Names of Angels – In Islam, we recognize the existence of angels. A holy
being whose life is only carrying out God’s commands. They are known to be obedient and have no
lust. They are also assigned to accompany humans, record good and bad deeds.
The opposite of angels is satan, whose life always leads humans in a bad direction. They
invite people to jointly inhabit hell. Satan and angels are like two sides of life, between
evil and good.
Then, who are angels, what are their characteristics, what are their duties? The following
will explain these three things. Sinaumed’s can read carefully.
Definition of Angel
Angels are creatures created by God who never eat or drink and do not have lust like humans.
They become creatures who always obey Allah and never disobey His commands. The angels
themselves were created from light.
Meanwhile, according to the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud) formulates the meaning of
angels. Angels are defined as creatures created by God that have something in common with
humans, namely to worship God. Angels themselves must be believed to exist, because believing
in the existence of angels is the second pillar of faith. Angels were created by Allah from Nur
(light). Angels are created to have tasks that have been given by God.
Believing in or believing in the existence of angels is one of the six pillars of faith in Islam.
Precisely the second pillar of faith. Angels are supernatural beings. Its
existence is invisible to humans.
However, as a human being must believe in its existence. Humans must believe that angels are
also one of God’s creations in the universe. As for the number of angels themselves, it is
immeasurable. However, as humans must know and believe in the existence of 10 angels that must
Angels have characteristics and characteristics that are different from humans and jinn. The
following are the characteristics and characteristics of angels.
- Angels are always obedient and obedient to God’s commands. Angels are afraid of Allah.
They are not like humans who sometimes obey and sometimes disobey.
- Angels have no gender. They are not the same as humans who have sex, women and
- Angels do not eat and drink. Angels are not provided with lust by God including appetite
for food and drink.
- Angels become holy beings who are never bored and tired in carrying out the commands of Allah SWT.
- Angels always pray for God’s servants who are sitting waiting for congregational prayers
- Angels are able to change themselves at the will of God
- Angels always glorify Allah in the day and night. Praising has become the custom of the
angels. Even though they have the main task, the tasbih is never left behind.
- As living beings, angels also experience death. This is contained in the Koran sura
Al-Qasas verse 88, which means as follows.
“ Do not worship beside (worship) Allah, any other god. There is no God (who has the
right to be worshiped) but Him. Everything must perish, except Allah. To Him
is all determination and to Him you will be returned. ”
The difference between Angels, Humans and Jinn
Humans, jinns, and angels are all God’s creatures. However, the three of them have
differences, especially regarding obedience. Here are the differences between humans, jinn and
|1||Created from nur or light||Created from fire||Created from the ground|
|2||Do not eat and drink||Needs to eat and drink||Needs to eat and drink|
|3||Always obey and obey Allah||Some are obedient and some are disobedient and disobedient to Allah||Some are obedient and some are disobedient and disobedient to Allah|
|4||Have no passion||Have lust||Have lust|
|5||Magical creature||Magical creature||Real creature|
|6||Have clear and righteous thoughts||His thoughts fluctuated||His thoughts fluctuated|
Tasks of 10 Angels You Must Know
As humans, we are obliged to believe in angels even though we have never seen them. The number
of angels was immeasurable. No one knows except Allah SWT. Here are ten names of
angels and their duties that humans should know.
- Jibril was given the responsibility by Allah to deliver revelations to the prophets and apostles.
- Mikail has the duty to send rain and provide sustenance to God’s creatures.
- Israfil’s job is to blow the trumpet at the end of the world.
- Azrael has the responsibility to take the lives of all living things in the world.
- Munkar served as a questioner for humans who had died in the grave.
- Nakir is in charge of questioning humans who have died in the grave.
- Raqib’s duty is to record the good deeds of all humans in the life he lives.
- Atid has the responsibility to record the bad deeds of humans throughout his life.
- Malik is tasked with guarding the gates of hell.
- Ridwan has a responsibility as a gatekeeper to heaven.
Angels and Their Tasks Rarely
Known by Humans
In addition to the 10 angels that humans must know and are more often taught in schools. The
following are the names of angels and their duties that are rarely known to humans.
- Harut and Marut who descended on Babylon.
- Zabaniah are 19 tormenting angels in hell who are cruel and violent.
- The angels around the Throne consist of the ‘Arsy, hamalat al-‘Arsy (four angels carrying the ‘Arsy of
Allah, on the Day of Judgment their number will be increased from four to eight) and Haffun angels (angels
circling the Throne while glorifying).
- Darda’il is tasked with finding people who are praying, repenting, asking for forgiveness, other mall funds
in the month of Ramadan.
- Qarin is an angel who accompanies humans from birth to death. He is in charge of
whispering things of truth and goodness to people.
- Arham assumes the responsibility of being a soul blower, determining sustenance, death, charity, misfortune,
and happiness at 4 months of pregnancy.
- Junbadallah was responsible for helping the prophet during times of war.
- Ahlul Adli is a great angel whose magnitude is estimated to exceed the earth and its contents.
It has 70 thousand heads.
- Ad-Dama’u is an angel who always cries when he sees human mistakes.
- An-Nuqmah is an angel who always deals with the element of fire and sits on a throne in the form of a
flame. His face was copper yellow.
Wisdom of Faith in Angels
The wisdom of believing in angels is as follows.
- Angels watch over every word and deed of man so as to make him more careful in saying and acting.
- Be patient in obeying God’s commands as angels do in carrying out God’s commands.
- Feel serenity and peace for following in the footsteps of angels who live for Allah.
- Making humans always fear and obey God as angels do.
- Always remember that living in this world is only temporary. Eternal life only exists in
the afterlife. We can know this through the tasks performed by angels. One of
them blows the trumpet that marks the end of life in the world.
Proof of the Koran and
Hadith Regarding the Requirement to Believe in Angels
1. Surah Ar-Ra’ad Verse 11
” For him (man) there are angels who always take care of him in turn, from the front and behind him.
They guarded it at the command of Allah. Surely Allah will not change the condition of
a people before they change their own condition. And if Allah wills evil against a people, then
no one can reject it and there is no protector for them besides Him. ”
2. Surah Fatir Verse 13-14
“He causes the night to enter into the day and causes the day to enter into the night and subdues the sun
and the moon, each running according to an appointed time. Who (does) that is Allah your Lord,
to Him belongs all the kingdoms. And those whom you call (worship) besides Allah have nothing
even if it is a thin skin of the epidermis.
If you call on them, they will not hear your cry, and if they do, they will not accept your request either.
And on the Day of Judgment they will deny your polytheism and no one will be able to give you
information as given by (Allah) the All-Seeking.”
3. Surah Al-Infitar verses 10-12
And verily for you there are (angels) who watch over (your work), who are noble (with Allah) and who record (your
deeds), they know what you do.
4. Surah An-Nisa Verse 136
“O you who believe, keep believing in Allah and His Messenger and in the book that Allah sent down to His
Messenger and the book that Allah sent down before. Whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels,
His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, then surely that person has strayed far astray.”
5. Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 98
“Whoever is an enemy of Allah, His angels, His messengers, Jibril and Mikail, then surely Allah is the enemy of
6. Surah Al Baqarah Verse 30
“Remember when your Lord said to the Angels: “Indeed I want to make a caliph on earth.” they
said: “Why do you want to make (the caliph) on earth someone who will make damage to it and shed blood, even
though we always glorify you by praising you and purify you?” God said: “Surely I know what you
do not know.”
7. Surah An-Nisa Verse 172
“Al Masih is never reluctant to be a servant to Allah, and not (nor are reluctant) the closest angels (to
Allah). Whoever refuses to worship Him and is arrogant, Allah will gather them all to Him
8. Surah Al-Haqqah Verse 17
“And angels are in every corner of the sky. and on that day eight Angels uphold the ‘Throne of
your Lord above (head) them.”
9. Surah Al-Anbiyaa’ Verses 19-20
“And to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth. and the angels who are by His
side, they do not have the pride to worship Him and do not (also) feel tired. They always
glorify the night and day without ceasing.”
10. Surah Al-An’am verse 61
“And it is He who has the highest authority over all His servants, and He sent guardian angels to you, so that
when death comes to one of you, Our angels pass him over, and Our angels do not neglect of duty.”
11. Surah Al-Mu’min Verse 7
“(The angels) who carry the Throne and (the angels) who are around it glorify their Lord and they believe in Him
and ask forgiveness for those who believe (while saying), “O our Lord, mercy and knowledge that which is with
You includes everything, so forgive those who repent and follow Your way (religion) and protect them from the
punishment of hell.”
12. Hadith History of Muslim
“Angels were created from light, jinn were created from fire, and Adam was created as described (explained) to
you (ie from the ground).”