Prayer for Slaughtering Animals: Chickens, Ducks, Fish, Goats and Cows – Allah SWT. has provided whatever is needed by his creatures, especially for humans. The earth has a lot of wealth in it that can be put to good use by humans, such as animals that can be used for human food. This is as already mentioned regarding the word of Allah SWT. in the letter Al-Baqarah verse 29.
هُوَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ لَكُم مَّا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا ثُمَّ ٱسْتَوَىٰٓ إِلَى ٱلسَّمَآءِ فَسَوَّىٰهُنَّ سَبْعَ سَمَٰوَٰتٍ ۚ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ
Huwallażī khalaqalakum mā fil-arḍi jamī’an ṡummastawā ilas-samā`i fa sawwāhunna sab’a samāwāt, wa huwa bikulli syai`in ‘alīm.
Meaning: “He is Allah, who made everything on earth for you and He willed (created) the heavens, then He made seven heavens. And He is All-Knower of all things.” (QS Al-Baqarah: 29).
Thus any food on earth can be consumed by humans. Except for some foods that have several prohibitions listed in the Al-Quran and also the hadith. To consume some foods also need to follow specific rules that have been set.
In consuming animals also have special rules before cooking the animal. The rules start from selecting animals, slaughtering them, cooking and eating the animals. Animals commonly eaten by Muslims are Chickens, Cows, Goats, Camels, Buffalos, Sheep, Ducks, and other animals that are permitted in Islam.
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Prayer Slaughtering Various Animals
In Islam, slaughtering animals has its own prayer so that the slaughtered animals become halal for Muslims to eat. If the animal being slaughtered is not in accordance with Islamic law, the animal meat consumed becomes unlawful to eat. Therefore, below will be given several prayers in slaughtering animals.
1. Prayer for Slaughtering a Rooster
Nawaitu An Adzbaha haadzad dayka lillahi ta’ala.
Meaning: “I intend to slaughter this rooster for Allah Ta’ala.”
2. Prayer for slaughtering a hen
Nawaitu An Adzbaha haadzal ganama lillahi ta’ala.
Meaning: “I intend to slaughter this hen because of Allah Ta’ala.”
3. Prayer for Slaughtering Ducks
Nawaitu An Adzbaha haadzihil batata lillahi ta’ala.
Meaning: “I intend to slaughter this duck because of Allah Ta’ala.”
4. Prayer for Slaughtering a Goat/Sheep
Nawaitu An Adzbaha haadzal ganama/khuruf, lillahi ta’ala.
Meaning: “I intend to slaughter this goat because of Allah Ta’ala.”
5. Prayer for Slaughtering a Cow
Nawaitu An Adzbaha haadzal baqarata lillahi ta’ala.
Meaning: “I intend to slaughter this cow because of Allah Ta’ala.”
6. Prayer for Slaughtering a Buffalo
Nawaitu An Adzbaha haadzal jamuusu lillahi ta’ala.
Meaning: “I intend to slaughter this buffalo because of Allah Ta’ala.”
7. Prayer for Slaughtering a Camel
Nawaitu An Adzbaha haadzal jamala lillahi ta’ala.
Meaning: “I intend to slaughter this camel because of Allah Ta’ala.”
Terms of Buying Animals
In slaughtering animals, of course, there are also certain conditions so that the animal can be slaughtered and after being slaughtered it also becomes halal food for consumption. The following are the conditions for slaughtering animals.
1. Terms of Slaughter
People who slaughter animals so that they become halal food also have their own requirements, not only the animals are halal but the people who slaughter them must also meet the requirements. Here are the conditions.
- Muslim people. The slaughterer must be Muslim because later the slaughterer must read the prayers before slaughtering. This prayer is of course only in Islam. If the person slaughtering has another religion then the animal being slaughtered will not be halal.
- Have common sense. Someone who is going to slaughter an animal must have good sense and be aware of his actions. People who have lost their minds or have mental disorders are not allowed to slaughter, because they have no intention in their hearts and minds.
- Male or female, and adults or children. A slaughterer may be an adult male or female or even a child. But if the children must have reached the age of tamyiz. Children who have reached that age can distinguish things that are useful and harmful. Generally the tamyiz phase is when you are 7 years old.
- Not apostate from Islam. Someone who is an apostate is someone who leaves Islam either who has never entered Islam or after converting to Islam. Slaughter carried out by an apostate person will result in slaughter that is unlawful and not permitted to be eaten.
2. Slaughter Equipment Terms
Tools for slaughtering animals have a condition that the tool must be sharp. The tools used may vary, such as iron, copper, brass, wood, bamboo, and others. However, animals should not be slaughtered with teeth, hooves and bones.
In animal slaughter, mechanically by making the animal not really die, where the slaughtered animal does not die and turns into a carcass it is permissible. This has been regulated in the decision of the MUI Fatwa Commission on 24 Shawwal 1396 H or 18 October 1976.
In the hadith narrated by Imam Muslim it is said that Rasulullah saw. once said that, “Indeed Allah obliges to do good in all actions. If you kill, kill the killing. And when you slaughter (animal), then it is good to slaughter it. You should sharpen his machete and treat the slaughter well.”
3. Requirements for Slaughtered Animals
Animals to be slaughtered must meet several conditions so that the animal is halal for consumption by Muslims. Here are some requirements for animals to be slaughtered.
- Animals that may be slaughtered are animals that may be consumed, such as chickens, cows, buffalo, camels, ducks, geese, rabbits, and others. Of course not the animals that are unclean and have been prohibited in the Koran. For those who eat it, of course, it can trigger disease and sin for violating Allah’s commands.
- Animals that are slaughtered must be alive and healthy. Animal carcasses that have died beforehand may not be slaughtered or even consumed by humans.
- Slaughtered animals are animals that can be controlled. This means that animals that are allowed to be slaughtered are not wild animals that are not tame. Wild animals that are not tame are usually animals that have fangs. In Islam it is also forbidden to eat animals with fangs.
Procedures for Slaughtering Animals
In slaughtering animals has its own way in Islam. This aims to keep the animal halal when it has been slaughtered. Here are the procedures for slaughtering animals.
- In slaughtering, it is recommended to slaughter the animal itself. However, it is okay if the slaughter is represented, and the slaughter will also be legal. If you cannot slaughter your own animal then someone else can slaughter it.
- Animals to be slaughtered should be tilted to the left where the stomach is located below. After that the slaughterer can place his feet near the animal’s neck so that the animal does not move much and interfere with the slaughtering process. This has been written in the hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. “From Anas bin Malik radhiallahu ‘anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam once slaughtered two lambs with horns, he slaughtered them with his hands, and he placed his feet on the animal’s neck. (Narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim).
- Reciting the basmalah is then followed by reciting the takbir. This has been narrated in a hadith from Al-Bukhari and Muslim. “From Anas bin Malik radhiallahu ‘anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam once slaughtered two lambs with horns, he slaughtered them with his own hands, he recited the basmalah and recited the takbir.” (Narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim). This takbir is read only when slaughtering sacrificial animals. When slaughtering an animal that is not a sacrifice, you do not have to say takbir. When slaughtering an ordinary animal, you can continue reading the prayer for slaughtering an animal after reading the basmalah.
- Before slaughtering it, it is sunnah for the animal to face the Qibla direction for the sacrificial animal, like Muslims who are carrying out worship.
- The correct animal slaughter is to slaughter the neck. You can slaughter the top, middle or bottom of the neck. When slaughtering an animal you must cut off the food and respiratory tract of the animal being slaughtered. In fact, it’s even better if the veins on the side of the neck are also severed. Animals that have long necks like camels can be cut off at the base of the upper neck so that they die quickly.
- The position in slaughtering animals is very free, can be standing, squatting, or also in a sitting position. Although animals are encouraged to face the Qibla, the slaughterer is free to face any direction. As comfortable and as much as possible in slaughtering these animals.
- In slaughtering animals, you must have a serious intention because Allah SWT. Slaughter in accordance with applicable Islamic rules so that the animal consumed becomes halal and a blessing.
- After that, you can skin the animal that has been slaughtered when it is certain that the animal is really dead.
It is Makruh in Slaughtering Animals
In slaughtering animals, of course there are things that must be done. Apart from that, there are also things that are makruh that we can avoid if we are also careful when slaughtering animals. Here are things that are makruh in slaughtering animals.
1. Using a Blunt Knife
When slaughtering animals it is highly recommended to use a sharp knife so that the slaughtering process takes place quickly without hurting the animal. If you use a dull knife then you will hurt him because of course you will repeatedly scratch the knife on his neck because it doesn’t work, it causes more pain.
From Syaddad bin Aus radhiallahu ‘anhu, that the Messenger of Allah. said,
إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الإِحْسَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ فَإِذَا قَتَلْتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الْقِتْلَةَ وَإِذَا ذَبَحْتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الذَّبْح وَ ليُحِدَّ أَحَدُكُمْ شَفْرَتَهُ فَلْيُرِحْ ذَبِيحَتَهُ
Meaning: “Indeed, Allah obliges to do ihsan (good) in everything. If you kill then kill with ihsan, if you slaughter, slaughter with ihsan. You should sharpen your knife and please the sacrifice.” (HR Muslim).
2. Slaughtering Animals in the Presence of Other Animals
When slaughtering animals, try not to be seen with other animals. Other animals that see slaughter will certainly hurt them. They will be sad because their friend was slaughtered.
This also applies when slaughtering sacrificial animals. Cages for sacrificial animals and places of slaughter must also be distinguished. Provide a barrier so that other animals cannot see when slaughtering animals. This is done so that they do not feel hurt before being slaughtered.
3. Breaking the Animal’s Neck Before Slaughtering
Do not break the neck of an animal on purpose when you want to slaughter it, because this is considered makruh in the rules of slaughtering animals based on Islamic law. You must understand how to properly and correctly slaughter animals based on Islamic law.
From the Fatwa Syabakah Islamiyah it is said that the scholars emphasized and reminded the slaughterers not to break the animal’s neck on purpose. In fact, Khalil bin Ishaq in his Mukhtasar for Maliki Fiqh mentioned things that are disallowed in slaughtering animals, especially in breaking the animal’s neck.
وتعمد إبانة رأس
Meaning: “Among the things that are makruh are deliberately cutting off the head” (Fatawa Syabakah Islamiyah, no. 93893).
4. Sharpen the Knife in Front of the Animal to be Slaughtered
It is makruh if you want to slaughter an animal but sharpen the knife in front of the animal you want to slaughter. The animal will feel hurt and scared if you do this in front of it. You can do this somewhere out of sight of the animals to be slaughtered to keep them calm.
Usually animals that have seen their slaughterer sharpening or sharpening a knife in front of them will panic when they want to be slaughtered. This will also hamper the process of slaughtering animals because the animals to be slaughtered are panicked and difficult to manage. Moreover, if the animals to be slaughtered are animals that have large bodies such as cows, buffaloes and camels.
This e-book explains the religious rituals and sacrifices that can be performed by Muslims. Hopefully this e-book can add to your knowledge about faith and sacrifice.
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Sinaumed’s, this is the explanation regarding the prayer for slaughtering animals along with the conditions, procedures and also things that are makruh in slaughtering animals. By reading this article, I hope you will gain new knowledge and be able to properly and correctly slaughter sacrificial animals in accordance with Islamic law.
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