# difference between adiabatic and isothermal process

## The Difference Between Adiabatic and Isothermal Processes in Thermodynamics

### Introduction

Thermodynamics is the study of the relationship between heat, energy, and work. It is the branch of physics that deals with the thermodynamic properties of matter, including the thermodynamic processes that occur within it. Two of the most commonly studied thermodynamic processes are the adiabatic and the isothermal processes.

An adiabatic process is a thermodynamic process in which there is no transfer of heat between the system and its surroundings. This means that the system operates in an environment with no heat transfer, so the temperature of the system remains constant regardless of the work being performed on it or by it.

One example of an adiabatic process is the compression of a gas. When a gas is compressed, the work performed on it raises its internal energy, but because no heat is added, the temperature of the gas remains the same. Another example of an adiabatic process is the expansion of a gas, which will cool the gas due to a decrease in internal energy.

### Isothermal Process

An isothermal process is a thermodynamic process that takes place at a constant temperature. This means that the system is in thermal equilibrium with its environment, and any work done on or by the system is balanced with a transfer of heat between the system and the environment.

One example of an isothermal process is a gas expanding in a piston. As the gas expands, it cools down, but is kept at a constant temperature by the addition of heat from an external source. Another example is a fridge, which uses an isothermal process to remove heat from the interior of the fridge and transfer it to the outside.

### The Key Differences Between Adiabatic and Isothermal Processes

The main difference between adiabatic and isothermal processes lies in the way heat is transferred between the system and its environment. In an adiabatic process, no heat is added or removed from the system, while in an isothermal process, heat is constantly being added or removed to keep the temperature constant.

Another key difference between the two processes is the way the internal energy of the system changes. In an adiabatic process, the internal energy of the system is affected by the work performed on it or by it, while in an isothermal process, the internal energy of the system is affected by both the work performed and the heat added or removed from the system.