Definition of Yaumul Hisab – Every human life has a beginning and an end. The end of life in this world is what we call the Day of Judgment or the doomsday. After the apocalypse takes place and all living things are killed, there will be a phase where all creatures will be gathered and their good and bad deeds will be calculated while living in the world. Every deed that is done will be held accountable directly by God.
As Muslims, it is essential to know and believe in the Day of Judgment as part of the existing pillars of faith. Believing in the Day of Resurrection means accepting that humans will return to Allah and be held accountable for their actions.
Allah’s calculations do not overlook a single deed of a servant. Therefore, those who deny the existence of reckoning also deny the existence of the Day of Resurrection or the Day of Judgment.
Yaumul Hisab is the day when all of a person’s good and bad deeds during his life in the world will be taken into account. No human action, no matter how small, escapes God’s calculations. On that day, man will not be able to dodge or lie about their actions because all their limbs will be witnesses to them. People may forget, but Allah swt is omniscient about all human actions according to His Word.
To help Sinaumed’s friends understand the definition of Yaumul Hisab as part of the end of the day, in this discussion, we will present important information related to Yaumul Hisab as the day of counting charity.
Furthermore, you can see the discussion about the meaning of yaumul hisab below!
Meaning of Yaumul Hisab
In language, the word reckoning (الحسب) means counting. According to Ibn Faris, the letters haa (ح), siin (س), and baa (ب) have four basic meanings, the first of which is calculation.
In the process of the doomsday, there is a day called Yaumul Hisab, which means the day of reckoning charity. On this day, all human deeds, good or bad, will be taken into account. It is the day when humans will be held accountable for all their actions in the world.
During Yaumul Hisab, people’s mouths are closed, leaving them with no defense. Hands and feet bear witness to what they did during their lives. This aligns with verse 65 of Surah Yasin, which states, “Today We will shut their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will bear witness to what they have done.”
Yaumul Hisab occurs after humans rise from their graves (Yaumul Baats) and gather in the Mahsyar field (Yaumul Mahsyar). After Yaumul Hisab is finished, people undergo Yaumul Mizan, which is the day when their deeds will be weighed. Only after that comes Yaumul Jaza, the day of retribution for human actions.
In terms of syar’i, especially in the field of faith, reckoning means that Allah informs His servants about the deeds they have done in the world. Allah informs and reminds them about the deeds they have done in the world, even if they have forgotten them.
Allah said, “On the day Allah raises them all from the dead, He tells them what they have done. Allah records deeds, even if they forget them. And Allah is a witness over all things.”
Sheikh Umar Sulaiman Al-Asyqar explained that reckoning involves God stopping His servant in front of Him. God reminds the servants of the deeds they used to do, the words they used to say, and everything they experienced in their worldly life, such as faith, disbelief, keistiqomahan (truth), misguidance, obedience, and disobedience.
God informs the servants of the rewards and punishments they are entitled to receive for their actions. God also provides the servants with a book of their deeds, with the right hand indicating correct actions and the left hand indicating incorrect ones. The stories also include what Allah said to His servants, what the servants said to Allah, various arguments and justifications, as well as the testimonies of witnesses and the weighing of deeds.
Proof of the Existence of Yaumul Hisab
The existence of reckoning is explicitly established in both the Al-Quran and Hadith, and there is consensus among Muslims on its existence.
As stated in the Quran, Allah says:
“Surely to Us is their return, then verily it is Our obligation to account for them.” (QS. Al-Ghafir: 61)
“Then by your Lord, We will certainly ask them all about what they have done before.” (QS. Al-Hijr: 92)
“We will set the right scales on the Day of Resurrection, so no one will be wronged in the slightest. And if the practice is only the weight of a mustard seed, We will definitely bring it. And sufficient are We as reckoners.” (QS. Al-Anbiya: 47)
Regarding Hadith, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:
“Every one of you will surely be spoken to by his Lord (on the Day of Resurrection). There is no translator between Allah and him. Then he looked to his right, only he could see his practice. He looked to his left, only he could see his training. And he looked ahead, then he saw only hell in front of him. So stay away, even if you’re only half out.” (Narrated by Al-Bukhari)
In summary, reckoning is an essential concept in Islam, where all human actions will be taken into account and judged accordingly. The Day of Resurrection is the day of reckoning, where everyone will be held accountable for their deeds, whether good or bad.
Three Groups of People in Yaumul Hisab
On the Day of Resurrection, there will be three groups of people in reckoning and the following are some of them:
1. People who are not accounted for
They are people who have the virtue of perfect monotheism and trust in Allah. Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,
يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مِنْ أُمَّتِى سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ ، هُمُ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَسْتَرْقُونَ ، وَلاَ يَتَطَيَّرُونَ ، وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ
“From my people, there are seventy thousand people who will enter heaven without being reckoned. They are people who don’t ask for ruqyah, don’t tathayyur (think bad luck for something), and they only put their trust in their Lord.”
2. People who are easily reckoned with
فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابًا يَسِيرًا
“As for the person who is given his book from his right, then he will be examined (accounted for) with an easy examination.”
And what is meant by easy reckoning, is when the deeds and sins of the believer are shown, then when he has confessed them Allah forgives these practices.
Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,
لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يُحَاسَبُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلاَّ هَلَكَ
“No one is brought to account but will surely perish.”
Then Aisha asked, “Didn’t Allah say, (which means) As for the person who is given his book from his right, then he will be examined (accounted for) with an easy examination.”
So Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam explained,
“Verily (the easy reckoning) is ‘ardh (merely showing the practice). No one will be given a thorough account on the Day of Judgment but will be tortured.”
3. People who are being reckoned with a difficult reckoning
They are the people mentioned by the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam in his words,
لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يُحَاسَبُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلاَّ هَلَكَ
“No one is brought to account but will surely perish.”
They were given an account in detail and thoroughly, arguments and evidence were enforced for their deeds.
الْيَوْمَ نَخْتِمُ عَلَىٰ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَتُiron
“Today We shut their mouths; and their hands speak to Us and their feet bear witness to what they used to earn.”
Anas bin Malik was once with the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Then he suddenly laughed, and he said, “Do you know why I laugh?” So the friends replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.”
So Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,
مِنْ مُخَاطَبَةِ الْعَبْدِ رَبَّهُ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَلَمpet قَالَ فَيَقُولُ فَإِنِّى لاَ أُجِيزُ عَلَى نَفْسِى إِلاَّ شَاهِدًا مِنِّى قَالَ فَيَقُولُ كَفَى بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ شَهِيدًا وَبِالْكِرَامِ الْكَاتِبِينَ شُهُودًا – قَالَ – فَيُخْتَمُ عَلَى فِيهِ فَيُقَالُ لأَرْكَانِهِ انْطِقِى. قَالَ فَتَنْطِقُ بِأَعْمَالِهِ – قَالَ – ثُمَّ يُخَلَّى بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْكَلاَمِ – قَالَ – فَعَنْكُنَّ كُنْتُ أُنَاضِلُ
“(I laugh) because of the conversation between the servant and the master. He said: “O my Lord, are you not mistreating me?” God said, “Of course.” He said again, “I will not let anyone testify against me except me.” So Allah said, “Enough for you today as a witness and enough for the angels to record the deeds as a witness.” Then the mouth is closed and the body part is told “Speak”, then the body part speaks to reveal the deed, then the person is left alone with his words and says: Woe to you (oh body) I really tried to defend you.
The people who are counted reckoning for the first time
The people of Prophet Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam were the last people to appear in the world. However, they were the first people God paid attention to. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
نَحْنُ الاخِرُونَ السَّابِقُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَاَِة
“We are the last humans, but the first on the Day of Resurrection.”
In the hadith of Ibn Abbas narrated by the Prophet Ibn Majah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, it is said:
نَحْنُ اخِرُ الأُمَمِ وَأَوَّلُ مَنْ يُحَاسَبُ
“We are the last and the first to count.”
The first practice to be reckoned with
The calculation of reckoning is carried out instantly by Allah SWT himself, as stated in the Quran:
“And the book is laid down, and you will see the guilty people who are afraid of what is (written) in it, and they will say: “Woe to us. What kind of book is it, which leaves neither small nor (not) large, but records everything? And they found everything they did (written). Your Lord will not wrong anyone.” (Al-Kahf 18:49)
All deeds of a person, including their application on earth during life, will be taken into account. This is also confirmed in the verses 7-8 of Surah Al-Zalzalah, where it states:
“Whoever does an atom’s worth of good will surely see (his reward). And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will surely see (reply) too.”
On the Day of Judgment, the first act of a servant that will be taken into account is prayer. A person’s deeds can be judged good or bad based on their prayer. It is also said that Allah loves His servants very much, where He fulfills the obligatory deeds that they do with sunnah practices to cover their shortcomings.
However, it is important to note that obligatory practices must not be neglected, as they are continuously added to sunnah practices until a person enters paradise with Allah’s grace. Therefore, it is essential to strengthen and support sunnah practices, but not at the expense of obligatory practices.
Preparing for the Day of Judgment involves preparing useful information and performing good deeds. May Allah grant us Taufiq to always add to our good deeds to meet Him and earn His pleasure. Amen.
In summary, Yaumul Hisab is the day when a person’s actions will be calculated in detail for the first time. It is crucial to focus on both obligatory and sunnah practices to strengthen our good deeds and prepare for the Day of Judgment.
1. Prayer Worship
Deeds related to the rights of Allah, then the prayer is counted first. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا يُحَاسَبُ بِهِ الْعَبْدُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ صَلاَتُهُ فَإِنْ صَلُحَتْ فَقَدْ أَفْلَحَ وَأَنْجَحَ وَإِنْ فَسَدَتْ فَقَدْ خَابَ وَخَسِرَ
“Surely the charity of a servant who is taken into account on the first day of resurrection is his prayer. If his prayer is good, he must be lucky. But if his prayer is interrupted, he will surely perish.”
2. Blood Problems
When talking about practices related to the rights of fellow human beings, the first thing that must be considered is the issue of blood. Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:
“The first thing that will be judged among people on the Day of Judgment is the matter of blood.”
This is a brief discussion of the definition of Yaumul Hisab. It not only covers the meaning of reckoning but also delves further into the arguments, human groups, Ummah, and the practices that will be the first to be reckoned with.
Understanding the meaning of Yaumul Hisab provides us with additional knowledge about the Day of Judgment, where all of our deeds during our time on earth will be taken into account and judged by Allah SWT. Therefore, while we still have the opportunity to live, let us continue to do good and refrain from all that is prohibited by Allah SWT.