Experimental Text Report: Structure, Characteristics, and Functions

Experiment report text structure – In conducting a correct research, of course, you have to follow the right steps and instructions so that everything is in accordance with what is being done. Usually someone who has finished making observations in research must make a text of an experimental report as a result of the research that has been made.

The text of the test report consists of a title and includes two important parts that make up the framework, namely a general statement and a description. Each of these sections consists of excerpts and explanations that support the experiments carried out.

The general statement section contains a description or classification whose contents are generally related to the test object. This section consists of background, objectives and theoretical basis. The descriptive section consists of tools and materials, test steps, test results and conclusions. Some simple reports have a shorter structure, namely the title, objectives, tools and materials, steps, test results and conclusions. Meanwhile, more complex reports may include other sections such as data analysis/discussion, experimental variables and others.

For this reason, in order to make it easier for Sinaumed’s friends to understand how the correct experimental report text structure is used as additional knowledge, in this discussion we will try to describe the correct experimental report text structure complete with its features and functions.

Further discussion of the structure of the trial report can be seen below!

Definition of Test Report Text

Reports are a form of observation and serve to inform the public about the results obtained. Based on this understanding, report text is a form of writing that describes the observed phenomenon to the reader.

Report text (report text) is also often referred to as classification text. Because in this text objects are classified according to certain criteria. This text is almost the same as descriptive text, but has a different style. If the descriptive text discusses a particular topic, the report text discusses a broader phenomenon or general topic.

The test report text is a text that explains the purpose, procedure and results of the test. Experimental report text is a text that reports about the experiment conducted by the researcher. Test report text is usually used to report test results, scientific work or practicum reports. The text of the test results report is intended to provide information to the reader about the test results. The text of the test results is general or universal.

Experiment Report Text Structure

The structure of the research report text is divided into two parts, namely general statements and descriptions. The difference is that general statements involve a general description or classification of the subject. Meanwhile, the description contains aspects of the report that are arranged according to certain classifications.

In general, the text of the test report consists of five structures. Before heading to the sample test report, please pay attention to the structure of the test report in the form of a description below, Sinaumed’s friends!

  • Objective

In this section you need to provide the background why this experiment needs to be done.

  • Materials and tools

Write down the tools used during the experiment. The materials used were in fact written according to what was used in the experiment.

  • Trial Period

State and explain in detail the process or systematic steps you did in the experiment process. Also convey the steps of the experiment or how it works by using active clauses, not imperative sentences, so that it tells what was done during the experiment.

  • Experimental Results

This section allows you to explain your observations using experimental results. Describe the test results in detail.

  • Conclusion

Finally, make conclusions about the results you get from all the experimental processes that you do. The conclusion is the answer to the proposed hypothesis.

While the following is the structure of a trial report arranged in the form of a general statement:

  • Title

As a form of scientific work, the text of the experimental report also has a title. The title of the test report text generally describes the type of test to be made.

  • Introduction

Introduction The next experimental report text structure is the introduction. The introduction has three elements, namely the background of the problem, the formulation of the problem and the purpose of the experiment.

  • Materials and tools

Of course in conducting experiments or research requires materials and tools.

  • Try the process steps

The test report text must clearly explain the stages of the exam activities. In this text structure, it is usually described in detail step by step. However, in the example of the experimental report text above, the steps for the experimental activities are written in the form of a simple bullet point.

  • Conclusion

The final text structure of the experimental report is the conclusion. The conclusion is a brief description of the entire test suite.

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Test Report Text Features

After understanding the examples and knowing the structure of the test report text, the next step is to understand the characteristics of the test report text.

Below are some features of the experimental results report text as follows:

  • Report test results.
  • Science experiments are conducted to prove something.
  • The text of the test report begins with an explanation of the purpose of the test.
  • Name the materials and tools needed to carry out the experiment!
  • Describe the procedure for conducting experiments and observations. Presents test results.
  • At the end of the report, the conclusions of the experimental results are presented based on the results of the analysis of observational data.
  • must contain facts.
  • Be objective.
  • Must write completely and perfectly.
  • Does not contain discriminatory, prejudiced or partial matters.
  • Presented in an engaging way, and consistent with clear grammar, heavy content, and logical organization.

Language Rules of Experiment Report Text

The linguistic rules of the experimental report text are as follows:

  • Use of synonyms and antonyms

The test report text usually contains synonyms or even antonyms. Usually these words are found in the Experiment Steps section.

  • Use of Number Words

In the text of the test report you will find word numbers indicating the amount of material used in the test.

  • Use of Command Statements

In the experiment report text there are commands such as preferably, avoid, mix, unite, stir, wrap, and others.

  • Use of Conjunctions

Purpose of Experiment Report Text

The text of this test report aims to understand the material based on a written exam. Experiments were carried out using observation to identify causal relationships between symptoms. The contents of the experimental report text thus begins with a description of the objectives, procedures, and tests carried out systematically.

How to make Test Report Text?

After completing an observation, you must, of course, record the results in the experimental text report text. So how do you make it? Check out the explanation below, Sinaumed’s friends!

  • Make an outline based on the test report text structure

First, make an outline according to the structure of the test report text. Starting from the purpose of the experiment, the tools and materials used during the experiment, as well as the steps from the beginning to the end of the experiment. Then write down the test results in the form of tables, graphs, graphs or pictures to make it easier for the reader to see the results. After that, write down the final results of the test.

  • Let’s expand the terms of reference into a full text

Once you’ve created an outline, you need to develop it into a full text. Remember to pay attention to the rules of the language used, so that the results of the test report text are easy to understand.

Sample Test Report Text


Make a rainbow at the glass party


Know the rainbow process with simple tools

Tools and materials used:

  • enough water
  • glass,
  • scissors,
  • glass (size that fits in the glass),
  • Lantern.

Trial phase:

  • Pour water into a glass cup and then place the glass on the table.
  • Place the glass on the glass diagonally or diagonally.
  • Darken the room by turning off the lights, closing the curtains, etc.
  • Turn on the flashlight and then point the flashlight at the glass inside the glass. Look at the rainbow visible from the corner of the glass.
  • Adjust the glass angle for different results.

Test results:

If the flashlight is turned on and then pointed at a glass in a glass filled with water, a rainbow will appear from the corner of the glass. This can happen because the light from the flashlight is refracted by the water in the glass.

Because light has wave properties, i.e. light propagates straight then it can be refracted. So, a flashlight can also be used to make a rainbow as long as there is an environment that can bend it.


From the experiment of making rainbows on glass, it can be concluded that rainbows can arise due to refraction. The incoming and outgoing light is directly deflected by the water so that rainbow rays are created across the surface of the glass.

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Example of another Test Report Text:


Make slime without borax


You can make your own slime at home from safe ingredients and it’s cheaper than buying it outside. This activity can make you more creative and innovative.

Tools and materials:

  • Povinal glue to taste
  • washing powder to taste
  • Adequate floor cleaning
  • Mixer (can be with a mixer, spoon or hand)
  • enough water
  • Liquid detergent to taste
  • Slime container (in the form of a basin or the like)


  • Mix Povinal glue, floor cleaner, liquid detergent, powdered detergent and enough water into the slime container, this mixture is usually called activator.
  • Then, stir the mixture until it is evenly mixed.
  • Add Povinal glue to the activation mixture.
  • Then stir until thick texture or shape. 5. Put it in the freezer.
  • Then take it out after 5-10 minutes.
  • Mix until just about playable.
  • Slime is ready to use.


It’s time for you to get slime that is safe to play without borax. Nowadays slime is very popular among kids.


By making your own slime, your knowledge and creativity will increase. On the other hand, you can also save money and buy slime which is safer if it gets on your skin because it doesn’t contain borax.

Examples of other Trial Report Text:


The salted egg experiment


Salted eggs are eggs made from duck eggs that have gone through the salting process first. Salted eggs contain lots of vitamins and nutrients, so consuming salted eggs can be beneficial for the body. One of the benefits of eating salted eggs is to maintain endurance and improve vision. The process of making salted eggs is very simple and done in the traditional way.

Tools and materials:

  • duck egg
  • Abu Rub
  • Clay
  • Salt
  • Sandpaper

Steps to make the experiment:

  • Wash the duck eggs carefully and then grind the egg shells thinly.
  • Mix ash, clay and salt until evenly distributed.
  • Grease the previously ground egg with the dough. 4. Leave the eggs at room temperature for a maximum of 20 days or 3 weeks.


Based on the trial results, making salted eggs provides a fairly complete nutritional content and is suitable for all ages except those with high blood pressure. This is due to the high salt content in salted eggs. Even though salted eggs have complete nutritional content, it is not recommended to consume them in large quantities.

Example of Other Trial Report Text:


Make Tempe Mendoan Original Banyumas


Tempe mendoan is a very popular processed food in Indonesia. The purpose of making Tempe Mendoan is to try the original Banyumas Tempe Mendoan recipe which is very delicious and interesting to try.

Tools and Materials:

  • 10 pieces of tempe mendoan ready to use
  • 250 grams of medium protein flour
  • 50 grams of rice flour
  • 2 scallions (use only the green part and thinly slice)
  • 400 ml of water
  • The oil for frying
  • Knife
  • Other cooking tools

Ground spices :

  • 1 cm kencur
  • 2 cloves of garlic
  • ¾ tsp coriander
  • Salt to taste

Ingredients for soy sauce tempe mendoan:

  • 5 tbsp sweet soy sauce
  • 1 clove garlic, puree
  • 4 red bird’s eye chilies or according to taste
  • 2 shallots (you can remove it if you don’t like it)
  • Salt to taste

How to make:

  • Mix flour and rice flour until evenly distributed.
  • Add the thinly sliced ​​green onions and the ground spices. Add water little by little until all the ingredients are mixed and the dough is not lumpy. Make sure the mixture is not too thick or too runny because it will damage the texture of the tempe mendoan.
  • Heat a large amount of oil.
  • After the oil is hot, add the mendoan tempeh which has been covered with flour. Cook briefly until it changes color then remove and drain. Do this until all the tempe mendoan mixture is used up.
  • How to make tempe mendoan sauce: mix the sliced ​​bird’s eye chilies, finely chopped garlic and sliced ​​shallots. Combine all ingredients with soy sauce and stir until smooth.
  • Serve tempe mendoan with dipping sauce while warm.

Experiment Conclusion:


This is a brief discussion of the meaning of the structure of the experimental report text. The discussion this time does not only discuss the definition of the experimental report text structure but also discusses the characteristics, types, purposes, benefits and examples of an experimental report text structure itself.

Understanding the structure of the experimental report text makes us better understand the results of our research through experimental text reports and makes it easier to make them.

Thus a review of the notion of the structure of the experimental report text. For Sinaumed’s who want to learn everything about understanding the structure of experimental report texts and knowledge related to other languages, you can visit sinaumedia.com to get related books.

As #FriendsWithoutLimits, sinaumedia always provides the best products, so you have the best and latest information for you. To support Sinaumed’s in adding insight, sinaumedia always provides quality and original books so that Sinaumed’s has #MoreWithReading information.

Author: Pandu Akram
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