What is Online? Types, Components, Strengths and Weaknesses

What is Online – The term online has been used a lot lately. Many activities are carried out online. But what is online?

Sinaumed’s, maybe you are already doing something online without realizing it. But do not know the meaning of the word online. This article will discuss things about online, from understanding to benefits.

What is Online? Definition of Online

Types of Online Communication

1. Synchronous Chat Communication

For those of you who use applications such as whatsapp, line, sms, telegram, and the like. That means you have done synchronous chat communication. Synchronous chat communication is communication made via the internet but only in the form of text messages or other chats which are only in the form of text messages.

2. Chat Asynchronous Communication

Chat asynchronous communication with chat synchronous communication has the same function, namely sending text messages to someone you want to communicate with.

However, the difference between the two is that chat asynchronous communication is delayed online communication. Chat or text messages sent are not immediately replied to by the recipient.

An example of asynchronous chat communication is like a question session during a webinar or discussion. Questions will be accommodated and answered at the appropriate session or time.

3. Synchronous Call Communication

This type of online communication is communication where someone can communicate via a telephone line that must use the internet. This communication is not limited by time and distance. The applications used vary, of course there must be a telephone feature.

4. Video Call Synchronous Communication

This type of online communication is not much different from synchronous call communication, because you can communicate with someone via voice.

But what distinguishes this synchronous video call communication is that there is a video feature that can show the face of the person you are communicating with. There are also various supporting applications for synchronous video communication.

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5. Video Asynchronous Communication

Video asynchronous communication is online communication that is the same as video synchronous communication. But the difference from asynchronous video communication is that someone only sends a form of communication in the form of video.

Two-way communication does not occur in asynchronous video communication. So that the person who sent the video cannot know how the response from the recipient of the video is.

This video asynchronous communication is usually used for teachers who make learning materials in video form. The teacher will send the video to his students.

In addition, there is online communication based on how to communicate, namely formal online communication, informal communication, non-formal online communication, group communication, and communication for work. Here’s the explanation:

6. Formal Online Communication

Formal online communication is communication that takes place in formal situations. Usually this communication is carried out when there is an interest or an obligation to carry out formal online communication. Examples of formal online communication such as conducting webinars, lessons, or meetings.

7. Informal Online Communication

Informal online communication is the exact opposite of formal communication. This communication is done to carry out interactions that do not always have a purpose or purpose. Usually this communication also does not have a definite topic or is not planned. For example, like a mother who contacts her child because she wants to ask how her child is or is.

8. Non-Formal Online Communication

Non-formal online communication is communication that takes place outside of formal or official events. If non-formal communication is carried out in an official situation, usually the person being invited to communicate is a relative or someone who has a close relationship.

9. Group Online Communication

The next type of online communication is group online communication. As the name implies, this communication is done in groups. This communication is usually done within a group of groups on an application or platform.

10. Online Communication for Work

Online communication for work is personal and important. This communication is done for work purposes. This communication can use a personal application or platform, or it can also use a private platform provided by the company. Such as an application, website, or email on behalf of the company.

Components to Support Online Communication

Before online communication can run, components are needed to support it, including the following:

1. Software components ( software )

This component is useful for running the system for online communication purposes. This component serves to bridge the other components. Programs used for this software component such as google, sky, webconferencia, and so on.

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2. Hardware components (hardware)

Hardware components are components that are visible and usable by humans. Examples of hardware components for online communication are laptops or computers, cellphones, microphones, headsets, and other supporting devices.

3 . Components of reasoning or reasoning devices (brainware)

The component of the device of reason or reason is a human being. Humans are the ones who run the other components, so the presence of this component is really needed for online communication.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Communication

1. Advantages of Online Communication

There are several advantages of online communication that can be found, including:

a. Saving time

Online communication certainly requires the internet to work. The advantage of online communication is that it saves time, it doesn’t take long to send messages or videos to someone when using online communication. In addition, online communication knows no time, you can use it at any time.

b. Can be done anywhere

Online communication is communication that can be done anywhere, as long as the internet is connected. This is one of the advantages of online communication. So there is no need to meet to communicate.

c. Save costs

To communicate online, you don’t need to pay a lot of money. Compared to communicating in person, especially if the distance is great, online communication is very helpful. Because it can reduce costs, only internet costs are needed.


2. Disadvantages of Online Communication

Besides the advantages, online communication also has disadvantages. Are as follows:

a. Requires a specific device or application

If you want to communicate online, certain applications are needed to support this communication. This can be said to be a drawback of online communication, because not all applications can be installed or used in general.

b. Difficulty expressing emotions

The disadvantages of online communication in this case are clearly visible when using online communication of the text message type. Misunderstandings often occur between the sender and the recipient of the message, because it is difficult to guess the expression received by the recipient of the message from the sender of the message.

c. Widespread data privacy threats

When you want to communicate online using certain platforms or applications, personal data is required. This is actually dangerous, because if private personal data is spread, it can be misused by irresponsible people.

Online Benefits

Following are some of the many benefits of going online:

  • To communicate
  • As a trading medium
  • Can be used for business
  • Facilitate learning
  • As a means of e-banking
  • Entertainment media
  • Can access information from anywhere and anytime

That’s information about online, from understanding to benefits. For Sinaumed’s who want to know more, there’s no need to worry, because sinaumedia as #SahabatUnlimits will always help by providing books on sinaumedia.com .

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