Examples of United States: Complete with Definitions and Characteristics

Examples of United States – Union or federation according to the Latin language comes from the word feodus which means agreement or agreement. In a union state, there are two or more political units that have or do not have status as states and promise to unite in one political bond, where there is one region that represents the entire union state.

Union or federation is a country, where the members of the union are a federation that does not have sovereignty in the true sense. Members of the union or federation are referred to as states. Well, who are the countries that have a form of union? The following is an example of a union state. .

Example of the United States

A united state or what is often referred to as a federal state is one of the forms of government adopted by several countries. In the form of a union state, there are several other states within the state. An example of a well-known united states is the United States of America. Here is another example of a union state.

Examples of States of the United Republic or Federal Republic

The following are examples of union states that have the form of a republic, also known as a federal republic. A federal republic is part of a union state that has a republican system or form of government.

The federal or union form of government is adopted by the central government of the combined countries. An easy example is the United States which has several states. The states of the United States of America have a republican form of government.

1. Argentina

Argentina is the part of Latin America that has the second largest area, as well as the country that speaks the largest Spanish language in the world. Argentina is in the southern part of the South American continent.

Argentina is a federation unit located in the Province of Argentina with 23 major federation unit provinces and one minor federation unit or autonomous city.

2. Austria

Austria is the second federation of the republics. Officially, Austria has the name of the Austrian Republic which has several states. Austria is the first country to become a representative democracy by implementing a parliamentary system with a directly elected Federal President as head of state as well as chancellor. As a federal republic, Austria has nine states.

3. Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into the federation or union of Bosnia, Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska. Herzegovina is a country located on the Balkan peninsula in southern Europe with a population of approximately four million people. As a federative republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina has two entities with one district.

4. Brazil

The Federative Republic of Brazil is a country that has the largest territorial size with a population of 204.5 million in 2017. Brazil is in South America and is the easternmost country on the continent.

Bordered by the Andes Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean, Brazil is one of the countries with extensive agricultural and tropical forests. As a federative republic, Brazil has 26 states with one district.

5. Comoros

The Comoros State is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean and has an official name, namely the Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros. This country is the second smallest Arab country after Bahrain. As a federal republic, Comoros has three islands and four municipalities.

6. Ethiopia

Ethiopia or also called Habsyu is a federal democratic republic country located in Africa and borders with Eritrea in the northern part of Djibouti. Ethiopia is the oldest country in the world, as well as the country that has the most complete history in the area.

As a federal republic, Ethiopia has nine states and two regions that have their own self-governing administrative administration .

7. Germany

Officially, Germany is referred to as a federal republic of Germany located in Western Europe. Germany has an important position in the economy as well as politics in Europe as well as in the world.

With a country area of ​​357,021 square km, there are around 82 million people living in Germany. As a federative republic, Germany has 16 states.

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8. India

India is a federated republic country with the second largest population in the world. The population itself reaches up to one billion people and is the seventh largest country when viewed from the size of the geographical area.

India is a federative republic consisting of 28 states and seven territorial units including its capital city. Each state that belongs to India, has its own installed government.

9. Iraq

Iraq is a country in the Middle East or southwest Asia. In the midst of civil war, Iraq is a developing country with a population of 36 thousand in 2014.

As a federative republic, Iraq is divided into 18 Arabic-speaking provinces and further subdivided into districts.

10. Mexico

Located in North America, Mexico is a federal republic that has 31 states with one district. Mexico is the third largest country in Latin America and is the country with the most Spanish speakers.

11. Federated States of Micronesia

Micronesia is an island nation that has sovereignty in the Pacific Ocean. In accordance with its official name, Micronesia is a federated republic with four states from west to east and spread throughout the western Pacific Ocean area.

12. Nepal

Nepal is a country in the form of a federative republic located in South Asia and is located between the Himalayan mountain ranges. Nepal is the only country that is a Hindu kingdom in the world. In 2008, Nepal declared that it was changing the form of its country from a kingdom to a republic.

As a federative republic, Nepal is divided into 14 zones with 75 districts grouped into five development zones. Each district in Nepal is headed by a district head who is responsible for maintaining law and order and for coordinating official work with the government.

13. Nigeria

Nigeria is a sovereign state in West Africa which has borders with Benin in the west, Chad and Kmerun in the east and Niger in the north.

As a federal republic, Nigeria has 36 states and one federal capital region which is the capital city of the state of Abuja. From one territorial area of ​​the federal capital of Nigeria, it is further divided into 774 local government areas or local government areas .

14. Pakistan

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a country in the South Asian region. Pakistan is a united or federal state that has a parliamentary system and consists of four provinces and four federal regions.

Pakistan has a population of more than 170 million people and is one of the most populous countries in the world, with the largest Muslim population after Indonesia.

15. United States

The United States of America is one of the best known federal republics. As a federal constitutional republic, America has fifty states with one federal district.

The United States of America is located in the middle of North America which is the location of 48 states and are next to each other including the capital of the United States, namely Washington DC.

Example of a Federal Monarchy

A country that has a federal monarchy form of government is a federation of several states that have a monarchical form of government and is headed by a King or Queen. The following are examples of countries with a federal monarchy form of government.


Australia is a federal monarchy with six states and two territories on the mainland. The six states are New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

Each state in Australia has its own territory and parliament on its land. The states in Australia, have their own sovereignty.

2. Belgium

Belgium is a kingdom in western Europe and has borders with the Netherlands to the east, Germany to the south and France and Lukesemburt to the west. Belgium is a federal government consisting of several states, namely Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels.

3. Canada

Canada is a country located in the northernmost region of North America. Canada is a country with a constitutional monarchy which is divided into 10 provinces and three territories which adhere to a decentralized system.

Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a federal parliamentary democratic form of government. Canada becomes Queen Elizabeth II as head of state and is a country that has ethnic and cultural diversity.

4. Malaysian

Malaysia is a federal monarchy with thirteen states and three federal territories. Located in Southeast Asia, Malaysia has an area of ​​330,803 square km. The capital city of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur and the city of Putrajaya is the center of the Malaysian federal government.

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5. Saint Kitts and Nevis

This country is a federation of two islands located in the Leeward Islands and the Caribbean Islands. Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest federal monarchy in America. As a federal monarchy, Saint Kitts and Nevis has 14 parishes.

6. United States Emirates

Located in the east of the Arabian Peninsula, the United Arab Emirates is an elected monarchy and is formed from a federation of seven emirates. The seven federations are Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Dubai, Ras Al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Qaiwain.

Each state of the UAE, is governed by a Sykeh who has the duty to serve as president in the United Arab Emirates. In 2013, the UAE had a population of 9.2 million.

Those are some examples of union states, both states that have a republican or monarchical form of government. To be clearer, here is the definition of a union or federation.

Definition and Characteristics of the United State or Federal State

The union state is a country that has a plural composition and consists of several states, each of which does not have sovereignty. Although they do not have sovereignty, these states are allowed to have their own constitution, their own head of state to their respective parliaments and cabinets.

Union or union is also often referred to as federal, federation can be interpreted as a combination of many countries. The amalgamation of many of these countries, then brings unity within it and becomes a polycentric or multi-centered country.

Because part or a combination of many countries, state activities are carried out by way of division, internal activities are managed by each of the state leaders and each state leader has sufficient judicial and legislative bodies to regulate their own state.

According to KC Wheare, federal government is divided power, so that the federal government and the governments of each state in certain areas are independent from one another.

According to CF Strong, one of the characteristics of a federal state is that the state will try to adjust two concepts that are actually contradictory, the conflicting concepts are the sovereignty of the federal state as a whole and the sovereignty of the states.

AB Lapian explained that a country that has a federal or union form of government essentially has the following characteristics.

  • Execution of sovereignty out of the state and submitted in full to the federal government, while sovereignty inward is limited.
  • Several matters concerning the state as a whole are left to the powers of the federal government.
  • The form of political unitary ties in a federal state is limited in nature.

Apart from the three characteristics of a united state mentioned by AB Lapian, there are also several other characteristics of a united or federal state. The following are the characteristics of a united state.

  1. The union state consists of several states within it.
  2. Each state, has original power from the territory of the state owned.
  3. The existence of a constitution in each state and a source of law from the implementation of people’s sovereignty.
  4. The head of state has the right of veto, namely the right to decide to cancel the formation of its own parliament consisting of a senate and congress. The veto right is a privilege possessed by the head of state.
  5. The central government has authority, both abroad and domestically.
  6. There is a division of power between the central government and the government in the states, this sixth feature occurs because the implementation of government functions in the union state is considered complicated.
  7. The head of state is elected by the people, in a union state the people are the largest entity in a country and have the highest position, therefore the people can choose a head of state who is believed to be able to account for the powers imposed.

That is an explanation of examples of union states, both examples of federal republics and federal monarchies. Also accompanied by an explanation of the meaning and characteristics.