Have you ever observed a change in the shape of an object? Apart from what we have learned from the subject matter at school, changes in the shape of objects are quite close to our daily activities. That’s why we need to understand the material, starting from the understanding of each form of an object, its nature, causes, and so on. By understanding this material, it will be easier for us to benefit from his theory in everyday life. In this article, we will discuss more about what condensing means.
Events of changing the form of objects occur a lot in everyday life and there are various events of changing the form of objects that occur, such as the process of making ice cubes in the refrigerator, boiling water, and drying wet clothes in the morning. Changes in the shape of this object cannot be separated from solids, liquids, and gases. Where basically the change in the shape of the object is based on the release of heat or absorption of heat. All substances that exist in this world certainly have the opportunity to change form and this is based on their boiling point. One of the many changes in the form of objects that we find is condensation.
What Does Condensation Mean?
Condensation is an event of changing the form of a substance or object to a more solid form, such as changing a gas or vapor into a liquid. Where this change in condensation is often referred to as condensation and this process can occur due to several factors such as steam that is cooled deliberately to become liquid, steam or gas that is increased in pressure to become a liquid and the combination of compression with cooling. The term condensate is a liquid that has condensed from a gas or vapor. Meanwhile, the condenser is a tool used to condense vapor into a liquid. Basically, the condenser is made for cooling or heat exchanger which is used for a specific purpose and usually has a variety of designs.
Condensation is a change in the state of matter that occurs when a gas releases heat energy due to a decrease in temperature. In addition, condensation can also occur in a natural way. The most common occurrence of condensation that we encounter is the dew that appears in the morning on the leaves. Even though there is no rain at night, the dew will still be visible from the water droplets that fall from the leaves. In daily activities, there are many damp places that contain water and this can happen because of water vapor that reaches the surface of the air. Condensation is not something strange, because it can be proven clearly in physics.
Example of a Condensing Event
The following are some examples of condensation events that we can encounter and occur around us, including:
1. Ice Filled Wall
A glass is a tool made specifically to make it easier for humans in the drinking process, where we will definitely pour drinking water into a glass before drinking it. Basically, glasses are made with various variations, because they will be adjusted to their fans and the majority of glass shapes certainly have a handle to make it easier to hold. The purpose of this handle is to make it easier for the user to move the glass from place to place. The glass itself is made from various materials, ranging from glass, plastic, wood, and others.
Glass filled with ice generally has a material that is easily wet on the outside. This is an example of the condensation process. Where the ice that had been solid slowly began to melt. This is what causes evaporation in the glass.
2. Water Drops on Leaves
Morning is a condition that is quite healthy, because the air is still very fresh and there is still no exposure to dirty air or pollution. The human fit condition is basically in the morning. Therefore, the health center is actually there in the morning. So do not be surprised if many people often go for a run or exercise in the morning, because morning activities are very refreshing. Apart from that, we often encounter condensation in the morning conditions. Where we can see the indications from the plants whose leaves have dripping water.
The condition of having morning dew is natural, even though there is no rain at night, this dewy condition can still occur. Because it becomes a natural process due to changes in the form of matter. Based on several studies that have been conducted, the condensation process can occur in a natural way without human intervention.
3. Cars Rained
As we know, the role of the car in everyday life is indeed quite important, because the presence of a car will help various human activities. When the car is exposed to rain water, of course all the outside will get wet and this will make some of the windshields get wet too. This can be one proof of the evaporation process due to the effect of temperature on objects. This will cause condensation to form on the windshield.
4. Formation of Clouds
Reporting from the US Geological Survey, clouds will form in the atmosphere because air containing water vapor will rise and cool. Where water vapor in the form of gas will rise into the atmosphere due to evaporation. The altitude of the atmosphere itself causes lower pressure, therefore it will indirectly lower the air temperature. As a result, the air temperature in the upper atmosphere will be cooler than the temperature at the surface of the earth. When water vapor reaches the upper atmosphere, it cools, turns into water droplets and forms clouds.
5. Formation of Mist
Fog is one example of condensation events that occur in everyday life. Where this fog is formed when the air has very high humidity or contains a lot of water vapor. According to National Geographic, the water vapor will begin to condense and combine to form water droplets that hang in the air. Collection of water droplets in the air will form fog.
6. Foggy Glasses
Glasses users, of course, have experienced cloudy glasses when eating hot or warm food or drinks. This can happen because the hot water vapor that comes from food and drink will rise towards the face and meet cooler air. So that the water vapor will condense, forming a small droplet of water vapor. Where the water vapor drops will then stick to the glasses and make them dewy.
Causes of Changes in the Form of Objects
Changes in the shape of this object certainly occur not without cause. That is why in the process of changing the substance, there will be symptoms that we can recognize directly or through tools. Where changes in the shape of the object can occur due to physical, biological, and chemical changes in the properties of the substance. The following are some explanations about the causes of changes in the shape of objects, starting from solid, liquid, and also gas.
1. Physical Changes
Physical change is a form of change in the substance of an object that we can see or observe with the naked eye through its physical appearance alone or perhaps from its outer appearance. So, changes in physical form do not change the chemical composition of a substance. These changes will not change the material at all or form new substances. The special nature of these changes can be seen and we observe the changes from the outside physically and they can return to their original state as before the substance changed.
2. Chemical Changes
Chemical change is a form of change in the form of an object that occurs in shape and size and will produce a new, different substance. Where this change in form will result in the type and material properties of a different substance or a new substance from the original substance. A chemical reaction will create a substance or composition that changes into a new chemical formula. In practice, changes in chemical state experience shrinkage of the material substance when changing. Chemical changes can occur from various factors, starting from cooling, combustion, heating, decay, and also corrosion.
3. Biological Changes
Biological change is one of the changes that occur due to the influence of activities carried out by other living things or decomposing microorganisms. Just like a chemical change, this biological change will also cause changes in objects that cannot return to their original shape. You can find examples of these biological changes in wood that is weathered and will eventually decompose.
Properties of Things
When discussing changes in form, it will not be separated from the discussion of matter. You must have come across objects that change shape easily. To be able to experience the process of changing form, generally the substance will have properties or characteristics before or after the change in form occurs. The following are the characteristics that need to be understood, including:
There are various types of solid objects that you can find in the environment that can later change shape. Solids have the following properties:
a. Has a shape that tends to remain even though it is placed in a certain place, even tends to be the same even though it has been moved to a different place.
b. It’s not easy to change shape.
c. To change the shape of a solid object generally requires a long process with various efforts, such as pressing, hitting, and so on.
2. Liquid objects
You must be familiar with many liquid objects that we encounter at home or in the environment. Liquids can certainly change form into other forms such as becoming solid objects or gases. Before the change occurs, the liquid has the following properties or characteristics:
a. Has a shape that is not fixed and will adapt to the shape of the container that holds it.
b. It has flowing properties and easily moves from a higher place to a lower place because of the law of gravity.
c. Water bodies can seep into small gaps or pores on a surface, such as soil, cloth, tissue, and others.
d. Having pressure to go in all directions.
e. Have a flat surface.
f. Has a wave motion that can be influenced by several factors, such as thrust or wind.
In contrast to solid objects or liquid objects which can be seen clearly, gas objects cannot be seen easily with the naked eye, such as air. Even though its form is not visible, this gas object exists with very small and many molecules. So it is difficult to see by the naked eye. As is the case with other forms of matter, gas objects can also change form, which is initially invisible to be visible, or what is initially visible becomes invisible when it becomes gas. Gas bodies have their own properties that distinguish them from other forms of matter, as below:
a. Has a shape and volume that can adjust to the shape or condition of the container that holds it. Therefore, the shape of the gas will depend on the shape and condition of the container. In addition, the volume of air will also depend on the contents and also the volume of the container.
b. Has pressure that can press in all directions. For example, when you blow up a balloon, the rubber balloon expands. This is what proves that the gas will press in all directions and adjust to the container. For example, when you blow up a doll-shaped balloon, the gas will fill the balloon according to its shape.