Example of Biographical Text – As a writer, you are certainly no stranger to hearing the word biographical text . Most people must have read and learned how to write biographical texts since they were in school. Biographical text is a literary work that can provide information, insight and moral messages to its readers.
However, writing biographical texts cannot be arbitrary. You have to understand the meaning and purpose of writing biographical texts. Therefore, let’s study the meaning of biographical text and look at examples.
Definition of Biographical Text
Biography is a literary work about the biography of a character. This biographical text usually contains life history, experiences to the person’s success story. Generally, the characters written in biographical texts are well-known, successful, exemplary, national fighters and affect the lives of many people.
Biography comes from the Greek ” bios ” and ” grafien “, which means life and writing. Biography itself is divided into two kinds, namely portrayal and scientific biography. A biography is definitely different from an autobiography. Biographical texts are literary works written by other people, while autobiographical texts are works written by oneself.
A portrayal biography is a biography that tells a character, while a scientific biography is a biography that tells a character based on the analysis and use of certain concepts that make up a historical story.
Biographical texts usually highlight the strengths, achievements, life problems, and sacrifices of a character. This work aims to set a good example to its readers. In addition, this biographical text also helps enrich the reader’s insight and educates the wider community about the character being told. However, experts still have different opinions regarding biographical texts.
Mahsun argues that biographical texts are narrative texts that have the aim of telling the stages of a person’s life, which includes facts and the biography of the character being told. As for things that need to be conveyed in biographical texts, such as issues of privilege, family background, identity, organizational history, and something that is achievement or achievement.
According to Istiqomah, biographical text is the history of someone’s life told through writing. In this case, the biographical text writer acts as a third person. The author of this biographical text owns the copyright for the work written and the character written on acts as a resource person.
Wahono defines biographical texts as factual stories. That is, this biographical text is written based on the facts presented by the author. For example, the strengths of the person, achievements achieved and ideology.
Features of Biographical Texts
There are several characteristics of biographical texts that you should know, namely:
- Contains facts about the character to be told;
- Text is narrative or tells a story;
- There are facts about the success stories of the characters being told, so that lessons can be learned;
- Have a clear flow and structure;
- As well as all biographical texts written by other people.
Biographical Text Structure
An important part of designing a biography is structure. Structure can be said as a reference or framework that can make it easier for you to write biographical texts.
The biographical structure is as follows:
- Title: like other types of writing, you must put the title at the beginning of the article.
- Orientation: the part at the beginning of writing to introduce or general description of the character to be told. You could say this section is the background that contains, who, when, what, where, and why.
- Problems or important events: the core of the writing, containing the experiences of the characters encountered, can be sad stories, touching, heroic, and so on. Until the character can be like now.
- Reorientation: closing or conclusion. This section can be created or not.
Example of Biography Text
Example of Biography Text 1
Firman Abdul Kholik (born August 11, 1997) is a badminton player from Indonesia who plays left-handed or left-handed in the men’s singles sector. He comes from the same club as Gregoria Mariska Tunjung, namely Mutiara Cardinal Bandung.
Firman is a slightly special player, considering that it is rare for an Indonesian badminton player to play with his left hand. This Banjar-born man started his junior career in 2013, then advanced to the senior level in 2015. That same year he managed to contribute a gold medal at the 2015 SEA Games team badminton championship held in Singapore.
Firman has been part of the Indonesian badminton team in several international team championships such as the Asian Badminton Championships, SEA Games, Thomas Cup and Sudirman Cup. In the Thomas Cup event which took place in Bangkok, Thailand on 20–27 May 2018, he was trusted to appear in the preliminary round and managed to record three wins. The Indonesian team, who are in group B, met Canada in the first match.
Firman, who played in the fifth party, managed to beat Paul Antooine Dostie Gunidon with a final score of 21-8 and 21-11. Next, the Indonesian team faced the host Thailand in the second match and Firman met a tougher player than before, namely Pannawit Thongnuam. He managed to win the match with a final score of 21-19 and 21-14.
Finally, the Indonesian team met again with South Korea who were defeated in the Asian Badminton Championships. Firman won over Ha Young-woong in three sets with a final score of 20-22, 21-15, and 21-12. This victory led the Indonesian team to win the group, although in the end Indonesia had to lose to China in the semifinals with a score of 3-1.
Example of Biography Text 2
Hyung Min-woo (born April 14, 1974) is a manhwa artist originally from South Korea. He is known for creating a comic entitled Priest which was released in the United States by Tokyo Pop. Min-woo dares to take on the controversial theme of the fight between humans and angels who were expelled from heaven. The comic is full of swear words and scenes of violence.
However, since 2006, he has stopped continuing the comic and stopped at volume 16. This is what makes his readers curious about the continuation of the comic’s story. As well as being a manhwa artist, Min-woo is also part of a group of South Korean artists working on comic labels for the United States.
Example of Biography Text 3
Harold Arthur Crouch or Haris Amir (born 18 July 1940) is an Indonesianist and political scientist from Australia. Since 1968 he began to live in Indonesia because he taught at the University of Indonesia (UI). She married a Malaysian historian named Khasnor Johan on 14 June 1973 and was blessed with four children.
Initially, he was more interested in studies of Asian countries than studies of Indonesia. However, he eventually became known as an expert on the political role of the Indonesian army in the future and most of his works are concerned with the political condition of Indonesia during the New Order era.
Crouch was born on July 18, 1940 under the name Harold Arthur Crouch at Mercy Hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. His father was named Harold Crouch, while his mother was named Marjorie Hilda Morris (Crouch). His parents married on 7 August 1934 and lived in Elwood, Victoria (a suburb of Melbourne) when he was born. As for his sister named Marjorie.
Since 1968 Crouch began to live in Indonesia for teaching at the University of Indonesia. He then regularly held discussions with various parties and read books related to Islam, especially the works of Fazlur Rahman, Nurcholis Madjid, and Harun Nasution. After his knowledge of Islam was sufficient, he decided to convert to Islam in 1973.
To carry out this intention, he then went to a mosque located in the Preston area, Melbourne, Australia and asked the imam of the mosque to convert himself to Islam. In that same year, on June 14, 1973 to be precise, she married a Malaysian historian named Khasnor Johan. Through his marriage, he was blessed with four children, all of whom were given Islamic names, namely Zamir, Azlan, Nurida and Zaid. He himself has an Islamic name, namely Haris Amir.
Crouch began his political science studies at the University of Melbourne in 1958 – which was then led by William Macmahon Ball (Australian delegate to the United Nations conference held in San Francisco in 1945). He received his Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree from the university in 1960.
Next, he chose India for his further studies, namely at the University of Mumbai from 1963 to 1966. Crouch was one of the few Australian citizens studying at Asian universities at that time. He holds a Master of Arts (MA) degree with a thesis on the role of trade unions in India.
A year later, Crouch returned to Australia and continued his studies at Monash University under the tutelage of Herbert Feith. That same year, Feith, who taught at the University of Indonesia, resigned and asked Crouch to replace him. He then replaced Feith as a lecturer at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Indonesia in 1968 or when Suharto officially became President of the Republic of Indonesia.
While teaching from 1968 to 1971, Crouch collected various information that was used for his dissertation. In 1975, he earned his Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree with a research entitled The Army and Politics in Indonesia. This dissertation was first revised and published by Cornell University in 1978.
In his work, Crouch discusses the major role of the Army which was led by Suharto before and after he became president. One of the chapters in it also discusses the economic interests of the Army and the castration of political parties. The book also deals with mass killings and imprisonment without trial of people suspected of being communist.
Example of Biography Text 4
Siti Munjiyah (Van Ophuijsen’s spelling: Siti Moendjijah; born in Kampung Kauman, Yogyakarta in 1896 and died in Tasikmalaya, West Java in 1955) was the figure of the 16–20th General Chairperson of the Aisyiyah Center. He is the sixth child of Haji Hasyim Ismail, while his family is known as “Bani Hasyim Kauman”, who are supporters of the Muhammadiyah movement.
Munjiyah is one of the early generations of women in the Dutch East Indies who has a good educational background. The education he received includes Madrasah Diniyah Ibtidaiyah, Sopo Tresno, and Al-Qismul Arqo. This education gave rise to a critical awareness in her that the customs in society at that time hindered the pattern of women’s progress.
Her role on a national scale was to become a participant in the First Indonesian Women’s Congress together with Siti Hayinah Mawardi, which was held in Ndalem Jayadipuran on 22–25 December 1928. She expressed her opinion about the status of women in the speech delivery program. The speech she delivered was a response to the liberal feminism movement that was developing at that time. He classifies the degrees and nobility of women into three parts, namely high in mind, lots of knowledge, and good behavior. Her appearance at the forum opened up new perspectives for women to be able to play a role in society and get rid of traditional barriers.
Suratmin in the book Biography of Leaders of the First Indonesian Women’s Congress which he wrote with other researchers described that the Aisyiyah activist had a chubby frame, rather tall stature, and a round face. Even though she is one of the daughters of Lurah Hasyim, her appearance is still simple.
Apart from that, Djarnawi Hadikusuma, whose status is his nephew, also added that his aunt did not like wearing luxurious jewelry and was firm in her stance in upholding Islamic law. This behavior according to Al-Fauzan (Islamic scholar) is a worship. Worship itself has various scopes of obedience that can be seen from the tongue and limbs.
Munjiyah married KH Ghozali who also came from Kauman, but the marriage was not harmonious. The household he built did not last and the two of them divorced. After the divorce, he did not remarry and devoted his energy to the Aisyiyah organization. At that time, he was still at home with Bagus Hadikusumo and adopted Bariyah’s children who died, namely Siti Antaroh, Ichnaton, and Fuad.
Some literature and references from Aisyiyah state that Munjiyah breathed her last in 1955 due to breast cancer. At that time he was in Tasikmalaya City to attend a conference organized by Aisyiyah. Badiyah Dahlan, who knew that Munjiyah was in pain, immediately took her to the hospital and asked that the conference be dismissed.
However, his friend’s life was beyond help, despite receiving intensive treatment. Munjiyah’s body was then brought back to Yogyakarta and buried in the Kauman Cemetery which is behind the Gedhe Kauman Mosque.
Example of Biography Text 5:
Kiai Haji Muhammad Sangidu or Kanjeng Raden Penghulu Haji (KRPH) Muhammad Kamaluddiningrat (born in Kampung Kauman Yogyakarta in 1883 and buried in the Karangkajen Cemetery after he died in 1980) is the 13th Head of the Penghulu Sultanate of Yogyakarta who was appointed in 1914 to replace the previous prince, KRPH Muhammad Khalil Kamaluddiningrat.
Sangidu is a relative of Ahmad Dahlan and a supporter of the Muhammadiyah organization founded by Dahlan. He is known as the holder of the first stamboek (Muhammadiyah member card), because he was the first member of the Muhammadiyah organization. In addition, he was the one who suggested the name “Muhammadiyah” to Dahlan.
When he became the head of the Penghulu Sultanate of Yogyakarta, Sangidu played a role in making Muhammadiyah teachings the dominant ideology in Kauman Village. Although previously there had been tension between Ahmad Dahlan and the traditional clerics in Kauman Village, his cooperative approach with the palace managed to avoid conflict. He also utilizes local culture as a medium of preaching.
Sangidu has also tried to change the community’s wedding customs to only provide simple treats, and he once worked on the accuracy of 1 Shawwal (which is the date of Eid al-Fitr in the Hijri calendar) using the rukyat bil aini (observing by sight) method instead of calculating aboge ( Javanese year ) . ). In addition, he pioneered the establishment of modern system schools which are now known as Madrasah Muallimin Muhammadiyah and Madrasah Muallimat Muhammadiyah, and helped pioneer Frobelschool which was the first kindergarten founded by the Indonesian people.