Types and Benefits of Herbal Medicine and Their Explanations

Jamu is the name for traditional medicine from Indonesia. Recently it has been popularly known as herbs or herbs. Herbal medicine is made from natural ingredients in the form of parts of plants, such as rhizomes (roots), leaves, bark, and fruit. Some also use materials from animal bodies, such as goat bile, snake bile, or crocodile tangkur.

Often free-range chicken egg yolk is also used as an additional mixture for herbal medicine. To make Jamu Gendong, Sinaumed’s can read the book Healthy With Javanese Jamu Carry below.

The Origin of Herbal Medicine

Jamu is a term that comes from the Javanese language, precisely in 16 AD. The word Jamu comes from two words, namely “Djampi” and “Oesodo” which means medicine, prayer, and also means a magical formula. Jamu first appeared during the Mataram Kingdom or around 1300 years ago. The existence of herbal medicine since ancient times can be seen from some historical evidence such as the reliefs on the Borobudur temple. The reliefs of the Borobudur Temple made by the Hindu-Buddhist Kingdom in 772 AD illustrate the habit of concocting and drinking herbal medicine to maintain health.

Other historical evidence is the discovery of the Madhawapura inscription from the relics of the Hindu-Majapahit kingdom which mentions the existence of a profession ‘medicinal concoctionist’ called Caraki. The discovery of Lontar Usada in Bali which was written in ancient Javanese telling about the use of herbal medicine is also evidence of the existence of herbal medicine since ancient times. The spread of herbal medicine consumption in society is influenced by the number of botanists who publish writings on the variety and benefits of plants for treatment.

As one of them, where herbal medicine has become an icon of culture representing the life of the people of Nguter Village, Sukoharjo, Solo. The people there really support efforts to preserve herbal medicine as a form of wisdom that Sinaumed’s can learn from the book Herbal Medicine as Part of the Local Wisdom of Nguter Village.

Herbal Medicine as an Alternative Treatment

In Indonesia, some people believe in herbal medicine as an alternative treatment using herbal medicines because they are considered natural, so they are free of unwanted side effects. Most people consume herbal medicine to maintain their health, maintain the beauty of the body, supplements to increase energy and passion for life. Jamu which consists of medicinal plants gives a slow but remedial effect compared to chemical drugs which give a fast effect and have side effects. Therefore, jamu is often used as a combination medication to treat chronic diseases. Treatment using medicinal plants has several advantages, which are relatively safe for consumption, have low toxicity and leave no residue.

Examples of medicinal plants that are widely used to treat diseases and have passed clinical trials according to scientification are temulawak and turmeric. Information compiled from the IPB Biopharmaca Study Center states that Curcuma Xanthorrhiza Roxb or better known as Temulawak, and Curcuma Domestica Val or better known as turmeric are medicinal plants from the Zingiberaceae family.which are abundant in Indonesia. Research shows temulawak can function as an anti-microbial, anti-metastatic, anti-cancer, anti-candidal, antioxidant and antihypolipidemic. While pharmacological research states that turmeric can function as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-protozoa, nematicidal, anti-bacterial, anti-venom, anti-HIV, and anti-tumor. The yellow color of the two rhizomes is a reflection of the bioactive curcuminoids which can function as free radical scavengers, nitric oxide inhibitors, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-allergic and anti-dementia.

Along with the development of science and technology, traditional herbal medicine which used to be harvested beforehand for consumption, is now being processed and packaged in a modern way. Currently, many companies are developing herbal medicine to be more practical and hygienic. Jamu is packaged into various forms such as powder, capsule, tablet with more attractive packaging so that consumers can easily get and consume it.

This is also discussed in the book The Tale of Jamu – The Green Gold of Indonesia by Dr. Martha Tilaar & Prof. Bernard T. Wijaya who discussed various interesting aspects about this herbal medicine from Indonesia.

Then, what are the types of herbal medicine that are commonly consumed by many people and their benefits for the body? Come on, see the article!

Types of Herbal Medicine

Saffron-colored rice

The herbal medicine for rice kencur must be familiar to Sinaumed’s, right? As the name suggests, this herbal medicine consists of kencur extract, rice, ginger extract and tamarind extract. The sweet and fresh taste is suitable for all ages, both children and adults. Nasi kencur herb has high antioxidant activity which is believed to have many benefits for maintaining a healthy body, including controlling weight, increasing appetite, relieving rheumatic pain, increasing stamina, acting as an anti-diabetic agent, and controlling weight.

How to make herbal rice kencur:

Previously, Sinaumed’s could provide the ingredients in advance, such as 3 kencur spice rhizomes (peel the skin, wash and finely grate), 1 ginger rhizome (peel the skin, wash and grate finely), 100 grams of white rice (soak in water for 3 hours, roasted then puree), 1 tablespoon tamarind water, 5 cm turmeric (peel the skin, wash and grate finely), granulated sugar (to taste), palm sugar (to taste, finely combed), and water (approximately 3 cups big).

Then heat the water and then boil kencur, ginger, turmeric, tamarind water, granulated sugar, and palm sugar. Then, all the ingredients are boiled until boiling. If it’s boiling, strain the cooking water. Separate the dregs with clear water. Next, put a little rice that has been soaked and mashed into the cooking water. If you want a stronger kencur taste, Sinaumed’s can add crushed raw kencur to the cooking water. Stir well and wait until the kencur starch or rice settles to the bottom. Serve kencur rice while still warm. Or Sinaumed’s can serve it by adding ice cubes in a serving glass and making kencur rice as fresh kencur rice ice.

 Sour Turmeric

Herbal turmeric tamarind is the herbal medicine that is usually the most sought after. Now there are many herbal medicine producers who make herbal turmeric tamarind sachets . The main ingredients of this tamarind turmeric herb are turmeric and tamarind. However, given some additional ingredients such as brown sugar, ginger, and other spices. The yellow color of turmeric is caused by the presence of the pigment curcumin. Curcumin is known to have high antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer.

Tamarind turmeric drink is believed to be able to overcome pain during menstruation. Because, it contains curcumenol compounds which act as analgesics. Meanwhile, in tamarind fruit, the compounds that function as analgesics or anti-pain are anthocyanins. According to research from the D3 Stikes Harapan Bangsa Purwokerto Midwifery Study, sour turmeric drinks have an effect on reducing primary menstrual pain in female students of the study program. Apart from overcoming menstrual problems, tamarind turmeric is also suitable for Sinaumed’s who are on a diet and can also brighten the skin. Because, turmeric contains lots of antioxidants that help rejuvenate body cells. 

How to make tamarind turmeric herbs:

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients in advance, such as 1 ounce of turmeric, 1 ounce of palm sugar, 1/2 tsp salt, 1 small pack of tamarind, and finally 600 ml of water. Next, process these ingredients by cleaning the turmeric, then blender until slightly smooth, boil water together with the turmeric that has been blended. Mix brown sugar and tamarind and add salt to taste. A glass of sour turmeric drink is ready for Sinaumed’s to enjoy.

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Synom

This sinom herb is almost similar to tamarind turmeric except that the main ingredient is sinom or tamarind leaves that are still young. Usually processed with the addition of ginger, turmeric, cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, brown sugar, and granulated sugar. Sinom herbs are useful for increasing appetite, overcoming stomach inflammation or ulcers, and overcoming vaginal discharge problems in women. In addition, sinom herbal medicine can be trusted to rejuvenate the skin, brighten the skin, and relieve menstrual pain. This is due to the presence of various antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds in each ingredient.

How to make herbal medicine Sinom:

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients in advance, such as ½ ounce of ginger rhizome that had been cleaned, ¼ ounce turmeric rhizome that had been cleaned, 1 tablespoon cardamom, ¼ ounce cinnamon, 1 ounce tamarind leaves or ¼ ounce old tamarind fruit, ¼ tsp powder nutmeg, 3 ounces of brown sugar, 1 ounce of granulated sugar, and 3-4 liters of drinking water.Next, process the ingredients by thinly slicing the ginger rhizome and turmeric rhizome, followed by squeezing the cardamom until the seeds come out. After that, put all the ingredients together in a container filled with water to boil over medium heat until about 2 times the cooking process. After all the boiling processes are finished, leave it for about 2-3 hours until the water cools down. Then strain to take the water and put it in a glass bottle. Store it in the refrigerator because it will be more delicious and fresh if you drink it in cold conditions.

 Puyang chili

Herbal chili puyang or herbal aching rheumatic pain, its main effect is to get rid of aches due to fatigue, as well as back pain. Apart from that, herbal chili puyang is also useful for eliminating tingling. This herbal chili puyang consists of herbal and puyang chilies. Then add spices and other ingredients. Gentlemen’s favorite Puyang chili, because it can cure sore muscles.

How to make Puyang Chilli herbal medicine:

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients first, including 15 Java chilies, 1 kg of fresh lempuyang, 1/4 kg of fresh turmeric, salt to taste, and 3 liters of water. Next, process these ingredients by washing the turmeric and lempuyang then puree, squeeze, add water, and Java chili and salt, boil until boiling then strain and cool. Jamu Cayenne Pepper is ready to be served.

Bitter or Brotowali

The raw material for herbal bitters is bitter leaf. Other additions in this herbal medicine are quite varied, some are just bitter and some are added with other bitter ingredients such as brotowali, and others. As the name suggests, this bitter herb is considered the most bitter herb. But, don’t get me wrong, Sinaumed’s, even though it tastes the most bitter, actually this bitter herbal medicine has many benefits, starting from overcoming body aches, curing itching, increasing appetite, preventing the risk of diabetes, dialysis therapy, and anti-allergy. Fans of bitter herbs are indeed mostly parents. However, there are also young people who consume it because this bitter herb can also get rid of pimples and clear pimples on the face.

How to make Brotowali or bitter herbs:

Previously, Sinaumed’s had prepared the ingredients in advance, such as 1/4 kg of Sambiloto, 1 stem of Brotowali, 1 handful of reed roots, 1 handful of ceplik sari, 3 liters of water. Next wash all the ingredients, add water, and boil until boiling then strain and cool. Brotowali or bitter herbs are ready to be served.

Oops

This uyup-uyup herbal medicine or gepyokan herbal medicine is very good for mothers who are breastfeeding. The ingredients for making this uyup-uyup herbal medicine are empon-empon which consists of kencur, turmeric, luntas or beluntas, keys, ginger, bengle, laos, turmeric, temulawak, lempuyang, simbuk, cowekan or gotuyup, and curcuma. Apart from being efficacious in increasing breast milk production, this gepyokan herb is also believed to get rid of unpleasant body odor in both the mother and the baby and can also overcome the feeling of bloating.

How to make Gepyokan or Uyup-uyup herbal medicine:

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients in advance, such as 1 bunch of belutas leaves, 2 ounces of tamarind, 1 teaspoon of fine salt, and 8 cups of clean water, then washed the turmeric (turmeric) and then crushed or ground until smooth. Use a blender to speed up the smoothing process. Also grind belutas and tamarind leaves then mix all the ingredients. Prepare the fire, boil the mixture of herbal ingredients with 8 cups of water. Allow it to boil until the cooking water is reduced. After remaining 6 cups, remove from heat and then filter using cheesecloth. Wait a minute until it’s not too hot then pour it into a container then serve and it’s ready to drink.

Betel key

The raw materials for this herbal medicine are as the name implies, namely key rhizomes and betel leaves. But the seller usually also adds sour fruit and various empon-empon. Key betel herbal medicine is made from key meeting and betel nut. For the general public, this herb is believed to be efficacious for treating leucorrhoea, tightening the female parts and can strengthen teeth, and eliminating body odor. The efficacy of this herbal medicine is very good for women. In a study conducted by the Pharmacy Study Program, Tanjungpura University, betel nut contains compounds that function as anti-diabetics. 

How to make herbal Key Betel:

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients in advance, such as 1 liter of water, 25 grams of tamarind, ¼ ounce of brown sugar, 1 turmeric rhizome, 1 cinnamon stick, 1 lime, 2 stalks of lemongrass, 4 segments of Intersection keys, 5 fingers of ginger , 5 kencur segments, 5 cardamom seeds, a handful of luntas leaves, a handful of betel leaves. Then puree all the ingredients using a blender or you can also grind them until smooth, except for tamarind, brown sugar, cinnamon and lime (don’t mix them in one container).

After all the ingredients are smooth, filter using a filter or squeeze using a clean cloth until the juice comes out. Then boil the juice by adding water and adding tamarind, brown sugar, cinnamon and lemon grass. Wait until it boils while giving lime juice. After boiling, reduce heat and let stand for about 15 minutes, then remove and cool. Jamu is ready to be consumed.

Kudu Lao

The raw material for Jamu Kudu Laos is galangal which is pounded with various other ingredients and then boiled. As the name suggests, Jamu Kudu Laos is made from noni and galangal or galangal. Noni has been extensively researched and has a myriad of health benefits, including boosting immunity, as an anti-diabetic, preventing cancer, cell restoration, and maintaining healthy skin. It also tastes fresh and can give a warm effect on the body. Kudu laos can treat bloating and relieve fever, both for children and the elderly. Meanwhile, the benefits of galangal are to support brain health, prevent cancer, treat skin, relieve coughs and throats, and increase male fertility.

How to make Lao Kudu herbal medicine:

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients in advance, such as 1 old noni fruit which had been cut into pieces, 4 red galangal (Laotian rhizome) fingers which had been cut as well, 1 thumb red ginger peeled and bruised, 1 kencur finger chopped. peeled and crushed, 7 grains of cardamom crushed until cracked, 2 teaspoons of coriander, 4 cups of water (800 ml), and 2 tablespoons of palm sugar (brown sugar) or to taste just as a sweetener.

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Then boil all the ingredients over low heat until the water has reduced to 2 cups with a fragrant smell, then remove the stew and then strain it so that only the cooking water remains. Add palm ant sugar to neutralize the bitter taste of the stew ingredients. Then Sinaumed’s can drink it while it’s warm.

Singset excavations

Jamu is quite legendary in Indonesia. In order to maintain ideal body weight, because it contains several anti-obesity and anti-dislipidemic medicinal plants. Such as Dutch teak leaves, turmeric, and areca nut. This singset herbal medicine consists of kencur, temulawak, turmeric, tamarind, cinnamon, pepper, galangal, lemongrass, turmeric, cloves, cardamom, coriander, and several other traditional spices. This singset galian herbal medicine is believed to be able to maintain the health of female organs as well as tighten the body and vagina. This herbal medicine is still used by the Surakarta Palace in Central Java. Dutch teak leaves themselves contain flavonoids as well as steroids and tannins which act as anti-obesity through inhibition of the lipase enzyme.

How to make herbal medicine Singset Galian: 

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients in advance, such as 300 gr turmeric, 300 gr kencur, 300 gr temu buffoonery, 300 gr temu giring, 250 gr lemon grass, 300 gr laos, 30 gr jong rahab, 30 gr pepper perforated, 40 gr pepper, 50 gr pepper, 100 gr coriander mungsi, 100 gr cinnamon, cardamom to taste, kedawung botor to taste, 300 gr lempuyang, 5 pieces of singset wood, 50 gr cubeb, tamarind to taste, salt to taste, and 12 liters of boiled water.


Then take the ingredients for turmeric, kencur, temulawak, curcuma, lemongrass, and galangal to be cleaned thoroughly then cut some into thin slices. Put it in one place in a winnowing container after that dry it in the sun for 2 days. Do the same thing with the rest of the other ingredients you don’t have to cut into pieces first. After all the ingredients are dry, roast them all without using oil. Then mash all the ingredients that have been roasted together until smooth to become herbal powder. In order to get really fine mash results, Sinaumed’s can filter the ground ingredients using fine gauze. After that, brew singset herbal powder using warm water with added salt and tamarind. Singset mineral herbs are ready to be served.

Curcuma

The basic ingredients for making temulawak herbal medicine are adding several additional ingredients such as tamarind, palm sugar, pandan leaves, and cumin. This herbal ginger is good for children and the elderly, because it can cure complaints of dizziness, nausea, stomach aches, and relieve symptoms of colds. Temulawak itself contains antioxidants which can prevent cell damage to the gastric mucosa due to free radicals. Compound components that act as antioxidants from temulawak rhizomes are flavonoids, phenols, and curcumin.

How to make Temulawak herbal medicine: 

Previously, Sinaumed’s provided the ingredients in advance, such as 100 grams of temulawak, 40 grams of seedless kawak acid, 200 ml of boiled water, 4 pandan leaves, 200 grams of palm sugar, 20 grams of cumin, 50 grams of kencur, and 2 liters of water. Then prepare temulawak and kencur and then slice them thinly so that the juice comes out. After slicing, roast ginger and kencur for a while. Temulawak and kencur are mixed with kawak acid, cumin and 200 ml of boiled water, then puree using a blender. Boil palm sugar and pandan leaves until the sugar dissolves. Add the ginger mixture to the boiling sugar and pandan water. Then stir until completely even. Filter the mixture and it’s ready to be served by Sinaumed’s.

To be able to better understand herbal medicine from the aspects of culture, science, ethnobotany, health, beauty, and aspects of industrialization and commercialization, the book The Power of Jamu can be obtained by Sinaumed’s at sinaumedia!

Jamu to Treat Certain Diseases

Apart from the herbs above, there are also several types of herbs that have passed the test of the Ministry of Health, Sinaumed’s. Some of them are herbs for coughing up phlegm, headaches, hemorrhoids, flatulence, and aching rheumatic pains. Here’s a serving suggestion:

Coughing up phlegm : Sinaumed’s can provide 2 x 3-7 grams of fennel seeds/day. Then the material is mashed, brewed with warm water and then filtered. Ready to serve and can be drunk while warm. You can also use other ingredients, namely liquorice 1 x 10 grams / day. The ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until it cools down and then drink it. Sinaumed’s can also use saga leaves 3 x 5 grams/day. The ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until it cools down and then drink it.

Headaches : Sinaumed’s can provide the leaves  of the week 1 x 5 grams/day. The material is mashed, then affixed to the temples, leave it to dry. As for bengle material 2 x 5 grams / day. The material is mashed, then affixed to the temples, leave it to dry. Sinaumed’s can also use kencur leaves 1 x 3 leaves/day. The material is mashed, then affixed to the temples, leave it to dry. 

Hemorrhoids : Sinaumed’s can provide Wungu leaves 1 x 7 leaves/day. The ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until it cools down and then drink it. Meanwhile, Sinaumed’s can provide 1 x 25 gram of leaf/day slobber leaves. The ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until it cools down and then drink it.

Flatulence : Sinaumed’s can provide 2 x 1 teaspoon of fennel seeds per day. The ingredients are boiled and drunk while warm. In addition, as for other natural ingredients such as turmeric 3 x 50 grams/day. The ingredients are mashed, add enough water, then squeezed, filtered, then drunk.

Musculoskeletal pain : Sinaumed’s can provide 15 bitter leaf/day ingredients. The ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until it cools down and then drink it. Turmeric can also overcome rheumatic pain , you know, Sinaumed’s. Provide turmeric 3 x 20 grams / day. The ingredients are mashed and don’t forget to remove the skin and add a little water, then squeeze, and strain, then drink it.

Sinaumed’s can also learn about the various benefits of herbs and herbal medicines that can help treat various kinds of diseases through the book Choose Herbs and Herbs Without Side Effects written by Ning Harmanto and M. Ahkam Subroto who are experienced in their fields.

Now Sinaumed’s already knows the benefits of jamu or traditional medicine consisting of kencur rice, tamarind turmeric, sinom, curcuma, betel nut, and many more. Remember, Sinaumed’s, if you take herbal medicine, you have to measure it according to the dosage. For those who have never tasted herbal medicine. Don’t let the local people or Sinaumed’s themselves, not feel the benefits of natural spices that have been passed down for generations by Indonesians.

Stella