Understanding the Internet: Its History, Benefits, and Negative Impacts

Understanding the Internet – In this modern age, the internet has almost become a primary need for everyone. Not only teenagers, but parents and even children use the internet a lot.

Be it for communicating, shopping, social media, playing games, or for other purposes. The existence of the internet does provide convenience for every individual to carry out daily activities. So it is not surprising if the need continues to increase. But do you know what the internet actually means? If not, then check out the following review to learn more about the internet.

The meaning of the Internet

If you don’t know, the term is a form of packet exchange protocol, which has been used globally. Then, the process of connecting the internet network is called internetworking. The meaning of the internet is explained by one of the IT experts, Onno W Purbo as a media used to streamline the communication process using applications. In the meantime, here is the meaning of the internet from some other members:

1. According to Allan (year 2005) 

According to Allan, the internet is a group of computer networks connected to each other, which can read and apply various communication protocols or commonly known as IP and TCP. Still according to Allan, the protocol is a simple specification of how computers are interconnected with each other and interact.

2. According to Turban, Potter, and Rainer (year 2005) 

Furthermore, the internet according to Turban, Potter, and Rainer is a large network that can connect computers. Starting from connecting networks between school organizations, governments, businesses, and other institutions quickly.

3. According to Harjono (2009) 

The meaning of the internet is further conveyed by Harjono, which is interpreted as a group of several computers, even thousands of computers in the world that are interconnected and connected to each other. In connecting these computers, a medium is needed, such as cable, satellite, optical fiber, and a telephone connection. With the media, every computer can interact with each other.

4. According to Sarwono (2012) 

According to Sarwono, the internet is a group of networks with a global scale. In the beginning, the internet was only used in the military, but now the internet has been used by the general public. All circles have easily operated it. And according to Sarwono, no one is responsible for using the internet.

5. According to Supriyanto (2006) 

Fifth, the internet according to Supriyanto is a connection between several computers through a network that exists in the world and has an operating system with different applications. The relationship can occur by using a telephone or satellite that uses a standard protocol in communication.

6. According to Sibero (2011) 

Furthermore, according to Sibero, the internet is an Interconnected Network, which is a computer network that interconnects computers globally. The Internet is able to work because of the existence of computer networks, both local networks and networks with a wider global reach. In addition, the internet also uses the same communication protocol, namely IP or TCP.

7. According to Berners Lee

Then according to Berners Lee, the internet is a network that has several networks in it. The concept from Berners Lee can be interpreted as the existence of a local computer network that is connected to other networks.

8. According to O’Brien

The Internet according to O’Brien is a rapidly growing computer network. Where the existence and development of the internet itself can have a positive impact on various areas of life, such as business, education, government, and other areas.

History and Development of the Internet in the World

Later, ARPANET is the forerunner of the internet network. Then, around the 1980s, network technology was used by several campuses, although it was still very limited and only used by a few circles.

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The IP or TCP standard protocol was only published in 1982. Then in 1986, the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was established. It is NSFNET that emerged as a replacement for ARPANET in housing research and research in America. After a few years, around 1990, ARPANET was taken down.

Instead, CERN introduced a new service called the World Wide Web (WWW). Until 1993, Internic began to be developed, whose function is to register domain names from the public. Then in Indonesia, the internet started coming in around 1994. In that year, people who struggled in the IT field started to introduce the internet to the community.

Since the discovery of the network, the internet began to grow. The development of the internet has undergone many significant changes, both in terms of coverage, speed, transmission, and its use. Coverage is more directed to the reach of the region that can use the internet.

Until now, there are still many countries that are competing to try to meet and expand their reach using satellites. Because it is with satellite that the reach of the internet will be able to be expanded.

Then in the data packet transmission part, from year to year also continues to experience changes. Data transmission today is of course different compared to previous years. In accordance with the concept and understanding of the internet, as well as the support of increasingly modern technology, the transmission of internet data packets has also become better.

The same goes for the speed part. Various technology industries are now trying to continue to develop the network. From the early 2G, 3G, 4G, up to the latest at the moment, namely 5G. The bigger the internet network technology that you want to use, of course the resources you need are big enough for the country.

The use of the internet also continues to develop. It can even be said that the development of the internet to meet the daily needs of humans continues to undergo changes. Starting from changes in information, communication, and the devices used. In the past, the internet was only used by the military. But now, with the growing use of the internet, people can use it privately.

Almost every job today requires the internet as part of the work process. Not only in the field of work, the internet also penetrates into other fields, such as politics, economy, information, education, communication, and many other fields. The more the internet develops, the more its scope and use will spread to more areas of life.

Benefits of the Internet for Daily Life

1. Benefits in the field of education

The Internet is very helpful in the activities of students in the field of education. Not only students who have studied in universities, but those who are still in elementary, junior high, high school are also greatly helped by the presence of the internet.

The same goes for those who do not go to school and choose home schooling in their respective homes. There are many things that can be obtained through the internet as a means of learning. Every child or student can access millions of information through the internet. So that it helps them in developing their knowledge.

In addition, through the internet everyone can also develop their own skills. Through the many features that can be accessed with the internet, they can find and continue to develop skills.

With a good and fast network, you can discover new things. So it will be very easy for anyone to access and test their skills. The search and audio visual features will help you a lot to learn about anything in the world.

2. Benefits in the field of health

In the field of health, the internet also provides many benefits. You can access health information with the help of a computer network. In fact, the health information has been found so much, that you are the one who should be careful when looking for the information.

With the internet, it is easier for people to interact with doctors. Some websites now offer online health consultations with doctors who are experts in certain health fields. Through the internet, you can access various things to take care of your health, starting from a healthy lifestyle, how to manage your health, good foods to consume or avoid, hospital recommendations, and many more.

3. Benefits in the business field

Then in the field of business, the internet also makes it easier for businessmen to achieve financial gains. For entrepreneurs, you can create a business website, e-commerce, creative industry, or startup business. What is important to note is that, when deciding to use the internet in business activities, the reach you have will be much wider. That way, the business will also grow more easily.

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4. Benefits in the field of information communication

Furthermore, the benefits of the internet can also be obtained in the field of communication and information. Right now, you must have felt how easy it is to communicate with other people who are far away. Communication both through audio, visual, and audio visual is very easy to do nowadays. You can see and know the condition of other people who are far from reach. This shows the rapid development of communication with the internet.

Likewise in the field of information, where everyone can access millions of information through search engines on the internet. Any information is available there, and you can get it with just one click.

In fact, information from other countries that are very far away can be enjoyed in a matter of minutes. This is in accordance with the understanding of the internet where electronic media in the 21st century can provide faster network access and a wider reach.

The development of the internet has also provided a variety of reading books through eBooks. The advantage of eBooks is that readers can read anywhere via mobile phone or tablet, save on the use of paper, downloaded books are stored in the cloud, and reading is more practical and efficient.

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5. Social and entertainment benefits

Another important thing that is greatly benefited from the existence of the internet is that it is easy for everyone to get entertainment. There are many platforms that provide opportunities for anyone to socialize on media and get entertainment.

The presence of social media in addition to making it easy for everyone to interact with each other also provides access to entertainment. Either by looking at funny photos or millions of videos that can be chosen by yourself. With easy access, everyone can get entertainment anytime and anywhere.

Negative Impact of the Internet

1. The rise of hate speech

The Internet provides facilities for everyone to share information. This includes criticizing anyone via social media. Through the media, there are still many people who misuse it to express various expressions of hatred.

Of course, because there is no filter on the internet related to hate speech, it makes everyone, especially public figures, very easy to accept harsh comments and criticism that tend to hurt people’s hearts.

Therefore, when looking for information, it is highly recommended to be good at choosing and sorting. Don’t let the information you consume contain fake news and hate speech.

2. The amount of illegal content

The second negative impact is the emergence of a lot of illegal content. Video content is the most dangerous. Because videos that contain inappropriate things are also starting to be produced a lot. Whether it contains immoral acts, criminality, or pornographic videos that are not child-friendly. The ease of spreading various content makes every adult have to control children who use the internet.

Because without control from adults, children will more easily access anything. Once they find inappropriate content, they will continue to get similar recommendations. Guidance from parents to children is also very important. So that children can gain positive benefits from the existence of the internet.

3. The emergence of cyber crime

The last negative impact is the emergence of cyber crime. The easier it is for everyone to share anything, the easier it is for others to comment and express their opinions. However, not everything that is said in the media can be accepted by everyone.

So it is very possible for every internet user, especially those who use social media, to get negative criticism for what they upload. Not only in the realm of the media, cyber crime also extends to the many frauds committed online.

In addition, there are still other crimes such as hacking, cracking, and spamming. Therefore, the internet, which has provided convenience and benefits, needs to be used even better. So that the facility really has a positive impact, not a negative impact.

Well, that’s the meaning of the internet and its ins and outs. Starting from the understanding of the experts, its history, its development, benefits, and also the negative impact obtained by using the internet. Without a good filter, the internet can cause disaster for its users.