Junk Food: Definition, Types, and Dangers to Health

Junk Food is – With the times and rapid technological advances, it is now very easy to do something. In addition, this also plays a role in changing patterns and lifestyles of humans at this time. One example is the increasing number of ready-to-eat foods, also known as junk food or fast food .

Junk food has recently become one of the most popular foods among young people, are you one of them? This food is also very diverse, ranging from snacks to main meals. Junk food as an informal term applied to several foods which are then considered to have little or no nutritional value at all.

Then, actually what is meant by junk food and what are the types. In this article, we will explain more about junk food, from the definition to its types. So, read this article to the end, Sinaumed’s.

Definition of Junk Food

Junk food is a term used to describe food with a high content of calories, fat, sugar and salt. However, the content of vitamins and fiber in junk food can be considered very low. Usually, junk food also contains various food additives (BTP), such as sweeteners, flavors and preservatives.

Not only that, junk food also contains high fat and salt, for example, hamburgers, pizza, fried chicken, french fries which are then served without fruit and include vegetables and various types of chips.

Generally, these foods contain saturated fat which can cause various risks of obesity and if consumed too much can cause health problems. In fact, high salt levels exceed the salt levels needed by the body can also trigger high blood pressure.

Examples of junk food that contains high sugar include soft drinks, donuts, candy, and cakes. Sugar that is too high can also cause damage to teeth and diabetes. Junk food is not good if consumed continuously, so it needs to be replaced by eating healthy food. Examples of healthy foods include various fruits, vegetables, and nuts such as soybeans, red beans, and almonds. So, have you started to eat healthy food today?

Types of Junk Food and Their Dangers

1. Burgers

The first famous junk food in Indonesia is burgers. This food can be said to have very little nutritional value, and is loaded with everything that is bad for health. Burgers available in fast food restaurants have also been linked to obesity, heart disease, and various other health problems. Therefore, it is not recommended to consume these foods too often.

2. French Fries

The next famous junk food in Indonesia is French fries. These snacks have been around for hundreds of years. Even so, this one food is still considered bad if people consume it too often. Basically, any food that is fried using vegetable oil will have a negative impact on health.

Therefore, french fries fried in vegetable oil will contain quite a lot of unsaturated fats. These unsaturated fats will produce cancer free radicals in the body. What’s more, french fries tend to contain a cancer-causing chemical called acrylamide. So, don’t eat French fries too often, Sinaumed’s.

3. Ice Cream

Who doesn’t know ice cream, food made from milk and various other ingredients that are loved by people of all ages, from children to adults. Ice cream is also very delicious especially when consumed when the weather is hot. However, behind the pleasure, ice cream also contains a lot of calories and sugar that is no less than a bottle of soda.

Ice cream becomes even more dangerous when mixed with milk and made into milkshakes. Especially if it is made into a milkshake, then you are said to have consumed around 1,000 calories.

4. Donuts

Plain donuts don’t contain many calories, and they don’t harm your body. However, now donuts have many flavors and contain lots of sugar. If you only consume one, maybe it won’t be a problem, but it’s a different matter if you consume it in large quantities.

But in reality, the average individual then consumes two to three donuts. You need to remember that in a donut that contains no nutrients at all, which will make the consumer feel hungry. In fact, consuming donuts in excess can cause obesity.

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5. Pizzas

The most popular fast food in Indonesia is pizza. This food is also often served mixed with lots of cheese, meat, sauces, and many other ingredients, with a content of 600 calories per slice .

Because, these foods then contain saturated fat, sodium, and high carbohydrates. If this typical Italian food is consumed too often, it can have a negative impact on health, the most famous of which often triggers obesity.

6. Fish Nuggets

These fish nuggets are often given by parents to their children. This may not be good if given too often let alone in large quantities. If you want to be healthy, eat fish that is really fresh, and don’t choose fish that has been processed like this. Remember, the average processed fish contains a lot of preservatives, especially if consumed by frying.

7. Hot Dogs

This long beef-covered bun is then mixed with a little mayonnaise, chili sauce, and tomato sauce, which also contain unhealthy ingredients for the body.

Hot dogs are also directly related to an increased risk of heart disease, cancer and diabetes. In this case, what becomes a problem is not only the meat in the food, but the high levels of salt and preservatives that are often used. If you really want to eat these foods, you should also choose organic ones, with low fat and sodium content.

8. Cheese Sticks

Next, although the cheese itself is not so harmful to health. But it will be a problem if this cheese is then mixed with breadcrumbs and fried. This is because in a cheese stick there is also fat and sodium which is very high and is definitely very harmful to the body. So, it is not recommended to make cheese sticks as a daily snack, especially for children.

9. Fried

Who doesn’t like fried foods, especially those served hot. But did you know that fried food has dangers for its connoisseurs? This fried food also has a very high calorie, fat and oil content. So, if consumed in excess, can trigger cancer.

10. Canned Food

Foods that are processed in the form of cans, be it fruit, vegetables, meat, and so on, are not good for consumption every day. This is due to the large amount of nutrients that have been damaged in the canning process. On the other hand, canned food also contains a lot of preservatives which are not good for liver health. So, from now on we have to reduce canned food, Sinaumed’s.

11. Potato Chips and French Fries

Who doesn’t like fried potatoes that have a savory taste. Even though it is very tasty, if you consume too many french fries, it can cause excess weight gain or you can say make someone obese. This can happen because of the content of acrylamides compounds which are carcinogenic and appear when burned and fried.

12. Cakes, Biscuits and Pastries

Foods that are usually sold in this packaged form should also be reduced or avoided. This is because this food is made from wheat flour with added sugar and butter which contains saturated fat. If you consume too much, it can lead to obesity and various other diseases.

13. Instant Noodles

Instant noodles can be considered as a food that is relatively cheap, easy to make, and of course very tasty, so it is not good for continuous consumption. What’s more, instant instant noodles contain translucent which can exacerbate blood vessels.

The Danger of Junk Food for Health

If the body consumes too much low-nutrient food, it will cause health problems, as well as if you eat too much junk food. Here below are some of the dangers of junk food for health.

Disturbing Heart Health and Stroke

This fast food will increase bad cholesterol and saturated fat. This will then trigger a blockage of the arteries. This condition will also cause heart attacks and strokes.

Increases High Blood Pressure

Junk food can cause hypertension because these foods contain high sodium or salt. Therefore, usually the taste of fast food has a salty taste. If consumed in excess, it can cause an increase in high blood pressure and trigger heart disease.

Increases Cancer Risk

The next danger of fast food is that it can cause cancer, especially colon cancer. Some foods that can increase the risk of this disease include sausages, smoked meats, and bacon.

Cause Diabetes

Diabetes can also be caused by excessive consumption of junk food . This is because food contains high calorie content, while fiber and vitamins are low. These foods can then quickly cause other sugar levels to rise.

The content of trans fats in junk food can be said to be quite a lot, so it can cause fat accumulation in the abdominal area. This will then make insulin not work optimally. Thus, sugar in the blood is also difficult to control and increases the risk of diabetes.

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Disturbing Kidney Function

Another danger of junk food is that it can interfere with kidney function. This can happen because of the high sodium content in it. Therefore, if consumed in excess it will interfere with the performance of the kidneys in filtering toxins in the blood.

Damage to Liver Organs

Consumption of fast food then damages the liver. Excessive consumption of low-nutrient foods can also cause disturbances in the stomach tissue in the liver. This will then make the liver work not optimal.

Makes Teeth Damage Quickly

Fast food generally contains high sugar. This turns out to be causing the teeth to become damaged quickly. Because sugar makes the pH of the mouth more acidic. This acid content will also cause plaque and cause the enamel on the teeth to be damaged.


It is a common thing that junk food is very delicious, but behind that pleasure there are dangers that can interfere with the health of the body. Therefore, there have been many studies that say that you have to reduce your consumption of junk food.

Thus the discussion about junk food along with its dangers to the health of the body. Hopefully all of the discussion above can open Sinaumed’s’ insight into junk food . Even though it’s dangerous, if you don’t consume it excessively, it’s still okay.

If you want to find various kinds of books about healthy food, then you can get them at sinaumedia.com . To support Sinaumed’s in adding insight, sinaumedia always provides quality and original books so that Sinaumed’s has #MoreWithReading information .

Author: Sofyan

Source: From various sources

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