33 Names of Original Traditional Weapons from All Provinces in Indonesia

Names of Traditional Weapons from All Provinces in Indonesia – As a country with an archipelagic shape, various regions of Indonesia are spread over 34 provinces. With a relatively large number of provinces, almost every region in Indonesia has its own unique culture, for example, the names of different traditional weapons.

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Different names of traditional weapons owned by each province are different. Because the cultural background and history of each region has its own characteristics.

Traditional weapons used by various regions in Indonesia have the function of protecting oneself, attacking enemies or fighting, facing a challenge, and so on.

With the existence of traditional weapons, you as the nation’s successor need to learn the names of traditional weapons from each province in Indonesia in order to introduce Indonesia’s cultural heritage to future generations.

Each province develops weapons and their manufacturing techniques are passed down from generation to generation. Each province may have more than one name for traditional weapons, depending on the needs of the local community.

In this discussion, traditional weapons will be discussed one by one in various provinces of Indonesia.

A. Names of Traditional Weapons in Each Region

Here are various names of traditional weapons in each region, including:

1. The name of the traditional Rencong weapon from Aceh

Rencong is the name of a traditional weapon originating from the province of Aceh. This weapon has a shape similar to the letter L and is similar to a dagger. The hilt of this traditional weapon is in the form of Arabic letters and is taken from the equivalent of the word bismillah.

The word bismillah itself is a symbol that shows the characteristics of the people of Aceh who strongly adhere to the glory of Islamic teachings. The Rencong weapon was used by the time of Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah when he ruled the kingdom of Aceh in 1514-1528.

2. The name of the Hujur Traditional Weapon from North Sumatra

The name of a traditional weapon from North Sumatra is called the hujur weapon. This weapon is a spear found by the Batak tribe. These traditional weapons are made of metal and are used for war and hunting.

The shape of the hujur weapon is similar to a flat leaf and has a length of about 25 cm and a width of about 55 cm. The stalk of this hujur weapon is made of wood with a length of about 2 meters.

3. The name of the Jenawi Sword Traditional Weapon from Riau

The Jenawi sword is the most popular traditional weapon in Riau province. The Jenawi sword was used by the commanders during the royal war.

In ancient times, only powerful, respected, and intelligent people could own this sword. This Jenawi sword is similar to the katana sword used in Japan.

4. The name of the Traditional Weapon of Badik Crushed Pepper from the Riau Archipelago

The pepper-mashed badik weapon is one of the traditional keris-like weapons in the Riau Islands. This weapon is used for slicing, stabbing, and attacking when in short rare battles.

Based on the custom of the Riau Islands, if the pepper-mashed badik weapon has been pulled from the scabbard, then something must be stabbed, for example objects or animals. Traditional weapons range from 27 to 29 cm in length.

The width of the blade itself ranges from 3.5 to 4 cm. At the base of the back of the sheath, there is a translucent carving which has a flat round shape.

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5. The name of the Karih traditional weapon from West Sumatra

The name of the traditional weapon comes from West Sumatra named Karih. Karih weapons are generally worn by men and placed in front of the waist. Karih is one of the stabbing or sharp weapons used as a means of self-defense.

6. The name of the traditional arrowhead spear from Jambi

The name of this next traditional weapon comes from Jambi, it is called the spear of the eye or commonly known as the Kuju weapon. This weapon was designed in the Sungai Full area and until finally it was still being produced. This arrowhead spear includes the eye, manau coating iron butts.

The size of the handle of this weapon ranges from 20 cm. The color of the stalk is yellow and the head is black. The material for making eyes is selected iron which is burned to a certain degree of heat.

This stalk is made of bamboo. Generally, the timbak is bathed twice a year for treatment and covered with incense.

7. The name of the traditional Kerambit weapon from Bengkulu

The next name of the weapon from Bengkulu is the kerambit weapon. This weapon has a specific shape and usage. The kerambit weapon has a curved shape and can only be used by people who are good at martial arts.

This karambit is made to order by a skilled blacksmith. The main ingredient in the manufacture of this traditional weapon is iron containing only steel. The length is 12 cm along with a base width of about 2 cm. Meanwhile the upstream has a length of 8 cm. Skeleton measures 13 cm.

8. The name of the Siwar Traditional Weapon from South Sumatra

This traditional weapon called siwar comes from the province of southern Sumatra. This weapon is also known as badik. The difference lies in the back of the badik’s eye. Badik is generally referred to as straight back siwar.

Siwar is included in the weapon library and now it is no longer being produced in general. Quite a number of heirs and community leaders who can make this weapon.

9. The name of the traditional machete weapon from the Bangka Belitung islands

The Parang weapon is a traditional weapon of the people from the Bangka Belitung Islands. This weapon is used as a means of fighting at short range.

The tip of this machete weapon is designed to be wide and heavy to increase the weight so that the target can be cut quickly. The medium-sized machete is used for felling trees because the tip is bigger and heavier.

10. The name of the Payan Traditional Weapon or Spear from Lampung

The spear based on the Lampung language is called payan. According to the shape, spears are categorized into short spears and long spears.

The long spear is a spear that has a wooden handle measuring more than 150 cm. Meanwhile, the short spear is a spear whose hilt has a size of no more than 90 cm.

The two spears have spearheads measuring 34 to 40 cm. Spears are classified into four classifications, namely heirlooms, ceremonial tools, hunting tools and religious objects.

11. The name of the Mandau Traditional Weapon from West Kalimantan

Mandau is a traditional weapon that is almost similar to the traditional weapon Jeni machete originating from the culture of the Dayak tribe in Kalimantan. The traditional mandau weapon is carried by the owner wherever he goes because it functions for one’s honor and identity.

In ancient times, the saber was considered to have magical powers. So that it is only used for certain events, such as wars, ceremonies, and traditional dance equipment. This part of the mandau includes the blade, sheath, and handle.

12. Traditional Weapon Names of Chopsticks from East Kalimantan

Traditional weapons from East Kalimantan are not much different from traditional weapons from West Kalimantan. This Mandau is used by the Dayak tribe in East Kalimantan. There is also a traditional weapon called chopsticks.

Chopstick weapons are generally used for war or hunting and traditional ceremonies as well as traditional Dayak wedding ceremonies. The way to use this traditional weapon is simply by blowing it. Based on the beliefs of the Dayak tribe, chopsticks cannot be used to kill others.

This traditional chopstick weapon has a length of 1.9 to 2.1 m. Meanwhile, the diameter of this weapon is 2 to 3 with a hole in the middle with a hole diameter of 1 cm. The hole serves to enter the child dumpit.

13. The name of the traditional weapon of the Keris Bujak Beliung from South Kalimantan

The bujak beliung keris is a traditional weapon from South Kalimantan which has a length of up to 30 cm. The distinctive feature of this weapon lies in the distinctive Kalimantan carving motifs because it has its own philosophy in it.

14. The name of the Dohong Traditional Weapon from Central Kalimantan

The dohong weapon is a traditional weapon from the Dayak community in Kalimantan. This weapon is similar in shape to a dagger, but bigger and sharper. Hulu dohong itself is made of horns. While the scabbard is made of wood. Traditional weapons are only used by tribal chiefs.

15. The name of the traditional weapon, the machete from Banten

The ciomas machete is a traditional weapon from Banten, or to be precise, from the Ciomas area. This machete weapon is very famous because of the sharpness of the weapon and the mystique contained in this machete weapon. In ancient times, this weapon was used as a weapon to repel invaders.

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Ciomas machete weapons are only made during the birth month of the Prophet Muhammad and need to go through a series of rituals and special iron placement. This traditional weapon is popular because of the balance of shape, sharpness and smoothness of forging.

16. The name of the Machete from DKI Jakarta

This Golok weapon is a traditional weapon from the people from DKI Jakarta. In the past, Betawi people only used this machete to decorate their waist, both when they were inside or outside the house to protect themselves from attacks by criminals.

For the Betawi people, the existence of this machete weapon is enough to have an impact on West Javanese culture. The difference between the two can be seen from the model shape and the name. The Betawi people are divided into 4 categories, namely the betok machete, the tipped machete, the gobang machete, and the badik-badik.

17. Name of Kujang weapon from West Java

This traditional cleaver weapon comes from West Java. This weapon has a unique shape with a bulge at the base, jagged on the sides, and curved edges.

Kujang weapons have a length of 20 to 30 cm with a width of 5 cm. In the eyes there are as many as 1 to 5 holes. This weapon weighs approximately 300 grams.

18. The name of the Keris Weapon from Central Java

Keris is a traditional weapon that you can find in Central Java. Keris weapons have various forms, such as curved blades and straight blades.

The procedure for using this keris weapon varies in each region. As in the Java region, this weapon is placed on the back of the waist, but will be placed on the front during war.

19. Name of Keris Weapon from Yogyakarta

This traditional weapon from Yogyakarta is called a keris. Keris weapon is a kind of sharp weapon made using metal. The parts of this yogyakarta keris consist of blades, carvings, and sheaths.

20. The name of the sickle weapon from East Java

The sickle weapon is a traditional weapon from the Madurese people in East Java. This weapon has a curved blade shape.

Previously, celurit was just a sickle that was often used by farmers to mow grass in the fields or as a tool for making fences. After that, the sickle turned into a self-defense tool used by the people when facing enemies.

The shape of this weapon is curved like a crescent moon. This weapon is made of iron or steel. The sickle blade is attached to the hilt. While the handle is made of wood.

21. Name of Keris Weapon from Bali

Balinese people use traditional keris weapons to defend themselves and represent someone to attend a wedding. Not only that, they also have a belief that a keris can heal someone from a venomous animal bite by immersing the line in water.

The carvings of this Balinese keris are very varied. There are kerises that have the shape of statues, dancers, and so on. The handle of this keris is made using wood, but there are also keris that are quite large and long.

22. The name of the sundu weapon from East Nusa Tenggara

The weapon is a traditional weapon originating from East Nusa Tenggara which is similar to the traditional weapon keris. The people of East Nusa Tenggara regard this weapon as a sacred object.

This weapon has a straight shape. The handle or handle is similar to the shape of a bird’s wing. Meanwhile, the sundu sarong has a circular horizontal motif.

23. Name of Sampari weapon from West Nusa Tenggara

The sampari weapon is a kind of keris originating from West Nusa Tenggara. Precisely this traditional weapon is a typical weapon from the eastern island of Sumbawa.

24. Name of Weapon Wamilo from Gorontalo

The wamilo weapon is a traditional weapon from Gorontalo which has a shape similar to a machete. The difference lies in the upstream end which is slightly curved downwards.

25. Name of Badik weapon from West Sulawesi

Badik weapons are traditional weapons originating from the provinces of West Sulawesi and South Sulawesi. This weapon is used by Malay people with a shape similar to a knife but has a deep curve at the end.

26. Name of Weapon Pasatimpo from Central Sulawesi

The Pasatimpo weapon is a traditional weapon that is similar in type to a machete. This weapon has a length of approximately 40 cm and is made using brass or copper.

27. The name of the Peda weapon from North Sulawesi

Peda weapon is a traditional weapon originating from North Sulawesi province. This weapon belongs to the type of machete weapon. Usually used for farming. This weapon has a short shape with a size of 50 cm and is made using iron.

28. The Name of the Spear Weapon from Southeast Sulawesi

The javelin is a traditional weapon originating from the province of Southeast Sulawesi. This weapon is usually used for hunting, war, and traditional ceremonies from generation to generation.

29. Name of Badik Weapon from South Sulawesi

The Badik weapon is a traditional weapon originating from the Malay, Makassar, Bugis, and also Mandar regions in West Sulawesi and South Sulawesi with its short size.

This weapon has the shape of a dagger. Badik weapons are made using materials such as steel, prestige, and iron. With a blade length ranging from 20 cm to 30 cm.

30. The name of my Salawaku Machete is from North Maluku

The Salawaku Parang Weapon is a traditional weapon originating from the Maluku region. This weapon has a shape like a machete and shield.

This traditional weapon has a length of 90 to 100 cm. It is also made of special iron. Meanwhile, the head of the machete is made of iron wood or commonly known as gapusa wood.

Meanwhile, the shield is decorated using motifs that symbolize courage. With the material in the form of wood which is quite hard. This weapon is usually used for war or hunting purposes.

31. The Name of the Maluku Spear Weapon

The spear weapon is a traditional weapon originating from the Maluku region. This weapon is generally used to catch fish. The spear consists of a stick used as a handle and a sharp spearhead.

The head of the spear or the eye of the spear is made using materials such as steel or iron. The tip of the spear which has a straight shape, sharp on both sides and sharp at the end.

32. Name of Dagger Weapon from Papua

Daggers are traditional weapons originating from the Papua region. This weapon is made using a cassowary bird’s leg bone. The upper part of the dagger is decorated with cassowary feathers. This weapon is usually used for war and hunting.

33. Names of Arrows and Bows from West Papua

Just like weapons from Papua, daggers are also used for traditional weapons in West Papua. Not only that, there are also traditional weapons in the form of bows and arrows.

This bow weapon is made using materials from bamboo and wood. While the bowstring is made using rattan. The arrows are made using bamboo, wood, or bone.

That is the name of traditional weapons in Indonesia. Hopefully the above information can provide knowledge about traditional weapons. So that you can pass it on to your children and grandchildren later.

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