Collection of Hygiene Hadiths that Need to be Practiced

Hygiene hadith – Maintaining cleanliness is one of Allah’s commands for all Muslims, without exception. In addition, Islam also upholds cleanliness. Because it is considered important, the command to always maintain cleanliness is also stated in many hadiths.

Apart from being considered a good habit, maintaining cleanliness has also become a ritual for a Muslim. Examples include purifying oneself five times a day by making ablution before prayer and so on. Therefore, cleanliness is something that cannot be separated from Islam.

Maintaining cleanliness is the same as maintaining a healthy body. By maintaining cleanliness, a person will be far from various kinds of diseases. More than that, maintaining cleanliness also means ensuring that one is truly clean and holy when worshiping God.

Regarding cleanliness, here is a collection of hadiths about cleanliness that need to be practiced and taught to children from an early age. However, before discussing the hadith on cleanliness, it is better for us to discuss maintaining cleanliness according to Islam first.

Maintaining Cleanliness According to Islam

According to Islam, cleanliness has an aspect of worship as well as a moral aspect which is often used with the term Thaharah which means purification and removing or releasing dirt.

In the Quran itself, the word Thaharah is even repeated 19 times. This proves how important the aspect of cleanliness is in Islam. Some of the letters that mention the word Thaharah are as follows:

  1. Holy from menstruation: Al Baqarah 2: 222
  2. Purify or elevate maryam: Al Imran 3: 42
  3. Sanctify wealth: At-Taubah 9: 103
  4. Purify the heart: Al-Maidah 5: 41
  5. Purify yourself and perfect the favors: Al Maidah 5: 6
  6. Water used for purification: Al-Anfal 8: 11
  7. Sanctify or elevate the degree of ahlul bait: Al Ahzab 33:33
  8. The sanctity of Allah’s house for those who perform tawaf: Al Hajj 22: 26
  9. Holy clothes: Al Muddassir 74: 4
  10. The sanctity of Allah’s house: Al Baqarah 2: 125
  11. Those who love purification: Al A’raf 7: 83
  12. Water from the holy sky: Al Furqan 25: 48; An Naml 37: 59; Al Insan 76: 31; Al Baqarah 2: 232; Hud 11:78; Al Ahzab 33: 53; Al Mujilah 58: 12; Al Imran 3: 55; Al Baqarah 2: 25; Al Imran 3: 15; An Nisa 4: 57; Ab-Basa 80:14; Al Bayyinah 98: 14; Al Waqiah 56: 79.

According to the research journal Ushuluddin Science UIN Sunan Gunung Jati Bandung , there are three kinds of terms of cleanliness in Islam. Are as follows:

  1. Nazafah or nazif, namely cleanliness at the first level, such as the cleanliness of a person or thing from external dirt that can be cleaned using water.
  2. Taharah according to language means to purify which has a broader meaning, which includes external cleanliness as well as spiritual cleanliness.
  3. Takziyah is to cleanse oneself from disgraceful traits and improve oneself from all praiseworthy qualities.

As previously explained, that God really likes cleanliness. Allah says in the letter Al Baqarah verse 222 which means,

“Verily Allah loves those who repent and those who purify themselves.”

Apart from that, Allah also classifies His people as lucky people if that person always maintains personal hygiene, especially when going to perform worship. As the word of Allah in the Al-Quran Surah Al-A’la,

“Surely lucky is he who cleanses himself with faith and he remembers the name of his Lord, then he worships (prays). But you disbelievers choose the worldly life, while the hereafter will be better and more lasting.” ( QS Al-A’la 87: 14-17 ) .

Hygiene Hadith Collection

Knowing or even practicing the hadith of cleanliness is one of the tools of monotheism recommended by Islam to maintain a healthy life. Allah SWT really loves cleanliness and purity, even in every Islamic religious service it is required to purify oneself, namely by doing ablution. In addition to ablution, in Islam it is also obligatory to purify oneself from large and small hadas by means of a large bath.

Seeing the importance of cleanliness and purity in Islam, there are many hadiths that explain cleanliness. The following is a collection of hadiths about cleanliness in Islam.

1. Cleanliness Will Bring Rewards

Through the hadiths of cleanliness, the Apostle taught his people to be pioneers in carrying out and maintaining cleanliness, for example, such as maintaining cleanliness of the body, clothes to cleanliness of the environment.

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Here is the hadith,

حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَقُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ حَدَّثَنَا حَبَّانُ بْنُ هِلَالٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانُ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى أَنَّ زَيْدًا حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ أَبَا سَلَّامٍ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الْأَشْعَرِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الطُّهُورُ شَطْرُ الْإِيمَانِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلَأُ الْمِيزَانَ وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلَآَنِ أَوْ تَمْلَأُ مَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالصَّلَاةُ نُورٌ وَالصَّدَقَةُ بُرْهَانٌ وَالصَّبْرُ ضِيَاءٌ وَالْقُرْآنُ حُجَّةٌ لَكَ أَوْ عَلَيْكَ كُلُّ النَّاسِ يَغْدُو فَبَايِعٌ نَفْسَهُ فَمُعْتِقُهَا أَوْ مُوبِقُهَا

It means:

Has told us Ishaq bin Mansur has told us, Habban bin Hilla, has told us, Aban has told us Yahya, that Zaid has told him, that Abu Sallam has told him from Abu Malik Al Asyari, that he said,

“The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wassalam said, ‘purification is half of faith, alhamdulillah it fills the scales, subhanallah and alhamdulillah both of them can fulfill or one of them can fulfill what is between the heavens and the earth, prayer is a light, alms is a guide, patience is a light and The Quran is a proof for your good deeds and an argument for your bad deeds. Every human being tries, then there are people who sell themselves, so he frees them or destroys them. ( Narrated by Muslim number 328 )

From this hadith, it can be concluded that cleanliness is not only good for health, but also has a reward value from Allah SWT.

As regards the hadith, it is stated that purification is half of faith. This is related to a person’s faith which becomes complete, if that person can maintain cleanliness and purity for himself.

Clean living in question is physically, spiritually, physically and mentally healthy, piety and faith, commendable behavior and a comfortable and pleasant environment.

This series of hadiths indirectly indicates that maintaining cleanliness is very important and a main thing, just like other practices such as prayer, dhikr, patience and charity.

2. The Apostle cursed Muslims who were reluctant to maintain cleanliness

Rasulullah SAW, forbade Muslims to pollute the surrounding environment. So if there are people who are Muslims, then he is encouraged to always maintain personal hygiene and the surrounding environment.

This is explained in the words of the Prophet Muhammad which was narrated by Imam Muslim, from Abu Barzah ra, that he asked the Prophet Muhammad SAW about things that could be beneficial if done, then the Apostle replied, “Remove dirt from the paths of the Muslims.

Apart from that, it is also important for Muslims to always keep their place of residence and the surrounding environment clean. As in the following hadith cleanliness.

God bless you

It means:

Clean your yard, because the Jews don’t like cleaning their yard. (Narrated by Ath Thabrani in Al Ausath, 4/231 which was issued by Al Albani in the Ash Shahihah Lineage no 236)

In another cleanliness hadith, Rasulullah SAW also invites Muslims to stay away from two things that are cursed and hated, “Fear two things that are full of curses! The Companions then asked, ‘what are these two curses, O Messenger of Allah?’ then the Apostle also said, namely those who defecate on public roads or in their yards.

3. Hadith About Maintaining Personal Cleanliness

In addition to keeping the environment clean, maintaining personal hygiene is important. This is also explained in a hadith narrated by Bukhari and Muslim.

“From Abu Hurairah ra, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, ‘There are 5 kinds of fitrah namely circumcision, shaving pubic hair, cutting moustache, cutting nails and plucking armpit hairs.” ( Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim )

So, Sinaumed’s can get used to himself or his children from an early age to always maintain cleanliness in the five ways above. Sinaumed’s can start by teaching simple things first. Examples include cutting nails every Friday or circumcision or circumcision for boys. Then also pay attention to always clean yourself from all uncleanness and dirt by bathing.

Then, when the child has grown up, teach the child to take care of himself by shaving his pubic hairs, cutting a man’s mustache and finally plucking his armpit hairs.

4. Maintain Hair Cleanliness and Neatness

Apart from the five fitrahs that have been mentioned in the previous hadith, Islam has also emphasized personal hygiene, including keeping hair neat. Even specifically, the Prophet mentioned that Muslims should honor their hair by caring for it. Here’s the hadith.

“It is better if he has hair, then glorify him (hair)!” ( Narrated by Abu Dawud )

There is also another hadith which explains that the Prophet once reprimanded someone who had fluffy (or not combed) hair and an irregular beard. Here’s the hadith.

“Rasulullah SAW also forbade him to enter the mosque until the person smoothed his hair. Rasulullah SAW then said, ‘isn’t that better than you coming with fluffy hair like (stature) from satan.”

5. Pay attention to dental and oral hygiene

Important personal hygiene also includes maintaining clean teeth and mouth. Therefore, the Prophet also taught Muslims to have a scales. Here’s the hadith.

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عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ – رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ – : أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – ، قَالَ : (( لَوْلاَ أنْ أشُقَّ عَلَى أُمَّتِي – أَوْ عَلَى النَّاسِ – لأَمَرْتُهُمْ بِالسِّوَاكِ مَعَ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ )) متفقٌ عَلَيْهِ

“From Abu Hurairah ra, that Rasulullah SAW once said, ‘If it doesn’t burden my people or doesn’t burden humans, then I will definitely order them to have their heads together with each prayer.” ( Muttafaq Alaih. Hadith narrated by Al Bukhari no. 887 and Muslim no. 452 )

6. The Hadith of Personal Cleanliness by Ablution

Every Muslim has an obligation to take ablution every time he prays. The guidance has many benefits and benefits, both physical and non-physical in nature.

The benefit or benefit of doing ablution physically is that it will make the parts of the body that are exposed to the ablution water always clean, because these parts of the body are cleaned five times a day or more, when a Muslim performs sunnah prayers. Then the non-physical benefits, ablution can clean small sins. Here’s the hadith.

عن أبي هريرة -رضي الله عنه- مرفوعاً :إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ العَبْدُ المُسْلِمُ، أَوِ المُؤْمِنُ، فَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ خَرَجَ مِن وَجْهِهِ كُلُّ خَطِيئَةٍ نَظَرَ إِلَيْهَا بعَيْنَيْهِ مع المَاءِ، أَوْ مع آخِرِ قَطْرِ المَاءِ، فَإِذَا غَسَلَ يَدَيْهِ خَرَجَ مِن يَدَيْهِ كُلُّ خَطِيئَةٍ كانَ بَطَشَتْهَا يَدَاهُ مع المَاءِ ، أَوْ مع آخِرِ قَطْرِ المَاءِ، فَإِذَا غَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ خَرَجَتْ كُلُّ خَطِيئَةٍ مَشَتْهَا رِجْلَاهُ مع المَاءِ، أَوْ مع آخِرِ قَطْرِ المَاءِ، حتَّى يَخْرُجَ نَقِيًّا مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ

“From Abu Hurairah ra, according to Marfu; that Rasulullah SAW said, ‘If there is a servant who is a Muslim or a believer performing ablution, then he washes his face, then all the faults that are seen with his two eyes will come out from his face, together with water or together with the last drop of water.

When he washes his hands, all the wrongs that he has done with his hands will flow out of them together with water or together with the last drops of water.

If he washes his feet, then all the faults committed by his feet will come out, together with the water or together with the last drop of water. Until he comes out clean from sins.” ( Hadith narrated by Muslim in Sahih Muslim no.244 )

7. Hadith Keeping the Environment Clean by Prohibiting Open Urination

As is well known, apart from maintaining personal hygiene, it is important for a Muslim to maintain the cleanliness of the surrounding environment. One of them is by not defecating or urinating. The following hadith explains.

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رضي الله عنه، أَنَّ أَعْرَابِيّاً بَالَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ، فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ بَعْضُ الْقَوْمِ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللّهِ صلّى الله عليه وسلّم: “دَعُوهُ وَلاَ تُزْرِمُوهُ” قَالَ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ دَعَا بِدَلْوٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ، فَصَبَّهُ عَلَيْهِ
وفي رواية لمسلم: ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللّهِ صلّى الله عليه وسلّم دَعَاهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ: “إِنَّ هذِهِ الْمَسَاجِدَ لاَ تَصْلُحُ لِشَيْءٍ مِنْ هذَا الْبَوْلِ وَلا الْقَذَرِ، إِنَّمَا هِيَ لِذِكْرِ الله – عزّ وجل -، وَالصَّلاَةِ، وَقِرَاءَةِ الْقُرْآنِ”

“From Anas ra, that a Bedouin Arab urinated in the mosque. Then a number of people would come to him, but Rasulullah SAW said, ‘Let him. Don’t stop it.’

Anas then said, ‘After the Bedouin finished urinating, the Prophet SAW then asked for a large bucket full of water to be taken, then poured into the urinal.

Then Rasulullah SAW called the Bedouin Arab and said to him, ‘These mosques are not suitable for urinating like this or excrement. These mosques are only for dhikr to Allah Azza wa Jalla, praying and reading the Koran.”

Those are 7 hygiene hadiths that need to be practiced and taught to children from childhood and of course practiced by adults. Hopefully all the discussion that has been explained can provide benefits for Sinaumed’s. If Sinaumed’s wants to know other authentic hadiths, then Sinaumed’s can read a collection of hadith books.

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Author: Khansa

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