Meaning of Crafts: Benefits, Purpose, and Types of Crafts

What is the meaning of craft? Crafting is one of the things that a person often does. Crafts will also produce a result or object. Those things certainly have certain values.

Right now, there are a lot of craft related things out there. Not only as a filler for free time, craft materials can be used as a business farm. Before getting there, let’s find out first what the meaning of craft is.

Meaning of Craft

Craft is one of the branches of art. Craftsmanship emphasizes a higher hand skill during the work process. Crafts are also often known as arts and crafts.

If you look at the meaning, the word “Kr” comes from the Sanskrit language which means to work. That’s where the word work comes from. Verbs can also be said to work. Kriya or craft is also considered as a unique and high quality art.

A craft will produce an item. The goods have functional values. In addition to the functional value, handicraft items also have a high aesthetic value in them. That is one of the reasons why crafts are put on display.

Another definition of craft is items that have artistic elements in them. The manufacture of these items is made using the skills of human hands. Reader must often find examples of this craft in the community.

Meaning of Craft According to Experts

1. Wiyadi, et al (1991: 915, 45)

The definition of craft is all activities in the field of industry or the manufacture of an item. The entire craft will be done by someone who is diligent, tenacious, skilled and creative in the process of achievement.

Examples of crafts include leather craft, metal craft, wood craft, batik craft and many more other craft arts that belong to Indonesian culture.

2. Kadjim (2011: 10)

Crafting is an endeavor. The effort is done continuously. In addition, efforts will be made with the spirit of diligence, persistence, dexterity and high dedication. As well as a wide viability in doing a work.

3. Kusnadi (1986: 11)

The meaning of craft according to Kusnadi is a literal word born from the industrious nature possessed by humans. It is also said that the weight of a production or making a craft is not because of hard work. However, because of the skillful nature of a person. The skilled nature will eventually produce a craft product.

Own skills can be gained from experience. In addition to experience, skills can also be obtained from perseverance after work. This can improve the cultivation technique of a product. The quality of work from someone who will eventually have expertise and skills in a particular profession.

4. Suprapto (1985: 16)

Craft is something that will produce an art object. The art objects have quality. This makes someone in the process of making it do with a sense of beauty. In addition, there are pure ideas that produce quality products. It has a beautiful and attractive shape.

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Benefits of Crafting

1. Fill free time

Sometimes someone who has no activity will make a craft. The crafts that are made usually come from the materials around them. For example, food packaging that is no longer used. In addition to being fun, activities like this will fill your free time.

2. Train creativity

In making a craft, creativity is needed. However, not everyone has creativity. Creativity also does not immediately arise in a person.

Many people do various things to grow their creativity. Over time, that creativity will be embedded in him. Through crafts, a person can train his creativity. Of course, it should be done often and routinely.

3. Practice patience

What has been thought of does not always find an easy way to realize it. Sometimes, there are things that have been thought of to be done. However, in the process or the result encountered obstacles.

One of the benefits of making this craft is being able to train patience. A person who often makes crafts can definitely train his patience. Because, in the manufacturing process it is not always easy.

4. Save production

A craft that is made certainly has its use value. Many people make crafts to reuse. For example, making a flower vase, making a tissue box, even making a bag.

Through this, you have unknowingly reduced the expenditure to buy these items. Using waste materials that are still eligible will reduce costs. So you don’t need to spend a lot of money to buy things that can be done through a craft.

5. Become a business farm

Not only save production. Crafts can also be a business farm. If you are diligent and tenacious in your work, you can buy and sell the crafts you make.

Through that, you can learn new things. Like learning about marketing and management. Start from the basic things that can be done, after that only develop the craft.

6. Train to follow instructions

In making a craft, you can’t do it all by yourself. Meaning, there are ways to go. Those methods certainly have their own rules and times. Through crafting, you can train others or yourself to follow instructions. This is one of the benefits of craft that people rarely realize.

7. Grow self-confidence

A craft that is made will not always work out well. Sometimes, there are obstacles to be overcome. As a result the craft is not as desired.

However, actually crafting has benefits in that regard. Through crafts, one can grow self-confidence. That is because something that has been successfully completed will certainly create an attitude of satisfaction in that person.

8. Learn to respect each other

This benefit applies to those of you who work in groups. When someone works on a craft, then it doesn’t work then it’s not a problem. Through these things, you can learn to respect each other.

Purpose of Crafting

  • Cultivating a sense of enthusiasm for entrepreneurship in producing works.
  • Increase the spirit of creativity of each person in making a work.
  • Facilitating everyone to be able to express themselves creatively. Through the manufacture of a craft and technique in the manufacture of works economically, ergonomically and technologically.
  • Creating a skill training in creating objects or works, which is based on aesthetics, artistic, ecosystem and technology.
  • Can take advantage of media or materials that are not even used anymore. The utilization is done as best as possible, so that a work of value can be created.
  • Produce a work that can be appreciated for its creative value.
  • Cultivating the soul in creating works.
  • Increase the sense of enthusiasm for creativity in everyone
  • Creating works that can be benefited and used by many people.
  • Adding a sense of satisfaction because of something created.
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Types of Crafts

1. Crafts from soft materials

Crafts based on the materials used can be divided into two types. namely natural soft materials and artificial soft materials.

a. Nature’s Soft Materials

Natural soft materials are craft materials obtained from nature. The processing method is also done naturally. A person who makes crafts from soft natural materials is generally not mixed or combined with artificial materials. Examples of natural soft materials are eggshells, clay, nyatu rubber, flour clay , tissue porridge, dry leaves and so on.

b. Artificial Software

Artificial soft materials are handcraft materials that have been processed by humans. This artificial soft material has gone through a process such as using chemicals. That is, these artificial soft materials have been mixed with other things to get the duplicating effect of natural materials. Examples of artificial soft materials such as wax, soap, plastic, gypsum, fiberglass and so on.

2. Crafts from Hard Materials

Crafts based on the materials used can also be divided into two. Namely crafting natural hard materials and crafting artificial hard materials. Here is the explanation:

a. Natural Hard Materials

Crafts from natural hard materials are crafts that use raw materials from nature. This raw material undergoes a processing process, but the substance does not change. Examples of natural hard materials are rattan, wood, bamboo, bones, grains, sand, shells, stones and so on.

b. Artificial Hard Materials

crafts from artificial hard materials come from materials that have gone through the reprocessing process. The materials are processed until they become hard and their shape changes. Such materials are used as craft raw materials. Examples of artificial hard materials are metal, iron, glass, wire, cement, tin, tin and so on.

3. Crafts from Waste Software

Soft waste refers to the soft nature. It means waste that is soft, soft and easy to form. This soft waste is also divided into two forms. namely organic soft waste and inorganic soft waste. Here is the explanation:

a. Organic Soft Waste

Organic soft waste is material that comes from plants. All parts of plants that are categorized as waste can be processed into a product or handicraft. However, all of that must go through the processing process.

The purpose is to be a good raw material. Examples of soft organic waste that can be made into handicrafts are onion skins, corn skins, peanut skins, grains, fruit skins, paper, banana fronds and so on.

b. Inorganic Soft Waste

Inorganic soft waste is waste that comes from processed materials. The processed ingredients are like a mixture of chemical substances. As a result, it is easy to form and process with simple ingredients,

The nature of inorganic soft waste is relatively difficult to describe. There are some wastes that can be decomposed in a long time. There is also waste that is very difficult to decompose.

This inorganic soft waste generally originates from an accumulation, industrial and domestic activity from household waste. Examples are packaging boxes, plastic packaging, patchwork, Styrofoam, synthetic rubber and so on.