difference between conventional and non conventional source of energy

The Difference between Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources of Energy

The demand for energy is constantly increasing, and with it comes the need for a sustainable and reliable source of energy. To fulfill this need, there are two main categories of energy sources: conventional and non-conventional. This article explains the difference between these two sources of energy.

Conventional Sources of Energy

Conventional sources of energy are the traditional sources that have been in use for centuries. These sources of energy are finite, non-renewable, and are extracted from the Earth’s crust. Conventional sources include fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas, which are formed over millions of years through the decomposition of dead plants and animals. Additionally, conventional sources of energy also include nuclear energy, which is generated through nuclear fission.

The major advantage of conventional sources of energy is that they are easily accessible and have a high energy density, which makes them efficient in supplying power to large populations. However, the disposal of waste generated by conventional sources can have detrimental environmental effects. For instance, burning fossil fuels results in the emission of greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming.

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Non-Conventional Sources of Energy

Compared to conventional sources, non-conventional sources of energy are renewable and have a lower impact on the environment. These sources of energy are not extracted from the Earth’s crust but are instead derived from renewable sources such as the sun, wind, water, and tides. Non-conventional sources of energy include solar, hydropower, wind, geothermal, tidal, biomass, and biofuels.

The main advantage of non-conventional sources of energy is their sustainability and the fact that they have a low carbon footprint. They are inexhaustible, and their potential to generate power is immense. For example, solar energy has the potential to meet the world’s energy demand six times over.

However, non-conventional sources of energy often have a lower energy density compared to conventional sources, making them less efficient in meeting the power demands of communities. Additionally, non-conventional sources are also dependent on weather patterns, which can affect the amount of power generated.

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In conclusion, the key difference between conventional and non-conventional sources of energy is their sustainability, environmental impact, and energy density. While conventional sources of energy are easily accessible, they have a high carbon footprint and are finite, whereas non-conventional sources are renewable, sustainable, and have a low carbon footprint. Both types of sources have their advantages and disadvantages, and the goal is to achieve a balance between them to ensure a sustainable energy future.

Table difference between conventional and non conventional source of energy

Conventional Sources of Energy Non-conventional Sources of Energy
Coal Solar energy
Oil Wind energy
Natural Gas Hydroelectric energy
Nuclear Energy Geothermal energy
Hydropower Biomass energy