Get to Know the Meaning of Pancasila as the Foundation of the State, Its Functions & Symbols

Getting to Know the Meaning of Pancasila as the Foundation of the State, Functions of Pancasila, and the symbol of Pancasila – Pancasila is a state foundation of the Republic of Indonesia. In it are the precepts that are used as the way of life of the Indonesian nation. The precepts contained in Pancasila have their own meanings that must be applied to the everyday life of every Indonesian.

The following is the meaning and significance of the Pancasila symbol and its application to each of the precepts. Check out the following information.

Pancasila meaning 

The word Pancasila comes from Sanskrit, namely the word panca which means five and the word sila which has a basic meaning. When combined, Pancasila has the meaning of the five foundations of the Indonesian state.

Pancasila, which is depicted with the symbol of a Garuda bird, has the meaning of being a source of strength. In addition, the golden color on the Garuda bird has a meaning as a symbol of glory.


Pancasila function

According to the book Pancasila as an ideology and the Foundation of the State, as a guideline for the Indonesian nation itself, Pancasila has nine functions that can be used by Indonesian people. Here are nine functions of Pancasila.

  • Pancasila is used as the state ideology
  • Pancasila is used as the basis of the state
  • Pancasila is used as the soul of the Indonesian nation
  • Pancasila is used as the personality of the Indonesian nation
  • Pancasila is used as the way of life of the Indonesian nation
  • Pancasila is used as the source of all applicable laws and the source of legal order in the Republic of Indonesia
  • Pancasila which is used as the noble agreement of the Indonesian nation
  • Pancasila is used as the ideals and goals of the Indonesian nation
  • Pancasila is used as a philosophy of life that unites the nation

The Meaning of the Five Precepts in Pancasila

As its function as a way of life, Pancasila is divided into five precepts that must be applied by every Indonesian in daily life. The following are the five precepts and their meanings.

1. Belief in the One and Only God

Belief in One Almighty God is the first precept in Pancasila which means that we as Indonesian citizens must have faith in and fear God. In this case, of course, adjusting to the religion that we profess and the beliefs that are owned by everyone.

That way, this precept also has the meaning that we as a society living side by side must be able to respect each other among religious communities so that prosperity and a peaceful environment can be created.

2. Just and Civilized Humanity

Just and Civilized Humanity is the second precept in Pancasila which means that we as Indonesian citizens are asked to have an inner understanding of the equality of degrees in every human being, so that we can love and respect one another between individuals.

Apart from that, in this precept we are also invited to look after and help one another, defend the existing truth and justice, and be able to cooperate with each other in creating peace in the surrounding environment and the Indonesian nation as a whole.

3. Indonesian Unity

Unity of Indonesia is the third precept in Pancasila which means that we as Indonesian citizens must always prioritize the goals of unity, unity and the interests of the common country rather than our individual interests.

Also in this third precept, we are invited to have character and to be individuals who are willing and willing to sacrifice for the sake of achieving the independence of the Indonesian state, to show love for the Indonesian people as the motherland, and to have pride in the Indonesian state.

4. Democracy Led by Wisdom and Wisdom in Representative Deliberations 

Democracy Led by Wisdom and Wisdom in Deliberative Representatives is the fourth precept in Pancasila which means that we as citizens of the Indonesian state are invited not to impose personal will or desires, and to always put forward or prioritize common interests or the state.

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In making a decision in various scopes, both work and daily life we ​​are always faced with various choices that must be made. In this precept we are invited to make choices that put forward common goals and resolve existing problems by way of deliberation or discussion.

5. Social Justice for All Indonesian People

Social Justice for All Indonesian People is the fifth precept in Pancasila which means that we as Indonesian citizens are invited to be able to always behave fairly in all activities carried out, in making decisions that must be mutually agreed upon by carrying out mutual cooperation.

In addition, we must also be able to have a balance between rights and obligations as Indonesian citizens by respecting the rights that other people have and continuing to carry out our obligations as Indonesian citizens.

The Pancasila symbol and its meaning 

As explained above, the symbol of Pancasila is a Garuda bird which is a picture of a power with a golden color that shows a symbol of glory.

In addition, the Garuda bird, which is on the Pancasila symbol, consists of seventeen books, eight feathers on the tail, nineteen feathers at the base of the tail, and forty-five feathers on the neck to describe the time when the independence of the Indonesian state was proclaimed on August 17. 1945.

Also on the Pancasila symbol, we can see a Garuda bird clutching a scroll that reads Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. In this case, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika has the meaning of unity that exists in diversity in Indonesia. Where even though Indonesian society consists of various tribes, races, and different cultures, they are still one unit.

However, in the Pancasila symbol itself there is a shield, each part of which represents the symbol of the five precepts in Pancasila. The following is the meaning of the symbol that each precept has in Pancasila.

1. The First Precepts of Pancasila

The first precept, namely God Almighty is depicted with a star symbol which is given a golden color inside a black shield. This illustrates that every Indonesian is a society that believes in and fears God Almighty.

The gold color symbolizes the meaning, namely the spiritual light that is owned by every human being. While the black color on the shield means the original color or the color of nature which shows God who is the source of all sources in this world.

In addition, even with the differences and diversity of religions that are adhered to by everyone, they still respect each other and the beliefs they have.

2. The Second Precept of Pancasila

The second precept, namely Just and Civilized Humanity, is depicted by the symbol of a chain numbering seventeen and not breaking. As well as the existing chain, there are two shapes, namely a circle and also a rectangle. The circular shape on the chain represents women, and the rectangular shape on the chain represents men.

By depicting this unbroken chain, it gives an illustration that every Indonesian society is a hereditary generation that is the successor to Indonesian independence and is interrelated and needs one another.

3. The Third Precept of Pancasila

The third precept, namely Indonesian Unity, is described by a banyan tree which is a shelter or shelter for every Indonesian. In addition, the banyan tree is also described as a symbol of the unity and integrity of the Indonesian people, because the banyan tree has a long single root that supports the tree’s growth and development.

The banyan tree becomes a picture or philosophy that every Indonesian can take shelter and shelter under the auspices of the Indonesian nation because every community has the same degree and is mutually respected.

4. The Fourth Precept of Pancasila

The fourth precept, Democracy Led by Wisdom and Wisdom in Representative Deliberations is depicted through the bull’s head symbol, which has the meaning of people’s power in the quote in the RI BPIP. The bull’s head can also be interpreted as a social animal that often gathers like Indonesian people who do everything by deliberation.

The bull’s head in the fourth precept can also be interpreted as a guide that shapes Indonesian society in discussing and also working together in solving a problem or finding a solution for the common good.

5. The Fifth Precept of Pancasila

The fifth precept, namely Social Justice for All Indonesian People, is illustrated by rice and cotton which gives the meaning of prosperity and welfare for the people of Indonesia. Rice can also be used as a symbol of feed, and cotton can be used as a symbol of clothing. Both of these are basic things or needs that must be fulfilled by every Indonesian people.

This can also be interpreted, Indonesia as a country has the responsibility and obligation to be able to prosper everyone and put forward common interests, especially the Indonesian people.

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Points of Practice on Pancasila

The first precept, Belief in One God

  • The Indonesian people declare their trust and devotion to God Almighty.
  • The Indonesian people have faith and piety to God Almighty, conform to their respective religions and beliefs on the basis of a just and civilized humanity.
  • Develop an attitude of mutual respect and cooperation for all adherents of religions.
  • Building harmony in an inter-religious environment.
  • Religion and beliefs held in relation to God Almighty are issues related to the personal relationship that a person has with God Almighty.
  • Developing mutual respect and freedom to practice worship in accordance with the religion and beliefs adhered to.
  • Do not force religion or belief on others.

The second precept, Just and Civilized Humanity

  • Recognize and treat everyone according to their dignity and worth as creatures of God Almighty.
  • Acknowledging that there is no difference in every person, including the degree, rights, basic obligations of every human being, without discriminating.
  • Practice mutual love between each other.
  • Adopt an attitude of mutual consideration.
  • Develop an unselfish attitude towards one another.
  • Uphold existing human values.
  • Have a habit of doing humanitarian activities.
  • Able to defend the existing truth and justice.

The third precept, Indonesian Unity

  • Able to place unity, integrity and common interests for the nation and state above personal interests.
  • Have the ability and willingness to sacrifice for the benefit of the nation and state.
  • Apply a sense of love for the nation and country.
  • Implementing a sense of pride in the homeland of Indonesia.
  • Developing existing Indonesian unity.
  • Maintaining the prevailing order based on freedom, eternal peace, and social justice.

The fourth precept, Democracy Led by Wisdom and Wisdom in Representative Deliberations

  • As Indonesian people, we have the same position, rights and obligations.
  • Unable to impose personal desires or wishes on others.
  • Prioritize deliberation in decision making.
  • The deliberations carried out to reach a consensus were followed by a spirit of kinship.
  • Respect all agreed decisions.
  • Have good faith and a sense of responsibility in carrying out the results of decisions.
  • Common interests are always prioritized compared to personal and group interests in deliberations.

The fifth precept, Social Justice for All Indonesian People

  • Develop actions that can reflect the attitude and atmosphere of kinship and mutual cooperation.
  • Apply fairness to everyone.
  • Able to maintain a balance of rights and obligations that are carried out.
  • Able to respect the rights of others.
  • Want and like to work hard.
  • Appreciate the work of others that can be useful for the progress and prosperity of all.
  • Carry out activities that can be a manifestation of equitable progress and social justice.

Functions and Examples of Pancasila in Everyday Life

1. Belief in the One and Only God

  • In life in the scope of learning and the world of work, these precepts can be applied by worshiping and praying according to each religion and belief. In addition, by respecting other people who embrace religions or beliefs that are different from ours.
  • In life in the scope of society, this first precept can be applied by respecting and appreciating neighbors even though they have different religions or beliefs.
  • An example of applying the first precepts is by worshiping according to the religion and beliefs held by everyone.
  • Able to respect and appreciate without discriminating between religions and beliefs that are owned by everyone.

2. Just and Civilized Humanity

  • This second precept can be applied in a way that does not discriminate against everyone and wants to hang out or be friends with anyone without being limited by various aspects.
  • An example of applying the second precept is being able to be fair to everyone, regardless of gender, both women and men.
  • Have a good and civilized attitude towards everyone around you.

3. Indonesian Unity

  • We can apply this third precept by loving and also using local or original products made by the Indonesian people as a form of supporting and encouraging the Indonesian people’s economy.
  • With this third precept, we are taught to work together with one another and respect anyone without discriminating against status, ethnicity, race, religion, or class.
  • An example of the application of the third precept is being able to maintain peace and harmony among Indonesian people, by respecting each other’s tribes, cultures, religions and languages.
  • Can maintain unity and establish good relations between one another, so as not to cause division.

Democracy Led by Wisdom and Wisdom in Representative Deliberations

  • The application of the fourth precept can be done by doing everything by deliberation and discussion to reach a mutual agreement.
  • For example, we can apply it to the school environment, where in making a decision one has to listen to the opinion of each student who shows deliberation.
  • If the submission of his opinion is not agreed upon, then speak properly so that no party is injured at the end of the discussion and reaches a good consensus.

5. Social Justice for All Indonesian People

  • We can see the application of the fifth precept within the scope of the school through the class picket assignments. Where, we have to carry out the tasks that have been given to us properly without cheating.
  • Apart from that, in social life we ​​can apply the fifth precept by helping neighbors and people around us without discriminating and looking at the social status that person has.
  • Mutual respect for every community that has rights and obligations.
  • Able to fight for justice that must be owned by everyone regardless of social status.