Know the Differences between Climate and Weather, Their Roles and Elements

Know the Differences between Climate and Weather, Their Roles and Elements –

Weather is a state of the air at a time and in a certain area that is relatively narrow and for a short period of time.

Weather is formed from a combination of weather elements and the duration of weather can be only a few hours. For example: morning, afternoon or evening, and conditions can vary for each place and every hour.


climate is the average weather condition within one year which the investigation is carried out for a long time (minimum 30 years) and covers a large area.

Check out a more complete explanation about the two below, Sinaumed’s!

Definition of Climate and Weather

Weather is a condition or state of the air that occurs in an area or region within a certain period of time.

The weather can change in a short time, which is only a few hours and is marked by the difference between day and night.

Weather occurs because of differences in temperature and humidity that occur between one place and another. The science used to study the weather is meteorology. In Indonesia, there is an agency that specifically observes the weather, namely the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) based in Jakarta.

BMKG’s duty is to record and observe air activity, including temperature and air pressure, rainfall, wind and cloud activity. Apart from being based in Jakarta, BMKG also has weather monitoring stations spread throughout Indonesia.

Climate is the condition or condition of the average weather in a large area. The climate itself is determined based on the calculation of time which usually reaches 11 years to 30 years.

The climate in an area is influenced by the geographic location and topography of the area, which means that climate differences in an area are influenced by the position of the sun relative to that area on the planet Earth.

The sun is a source of energy as well as climate control for the earth, so that the relative position of the sun can cause air movement and ocean currents.

The science that studies climate is climatology.


Examples of Weather and Climate in Everyday Life

  • Examples of weather in everyday life: The weather in the morning in Yogyakarta is rainy and the weather in the afternoon is expected to be sunny. The afternoon weather in Jakarta is cloudy, but suddenly the weather becomes hot
  • Examples of climate in everyday life: There are differences in tropical and subtropical climates. Indonesia and countries located at equatorial latitudes have a tropical climate. Countries with subtropical climates such as Japan and South Korea have winter. So, that’s a discussion about the differences in weather and climate along with explanations and examples. Hopefully this article is useful.

Differences in Climate and Weather

  • The area coverage and weather observations are narrower and limited, while the area coverage and climate observations are wider.
  • Time to observe the weather in an area can be done for 24 hours, while climate observations are made over a period of 11-30 years.
  • Weather has a fast changing and unstable nature, while climate has a stable and difficult to change nature.
  • Predictions about the weather are easy to do, while climate forecasts are difficult.

There are many symptoms that we can encounter, including: 1. Fog Symptoms that occur due to condensation of water vapor near the surface of the ground or cold water. Its height reaches 500 meters. 2. Dew Symptoms that occur due to condensation of water vapor on the surface of the soil, grass and leaves at night because of the humidity in the air, but there is no wind blowing. 3. El Nino A symptom of an increase in Pacific Ocean temperature that occurs around December. 4. La Nina Symptoms that occur after El Nino weakens due to a decrease in the temperature of the Pacific Ocean around January.

Various causes of climate change and ways we can do to stop it can be found in the book Why? Climate Change – Climate Change by delivering interesting and fun information.

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Elements of Climate and Weather

  1. sunlight,
  2. temperature,
  3. humidity,
  4. air pressure,
  5. wind,
  6. rainfall and
  7. cloud.

Knowledge of the elements of weather and climate is very useful for everyday life, such as agriculture, communication, aviation, shipping and trade. The following is an explanation of the elements of weather and climate:


The first element of weather and climate is sunlight. The sun is the center of the solar system, where all the planets in the solar system revolve around the sun. The process of the planet earth rotating on its axis is called rotation, while the process of the earth revolving around the sun is known as revolution. These two things, both the rotation and revolution of the earth affect weather and climate change.

The sun will radiate its rays to all corners of the earth with the help of rotation and revolution processes, which affect the weather and climate. The various impacts of climate change and weather are also discussed in the book Educomics Plants Vs Zombies: Weather and Climate which is packaged through illustrations so that it is easier to understand.


Temperature or air temperature is the degree of heat from molecular activity in the atmosphere or air that arises due to the sun’s heat radiation received by the earth. The level of heat reception by the earth is influenced by several factors, including:

  • Angle of incidence of sunlight, namely the angle formed by the surface of the earth with the direction of arrival of sunlight.
  • The smaller the angle of incidence of sunlight, the less heat is received by the earth compared to the angle that is perpendicular.
  • The longer the sun shines, the longer the sun shines, the more heat the earth receives.
  • The condition of the earth’s surface (land and sea), the land quickly receives heat and quickly releases it, while the nature of the ocean is the opposite of the nature of the land. Many at least clouds, the thickness of the clouds affects the heat received by the earth.
  • The more or thicker the clouds, the less heat the earth receives. The distribution of temperature or air temperature can be divided into two, namely horizontal and vertical distribution.


The next element of weather and climate is wind. Wind is moving air caused by differences in temperature in an area. Differences in temperature on earth cause changes in air pressure and cause wind. The air pressure in an area will increase if the temperature is low, and vice versa.


The next element of weather and climate is clouds. Clouds are water droplets or fine ice crystals in the atmosphere that gather together. The air from the rising surface of the earth will cool, thereby increasing the humidity of the air. The air will reach a saturation point with water and become clouds when it reaches a certain height. The number of clouds is strongly influenced by differences in seasons, for example in the dry season the number of clouds is only a few, and conversely in the rainy season the number of clouds will increase.

air humidity

Air humidity is another element of weather and climate. Air humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air. Air humidity affects the deposition of water in the air which can take the form of clouds, fog, dew and rain. Air humidity consists of two kinds, namely relative humidity and absolute humidity. Air humidity in an area can be measured using a tool called hydrography.


The last element of weather and climate is rainfall. Rainfall is the level of rain intensity in an area. The process of rain begins with the evaporation of water in water sources, namely rivers, lakes, seas and oceans. The water vapor rises into the air and is carried higher by the wind and turns into clouds. Then the cloud will release its water content when it reaches the saturation point. The direction of rain somewhere is measured with an instrument called an obbrometer.

Electricity in the Air

Electricity in the Air That is electricity that is in the atmosphere due to natural phenomena. Generally, this electricity comes from rainstorms with lots of thunder or lightning.

Symptoms encountered in the weather and climate itself include fog (symptoms that occur due to condensation of water vapor near the surface of the ground or cold water. The altitude reaches 500 meters), dew (symptoms that occur due to condensation of water vapor on the surface of the ground, grass, and leaves at night due to humidity, but no wind blowing), El Nino (Symptoms of an increase in Pacific Ocean temperature that occurs around December), La Nina (Symptoms that occur after El Nino weakens due to a decrease in Pacific Ocean temperature around December January).

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Also find further discussion in the book Fiscal Policy, Climate Change, and Development Sustainability.


The Role of Climate and Weather

The Role of Climate in Agriculture

In Indonesia, where the majority of the population is an agrarian society engaged in the agricultural sector, climate characteristics such as temperature, rainfall, and seasons greatly influence their lives. Climatic factors such as weather and climate are really considered in developing agriculture.

Conditions of temperature, rainfall and seasonal patterns determine the suitability and optimization of agricultural crop cultivation. Likewise in the fisheries or maritime sector , climatic factors such as weather, temperature, and season are very influential, both for fishermen and for the fish to be caught. In general, fishermen really understand weather conditions, especially those related to wind and seasons.

With the knowledge they have, they know when the west monsoons and east monsoons come. When the west wind blows they are very careful in catching fish in the sea. Because the west wind season often causes big waves that endanger them.

And they also know about natural signs such as a big storm is coming, so they will not go down to the sea to catch fish.


The Role of Climate in the Field of Transportation

Weather and climate factors have a big role in the field of transportation. Such as weather, temperature, wind direction and speed, clouds, and fog greatly affect the smooth flight path.

Besides affecting aviation, weather and climate factors also affect sea transportation. Such as wind direction and speed, wave height, storms and others.

The Role of Climate for Telecommunications

Weather and climate factors also affect the telecommunication sector. Such as wind currents can be used to communicate between regions using wind telephones. Of course, you already know that weather and climate are the result of processes that occur in the atmosphere or air layers.

The layer of air that envelops the earth consists of several layers, among which is the ionosphere. This layer contains ionized particles that are electrically charged. With this ionosphere layer, radio and television broadcasts can be heard and seen everywhere.

The Role of Climate for Tourism

Weather and climate factors also affect the tourism sector. Such as sunny weather, lots of sunlight, wind speed, cool air, dry, hot, and so on greatly affect the implementation of tours, both land and sea tourism. With the conditions as mentioned, the implementation of tourism will be increasingly enjoyed.

Book Recommendations Regarding Differences in Climate and Weather


Smart Science Series: Weather and Life – It’s Time to Travel

Geumbi and Somi are going on a field trip. They were looking forward to this field trip so they really hoped that it wouldn’t rain. To predict the weather, they also tried a myth from Japan, namely throwing shoes high and seeing their position when they fall to the ground. Can this myth be trusted? Is there a scientific way to know the weather forecast?

Climate Change Science

This book consists of 6 chapters containing explanations of the phenomenon of global climate change and its implications.

  1. The first chapter provides an explanation of the planetary energy flows.
  2. The second chapter discusses the greenhouse gases that play a dominant role in increasing the average temperature of the earth’s surface, namely carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).
  3. The third chapter describes the conditions of climate fluctuations in the past obtained from observations of ice rocks.
  4. The fourth chapter presents a compilation of the findings of experts regarding the changes observed over the last few decades, which indicate the effects of post-industrial revolution climate change.
  5. The fifth and sixth chapters explain the efforts that can be made on an individual and global scale to slow down the negative impacts of climate change.
  6. Apart from that, there is also an annex which contains examples of cases and methods of analysis, as well as laws and regulations regarding the environment. Written with the aim of forming a basic framework for understanding the phenomenon of climate change and its impacts, which is structured in a logical sequence and language that is easy to understand, and is based on reliable scientific sources.

This book, apart from being a reference in climate change courses, is also expected to be able to encourage various parties to participate in reducing the impacts that may occur as a result of climate change.

why? Climate Change – Climate Change

Animals are endangered, and ultimately our lives are also threatened. This book tells about the causes of climate change and the ways we can do to stop it. With small efforts that we can do together, the Earth will be saved.

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