Examples of Organic Waste – Sinaumed’s, organic waste or trash are things that many people often miss and don’t pay attention to. Even though organic waste is waste that comes from households which of course produces a lot of dangerous organic waste if it is not treated properly.
Usually, this organic waste comes from vegetables, leftover fruit, and leftover food from households. All this wet waste usually has quite a lot of water content.
However, does Sinaumed’s already know what organic solid waste is? In this article, we will discuss more fully about organic solid waste.
Definition of Organic Waste
Organic waste is residual material or waste that can and can be recycled and comes from living things, such as food waste, living things’ waste or even plant waste. Organic waste is residual material obtained from production or activities, both household and industrial. This organic waste is also waste that is easily decomposed through several natural processes.
This is because the organic waste in it has chemical substances that can be said to be stable, so that organic waste is more easily buried and settles in the soil, rivers or sea.
However, this organic waste will cause an unpleasant odor and can even cause disease if not managed properly. Therefore, so that organic waste does not accumulate, organic waste is usually used as compost.
Characteristics of Organic Waste
If you are still confused about how to distinguish organic waste or not, then you can remember that organic waste has the following general characteristics:
1. Has a High Water Content
Organic waste has a high or a lot of water content. During the decomposition process, the water content in the waste will evaporate until it finally dries.
2. Derived from Natural Materials
Organic waste comes from the remains of natural materials or is processed by humans, organic waste does not go through a long decomposition process and contains many chemical substances.
3. Easier to Decompose
Waste tends to decompose easily, without the need to go through various processing processes. This can be proven when you have found trash or waste that is almost destroyed, even if it is only left for a while without undergoing processing.
4. Microbes Can Destroy Waste
Microbes or decomposing germs that are in the soil or the soil base, are able to destroy waste or garbage. In other words, if you bury or bury organic waste in the soil in the right way, such as in or at the bottom of the soil, there will be no pollution.
Benefits of Organic Waste
Maybe you think that organic waste has no benefit, because it easily decomposes and just disappears. However, there are benefits that you can find in organic waste, even some of which you can make as a source of income. Here are the benefits of organic waste.
1. Organic Waste can be Processed into Compost
Does Sinaumed’s have a gardening hobby? if Sinaumed’s has a hobby of gardening maybe occasionally he can try turning waste at home such as leftover vegetables, leftover fruits into compost. Compost is believed to increase plant fertility.
Making it is also included in the easy category, Sinaumed’s only needs to prepare a container that has been given enough soil, then flush it with water and pile it with organic waste that has been separated.
Then add water that has been mixed with EM4 (liquid fertilizer). Then add more soil which functions as a cover for the waste. Then let it sit and cover the container for up to 3 weeks. So, the compost is finished and ready to be used on your plants.
2. Organic Waste as Livestock Feed
Organic waste can also be used for animal feed. You can directly use leftover food waste for livestock such as goats, buffalo or cows.
In addition to animal feed such as goats, buffalo or cows, organic waste can also be used as pellets for chicken and fish food. The nutrients possessed by organic waste can help the process of growing animals to be healthier.
3. Organic waste becomes a source of electricity and biogas
Apart from being used as animal feed and compost, organic waste can also be used as a source of electricity and biogas. Examples of waste that can be used as a source of electricity and biogas are animal manure, tofu and tempeh.
The trick is to first prepare media or a closed container that is used as a gas reservoir that has been added to water. Then stir the two mixtures so that the manufacturing or processing process can go well.
4. Organic waste can be handicrafts
Maybe Sinaumed’s thinks that only inorganic waste can be used as handicrafts. However, it turns out that organic waste can also be used as handicrafts, Sinaumed’s.
Waste such as water hyacinth that is dried and burned can be turned into a beautiful bag. In addition, there are coconut shells that can be processed into cutlery such as bowls, cups and drink jugs.
What is Organic Solid Waste?
Hard waste is waste that is hard or solid which is easy to change. So, it can be said that organic hard waste is a type of waste that is difficult for microorganisms to decompose. Organic hard waste itself is hard waste originating from biological organisms.
Types and Characteristics of Organic Hard Waste
When viewed from its characteristics, this organic solid waste has the following characteristics:
- Solid and hard
- Hard to change shape
- Generally not harmful to health or the environment
- Derived from plants or animals
- Hard to change shape
Organic hard waste can be broken down by microorganisms quickly but depends on the size and hardness of the waste itself.
- Food waste can decompose within 2 weeks
- Paper decomposes within 10-30 days
- Cotton fabrics can decompose within 5 months
- Wood can decompose within 10-15 years
- Wool material can decompose within 1 year
Example of Organic Solid Waste
When viewed from the texture and water content, organic hard waste has less water content than organic wet waste. This is because the water content is less, resulting in hard organic waste that takes a long time to be processed and destroyed or decomposed. The following are examples of organic hard waste that are around you and that you are rarely aware of:
1. Coconut Shell
Coconut shell has less water content and a firm texture. When you go to the beach, you will surely see lots of coconut shells that are dry but still hard and not completely crushed.
Have you ever realized that eggshells are actually Sinaumed’s organic hard waste? Maybe we rarely realize it because egg shells come from household waste. Tough egg shells can mean that the recycling process takes longer, so care needs to be taken and handled with care.
The logs from felled trees also turn out to be one of the hard organic wastes. Logs are not easily crushed, especially logs that have a large size. Therefore, it takes a long time to decompose even though you have buried it in the ground. However, you can speed up the decomposition process by cutting it first into smaller pieces.
4. Sea Shells
Various types of shellfish with various forms also live in the rich waters of Indonesia. Clams or whose Latin is mollusca , are aquatic animals that have shells. Of course, the hard shell is not consumed by humans.
Therefore, the shell will be thrown away and become waste if left alone. Clam shells come from living things, clam shells also contain a little water so they have a hard texture and take time to decompose properly
5. Hard Fish Scales
Even though fish scales come from living things, fish scales also contain a little water, Sinaumed’s. As we know that fish scales have a hard texture and are also difficult to decompose properly.
6. Fish Bones
As with fish scales, fish bones also contain little water, so fish bones will also be difficult to decompose. Fish bones themselves have a hard texture, Sinaumed’s.
7. Four-legged Animal Bones
Does Sinaumed’s know fossils? Animal bones have to go through a long time to decompose properly. The animal’s soul is buried so the last thing that remains is the bones. Therefore, many ancient animal fossils (especially quadrupeds) have been found because, even after hundreds of years, the bones have not decomposed properly.
8. Rice Husk
Rice husk comes from milled rice, husk is dry, scaly and inedible sheets. This rice husk serves to protect the inside of the morning. Rice husk is not the same as rice which, if cooked, will turn into rice, rice husk has less water content, so it will take longer to decompose.
Corncob has a large size, of course. Corn cob that is left for a long time will become dry but cannot decompose quickly because of the small water content and large size.
Paper is included in the category of organic hard waste, why is that? Because paper itself uses wood as a manufacturing material. Paper decomposes well if treated well too. However, in some cases, paper cannot be processed and decomposed properly because chemicals are used in the manufacturing process.
11. Animal Fang
As with animal bones, animal fangs or teeth are also very difficult to decompose because they have a dense and hard nature, this makes animal fangs take time so they can decompose properly.
Example of Organic Hard Waste Material Craft
As explained above, organic hard waste is not as easy to decompose as wet waste. Therefore, proper processing or recycling is needed, so that hard organic waste can be put to good use. Here are some examples of crafts from organic hard waste that you can make.
- Necklace of Leather and grain
- A display of an arrangement of shells
- Tissue holder decorated with shells or pieces of wood
- Key chains made of shells or pieces of coconut shell
- Lampshade from shells or coconut shells
- Earrings from fish scales
- Necklace from fish scales
- Miniature of fish bones
- Bracelet from fish bones
- Sambal container or glass from coconut shell
- Coconut shell belt
- Coconut shell sandals
- Bowls, glasses and teapots from coconut shells
- Tissue holder decorated with egg shells
- Egg shell bedroom lamp
- Bag of water hyacinth that has been burned and dried
- Straws from recycled paper
Processing of Hard Waste Materials
In general, the waste treatment process is usually the same. Waste can be processed through manual processes or using machines. However, the simple treatment process used for hard material waste generally has 6 process stages as follows:
1. Sorting of Waste Materials
In this stage, a selection of hard waste materials will be carried out before finally entering the production process. This needs to be done to ensure the material is suitable for the craft to be used.
2. Waste Cleanup
Usually, hard waste is dirty or unsanitary and has the potential to contain hazardous substances. Therefore, it is necessary to wash using detergent until it is clean so that food residue or other harmful substances can be dissolved and the dry waste becomes clean.
Washing will of course involve water, so drying is needed because it is still related to hygiene and work safety because usually if the main ingredient gets wet it has the potential not to last and will cause bacteria. Drying can be done in various forms such as using direct sunlight or using a dry cloth and dryer.
After drying and cleaning, the waste can then be included in the coloring process. Hard waste is usually colored by spraying or using a brush. The type of paint used must also be adapted to hard waste materials so that they can adhere properly to hard waste materials.
5. Drying after dyeing
After entering the coloring process, the colored waste must be dried again in the sun or aired or put in a dryer.
6. Refining Materials
Hard waste material that has finished the production process then enters the final stage, namely finishing so that it is easier to process into works. This finishing stage can be in various forms such as gluing, sanding, grinding, cutting until finally it reaches the desired shape and work.
Well, Sinaumed’s is an explanation of examples of organic hard waste and how to process it so it doesn’t pollute the environment too much. We must be diligent in selecting and sorting waste so that it can be processed properly. That way, an environment will be cleaner and healthier.
Hopefully all the discussion above is useful as well as adds insight to Sinaumed’s. So, have you treated organic solid waste?
If Sinaumed’s wants to read about books about waste or other books, then Sinaumed’s can read and buy his books at sinaumedia.com. To support Sinaumed’s in adding insight, sinaumedia always provides quality and original books so that Sinaumed’s has #MoreWithReading information.
Author: Christin Devina