Understanding Prayer Entering the Mosque Adab Entering the Mosque

Prayers entering the mosque – We must accustom children to worship, and don’t forget to teach children various daily prayers, one of which is the prayer to enter the mosque when going to pray at the mosque. Moreover, boys who actually have to perform congregational prayers at the mosque.

This is because the mosque is not only a place for worship, but also a place for conducting studies, reading the Koran, and as a place for various religious activities in our society.

Then, how do we teach prayer to enter the mosque to children? What are the manners and virtues of going to the mosque? Check out the explanation below until it’s finished.

 

Adab-Adab Going to the Mosque

What are the manners that must be considered when going to the mosque? Here are some manners of going to the mosque:

1. Ablution From Home

When you want to go to the mosque, try to be in a state of ablution from home.

Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu anhu narrated, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

مَنْ تَطَهَّرَ فِى بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ مَشَى إِلَى بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوتِ اللَّهِ لِيَقْضِىَ فَرِيضَةً مِنْ فَرَائِضِ اللَّهِ كَانَتْ خَطْوَتَاهُ إِحْدَاهُمَا تَحُطُّ خَطِيئَةً وَالأُخْرَى تَرْفَعُ دَرَجَةً

“Whoever purifies himself in his house, then he walks to one of Allah’s houses to fulfill the obligations that Allah obliges him to, then one step of his foot will erase his mistakes and another step will elevate his degree.” [HR. Muslim No. 666].

2. Stay Away From Bad Smells

Then, when you want to go to the mosque, stay away from bad odors on your body and mouth. Like cigarettes, bad breath from jengkol, petai, onions, or the like.

Ibn ‘Umar radhiyallahu anhu narrated, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said,

مَنْ أَكَلَ مِنْ هَذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ – يَعْنِى الثُّومَ – فَلاَ يَقْرَبَنَّ مَسْجِدَنَا

“Whoever eats this plant (namely onions), then let him not approach our mosque.” [HR. Muslim No. 561 and Bukhari No. 853].

3. Wear Fragrances

When going to the mosque, it is recommended to beautify yourself (wear nice clothes), and it is also recommended to wear perfume, especially for men. As explained in the verse:

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِنْدَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ

“O son of Adam, wear your beautiful clothes in every (entering) the mosque.” [QS. Al-A’raf : 31].

Then there is a hadith of ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud mentioning that someone said,

Amen.

“There is someone who likes to wear nice clothes and nice sandals.” The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam then said, “Indeed, Allah is Jamil (Beautiful) loves everything that is beautiful.” [HR. Muslim No. 91].

Meanwhile, women are prohibited from wearing fragrances when going to the mosque, and may not decorate themselves excessively (grooming) when leaving the house. This prohibition is contained in the verse:

وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا

“And let them not show their ornaments, except what (ordinary) appears thereof.” [QS. An-Nur : 31].

4. Reading Prayers When Leaving the House

Furthermore, we must also read a prayer before leaving the house. Anas bin Malik radhiyallahu’anhu narrated, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

إِذَا خَرَجَ الرَّجُلُ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ قَالَ « يُقَالُ حِينَئِذٍ هُدِيتَ وَكُفِيتَ وَوُقِيتَ فَتَتَنَحَّى لَهُ الشَّيَاطِينُ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ شَيْطَانٌ آخَرُ كَيْفَ لَكَ بِرَجُلٍ قَدْ هُدِىَ وَكُفِىَ وَوُقِىَ».

“If someone leaves the house, then he says “Bismillahi Tawakkaltu ‘alallah, Laa Hawla Wa Laa Quwwata Illa Billah” (meaning: In the name of Allah, I put my trust in Allah, there is no power and strength except with Him), then it is said at that time : “You will be guided, fulfilled and guarded”. Satan will turn away from him. Another demon will say: “How can you bother someone who has guidance, sufficiency and care?” [HR. Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi].

5. Can’t Interrupt Fingers

The next adab is not to interject your fingers when going to the mosque until you finish praying. It was narrated by Ka’ab bin ‘Ujrah radhiyallahu’anhu, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُو especially ثُمَّ خَرَجَ عَامِدky

“If one of you performs ablution, then performs his ablution, then goes out to the mosque on purpose, then he should not intertwine his fingers because he is already in prayer.” [HR. Tirmidhi No. 386, Abu Dawud No. 562, Ibn Majah No. 967].

6. The road to the mosque is calm and not in a hurry

The next adab is to walk to the mosque calmly and not in a hurry even though it’s late. Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu’anhu narrated, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

إِذَا سَمِعْتُمُ الإِقَامَةَ فَامْشُوا إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ ، وَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالسَّكِينَةِ وَالْوَقَارِ وَلاَ تُسْرِعُوا ، فَمَا أَدْرَكْتُمْ فَصَلُّوا وَمَا فَاتَكُمْ فَأَتِمُّوا

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“If you hear iqomah, then walk towards prayer. But stay calm and solemn towards prayer, don’t be in a hurry. Whatever you get from the priest, then follow it. As for what you miss, then perfect it.” [HR. Muslim No. 602 and Bukhari No. 636].

7. Reading prayers on the way to the mosque

When on the way to the mosque, we should read the following prayer:

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِى قَلْبِى نُورًا وَاجْعَلْ فِى لِسَانِى نُورًا وَاجْعَلْ فِى سَمْعِى نُورًا وَاجْعَلْ فِى بَصَرِى نُورًا وَاجْعَلْ خَلْفِى نُورًا وَأَمَامِى نُورًا وَاجْعَلْ مِنْ فَوْقِى نُورًا وَمِنْ تَحْتِى نُورًا اللَّهُمَّ وَأَعْظِمْ لِى نُورًا

Meaning: “O Allah, give light to my heart, my tongue, my hearing, my sight, behind me, in front of me, above me and below me. O Allah, give me light.” [HR. Abu Dawud No. 1353].

8. Enter the Mosque Prioritizing the Right Foot and Saying Greetings

When you arrive at the mosque, put your right foot first, and give greetings so that people around you can hear them. Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu’anhu narrated, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ “لاَ تَدْخُلُوا الجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُؤْمِنُوا وَلا تُؤْمِنُوا حَتىَّ تحَابُّوا، أَوَلاَ أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَى شَئٍ إِذَا فَعَلْتُمُوهُ تَحاَبَبْتُمْ؟ أَفْشُوا السَّلاَم بَيْنَكُم” رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ.

“You will not enter paradise until you believe. And you are not called believers until you love one another. Shall I show you something that if you did, you would love each other? Spread greetings among you.” [HR. Muslim No. 54].

9. Working on the Sunnah Tahiyatul Mosque Prayer

Then, it is recommended to do the Sunnah Tahiyatul Mosque prayer two cycles. From Abu Qatadah radhiyallahu’anhu, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

Amen

“If one of you enters the mosque, then he should not immediately sit down until he has prayed two cycles of prayer.” [HR. Muslim No. 714, Bukhari No. 444].

10. Selecting the First Shaf

It is advisable to choose the first row for men, if possible, choose the row on the right.

From Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu’anhu, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

لَوْ يَعْلَمُ النَّاسُ مَا فِي النِّدَاءِ وَالصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ ، ث ث لَمْ يَجِدُوا

“If people knew the reward of the call to prayer and the first row, then they didn’t get it except by holding lots, they would definitely do it.” [Muttafaqun ‘alaih. HR. Muslim No. 437, Bukhari No. 615].

11. Sit Facing Qibla and Increase Prayer

After completing the sunnah tahiyatul prayer at the mosque, you should sit quietly and face the Qibla. Can fill the time by:

  • Reciting Al-Qur’an
  • Reading Dhikr and Istighfar
  • Increase Prayer, because the prayer that is said between the Adhan and Iqamah is an efficacious prayer.

Anas bin Malik radhiyallahu’anhu narrated, that Rasulullah shallallahu’alaihi wasallam said:

Amen

“Indeed, a prayer that is not rejected is a prayer between the call to prayer and iqamah, so pray (at that time).” [HR. Ahmad 3 : 155].

12. Don’t Disturb Others

Someone who is waiting for prayer will always receive prayers from angels, and is considered as being in prayer. So it’s best to sit quietly and not disturb others. Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

لاَ يَزَالُ أَحَدُكُمْ فِى صَلاَةٍ مَا دَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ تَحْب above

“One of you is considered to be continuously in prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer in which the prayer keeps him from going home. There is nothing holding him back from going home to his family except prayer.” [HR. Muslim No. 649, Bukhari No. 659].

13. It is not permissible to pray the sunnah when the Iqamah is resounding

Then, no more prayers are performed when the Iqamah has been pronounced. Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

إِذَا أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَلَا صَلَاةَ إِلَّا الْمَكْتُوبَةُ

“If the iqamah has been announced, then there is no prayer except the obligatory prayer.” [HR. Muslim No. 710].

This word means that it is not permissible to start sunnah prayers when the iqamah has been announced. However, if someone has started it before iqomah, then when iqomah, he is already in the second cycle, then the sunnah prayer will continue until the greeting. The application of this principle is as expressed by Ibn Nuzaim in Al-Asybah wa An-Nazhair, he said;

البَقَاءُ أَسْهَلُ مِنَ الإِبْتِدَاءِ

“Staying (continuing) is easier than starting.”

  1. Not allowed to leave the mosque unless there is a need 

When you are in the mosque, you should not go out of the mosque unless there is a really important event. A hadith states,

مَنْ أَدْرَكَهُ الْأَذَانُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ ثُمَّ Previous

“Whoever finds the call to prayer in the mosque, then leaves (and his exit is not due to a need, and he does not intend to return to the mosque) then he is a hypocrite.” [HR. Ibn Majah No. 606].

  1. Exit the Mosque With Left Foot and Read Prayers 

When you have finished praying and are about to go home, it is sunnah to leave the mosque by putting your left foot first, then reading the prayer outside the mosque. Prayers entering the mosque, and prayers leaving the mosque will be discussed in the review below.

 

The Virtue of Performing Prayers in the Mosque 

Why are some Muslims, especially men, reluctant to pray in the mosque? Even though praying at the mosque is more important than praying at home. Because, there are many virtues, even the rewards are up to 27 times greater. What are the virtues of praying in the mosque?

1. Every step of walking to the mosque will be counted as charity.

In a hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

وَكُلُّ خَطْوَةٍ تَمْشِيهَا إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ صَدَقَةٌ

“Every step taken to perform the prayer is a charity.” [HR. Muslim No. 1009].

Syaikhul Al-Utsaimin in Syarh Al-Arba’in An-Nawawiyah explained, “Every footstep towards prayer is a charity, both far and near.”

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2. Every Footstep Towards the Place of Prayer is Recorded as Goodness.

Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu’anhu narrated, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

كُلُّ خُطْوَةٍ يَخْطُوهَا إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ يُكْتَبُ لَهُ بِهَا حَسَنَةٌ وَيُمْحَى عَنْهُ بِهَا بِهَا سَيَةٌ

“Every step towards the place of prayer will be recorded as good and will erase the bad.” [HR. Ahmad 2 : 283].

3. Going to the Mosque Gets Two Priorities.

Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said:

مَنْ تَطَهَّرَ فِى بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ مَشَى إِلَى بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوتِ اللَّهِ لِيَقْضِىَ فَرِيضَةً مِنْ فَرَائِضِ اللَّهِ كَانَتْ خَطْوَتَاهُ إِحْدَاهُمَا تَحُطُّ خَطِيئَةً وَالأُخْرَى تَرْفَعُ دَرَجَةً

“Whoever purifies himself in his house and then walks towards one of the houses of Allah (namely the mosque) to fulfill the obligations that Allah has made obligatory, then one of his steps will erase sins and other footsteps will elevate his rank.” [HR. Muslim No. 666].

So, someone who goes to the mosque will get two virtues, that is, his sins will be erased, and his degree will be exalted.

4. Returning from the mosque will be recorded (same) as leaving.

Narrated in a hadith below:

عَنْ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ قَالَ كَانَ رَجُلٌ لاَ أَعْلَمُ رَجُلاً أَبْعَدَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ مِنْهُ وَكَانَ لاَ تُخْطِئُهُ صَلاَةٌ – قَالَ – فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَوْ قُلْتُ لَهُ لَوِ اشْتَرَيْتَ حِمَارًا تَرْكَبُهُ فِى الظَّلْمَاءِ وَفِى الرَّمْضَاءِ . قَالَ مَا يَسُرُّنِى أَنَّ مَنْزِلِى إِلَى جَنْبِ الْمَسْجِدِ إِنِّى أُرِيدُ أَنْ يُكْتَبَ لِى مَمْشَاىَ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ وَرُجُوعِى إِذَا رَجَعْتُ إِلَى أَهْلِى. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- « قَدْ جَمَعَ اللَّهُ لَكَ ذَلِكَ كُلَّهُ »

“There used to be someone I didn’t know anyone who was far away from the mosque besides him. But he never missed prayer. Then someone said to him or I said to him myself, “How about you buy a donkey to ride when it’s dark and when the ground is hot.” The person then replied, “I’m not happy if my house is next to the mosque. I want it to be recorded for me my steps towards the mosque and my steps when I go back to my family.” Then, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said, “Indeed Allah has recorded for you all”. [HR. Muslim No. 663].

 

Prayer Entering the Mosque 

When we are going to enter the mosque, then there is a prayer that we must say. Which, in the prayer there are praise and blessings for the Messenger of Allah and his family. In addition, the prayer certainly contains a request to receive the Grace and protection of Allah Ta’ala and to have all sins forgiven.

When going to enter the mosque, it is sunnah with the right foot first, then read the following prayer:

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِى ذُنُوبِى وَافْتَحْ لَِا أَبَِ

“Bismillah Wassalaamu ‘ala Rosulillah. Allohummaghfir Lii Dzunuubi Waftahlii Abwaaba Rohmatik”

Meaning: “In the name of Allah and greetings on the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, forgive my sins and open to me the door of Your mercy.

[HR. Tirmidhi No. 314 and Ibn Majah No. 771].

Prayer Exit the Mosque

Conversely, when going out of the mosque, it is sunnah with the left foot first, then read the following prayer:

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِى ذُنُوبِى وَافْتَحْ لَِاْ أَبَِ

“Bismillah Wassalaamu ‘ala Rosulillah. Allahummaghfir Lii Dzunuubi Waftahlii Abwabaa Fadhlik”

Meaning: “In the name of Allah and greetings on the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, forgive my sins and open to me the door of Your grace.

[HR. Ibn Majah, no. 771 and Tirmidhi, no. 314].

The Virtue of Reading Prayers Entering and Exiting the Mosque

There are several virtues in reading prayers entering the mosque and prayers leaving the mosque, namely:

1. Get used to good manners

The mosque is the noble house of Allah, and it is a place that must be kept pure and clean, so by getting used to good manners when going to the mosque, it will also become a good habit in everyday life and will be recorded as a reward.

2. Get Prayers From Angels

The Prophet sallallaahu’alaihi wasallam said:

فَإِذَا دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ كَانَ فيِ الصَّلاَةِ مَاكَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ تَحْبِسُهُ واْلمَلاَئِكَةُ يُصَلُّوْنَ عَلىَ أَحَدِكُمْ مَادَامَ فِي مَجْلِسِهِ الَّذِي صَلىَّ فِيْهِ يَقُوْلُوْنَ: اَللّهُمَّ ارْحَمْهُ الّلهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ مَا لَمْ يُؤْذِ فِيْهِ مَا لَمْ يُحْدِثْ

Meaning: “When someone enters the mosque, then he is counted as being in prayer as long as the prayer is holding him (in the mosque), and the angels pray to one of you as long as he is in his place of prayer; They said, “O Allah, pour out mercy on him, O Allah, forgive him as long as he does not hurt others and does not have reason.” [HR. Bukhari and Muslim].

3. Get Shade from Allah on the Day of Resurrection

In a hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu’alaihi wasallam said:

يظلهم الله تعالى في ظل عرشه يوم لا ظل إلا ظله : شاب نشأ في عبادة الله تعالى ، وإمام مقسط ، ورجل دعته امرأة حسناء ذات حسب إلى نفسها فقال : إني أخاف الله رب العالمين ، ورجل أخفى يمينه عن شماله صدقته ، ورجل قلبه متعلق في مساجد Allah تعالى ، ورجلان تواخيا في الله ثم افترقا على ذلك » ( الطحاوى )

Meaning: “There are seven groups of people who will be shaded by Allah in the shade of His Throne on a day when there is no shade other than Allah’s shade, namely: (1) A young man who grew up in the worship of Allah, (2) A just and honest leader, (3) A man who is invited to have an affair by a beautiful and high-ranking woman, then he says “I fear Allah” (4) Someone who keeps the alms given by his right hand to his left hand a secret, (5) Someone whose heart is always moored in Allah’s mosques, (6) and (7) Two people who each intended to establish brotherhood for Allah’s sake, then in such circumstances they separated. [HR. Thahawi].

Such is the explanation regarding the etiquette of going to the mosque, which should be carried out by all Muslims, praying to enter the mosque, and the virtues contained therein. May Allah ta’ala give taufik, so that we can regularly pray in congregation at the mosque, especially for men.

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Author: Veronika Novi

Reference:

  • https://www.orami.co.id/magazine/doa-entry-masjid
  • https://jabar.tribunnews.com/2019/03/25/doa-entry-dan-keluar-masjid-lengkap-arab-dan-latin-memohon-dibukakan-door-rahmat
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