Characteristics and Examples of Solids

Characteristics and examples of solid objects – Sinaumed’s needs to know the shape or elements of objects, from solids, liquids, to gases. In everyday life, we often encounter these three forms of objects. However, Sinaumed’s needs to know that the objects of all these elements have the characteristics, types, and characteristics of all other types of objects. This is why the three forms also have signs of their own changing nature. For example, the properties of solids undergo state changes that are different from those of liquids and gases.

Sinaumed’s needs to understand each of the three types of elements because each of them has its own symptoms. Sinaumed’s may have studied material about elements of matter from elementary school to high school and then designed it using more complex physics and chemistry material. These material forms become the basic materials and theories for studying various types of changes in physics and chemistry.

To understand this, Sinaumed’s can begin to recognize the characteristics and examples of solid objects, including their meaning, properties, and changes in their shape in the surrounding environment, as explained below:

Recognizing Solids

It should be noted that the solid objects that we often encounter everyday have constituent elements that can be explained theoretically in the study of physics and chemistry. Including how the characteristics, properties, and changes in the existence of these elements in nature. Then what exactly is a solid object?

A solid object is a form of object that has a solid mass and occupies space or is in a certain volume. The most obvious feature of solids is that they are fixed in shape and size before actions to make changes are taken. A solid also has very strong intermolecular forces, so that the shape of the solid can have a fixed volume with a large molecular density.

When a solid object is placed in a container or container. After that, the shape remains the same as before and does not follow the shape of the container unless it is changed to a liquid or gas by applying energy or heat. Of course this is very different from the properties of liquids and gases. The shape of a liquid or gas follows the shape of the container when it is placed in a particular container.

Characteristics of Solids

After getting to know a little about the solid objects above, we can already describe some of the characteristics of solid objects that distinguish their properties from the elements of other objects. Sinaumed’s can observe the characteristics and examples of solid objects that Sinaumed’s often encounters every day, such as the following:

1. Solid Shape

The most visible feature of solids is their shape. It is always constant under certain conditions in a container or open space. The shape of the remaining solids is affected by the density of the molecules they contain, so they can survive and maintain their shape under certain conditions. Its fixed form also requires certain species or processes to change it.

This means that with certain solid materials such as plastic, wood, iron and metal, it is naturally difficult to modify solids. In order to change it, we need heat or thermal energy to change its shape or form. However, there are also fixed objects that can be easily modified, such as ice cubes.

2. Fixed Volume

Solids have the characteristics of a fixed shape and volume. This is influenced by the fact that the volume of a solid object is less likely to change under certain conditions, because its shape is fixed and its mass tends to remain the same. If a solid object is transferred from one container to another, the volume of the solid remains the same. To change the volume of a solid object, we need a way and a way to change the shape or form to increase or decrease the volume. The conversion results to solids also determine the volume of solids.

3. Can Change Shape

As with the properties of other objects, solid objects can change shape and other forms, namely liquid or gas. Normally, its shape and volume stay the same, but solids can change shape and form in certain ways. It can change the shape and form of solids with many symptoms, such as discoloration and odor, when they melt and sublimate.

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Modifying solid objects can go through different processes or paths, so it requires time and special tools. For example, processing wood into paper, chairs, cabinets, tables, etc. requires time and methods. However, there are solid body changes that can be easily changed. For example, if you melt ice cubes or place camphor in an open space, the solid will change over time.

4. Has Mass

All shapes or forms of matter require mass, including solid objects which also have the property of mass. The size of this mass can then affect various phenomena of solid matter elements that we encounter in our daily lives. For example, when the shape of a solid changes, the mass of the object changes. We can prove that a solid has mass when it supports and supports it.

Some are light and some are heavy. If Sinaumed’s recognizes this, it means that solid objects have mass. The mass of solid objects is usually measured in grams, kilograms, and so on. Examples of solid objects that clearly have mass are stone, wood, metal, iron, earth, sand, and so on.

5. Incompressible

There are some solids that are incompressible. This means that it is difficult to compress solids because the density or density of molecules is very strong in the elements of solids. Some solids are void and difficult to compress. Such as stone, metal, wood or plastic. There are softer solids, but many solids have the property of being difficult to press and compress. Therefore, matter is inherently difficult to compress, so it is not surprising that solids have a fixed shape and volume.

6. Not Flowing

Solids don’t flow like liquids do. That is, solid objects are also difficult to spread. Solids have a fixed shape and volume and cannot flow. This can affect the flow process, because flow is a process of changing the shape and volume of objects that tend to follow their containers, such as water and other liquids.

7. Has a Three-dimensional Shape

Solid objects have a three-dimensional shape which is the main characteristic of the density element. The elements in solids are also real, in the sense that we can actually see, touch, feel, and carry them.

8. Space Placement

A solid also occupies the space in which it is placed. The space occupied by a solid includes its length, height, and width. So every solid object must have a place.

9. The distance between the particles is very small

The elemental particles that make up a solid are composed of closely spaced particles. Particles are placed close to each other.

10. Arrangement of Organized Particles

Also, the arrangement of organized particles in a solid is orderly. It also determines the shape of the solid.

11. The Gravitational Force Between Particles Is Very Strong

The gravitational force between particles is found in all objects and is one of the characteristics of the solid itself. The gravitational force between the particles is also strong and the particles in an object can move due to their volume or mass. The gravitational pull of the particles is so strong that they cannot move freely.

Changes in Form of Solids

Like other forms of matter, solids can change shape, although their shape and volume are always the same. Changes in solid objects can be in the form of shape and shape changes, after that the color and smell of solid objects can change. Therefore, changes in shape and form must be followed by changes in color and smell of these solid objects.

Changes in the state of solids can occur naturally or also with physical and chemical changes. Changes in solids can be detected based on change processes such as melting, sublimation, and freezing. This requires energy or heat in the process of change. Below is a description of the changes in solid objects along with examples of changes in the objects that we often encounter in everyday life.

1. Shape Change

Deformation shift is the change of one solid object into another solid object with a different shape. Changing the shape of a solid object into another solid object requires a special way to change it, and also change the molecular structure of the solid object. Therefore, both physical and chemical changes can occur in the form of solid objects that can replace the chemical elements present in solids.

Changing the shape of a solid doesn’t allow you to chemically return it to its original state before the change occurred. The following are examples of deformed solids:

a. Plastic

Plastics are included in solids because they have high density or molecular density, flexibility, slightly dense and slippery properties. When plastic undergoes a heating process, these items turn into various forms of goods, such as buckets, sinks, chairs, tables, cabinets, plates, glasses, and various other items made of plastic.

Plastic materials are considered easy to find and cheap, so solid plastics are easy to find. Because the chemical elements of plastic are the same, there is no chemical change in this deformation, only the shape is different. That is, there is an increase and decrease.

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b. Paper

Paper exists in solid form which is the result of changes in solids. That is, pulp or wood that is cooked into pulp. The paper material then goes through several screening processes to form paper that can be used for writing.

2. Change of Form

A change in state is a change in a solid object that not only changes in shape, but also changes in its form or particle elements. This change of state shows how much an object changes from one solid to another, liquid or gas. Changes in the form of liquids can go through a process of physical changes that can return to their original form, or chemical changes that occur when a chemical element changes and cannot return to its original form. Below is an example of a solid undergoing a change of state that Sinaumed’s needs to pay attention to.

a. Ice

Ice Cubes are solid objects with rapidly changing properties. These objects have the density and size of objects that are stored under certain conditions, but can change very easily when exposed to energy or heat. Sinaumed’s was able to observe the process of changing the form of ice to liquid, namely the process of melting, when left at room temperature which contains heat energy.

The ice cubes will then turn into water. Its properties are different from the previous solid objects, namely liquid objects whose mass and volume are not fixed according to the shape of the container. However, the change of ice cubes into water is a physical change, the chemical elements do not change, only the shape changes, so no chemical changes occur.

b. Margarine

Margarine has a softer form but contains solids. When this object undergoes a heating process, it changes shape and becomes more fluid. Melted margarine changes shape, but does not change chemical elements, so it is involved in physical changes. The elements that make up a solid are the same even though it turns into a liquid.

c. Camphor

Camphor is contained in a solid object which when placed in an empty space can change shape until it disappears. Camphor does not disappear, but changes from a solid to a gas as it sublimes into the air. This can be caused by changes in pressure and temperature which can change the shape of camphor.

The solid nature of camphor also becomes a gaseous object, depending on the shape of the container or the influence of air in a particular space. The changes that occur in camphor are chemical changes because the chemical elements of camphor mixed with air turn into gas.

Solid Example

Solid objects can be found very easily in the everyday environment around us. Examples include wood, paper, iron, table, chair, pen, television, fridge, door, bone, coins, spoon, glass, nail, earthenware, soil, sand, corn, rice, iron, copper, teeth, foamed styrol, gold , nuku, aluminum, sand, stone, cube, glass, rubber, charcoal, wax, plastic, rice, coconut shell, gravel, and so on. Here is the full explanation:

1. Stone

There are two types of stones: cobblestones and flat stones. There are stones like black, red, gray and white. The shape of the surface can be smooth, rough, or porous.

2. Wood

Wood itself comes from wood which, among other things, is durable, durable, brittle, flammable and has properties commonly used for equipment such as tables, chairs and cabinets.

3. Iron

Iron is made from iron ore and has properties such as being strong, durable, non-flammable and heavy. Iron can also be used in the manufacture of motorcycles, cars, trains, building materials and others.

4. Clay

Clay is made of earth, is well shaped, reddish-brown in color, wet and sticky, and dries out when exposed to heat or burned.

5. Tile

The form of tile that is commonly used for roofing houses

6. Ceramics

Ceramics used for walls or building houses

7. Cotton

A collection of cotton or foam that is commonly used for mattress bedding

Other solid examples:

  • Broom-shaped material for cleaning the room
  • Wooden, cement, or ceramic table for placing various items
  • To store clothes or certain objects Wood or metal cabinets
  • Aluminum or metal pot for boiling water or cooking utensils
  • Cookstoves of iron or metal
  • Pouring glass, ceramic or ceramic for drinking mouth containers
  • Glass, ceramic, iron or aluminum utensils used for food
  • Natural stone or sand found in rivers
  • Spoon, fork, plate, and many other solids A metal that can be made into solid materials.

Well, that’s an explanation of the characteristics and examples of solid objects that we can encounter everyday in our environment. Can Sinaumed’s identify it? Getting to know the characteristics and properties of solid objects is also important to be taught by children from a young age. Sinaumed’s can introduce examples of objects to children through sinaumedia collection books at www.sinaumedia.com , such as the following book recommendations: #Friends Without Limits.

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