Differences in Rights and Obligations – In this world there are many things that are important and must be understood by every individual. One of the important things to understand is rights and obligations. Rights and obligations are two components that cannot be separated in this life. The reason is that these two terms are already attached to each other and are always associated with various aspects of life.
Because these two things are attached to each other does not mean these two things have no differences. Rights and obligations have several main differences in them, these differences are tangible as rights are all things that refer to something that we get, while obligations are all things that refer to something that we have to do. The difference between rights and obligations is what makes these two things have an important function in people’s lives.
Rights and obligations also have the potential to provide stability and strength to the community. Both of these also focus on developing the social awareness of each individual that they are social beings. This social awareness serves to create an individual right which is commonly called freedom.
As for obligations, we usually equate obligations with responsibilities. This responsibility takes the form of our responsibility as citizens. The two brief definitions clearly state that there is a close relationship between rights and obligations.
Before delving deeper into the differences between rights and obligations, it would be incomplete if we did not mention the definitions of these two things.
What are Rights?
To be able to distinguish between rights and obligations, of course we must first know and understand what those rights mean. Rights can be interpreted as an opportunity to be able to do and even have something we want.
Rights can provide various potentials to an individual to make them aware of what they can/may do and what they cannot/may not do.
Own rights exist in various aspects of life, such as in social life and within a cultural group. The creation of rights is also driven by several supporting factors such as social boundaries, ethics and even law.
Talking about rights, a statement will immediately appear which states that rights are a universal tool that is attached to individuals from the moment they are born into the world.
These universal tools apply to every individual regardless of their gender, religion, culture, ethnic group or nationality. Rights with the above characteristics are usually referred to as human rights, which can be abbreviated as HAM.
Human rights or human rights are in the form of law that has great influence and applies to every human being or individual who lives without any discrimination of difference.
It is one of the obligations of a state to be able to implement these human rights. Not without reason, human rights can have their own influence on creating a safe and peaceful atmosphere in a country. Own rights have several types of their own, such as:
There are also types of rights according to their source, namely:
1. Legal rights
Rights that are based on and originate from existing laws, such as statutes, laws, regulations, legal files, and so on. Rights of this type have criteria that focus more on law or society.
We can take examples, such as the right to express opinion, the right to speak (family), the right to love (family), the right to education, the right to equal treatment, the right to live properly, the right to defend the territory of the country, and so on.
2. Moral rights
In contrast to legal rights, moral rights are grounded and derived from the culture, principles or rules of an ethnic group. Moral rights have properties that tend to refer to an individual only. Moral rights usually take the form of communication between the creator and an individual to do good things according to his morals.
Rights are believed to be the basis for creating the function and stability of a society that acts effectively. We can take an example, such as giving children a number of things, such as things to get an education, the right to be loved and cared for by both parents, and the right to be cared for until adulthood by both parents.
Providing the above rights will certainly make children grow into good individuals in the future, because they get the opportunity to enjoy their rights as children. That way, the grown children will carry out their obligations well too.
That’s the meaning of rights, after knowing the meaning and several types of rights, surely you will wonder what the obligations are? Because we have already touched on it when we were explaining the meaning and types of rights. So in the following we will convey, what does this right mean?
What is Liability?
The time has come to discuss the meaning of obligation. Obligations themselves can be interpreted as a necessity that must be carried out by an individual to do something in order to fulfill this obligation, the obligations themselves have several groupings in their implementation. These groupings, such as being grouped on legal, moral, out of necessity, because it is a mandatory duty of the individual, and so on.
There are also types of obligations according to their sources, namely:
1. Legal obligations
Legal obligations are in the form of responsibilities that are already bound by existing law. Every individual in a country is bound by legal obligations in force in that country, these obligations are called legal obligations. Legal obligations make an individual subject to sanctions if they do not carry out these obligations
2. Moral obligation
Moral obligations have the nature that must be done but are not bound by any law. So if an individual does not carry out these obligations, then he will not get any sanctions. But the individual will only feel bad, reluctant and so on. Moral obligations are obligations that exist in society that are carried out in accordance with existing conditions.
For example, respecting elders and caring for and caring for our own parents when they are old is not a legal obligation. There has not even been any law urging an individual to do either of these things. These two things must be done because these two things have entered into the realm of an individual’s moral obligations. As stated earlier, obligations and rights both play an important role in social life.
It would be inappropriate if an individual only competed for rights without fulfilling the obligations they had to carry out. Individuals who have a personality like this will certainly be the source of the impression and impact that has a negative value. Therefore, it becomes a necessity for an individual to be aware of the fact that like other individuals, before enjoying the sweetness
their rights, they also have to carry out and complete their obligations both to other individuals and to a certain aspect.
After knowing the meaning of rights and obligations, now is the time for us to discuss the differences between the two.
Differences in Rights and Obligations
There are several differences between rights and obligations from various aspects, here are the differences.
1. Meaning of Rights and Obligations
Right is an opportunity/ability of an individual to do or even get something. Whereas human rights are a privilege that is inherent in an individual from the moment they are born into the world, these rights are given to all people through government organizations in that country.
Obligation is a necessity that must be done by an individual to fulfill the individual’s obligation/duty. it is the responsibility of each individual to carry out and fulfill their obligations. This responsibility is given by government organizations to each individual who is a citizen of that country.
2. Function of Rights and Obligations
– The right to function to be owned or obtained by all individuals.
– Duties serve as a form of responsibility for an individual and they must fulfill them to obtain their rights.
3. For whom
– Right to self.
– Obligations are for oneself and mostly for other people or groups.
4. Community Relations
– Rights are things that individuals get from their environment (the surrounding community)
– Obligations are things that individuals do for their environment (the surrounding community)
– Rights have the potential to be defended or even challenged by courts dealing with them.
– The obligations of a citizen are not challenged by the court dealing with them.
– Rights are based on all the rights granted to an individual.
– Obligations are based on the performance of an individual in carrying out and fulfilling his duties and responsibilities.
The right becomes a social, ethical or legal principle of the freedom of an individual to regulate himself, while the obligation is an individual’s responsibility to oblige himself to carry out and fulfill his duties. Rights and obligations are very close, so if we do not fulfill our obligations, we will not get our rights.
We can interpret rights as normative rules that are owned by society and determined by existing legal jurisdictions. Every individual is legally obliged to get their rights, there is no limit why an individual cannot get their rights. Rights are usually written in law, so that people will easily oppose and defend these rights in court.
Own rights are based on a collection of actions and responsibilities that have been agreed upon and become the hope of creating mutual respect and mutual cooperation behavior. Rights are not just a form of individual freedom to do and get what they want. Instead, rights are a foundation or foundation in improving people’s performance in describing their identity. It is with this increase that we can give birth to a society with our current culture.
The other foundation or foundation is an obligation, because before getting a right, a person must carry out his obligations. This obligation usually takes the form of duties assigned to an individual. Assignments are usually given a deadline known as “due date” with this deadline making it appear as if the individual working on the assignment has a debt to the assignor. Completing tasks according to the deadline is considered important to protect these individual rights.
The most important difference between rights and obligations is that rights are based on privileges that have been given to an individual since they were born into the world while obligations are given to individuals on the basis of the ability to carry out these obligations. it is a must to fulfill these obligations in order to obtain their rights as well.
Individuals can get privileges when they have successfully fulfilled their obligations and we have alluded to these rights during this discussion. But you know what? It turns out that there are several characteristics of its own to be able to call a right a privilege. Here are the characteristics.
– Privileges are rights that other people have granted you.
– Privileges are usually owned by certain people and other people do not have these rights. We can take examples such as people who have the potential to continue their studies to tertiary institutions for free, while other people have to pay to continue their studies.
– Privileges have the potential and are prone to become the subject of debate and disputes between individuals. We can take an example such as the privilege of an individual in treating his health for free.
– Privileges have the potential to cause envy to other individuals who carry out their obligations but receive different rights.
To be clear about the difference between rights and privileges. In the following, we will discuss the meaning of ordinary rights and privileges owned by an individual.
– Rights are things that have been branded as owned by each individual and are believed by all individuals as the nature and form of quality benchmarks of an individual carrying out an obligation that they carry, including passive and negative obligations to other individuals.
– Privileges are rights that an individual asks for after carrying out a special obligation or can also be given free of charge to that individual with the intention of being a form of assistance given to individuals who have fulfilled active or positive obligations from individuals who provide these obligations.
Most people tend to see themselves as having rights and duties. This tendency has reached the point where they feel powerful and have all the rights over everything that exists. Whereas in the eyes of other individuals, they only have all the obligations that must be done and completed. With a mindset like this can raise the potential for what their behavior and actions will be like in the future.
Meanwhile, we are all individuals who carry out the same obligations and receive the same rights, only the portion differs according to the abilities of each individual. Most individuals only focus on one concern and other concerns will be ignored.
In essence, the difference between these two things, rights and obligations is that as we know rights are given to other individuals in order to maintain the basic freedoms and freedoms of these individuals, while for obligations to individuals who are judged to be able to complete these obligations to obtain these rights. their rights. Abuse of authority in assigning obligations and awarding rights to other individuals can cause confusion between individuals. Therefore, the giver of the obligation must really use his power appropriately so that there is no gap between individuals.
So, those are some explanations about the difference between rights and obligations. Besides that, we have also provided several explanations regarding other types of rights, namely privileges and how the process of these privileges is formed. We also describe some of the problems caused by improper distribution of rights and duties. Hope this article helps!