go crazy for loving her too much.)
  • She likes the car her husband just bought more than her husband does. (She liked the car her husband bought her more than he liked the car.)
  • Once you tell him the truth, I think he will panic and will not talk to you for a long time. (Once you tell him the truth, I think he will freak out and won’t talk to you for a long time.)
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Sinaumed’s can also hone your English writing grammar by reading the Excellent Grammar Book which provides various words, important terms, and how to use them.


Adverbial Clause Formula

In general, the adverbial clause pattern is the conjunction + S + V. Then the conjunction used will determine its function in a sentence, whether as a description of time, manner, destination, place, and so on. The relation is in its placement in the sentence, adverbial clauses can be positioned at the beginning, end or even in the middle of the sentence (informal and rarely). Here are some adverbial clause functions that you need to know:

Adverbs of Time

Adverb of time is an adverbial clause which states a description of time about how often an event occurs and when an event occurs. Position of Adverb of Time: Adverb of Time is usually at the Beginning, and the Middle of the Sentence. The adverb of time is usually preceded by one of these subordinating conjunctions:

  • After: After
  • Before: Before
  • When: When
  • As Soon As : Immediately After
  • As Long As: As long as
  • So Long As : As long as
  • Whenever: Whenever
  • As/Once/Now That : When
  • Since : Since
  • Until, Till: Until

Examples of Adverbs of Time Sentences

  • After The Final Exam Has Finished, The Students Go Into The Main Hall. (After the Examination Completed, Students then Entered the Main Hall).
  • When We Were Young, We Were Full of Energy. (When We Are Young, We Are Full Of Energy).
  • His Mom Turns Off The Television When They Are Going To Sleep. (His Mother Turns Off The Television As They Go To Bed).

Learn how to pronounce the various adverbs above to make it easier for you to read through the English Pocket Dictionary (2021), which is accompanied by thousands of entries, grammar, and much more.


Adverb of Place

Adverb of Place is an adverbial clause that states the location where an event then occurs. The position of the adverb of place is at the beginning and end of the sentence. These adverbial clauses are generally followed by prepositions such as In, On, Near or one of the following subordinating conjunctions:

  • Where Where
  • Wherever Everywhere


Examples of Adverb of Place Sentences

  • He Will Work Wherever He Is Sent By His Company. (He Will Work Wherever He Is Sent by the Company).
  • I Will Love You Wherever You Are. (I Will Love You Wherever You Are).
  • They Sat Wherever They Could Find Empty Seats. (They Sit Wherever They Find an Empty Chair).


Adverbs of Purpose

Adverb of Purpose is an adverbial clause that states a purpose, adverb of purpose consists of two kinds, namely positive and negative adverbial clauses of purpose. In the positive pattern, the subordinating conjunction used includes:

  • In Order That Order / In Order
  • So That Agar / So
  • In The Hope That So / In Order / With Hope
  • To The End That Agar / So
  • For The Purpose That In Order / In Order / With Purpose

Then the adverb of purpose also has modals such as may (permission), can (ability), will (willingness). Examples of Positive Adverb of Purpose Sentences:

  • He Is Saving Her Money So That She Can Take a Vacation to Lombok. (He’s saving his money so he can take a vacation to Lombok).
  • They Went To The Cinema In Order That They Might Buy The Best Seats. (They Go To The Movies So They Can Buy The Best Seats).


Adverb of Reason

Adverb of Reason is an adverb that plays a role in stating the reason for an event. The adverb of Reason is also followed by a subordinating conjunction which is placed at the beginning, middle or end of the sentence, such as:

  • Just / Only Because Just Because
  • Since
  • Now That Cause / Because
  • In That Because
  • In The Respect That Because
  • To The Extent That Due
  • All The More That Due
  • As Because
  • Because

Examples of Adverb of Reason Sentences

  • She Came to Very Few of Meetings, Not Because She Thought They Were Unimportant, But Because She Had Much Work To Do. (He only comes to a few meetings, not because he thinks they aren’t important, but because he has a lot of work to do).
  • Since She Could Not Take Her Son With Her, She Decided Not To Go To The Conference.

Adverbs of Contrast

Adverb of Contrast is an adverb that expresses contradiction. This adverbial clause is generally followed by a subordinating conjunction and is located at the beginning or at the end of the sentence using a comma, for example:

  • When Temporary
  • While While
  • Where Temporary
  • EvenThough
  • Although Although
  • Though Even though (informal)
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Adverbs of contrast examples

  • While Yayan is very popular in the class, her sister makes very few friends. (While Yayan is very popular in class, his brother has very few friends).
  • Some websites have many advertisement spots, while others are none at all. (Some websites have lots of ad spots, whereas other websites don’t at all).


Adverb of Results

Adverb of Result is an adverb that expresses results. This adverbial clause is generally followed by a subordinating conjunction such as:

  • So That So
  • With The Result That So
  • So Much So That So
  • But That So
  • By That So
  • That’s it

The adverb of result is usually located at the end of the sentence.

Examples of Adverb Sentences of Result, among others

  • They spent their vacation at the beach, so when they came home their skin was quite tan. (They spend time on vacation at the beach, so when they come home their skin becomes very brown).
  • She Made Some Very Bad Investments In The Stock Market, With The Result That Lost Her Entire Fortune. (He made several bad investments in the stock market, thus losing all of his wealth).

Adverbs of Conditions

The adverb of condition is an adverb that also functions as a condition for an idea or ideas to have an impact. Adverb of condition is part of Conditional Sentence. The position of the adverb of condition is generally at the beginning or end of the sentence. Conjunction Adverb of Condition, including:

  • If If / When
  • On Condition That If / When
  • As Long As If / If
  • So Long As If / When
  • If Only If / When
  • Whether… or… If… Or..
  • Provided That If/When
  • Providing That If/When
  • Suppose That If / If
  • Even If If / When
  • Unless / If
  • Event That If/When
  • In Case If / When
  • Supposing That If/When

Examples of Adverb of Condition Sentences

  • If Lisnah Meets Diana Tomorrow, She Will Be Happy. (If Lisnah Meets Diana Tomorrow, She Will Feel Happy).
  • If You Need Me, Please Let Me Know. (If You Need Me, Please Let Me Know).

After reading and understanding the material regarding this adverbial clause. To check your understanding ability, do adverbial clause questions. Find various questions in the book 300+ English Questions Prediction of UNBK and USBN SMA/MA 2019.

Adverbial Clause Problem Practice

  1. I should run so______
  2. Please go to Bali____
  3. I worry with you all Mika_____enjoys cooking
  4. I______love you so much
  5. I will______wait for you here
  6. We_____come school late
  7. _____ he will come school late
  8. I will meet my father this____________before 9 pm
  9. They _______ come to my house so I meet them everyday
  10. I will cook a cookie_____________before 7 am
  11. She walks as _______ as turtle
  12. He read very_________
  13. they walk so________
  14. She came to___________
  15. My broken glass ________
  16. I will come later please call me later, I am studying_____________
  17. I will call you__________
  18. I met him in a school___________
  19. That boy smiles in_____________
  20. I_________ agree with you
  21. They________disagree with us
  22. The room is good__________
  23. For me you should speak_______ with your boss
  24. Please meet me later, I am eating_________
  25. He kisses me__________
  26. She________loves you
  27. _________ She doesn’t love me anymore
  28. We_______ love our parents so much
  29. You should do this so________because I need it before 9 am
  30. Please walk________it’s wet here


Adverbial Clause Answer Key

  1. The answer to Question no.1 is Fast
  2. The answer to Question no.2 is Carefully
  3. The answer to Question no.3 is Really
  4. The answer to Question no.4 is Really
  5. The answer to Question no.5 is Always
  6. The answer to Question no.6 is Maybe
  7. The answer to Question no.7 is Maybe
  8. The answer to Question no.8 is Afternoon
  9. The answer to Question no.9 is Often
  10. The answer to Question no.10 is This morning
  11. The answer to Question no.11 is Slowly
  12. The answer to Question no.12 is Fast
  13. The answer to Question no.13 is Quickly
  14. The answer to Question no.14 is Fix
  15. The answer to Question no.15 is Maybe
  16. The answer to Question no.16 is Now
  17. The answer to Question no.17 is Letter
  18. The answer to Question no.18 is Yesterday
  19. The answer to Question no.19 is the Friendly way
  20. The answer to Question no.20 is Completely
  21. The answer to Question no.21 is Completely
  22. The answer to Question no.22 is Enough
  23. The answer to Question no.23 is Politely
  24. The answer to Question no.24 is Now
  25. The answer to Question no.25 is Today
  26. The answer to Question no.26 is Really
  27. The answer to Question no.27 is Maybe
  28. The answer to Question no.28 is Really
  29. The answer to Question no.29 is Fast
  30. The answer to Question no.30 is Carefully

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