List of African Continent Countries and Full Explanations

List of African continent countries – The continent of Africa is the second largest continent in the world and the continent with the second most population after Asia. As the second largest continent, the African Continent has an area of ​​approximately 30,224,050 square kilometers including adjacent islands, Africa covers 20.3% of the total land area of ​​the earth. With a population of 800 million in 54 countries, the continent of Africa is home to one seventh of the world’s population.

With a population of 1.3 billion people, in 2018 the African continent was recorded as a continent that contributed 16% of the world’s human population. The continent includes Madagascar as well as various islands and contains 54 fully recognized sovereign states, nine territories and two de facto independent states. What countries are on the continent of Africa? Check out the list of countries on the African continent here.

List of African Continent Countries

The African continent is the second largest continent in the world and most of the countries in the African continent are former colonies except for Ethiopia, Liberia and South Africa.

Meanwhile, others, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are former colonies of Belgium. Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Sierra Leone, Djibouti, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Zambia and Botswana are former colonies of the United Kingdom.

Morocco, Algeria, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Benin, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Gabon and Madagascar are former colonies of France.

Cameroon, Togo, Rwanda, Burundi, Namibia and Tanzania are former colonies of Germany. Libya, Somalia and Eritrea are former colonies of Italy. Then Angola, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique and Malawi are former colonies of Portugal. Finally, Western Sahara is a former colony of Spain. One third of the countries of the African Continent i.e. 15 to 47 countries are landlocked.

Region name and





(estimated July 1, 2008)

Population density

(per km²)

East Africa
Burundi 27,830 8,988,091 322.9 Bujumbura
Comoros 2,170 752,438 346.7 Moroni
Djibouti 23,000 516,055 22.4 Djibouti
Eritrea 121,320 5,647,168 46.5 romance
Ethiopia 1,127,127 85,237,338 75.6 Addis Ababa
Kenya 582,650 39,002,772 66.0 Nairobi
Madagascar 587,040 20,653,556 35.1 Antananarivo
Malawi 118,480 14,268,711 120.4 Lilongwe
Mauritius 2,040 1,284,264 629.5 Port-Louis
Mayotte (France) 374 223,765 489.7 Mamoudzou
Mozambique 801,590 21,669,278 27.0 Maputo
Réunion (France) 2,512 743,981(2002) 296.2 Saint-Denis
Rwanda 26,338 10,473,282 397.6 Kigali
Seychelles 455 87,476 192.2 victorian
Somalia 637,657 9,832,017 15.4 Mogadishu
Tanzania 945,087 41,048,532 43.3 Dodoma
Uganda 236,040 32,369,558 137.1 Kampala
Zambia 752,614 11,862,740 15.7 Lusaka
Central Africa
Angola 1,246,700 12,799,293 10.3 Luanda
Cameroon 475,440 18,879,301 39.7 Yaoundé
Central African Republic 622,984 4,511,488 7.2 Bangui
Chad 1,284,000 10,329,208 8.0 N’Djamena
Congo 342,000 4,012,809 11.7 Brazzaville
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,345,410 68,692,542 29.2 Kinshasa
Equatorial Guinea 28,051 633,441 22.6 Malabo
Gabon 267,667 1,514,993 5.6 Libreville
Sao Tomé and Principe 1,001 212,679 ] 212.4 Sao Tomé
North Africa
Algeria 2,381,740 34,178,188 14.3 Algiers
Egypt 1,001,450 83,082,869

total, Asia 1.4m

82.9 Cairo
Libya 1,759,540 6,310,434 3.6 Tripoli
morocco 446,550 34,859,364 78.0 Rebates
Sudan 2,505,810 41,087,825 16.4 Khartoum
South Sudan 619,745 8,260,490 13.3 Juba
Tunis 163,610 10,486,339 64.1 Tunis
Western Sahara 266,000 405,210 1.5 El Aaiún
Territory of Spain and Portugal in North Africa
Canary Islands (Spain) 7,492 1,694,477(2001) 226.2 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,

Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Ceuta (Spain) 20 71,505(2001) 3,575.2
Madeira Islands (Portugal) 797 245,000(2001) 307.4 Funchal
Melilla (Spain) 12 66,411(2001) 5,534.2
southern Africa
south Africa 1,219,912 49,052,489 40.2 Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria
Botswana 600,370 1,990,876 3.3 Gaborone
Eswatini 17,363 1,123,913 64.7 Mbabane
Lesotho 30,355 2,130,819 70.2 Maseru
Zimbabwe 390,580 11,392,629 29.1 Harare
Namibia 825,418 2,108,665 2.6 Windhoek
West Africa
Benin 112,620 8,791,832 78.0 Porto-Novo
Burkina Faso 274,200 15,746,232 57.4 Ouagadougou
Cape Verde 4,033 429,474 107.3 Praia
Ivory Coast 322,460 20,617,068 63.9 Abidjan, Yamoussoukro
Gambia 11,300 1,782,893 157.7 banjul
Ghana 239,460 23,832,495 99.5 Accra
Guinea 245,857 10,057,975 40.9 Conakry
Guinea-Bissau 36,120 1,533,964 42.5 Bissau
Liberia 111,370 3,441,790 30.9 Monrovia
Mali 1,240,000 12,666,987 10.2 Bamako
Mauritania 1,030,700 3,129,486 3.0 Nouakchott
Nigeria 1,267,000 15,306,252 12.1 Niamey
Nigeria 923,768 158,259,000 161.5 abuja
Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) 410 7,637 14.4 Jamestown
Senegal 196,190 13,711,597 69.9 Dakar
Sierra Leone 71,740 6,440,053 89.9 Freetown
Togo 56,785 6,019,877 106.0 Lome
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Understanding world history is not only possible from this article, but must look for references from other sources. One of them is through the book Ancient World of the Four Continents . Through this book, readers will find out some historical relics from several countries.

Demographics of African Continent Countries

People on the African continent are divided according to where they live. To the north or south of the Sahara desert are groups known as North Africans and Sub-Saharan Africans. Following are the religions, languages, and health conditions of people on the African continent according to where they live.


  • Religion 

In general, Africans follow different religions, but the religions of the majority of Africans are Christianity and Islam. About 50% of the people on the African Continent are Christians, while another 35% are Muslims. Approximately 15% of Africans adhere to native African religions and a small number adhere to Judaism such as the Lemba and Beta Israelites.


  • Language

It is estimated that Africa has more than a thousand languages. However, there are 4 major language groups originating from the African continent. Here’s an explanation.

  • The Afro Asiatic Language Group is a language group consisting of approximately 240 languages ​​and 285 million speakers spread across the regions of North Africa, East Africa, Southwest Asia and the Sahel.
  • The Nile Saharan Language Group, is a discussion group consisting of more than one hundred languages ​​spoken by around 30 million speakers. Saharan Nile languages ​​are commonly spoken in the countries of Sunda, Ethiopia, Chad, Uganda, Kenya and north of Tanzania.
  • The Niger Congo language group includes most of sub-Saharan Africa and is probably the largest language group in the world in terms of number of languages. A large number of Congo NIger languages ​​are Bantu languages ​​spoken in large parts of sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The Khoisan language group has approximately 50 languages ​​and is spoken by speakers in southern Africa with approximately 120,000 speakers. Many of the Khoisan languages ​​are endangered. The Khoi and San people are considered to be the original inhabitants of the region.


  • Health 

More than 85% of people in Africa prefer to use traditional medicine as an alternative to expensive allopathic media treatments and pharmaceutical products which tend to be expensive.

According to the Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) stated that during the 2000s decade, Africa has endeavored to promote a resolution adopted from the WHO African Region to institutionalize traditional medicine in health care systems throughout the African Continent.

Public policy makers in Africa are challenged with all considerations, given the importance of traditional or indigenous health systems and whether the coexistence of traditional medicine with the media and modern health sub-sectors can improve the equity and accessibility of the distribution of health care, the health status of its population and social and economic development. countries in Sub Saharan Africa.

AIDS in post-colonial Africa is a fairly common problem. Although the African continent is home to approximately 15.2 percent of the world’s population, more than two-thirds of all people infected with HIV worldwide are Africans (about 35 million people) and among those living with HIV, as many as 15 million sufferers have died.

Sub-Saharan Africa is reported to account for as much as 69% of all living people infected with HIV. in affected sub-Saharan African countries, AIDS has been a disease that has increased mortality and reduced life expectancy among adults between the ages of 20 and 49 for 20 years.

In addition, life expectancy in many parts of the African continent continues to decline and is largely due to the HIV and AIDS epidemic, with life expectancy in some countries only reaching 34 years.

This world is divided into several continents, but sometimes there are those who don’t know about the discovery of continents. Through the book Discovery of New Continents , readers will find out about the journey of explorers. This book is equipped with illustrations, making it suitable for parents who want to introduce their children to an understanding of the history of the continent.

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Geography of the African Continent

The African continent is the third largest continent in the southern hemisphere and the second largest continent after Asia. The African continent is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, and the African region is joined to Asia at the northeastern end by the 130 km wide Suez Canal.

The Sinai Peninsula which belongs to Egypt is considered part of Africa geopolitically. From the northernmost tip, Cape Spartel in Morocco and at the southernmost tip there is Cape Agulhas which is in South Africa.

Then, stretching for approximately 8000 km from the westernmost tip, Cape Verde at 17°33′22″ west longitude to the easternmost tip, Ras Hafun, which is in Somalia with 51°27′52″ east longitude, the distance is about 7,400 km. The length of the coastline reaches 26,000 km.

As the second largest continent in Asia, the African Continent is passed by the Nile River, the Sahara Desert and Mount Kilimanjaro. Here’s a further explanation.


  • Nil River

The Nile is the longest river in the world, flowing north from northeastern Africa. The Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea in northeastern Africa. However, recently a new study showed that the longest river in the world is the Amazon River.

Water from the Nile River is the main source of water for Egypt, Sudan and South Sudan. In addition, the Nile River is an important economic river that supports the agricultural and fishing industries for several countries through which it flows.

Ancient Egypt was one of the first great civilizations in the world and developed along the great Nile River area more than 5000 years ago. Until now, the pyramids in Egypt are still towering majestically and have even become a tourist destination.


  • Sahara 

The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. The name Sahara is taken from Arabic which means desert. The Sahara Desert is in northern Africa and has an estimated age of 2.5 million years.

The Sahara desert stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea. Starting from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Sahel in the south. From Mauritania in the west to Egypt in the east.

The Sahara Desert divides the African Continent into North Africa and Africa. These two parts of the continent are very different, either climatically or culturally. The area of ​​the Sahara Desert is estimated to reach up to 9,200,000 square km.

Several thousand years ago, the Sahara Desert was a savanna inhabited by humans. However, in the 3rd century BC, the climate in the Sahara Desert changed and made the Sabana arid. Because of this, the settlers then moved to the banks of the Nile.


  • Kilimanjaro 

Mount Kilimanjaro is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the highest mountains in the world with a height of 4,600 m when measured from the foot of the mountain.

The peak of Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa with an altitude of 5,895 m above sea level. This mountain is also known as Kilima Dscharo or Ol Doinyo Oibor which means white mountain in Masai.

Kilimanjaro is a giant stratovolcano that is no longer active, but has fumaroles that emit gas in the crater on the main peak of Kibo.

Thus the explanation of the list of countries on the African continent and the full explanation. Hopefully all the discussion above is useful for you, Sinaumed’s. For Sinaumed’s who want to know more about the continents in the world, Sinaumed’s can get information by reading books.

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Author: Khansa


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