Intensive Reading: Definition, Purpose, Types, & How to Do It

Intensive Reading – Interest in reading is still relatively low in Indonesia. It is not surprising that the government strongly supports reading awareness from an early age. In fact, one of the keys to the success of developed countries is determined by reading awareness.

The importance of reading for everyone will provide a lot of knowledge. This knowledge is a mature and mature way of thinking and can be used as a preventive measure.

Unfortunately, reading culture is still a dream. Speaking of reading, what is meant by intensive reading and how is it different from other ways of reading? Take this opportunity to focus on ascertaining the meaning, purpose, type and method of this intensive reading. The following is a complete explanation that Sinaumed’s can see through:

Definition of Intensive Reading

Intensive reading in general is reading activities carefully, thoroughly, and thoroughly. This reading model is used to find reading information. Reading in this way can also be interpreted as an in-depth reading process that involves trying to understand the reader’s problem and the idea of ​​the text from main ideas to descriptive ideas.

Intensive reading is also known as careful and thorough reading. Why must be careful and thorough? The goal is to have a detailed and comprehensive understanding of the text we read. This reading technique is also commonly referred to as “reading to really learn”.

Therefore, you need to concentrate as best you can to understand what you have read. So that’s why this discussion is suitable for those who are preparing for UTBK. With this reading technique, you can learn by digging up information in just one read.

Intensive reading is different from extensive reading. What is the difference between these two ways of reading? The difference between extensive and intensive reading lies in the goal you want to achieve. For example, when Sinaumed’s wants to read widely for entertainment purposes. Although the purpose of reading in depth is for you to fully understand.

1. Lalremruati

According to Lalremruati, intensive reading is a type of reading that requires a person to read certain information. This way of reading can be compared to extensive reading. In reading, intensive techniques not only receive information, but also joy and entertainment from the messages read.

 2. Dance

On the other hand, according to Tarigan, this way of reading does more than just read. So he defines reading with intensive techniques, including reading activities at a higher level. It understands and demands a longer retention period.

Tarigan also divides this intensive reading into two forms, namely reading the content and reading the language. It is called content review reading because it emphasizes the content of the reading in detail. While reading the language on the other hand is an attempt to demand an understanding of the language used.


This is different from Brown’s view which defines this method as reading that requires high concentration. Reading creatively and carefully while reading intensively can be used for reading literature (linguistic studies) or reading critical content studies.



Intensive Reading Goals

Intensive reading is more than just understanding what the author is trying to convey. However, there are several other things you should know, such as the following goals:

1. Understanding Reading

The general purpose of reading in this way is to gain reading comprehension. The initial purpose of reading is to understand the content of the reading so that it can develop through other perspectives, perspectives, and experiences from new experiences.

2. Knowing Structured Text Patterns

Sometimes we read something based on desire. When we read intensively, whether we realize it or not, we will have knowledge about the structure of the text we read. Now, for literature students, reading in this way can be used to find text patterns and text structures. They practice a lot because it is useful for linguistics

3. Understand the Author’s Purpose and Purpose

The real meaning automatically obtained from reading this is to understand the contents of the message the author wants to convey. Whereas, when we talk about the author’s message, we are not only talking about the explicit message, but also what is called the implicit message.

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Especially if the message has not been publicly communicated by the author to the reader. Therefore, not all readers can understand the message. Only readers with extensive reading skills can view written messages.

4. Become a Linguistic Means

This linguistic goal is actually related to the study of literature and language. This way of reading can be used not only to gain knowledge and views that the author wants to convey, but also as a means of analyzing existing language structures. This is part of the purpose of reading this method and can indicate whether you are feeling conscious or unconscious. Then you can discuss the types of reading yourself from start to finish.



Types of Intensive Reading

As previously mentioned, according to Tarigan, there are two types of intensive reading as follows:

1. Read the Contents

Content reading is a reading activity by understanding the content with the aim of finding interesting, useful, and in-depth reading material. Understanding ideas and messages from writers requires skills in the form of accuracy, critical ability, understanding, and thinking.

2. Reading Language

Reading language is said to be a reading activity that requires the reader to understand the language used to compose the reading itself. This way of reading uni is also known as Language Reading and Literary Reading, if the reading is low on the voice or on the heart.

Language reading studies are generally conducted to analyze linguistic aspects and literary values. According to Tarigan, there are two types of intensive reading. Which of the two types of reading above do Sinaumed’s do more often?

3. Thorough Reading

This reading is intended to provide a detailed understanding of the ideas contained in the reading text to identify the composition of the writing and the approach used by the author. Readers in this case must be able to see and relate existing ideas, both the ideas contained in the text and the ideas contained in each paragraph.

4. Reading Comprehension

Reading According to Tarigan (1986: 56), reading comprehension is a way of reading that is intended to understand literary standards and norms, critical reviews, written plays, and fictional models.


5. Critical Reading

Critical Reading is a type of reading that is thoughtful, deliberate, detailed, skeptical, analytical, and goes beyond faultfinding.

6. Reading Ideas

This method is a type of reading activity that aims to find, obtain, and use the ideas contained in the reading. According to Tarigan (1986: 56), reading ideas is a reading activity that aims to find answers or further questions from reading. What problems are discussed or explained in reading and what do the characters learn and do?

7. Reading Foreign Languages

Reading a foreign language at a lower level generally aims to improve speaking fluency. It also develops vocabulary at a broader level.

8. Reading Literature

Reading literature is an activity of reading literary works both for the sake of appreciation and research and research purposes.



Intensive Reading Process

Maybe some people think that reading aloud is just reading. You can see that there are several intensive centralized reading processes like the process below.

1. Understanding

The human brain is unique. The brain works the way we want it to. A simple example when reading is an obligation. For example, the teacher is required to read aloud in front of the class without paying attention to the content of the reading and the core message of the content. So let’s just read. The brain does not have the enthusiasm to record the important contents of the reading.

Another example is the task of memorizing several paragraphs in a book. Oral and memory can memorize several paragraphs. The ability to remember does not necessarily correlate with the ability to understand the completed paragraphs. When understanding a passage, you cannot remember every word exactly.

But you know the nature and meaning of the contents of the reading. From this we can conclude that intensive reading comprehension is a basic process that must be applied. Understanding itself is a form of interpretation or critical understanding, and we understand the information conveyed.

2. Interpretation

The second process of intensive reading is the process of interpretation. When we diligently read, our brain is in a state of focus. If we focus and understand all the sentences conveyed, our brain will automatically think and continue to grow. If you love a particular reading set or series, you will definitely be hooked and impressed.

The impressions created are our subconscious reactions to information that is interesting to us, new to us, or big news to us. Did you know that interpretations that are easy to remember are usually also easy to maintain in the long or short term. If you keep interpretations for a long time while reading other texts, a lot of important information is stored in the brain.

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Three interpretations from different perspectives are collected, consciously or unconsciously compared and analyzed, which then leads to ideas, ideas and innovations. That’s why reading is very important to come up with something new.

3. Critical Understanding

On the other hand, understanding is important as the ability to absorb the necessary information quickly and accurately. This was accidental, not because it was done quickly. But it’s also based on reflex, a long analysis. Technically, God designed the human brain that way, so you don’t need to dig deep here.

Our brains can automatically analyze and think critically, subject to our normal thoughts, questions, and frequent reading. This is a very simple and intensive reading process. But when we look and explore, it gets really complicated.



How to Read Intensive

Here are ways you can do intensive reading:

1. Jelly

Please read carefully first. When we read, we are actually looking for its contents. If you don’t dig into the contents, then only the details of the words will come out as reading material. On the other hand, if you pay attention every time you dig into the contents, you will find many other things.

Each quest can earn gold or much higher and more valuable reading this way. If you pay more attention to what makes a book useful, it’s not just the author’s fault. But by looking for information carefully on our own. A simple analogy: God has spread knowledge everywhere.

But not everyone can see what God spreads. Many people seek knowledge through the public domain, educational institutions. In fact, if we are careful, we can receive the knowledge that God has given us. Likewise when reading with intensive techniques. Foresight is required to interpret messages.

2. Self Preparation

Actually, it has something to do with evaluating the first point. Your readiness determines the number of messages received. Generalize Baron & Byrne’s theory that a person’s negative emotions affect judgment. When we are happy, cheerful and happy, we can better take messages from the books we read.

From the case above, it is clear that you need to prepare yourself to be able to read intensively. Of course, the form of self-preparation is the ability to manage and control emotions. That negative and positive emotions affect us in processing information.

3. References

How to read intensively it is important to consider references to references. In this era of digitalization and increasing reference choices, we must be selective. Especially now a lot of fake news everywhere. Hoax news is also difficult to distinguish.

There are also many questionable references to accountability. Now, it is very important to be more careful to avoid such thing. If necessary, look for references in books, magazines and newspapers to avoid ambiguity and misinformation.

4. Concentration

Concentration is also important and is a factor that you have to do. If you feel lazy or not feeling well, it is advisable to rest. If you feel good, read on. It’s the same with writing. If you feel lazy and bored, you should turn off the laptop and stop typing. When you feel better, then re-read it.

This makes reading much more effective when you are in a good mood. At least when the heart is in the mood, our brain is relaxed. You are in a happy situation. This makes it easier to adjust emotions and to focus thoughts and thoughts, including reading. The brain automatically stores important information when we can focus on what we read.

Difference between Intensive and Extensive Reading

Intensive extensive
Reading is done carefully Widely done
The goal is to understand the content of the reading as a whole Understand content by speed reading
Research readings Skimming reading for the sake of certain things (for example when buying a book at an online bookstore, you can read skimming by reading the table of contents and synopsis of the book)
The goal is to gain understanding Used to read survey reading
Instigates critical thinking in reading Shallow reading
The goal is to get ideas that are suitable for writers to find new insights to create new things  

Those are some of the differences between intensive and extensive reading. If you look closely and in context, intensive reading and extensive reading complement each other. So sometimes we need to read extensively, sometimes we need to read intensively. Therefore, it can be adapted to the situation, conditions and intended use.

Hope this little review of intensive reading helps. If you have questions or other references, Sinaumed’s can visit the sinaumedia book collection for more details at . Happy reading, #SahabatUnlimited!