Hablum Minannas – In Islam, a person is required to maintain a relationship with humans and with Allah. The relationship between humans and humans is called Hablum Minannas, while the relationship between humans and God is called Hablum Minallah.
However, in this article, we will discuss further about and hablum minallah hablum minannas. So, keep reading this article until it’s finished, Sinaumed’s.
Definition of Hablum Minallah and Hablum Minannas
As Muslims we must maintain hablum minallah and hablum minannas. Then, what is meant by hablum minallah and hablum minannas? The meaning of this knowledge must be understood by every Muslim so that in its implementation it is always balanced in the life of the world.
This knowledge must also be practiced on a regular basis, even though in essence Hablum Minannas and Hablum Minallah have a vertical goal, namely to get the pleasure of Allah SWT. God will not glorify a person who is only related to God, but with his fellow human beings he does not have a good relationship.
It is believed that the worship of a Muslim is imperfect without a balance between Hablum Minallah and Hablum Minannas. Allah also will not be pleased with people who do not want to have a relationship with Allah, even though they have good relations with fellow human beings.
It tends to be in vain that someone’s charity performs worship day and night but his tongue is still used to commit sins. The knowledge of hablum minallah and hablum minannas is mentioned by Allah SWT because of its importance in the life that must be lived by Muslims directly in the Al-Qur’an Surah Ali ‘Imran verse 112:
ٱلْمَسْكَنَةُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا۟ يَكْفُرُونَ بِـَٔايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ ٱلْأَنۢبِيَآءَ بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا۟ وَّكَانُوا۟ يَعْتَدُونَ
ḍ ALAME ‘ALAHIMUż-żilluatu Aina Mā ṡuqifū Illā biḥablim minallāhi wa ḥablim minan-nāsi wa bā`ụ bigaḍabim minallāhi wa ḍuribat’ alaihimul-ah, żālika bi`annahum kānụ yakfur aṣaw wa kānụ ya’tadụn
Meaning: “They are covered with humiliation wherever they are, unless they hold on to the rope (religion) of Allah and the rope (agreement) with humans, and they return to get the wrath of Allah and they are covered with humility. That is because they disbelieved in the verses of Allah and killed the prophets without a good reason. That is because they are disobedient and transgressive.” (QS Ali ‘Imran: 122).
In the verse above, Hablum Minallah means an agreement from Allah, namely converting to Islam or believing in Islam and being ready to carry out the pillars of faith and Islam.
Hablum Minannas means an agreement from the believers in the form of security guarantees for dhimmi infidels by paying tribute to the believers through their government to live as citizens of an Islamic state from non-Muslim minorities.
Hablumminallah is a behavior or action in maintaining a relationship with Allah, such as following His commands and avoiding His prohibitions.
We as Muslims must be in the middle or balanced. Individual piety must be as good as social piety. If you are diligent in praying, zakat, fasting, dhikr, prayer, alias your relationship with Allah is good, but your relationship with fellow human beings is bad, then you might become a “bankrupt person” in the afterlife.
Examples of Hablum Minallah Behavior
Examples of behaviors that reflect hablum minallah according to Imam Al Ghazali are as follows:
1. Carry out orders and stay away from the prohibitions of Allah SWT
Muslims must be devoted to Allah SWT by carrying out all his commands and staying away from all his prohibitions. This attitude is also called piety to Allah.
Someone who is devoted to will always get guidance and guidance from Allah SWT. Meanwhile, for the wrongdoers, they will get nothing but losses.
Taqwa is a barrier for Muslims to protect themselves from the wrath of Allah SWT. For every devout Muslim carrying out His commands, he will definitely get a good reward, and if he does what is forbidden by Allah, he will get a reward. With piety, a servant will always feel enough with the sustenance he gets.
2. Be sincere and accept all the provisions of Allah SWT
As pious Muslims, we must be sincere and accept the provisions and destiny and the distribution of sustenance from Allah SWT. Everything that has been determined by Allah SWT is the best destiny for us.
3. Leaving the will of his lust to seek the pleasure of Allah SWT
Every human being has desires, but as pious Muslims, we must try to leave our passions behind. Living in the world of course we need to seek the pleasure of Allah SWT. With the pleasure of Allah SWT, our lives will become more grateful and happier.
Worship is the purpose of human creation by Allah SWT. As in the word of Allah SWT explains the obligation to worship only to Him in the Qur’an Surah Adz-Dzariyat 56 and the Qur’an Surah Al-Bayyinah verse 5, namely:
God bless you
Meaning: “And I did not create jinn and humans except that they serve Me” (QS. Adz-Dzariyat: 56).
وَمَآ أُمِرُوٓا۟ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ حُنَفَآءَ وَيُقِيمُوا۟ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤْتُوا۟ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ ٱلْقَيِّمَةِ
Meaning: “Even though they were not ordered except to worship Allah by purifying obedience to Him in (carrying out) the straight religion and so that they establish prayer and pay zakat; and that is the true religion.” (QS Al-Bayyinah: 5).
Meaning of Hablum Minannas
Hablum Minannas is interpreted as an act of maintaining relationships with fellow human beings by always maintaining good relations, maintaining friendly ties, having social concern, being patient, helping each other, being tolerant and respecting each other.
Hablum minannas is the concept of the relationship between humans and other humans. All of them include religious and social dimensions, both of which can be implemented in human life, namely socializing and forming human beings who believe.
Muamalah itself has many branches, including political, economic and social. In general, muamalah covers two aspects, namely adabiyah and madaniyah aspects. The following is the explanation:
- The adabiyah aspect is an activity or muamalah activity related to morals. For example courtesy, honesty, and others.
- Madaniyah aspects are aspects related to material things, such as halal-haram, syubhat, mudharatan, and others.
From the importance of this hablum minannas until Allah SWT explains in the Qur’an Surah An Nisa verse 36, namely as follows:
وَاعْبُدُواْ اللَّهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكُواْ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَبِذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالجَنبِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ مُخْتَالاً فَخُورًا
Meaning: “Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him and do good to two parents, relatives, orphans, poor people, close neighbors and distant neighbors and colleagues, Ibnu sabil and my servant. Verily, Allah does not like those who are arrogant and proud of themselves.” (Surah An-Nisa Verse 36)
Furthermore, what is included in behavior that reflects hablum minannas is essentially our attitude and kindness to fellow human beings. Which reflects the life of neighbors, brothers and relatives who are more inclined to goodness.
Hablum Minannas Behavior Examples
Examples of his behavior according to Imam Ghazali include the following:
1. Mutual Help
As is the case today, the social dimension is slowly fading away. This fluidity is very important. Our fellow human beings must help each other is one of the actions required by God and is an example of Hablum Minannas.
For people who have the attitude of helping with their knowledge as well as a teacher. People who have healthy bodies will visit people who are sick and pray for them. When we give help to someone, psychologically it not only has an impact on others but also has an impact on ourselves.
We can feel the positive impact such as reducing depression. The feeling of happiness when we can help others. By helping someone as if our life is very useful for others. Unknowingly will make our lives more optimistic.
Another impact can be peace of mind. Helping people who need it more makes us realize that there are still many who need it more than us. Such awareness will be seen and will have an impact on positive prejudice against Him.
2. Feeding Orphans
In Islam, giving charity, loving orphans is very noble. A great reward will be received for anyone who contributes to orphans. Following are the virtues of sponsoring orphans in Islam, namely:
- Guaranteed to go to heaven
- Get help directly from Allah SWT
- Received the title of Abror (People who obey Allah)
- Avoid torment in the afterlife
- As Charity for Provisions in the Hereafter
- Opportunity to Become a Friend of the Prophet in Heaven
3. Be sincere in all things
Ikhlas is a sentence that is very easy to say but in practice it is not easy. Sincerity can be interpreted as a release of negative emotions from within the human soul, so that one has a sincere attitude and accepts everything that happens to us.
Sincere humans are those who do everything for the sake of Allah alone, without expecting anything in return from other humans. They will try to be sincere with all the trials that occur and try to think positively.
4. Loving the Underprivileged
As human beings, of course we must have a high social sense towards others. Every day should be an opportunity for us to increase our compassion for the poor. Every alms that is based on a sincere heart to them will be very meaningful. They received it with joy and hope.
If we follow the example of the actions of the Prophet who always tried to give or help what he had to the poor. If he didn’t have something, he still tried to provide solutions to the problems that befell him even though he had to ask his friends. What is clear, he never left a fakir without any help.
5. Be Kind or Husnudzon
Etymologically, husnudzdzon comes from two Arabic words, husn which means good and az-zan can be interpreted as prejudice or prejudice. So the meaning of husnudzon is to be kind.
Husnudzon is a foundation for humans to always think positively of all events that have been and will be experienced. There are two models of husnudzon application, namely husnudzon to Allah and to humans. Husnudzon to Allah, namely being kind to everything that is given by Him. Next, husnudzon to fellow human beings.
6. Maintain Hospitality
Gathering itself comes from Arabic which is composed of two words, shilah which means to connect and uterus means woman. So the meaning of hospitality is to connect with relatives. In addition, to continue kinship relations, silaturahim also has a different meaning when the sentence is changed to friendship.
The verses of the Qur’an instruct us as Muslims to live side by side by establishing affection. Hospitality is also needed by us as social beings who want good relations with fellow human beings.
Kinds of Humans
Humans are of two kinds, namely as follows:
People who do rituals and are socially innocent
He is called a lucky person (QS Al Qashash verse 67).
فَاَمَّا مَنْ تَابَ وَاٰمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَعَسٰٓى اَنْ يَّكُوْنَ مِنَ الْمُفْلِحِيْنَ
Meaning: “So as for those who repent and believe, and do good, then hopefully he will be among the lucky ones.”
People who don’t practice rituals and don’t sin socially
He is called a loser (QS Ali Imran verse: 103-104).
The following is the Qur’an Surah Al Imran verse 103 namely:
وَاعْتَصِمُوْا بِحَبْلِ اللّٰهِ جَمِيْعًا وَّلَا تَفَرَّقُوْا ۖوَاذْكُرُوْا نِعْمَتَ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْكُمْ اِذْ كُنْتُمْ اَعْدَاۤءً فَاَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوْبِكُمْ فَاَصْبَحْتُمْ بِنِعْمَتِهٖٓ اِخْوَانًاۚ وَكُنْتُمْ عَلٰى شَفَا حُفْرَةٍ مِّنَ النَّارِ فَاَنْقَذَكُمْ مِّنْهَا ۗ كَذٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللّٰهُ لَكُمْ اٰيٰتِهٖ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُوْنَ
Meaning: “And hold fast all of you to the rope (religion) of Allah, and do not be divided, and remember Allah’s favor upon you when you were enemies (during ignorance), then Allah united your hearts, so that by His grace you became brothers, while (at that time) you were on the brink of hell, then Allah saved you from there. Thus, Allah explains His verses to you so that you may be guided.” (QS. Ali Imran verse 103)
Thus the discussion about hablum minallah and hablum minannas. After reading this article to the end, I hope it can provide benefits