Futurism – Fine art is a branch of art that is in great demand. The existence of this fine art is still maintained even in the current digital era. The existence of this art can be seen from the many young artists who are starting to be born and are still involved in the world of fine art.
Fine art is the result of the application of an individual’s creativity through a two-dimensional field, such as canvas, paper, board or other media. When he is about to jump in and want to work on fine art or painting, Sinaumed’s needs to know the currents in fine art, one of which is futurism. Furthermore, see this article to the end!
Definition of Futurism
Futurism is one of the streams of art that wants and tries to forget the past and tries to see the future with a dynamic and universal perspective.
This flow also does not only compartmentalize one concept or theme on one side, as is the case with classical art. Futurism became one of the artistic and social movements that developed in the 20th century.
The flow of futurism aims to capture the beauty of the speed and energy of technology that is present in a modern and dynamic society. Therefore, the flow of futurism places more emphasis on visual beauty, motion, lines and colors.
Futurist artists are also very concerned about science, technology and modernity. Futurist artists also rejected the past and oppressed aristocrats who were considered to be hindering progress from industry and technology.
Futurist, the term for an artist with a flow of futurism has the goal of capturing the dynamic side of modern society that is fast and full of energy in a work of art.
As a flow of art that depicts technological and industrial advances, this futurism school has a manifesto on a flow that has the same nuances of thought as one of the basic concepts of quantum physics.
Quantum physics in the flow of futurism is present, especially in the super position section, which means the middle position that exists between two main states that can be opened and closed.
The term futurism comes from French or English, namely futur or future, which means the future. Futurism is a science that studies the future, according to its definition.
The flow of futurism is an avant garde flow or before its time, namely in 1909 and is strongest in Italy. This flow was founded by an artist, named Filippo Marinetti in 1908.
Initially, this flow of futurism was inspired by human life which continued to experience changes due to the presence of the invention of machines capable of producing elements of motion and speed which greatly influenced human life in the early 20th century.
Typography in the flow of futurism developed into a medium of expression in design and not only about meaning, but also form. Visualized like poetry that uses typography as a form of expression of feelings that support a work of poetry.
History of Futurism
The flow of futurism was first introduced to the public on February 20, 1909. This flow was first introduced when a well-known newspaper, namely Paris Le Figaro published a manifesto from an Italian poet and editor named Filippo Tommaso Marinetti.
In the manifesto published by the Paris newspaper Le Figaro, Tommaso Marinetti wrote that futurism exists as a reflection of its goal to throw art away from the past while celebrating change, innovation and originality in culture and society.
The manifesto was made after Tommaso Marinetti tried to try to turn around to avoid cyclists and crashed his car into a ditch. Tommaso Marinetti’s simple experience then inspired Marinetti to write a manifesto.
For Marinetti, progress and modernity are like a car that can beat bicycles, like the arts of the past. Departing from that thought, several young artists in Italy then began to mourn the movement made by Marinetti through the manifesto he published. Several young artists who joined Marinetti at that time were Umberto Bocciono, Luigi Russolo, Carlo Carra who joined in 1910, then after these three young artists Gino Severini and Giacomo Balla also joined Marinetti.
After the first world war began, many futurist artists began to support fascism and some of the futurists began to follow the flow of cubism in Paris which made the flow of futurism begin to fade. However, after the world war ended, Marinetti also managed to revive this flow of futurism.
The rise of the futurism movement after the first world war ended, the flow of futurism was then referred to as il secondo Futurism, which means it was the second Futurism by writers in the 1960s.
Historians including Giovanni Lista later classified the history of futurism into decades. The first decade as well as the early decades are referred to as plastic dynamism. Meanwhile, the second decade of futurism is referred to as mechanical art, which began in the 1920s. Later on the mention of aero aesthetics for futurism in the 1930s.
Futurism Flow Concept
The concept of futurism is based on the idea that natural energy must be displayed in works of art as part of a dynamic sensation that can create a unified reality. One way to display this sensation is to display it through the use of light and motion.
Apart from using light and motion, another way is to change limitations into something dynamic. By applying cubist-inspired forms of cabbage and compiling text and words through the science of typography.
The science of typography in this case will arrange the beauty of the text itself, and not just decorate it with decorative shapes. The main theme of the futurism manifesto is dynamism and universality. The theme seeks to find optical sensations, motion and sensations from the greatness of Messi’s existence, industry and human achievements in technology at that time.
All these friends of the futurism manifesto are parts that classical artists have neglected to pay attention to. For example, is in describing a woman who is at the window.
When depicting the woman, an artist should include other elements that surround the woman. Other elements in question can be the noise from passing vehicles, how busy life can be seen through the window, even to the associations generated in the thoughts of the woman sitting at the window.
Therefore, art with the flow of futurism also tries to convey other elements in order to describe dynamism and universality in a work of art.
Characteristics of the Flow of Futurism
The flow of futurism, is a stream of modern art which has several characteristics and peculiarities that distinguish the flow of futurism from other art streams. Here are the characteristics of the flow of futurism.
- His art departs from the traditions of classical art.
- Using a variety of styles and techniques that are new and keep up with the times.
- Fight the remnants of inner devastation, the cause of the first world war.
- Implementing universal dynamism, which means that futurism works of art do not only look at a concept from one side, but also look at all aspects, including things that are often overlooked by artists.
- Contains a variety of elements in the new modern everyday life. Examples include industry, cars and various other mechanical technologies that were developing rapidly in the 1900s.
- Artwork with futurism flow has a dynamic image.
- His works have a fast and energetic impression.
- Expressive elements in futurism design, using typography.
- Artwork with the flow of futurism, is able to utilize visible principles and multiple viewpoints or have many perspectives.
When we see examples of modern art using futurism, art connoisseurs will try to appreciate the artist’s work. However, in art appreciation, art connoisseurs must carry out active activities. Like seeing, experiencing, observing and understanding.
The goal is to be able to find out the goals, intentions and elements that the artist tries to display in his work. To do a good art appreciation, Sinaumed’s can find out more by reading the book “Art Appreciation”. Sinaumed’s can buy this book only at sinaumedia.com!
Figures of the School of Futurism
Futurism is an art and cultural movement in general that developed and gained a large number of followers after Marinetti sent his manifesto. Here are some of the most influential figures from the flow of futurism.
1. Fortunato Depero
Depereo is an artist and poet who focuses on futurism. Apart from being a fine arts artist, namely painting, Depereo is also known for his literary works and is also known as a leading graphic designer.
As an artist, Depereo manages advertising for many companies in New York. he is also one of the legendary illustrators who has made covers of well-known magazines, namely Vogue and The New Yorker in various publications. Even today, The New Yorker magazine still uses art illustration styles that are similar to the Depereo style.
2. Lucio Venna
Venna was born in Venice, then in 1912 she decided to move to Florence. When moving from Venice, Venna then worked with an illustrator named Emilio Notte and then met the originator or initiator of the flow of futurism, namely Filippo Marinetti in Florence.
After meeting with Marinetti, Venna then followed the flow of futurism. Lucio Venna’s work includes covers such as Grand Sport from 1930 to 1932, then his work in advertising for Debenham and Freebody, briefly collaborating as an artistic director at Scena Illustrata and London.
In 1917, Lucio Venna and Emilio Notte wrote a book called The Basic Linear Geometrics. Then in 1922, Lucio Venna worked more with painting. Some of Lucio Venna’s works are quite famous, such as Alberi, Luna Park and of course the picture posters he made.
3. Nocolay Diuldherof
Nocolay Diuldheroff is a typographer, he was born in Bulgaria and had studied at the Vienna School or Arts and Crafts from 1920 to 1921, then continued his studies at The New School of Art in Dresdenn in 1922 and had taken a short study period for several months at Johannes Itten in Germany, the Bauhaus.
Having an outstanding educational background in the arts, Diuldheroff became a renowned designer and designed a wide range of products from ceramics to lamps to glass. Like other futurist artists, Diuldheroff also worked for advertising firms for Campari, Cinzano and Unica.
Nocolay Diuldheroff also had a hand in one of the biggest events for the flow of futurism, the event was the Turin International Exhibition which was held in 19129. Then, in the same year, the mastery of the flow of futurism art owned by Nocolay Diuldherof was finally exhibited in Turin for a period of time quite a long time.
4. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
Marinetti was the originator of the flow of futurism which first introduced and spread his ideas about art from a small incident when he was driving.
Apart from being the originator of the flow of futurism, Marinetti was a poet who was born in Egypt in 1876. When he sparked this flow of futurism, there was one statement that was quite famous in the manifesto he published in newspapers.
“Attacking the past and upholding life in the present has been markedly changed by modern science and technology.” With this statement, Marinetti succeeded in collaborating with a number of artists who also used the futurism flow that was sparked at that time.
5. Carlo Carra
Another influential figure in the birth and spread of futurism was Carlo Carra. Carra was one of the artists who immediately joined the flow of futurism, after Marinetti spread futurism through a manifesto in a newspaper.
Despite having contributed and played a major role in the spread of futurism, previously Carlo Carra had been a supporter of the artistic tradition in Italy and had painted for Giotto.
In addition to having painted with Giotto, Carlo Carra has also seen works by post-impressionists such as Turner, Cezanne, Gauguin and Constable. Although he once supported traditional art schools, Carra eventually became an artist who participated in futurism from the very beginning of this genre.
6. Gino Severini
Having considerable attention to light and cubism, Severini is one of the artists who played a role in the spread of futurism. Similar to Carlo Carra, Severini also had time to learn directly from impressionist artists.
Gino Severini is one of the artists who joined the flow of futurism in the early days of Futurism which was spread and sparked by Marinetti.
Before joining the flow of futurism along with other artists, Severini had studied color theory which changed the perceptions of impressionist painters.
The color theory that he studied discussed the freedom of color, as an independent element that is not just a mere label for other things. However, color also functions as an element of art.
That is the explanation of futurism in modern art that Sinaumed’s knows. If Sinaumed’s wants to know more about the flow of futurism or modern art such as futurism, Sinaumed’s can find out by reading the books available at sinaumedia.com.